Udatthoti uda-attho, u¼±rapaññoti attho. Paññ±sah±yapaµil±bhena cassa sam±dhi tikkho hoti sampayuttesu ±dhipacca½ pavatteti. Tenev±ha– “sam±dhindriyen±”ti. Visadañ±ºatt± “khipp±bhiññ±y±”ti vutta½. Sam±dhipadh±natt± jh±n±na½ jh±nehi nissayeh²ti aya½ viseso. Sesa½ purimasadisameva. Diµµhicarito aniyy±nikamaggampi niyy±nikanti maññam±no tattha uss±habahulatt± v²riy±dhiko hoti. V²riy±dhikat±yeva cassa kilesavikkhambhana½ sukaranti sukh± paµipad±, avisadañ±ºat±ya pana dandh±bhiññ±ti imamattha½ dasseti “diµµhicarito mando”ti-±din±. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.
Sacceh²ti ariyasaccehi. Ariyasacc±ni hi lokiy±ni pubbabh±gañ±ºassa sammasanaµµh±nat±ya lokuttar±ni adhimuccanat±ya maggañ±ºassa abhisamayaµµh±nat±ya ca nissay±ni hont²ti. Sesa½ vuttanayameva. Ettha ca diµµhicarito udattho ugghaµitaññ³. Taºh±carito mando neyyo. Itare dvepi vipañcitaññ³ti eva½ yena veneyyattayena pubbe desan±vibh±go dassito, tadeva veneyyattaya½ imin± paµipad±vibh±gena dassitanti daµµhabba½.
Id±ni ta½ veneyyupuggalavibh±ga½ atthanayayojan±ya visaya½ katv± dassetu½ “ubho taºh±carit±”ti-±di vutta½. Taºh±ya sam±dhipaµipakkhatt± taºh±carito visujjham±no sam±dhimukhena visujjhat²ti ±ha “samathapubbaªgam±y±”ti. “Samathavipassana½ yuganaddha½ bh±vet²”ti (a. ni. 4.170; paµi. ma. 2.1, 3) vacanato pana samm±diµµhisahiteneva samm±sam±dhin± niyy±na½, na samm±sam±dhin± ev±ti ±ha– “samathapubbaªgam±ya vipassan±y±”ti. “R±gavir±g± cetovimutt²ti arahattaphalasam±dh²”ti saªgahesu vutta½. Idha pana an±g±miphalasam±dh²ti vakkhati. So hi sam±dhismi½ parip³rak±r²ti. Tattha rañjanaµµhena r±go. So virajjati et±y±ti r±gavir±g±, t±ya r±gavir±g±ya, r±gappah±yik±y±ti attho.
Cetovimuttiy±ti cetoti citta½, tadapadesena cettha sam±dhi vuccati “yath± citta½ paññañca bh±vayan”ti (sa½. ni. 1.23). Paµippassaddhivasena paµipakkhato vimuccat²ti vimutti, tena v± vimutto, tato vimuccananti v± vimutti, sam±dhiyeva. Yath± hi lokiyakath±ya½ saññ± cittañca desan±s²sa½. Yath±ha– “n±nattak±y± n±nattasaññino”ti (d². ni. 3.332, 341, 357; a. ni. 7.44; 9.24) “ki½ citto tva½, bhikkh³”ti (p±r±. 135) ca, eva½ lokuttarakath±ya½ paññ± sam±dhi ca. Yath±ha– “pañcañ±ºiko samm±sam±dh²”ti (vibha. 804) ca “samathavipassana½ yuganaddha½ bh±vet²”ti ca. Tesu idha r±gassa ujuvipaccan²kato samathapubbaªgamat±vacanato ca cetoggahaºena sam±dhi vutto. Tath± vimuttivacanena. Tena vutta½ “sam±dhiyev±”ti. Ceto ca ta½ vimutti c±ti cetovimutti. Atha v± vuttappak±rasseva cetaso paµipakkhato vimutti vimokkhoti cetovimutti, cetasi v± phalaviññ±ºe vuttappak±r±va vimutt²ti cetovimutti, cetaso v± phalaviññ±ºassa paµipakkhato vimutti vimokkho etasminti cetovimutti, sam±dhiyeva. Paññ±vimuttiy±ti etth±pi aya½ nayo yath±sambhava½ yojetabbo.
Diµµhiy± savisaye paññ±sadis² pavatt²ti diµµhicarito visujjham±no paññ±mukhena visujjhat²ti ±ha– “ubho diµµhicarit± vipassan±”ti-±di. Avijj±vir±g± paññ±vimutt²ti arahattaphalapaññ± Samathaggahaºena tappaµipakkhato taºha½ vipassan±ggahaºena avijjañca niddh±retv± paµhamanayassa bh³mi½ sakk± sukhena dassetunti ±ha– “ye samatha…pe… h±tabb±”ti.
Tattha samathapubbaªgam± paµipad±ti purim± dve paµipad±, itar± vipassan±pubbaªgam±ti daµµhabb±. H±tabb±ti gametabb±, netabb±ti attho. Vipassan±ya aniccadukkha-anattasaññ±bh±vato dukkhasaññ±pariv±ratt± ca asubhasaññ±ya im± catasso saññ± dassit± honti. Tappaµipakkhena ca catt±ro vipall±s±ti sakalassa s²havikk²¼itanayassa bh³mi½ sukhena sakk± dassetunti ±ha– “ye vipassan±…pe… h±tabb±”ti.
7. Eva½ paµipad±vibh±gena veneyyapuggalavibh±ga½ dassetv± id±ni ta½ ñ±ºavibh±gena dassento yasm± bhagavato desan± y±vadeva veneyyavinayanatth±, vinayanañca nesa½ sutamay±d²na½ tissanna½ paññ±na½ anukkamena nibbattana½, yath± bhagavato desan±ya pavattibh±vavibh±vanañca h±ranayaby±p±ro, tasm± imassa h±rassa samuµµhitappak±ra½ t±va pucchitv± yena puggalavibh±gadassanena desan±bh±jana½ vibhajitv± tattha desan±ya½ desan±h±ra½ niyojetuk±mo ta½ dassetu½ “sv±ya½ h±ro kattha sambhavat²”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha yass±ti yo so aµµhahi akkhaºehi vimutto sot±vadh±napariyos±n±hi ca sampatt²ti samann±gato yassa. Satth±ti diµµhadhammikasampar±yikaparamatthehi yath±raha½ anus±sanato satth±. Dhammanti yath±nusiµµha½ paµipajjam±ne ap±yesu apatam±ne dh±ret²ti dhammo, ta½ dhamma½. Desayat²ti saªkhepavitth±ranayehi bh±sati katheti. Aññataroti bhagavato s±vakesu aññataro. Garuµµh±n²yoti s²lasut±diguºavisesayogena garukaraº²yo. Sabrahmac±r²ti brahma½ vuccati seµµhaµµhena sakala½ satthus±sana½. Sama½ saha v± brahma½ carati paµipajjat²ti sabrahmac±r². Saddha½ paµilabhat²ti “samm±sambuddho vata so bhagav± yo evar³passa dhammassa deset±”ti tath±gate, “sv±kkh±to vat±ya½ dhammo yo eva½ ekantaparipuººo ekantaparisuddho”ti-±din± dhamme ca saddha½ labhati upp±det²ti attho.
Tatth±ti tasmi½ yath±sute yath±pariyatte dhamme. V²ma½s±ti p±¼iy± p±¼i-atthassa ca v²ma½sanapaññ± Sesa½ tass± eva vevacana½. S± hi yath±vuttav²ma½sane saªkoca½ an±pajjitv± ussahanavasena uss±han±, tulanavasena tulan±, upaparikkhaºavasena upaparikkh±ti ca vutt±. Atha v± v²ma½sat²ti v²ma½s±, s± padapadatthavic±raº± paññ±. Uss±han±ti v²riyena upatthambhit± dhammassa dh±raºaparicayas±dhik± paññ±. Tulan±ti padena padantara½, desan±ya v± desanantara½ tulayitv± sa½sanditv± gahaºapaññ±. Upaparikkh±ti mah±padese ot±retv± p±¼iy± p±¼i-atthassa ca upaparikkhaºapaññ±. Attahita½ parahitañca ±kaªkhantehi suyyat²ti suta½, k±lavacanicch±ya abh±vato, yath± duddhanti. Ki½ pana tanti? Adhik±rato s±matthiyato v± pariyattidhammoti viññ±yati. Atha v± savana½ suta½, sotadv±r±nus±rena pariyattidhammassa upadh±raºanti attho. Sutena hetun± nibbatt± sutamay². Pak±rena j±n±t²ti paññ±. Y± v²ma½s±, aya½ sutamay² paññ±ti paccekampi yojetabba½. Tath±ti yath± sutamay² paññ± v²ma½s±dipariy±yavat² v²ma½s±divibh±gavat² ca, tath± cint±may² c±ti attho. Yath± v± sutamay² oramattik± anavaµµhit± ca, eva½ cint±may² c±ti dasseti.
Sutena nissayen±ti sutena pariyattidhammena pariyattidhammassavanena v± upanissayena itthambh³talakkhaºe karaºavacana½, yath±vutta½ suta½ upaniss±y±ti attho. V²ma½s±ti-±d²su “ida½ s²la½, aya½ sam±dhi, ime r³p±r³padhamm±, ime pañcakkhandh±”ti tesa½ tesa½ dhamm±na½ sabh±vav²ma½sanabh³t± paññ± v²ma½s±. Tesa½yeva dhamm±na½ vacanattha½ muñcitv± sabh±vasarasalakkhaºassa tulayitv± viya gahaºapaññ± tulan±. Tesa½yeva dhamm±na½ salakkhaºa½ avijahitv± aniccat±diruppanasappaccay±di-±k±re ca takketv± vitakketv± ca upaparikkhaºapaññ± upaparikkh±, tath± upaparikkhite dhamme saviggahe viya upaµµhahante evametehi nijjh±nakkhame katv± cittena anu anu pekkhaº± manas±nupekkhaº±. Ettha ca yath± sutamay² paññ± yath±sutassa dhammassa dh±raºaparicayavasena pavattanato uss±haj±t± “uss±han±”ti vattabbata½ arahati, na eva½ cint±may²ti idha “uss±han±”ti pada½ na vutta½. Cintana½ cint±, nijjh±nanti attho. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.
Im±hi dv²hi paññ±h²ti yath±vutt±hi dv²hi paññ±hi k±raºabh³t±hi. Sutacint±mayañ±ºesu hi patiµµhito vipassana½ ±rabhat²ti. “Im±su dv²su paññ±s³”tipi paµhanti. “Tehi j±t±su uppann±s³”ti v± vacanaseso yojetabbo. Manasik±rasampayuttass±ti r³p±r³papariggah±dimanasik±re yuttappayuttassa. Ya½ ñ±ºa½ uppajjat²ti vuttanayena manasik±rappayogena diµµhivisuddhikaªkh±vitaraºavisuddhimagg±maggañ±ºadassanavisuddhipaµipad±ñ±ºadassanavisuddh²na½ sampa ±danena vipassana½ ussukkantassa ya½ ñ±ºadassanavisuddhisaªkh±ta½ ariyamaggañ±ºa½ uppajjati, aya½ bh±van±may² paññ±ti sambandho. Ta½ pana dassana½ bh±van±ti duvidhanti ±ha– “dassanabh³miya½ v± bh±van±bh³miya½ v±”ti. Yadi dassananti vuccati, katha½ tattha paññ± bh±van±may²ti? Bh±van±mayameva hi ta½ ñ±ºa½, paµhama½ nibb±nadassanato pana “dassanan”ti vuttanti saphalo paµhamamaggo dassanabh³mi. Ses± sekkh±sekkhadhamm± bh±van±bh³mi.
8. Id±ni im± tisso paññ± pariy±yantarena dassetu½ “paratoghos±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha paratoti na attato, aññato satthuto s±vakato v±ti attho. Ghos±ti tesa½ desan±ghosato, desan±paccay±ti attho. Atha v± parato ghoso etiss±ti paratoghos±, y± paññ±, s± sutamay²ti yojetabba½. Paccattasamuµµhit±ti paccatta½ tassa tassa attani sambh³t±. Yonisomanasik±r±ti tesa½ tesa½ dhamm±na½ sabh±vapariggaºhan±din± yath±vuttena up±yena pavattamanasik±r±. Parato ca ghosen±ti paratoghosena hetubh³tena. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.
Id±ni yadattha½ im± paññ± uddhaµ±, tameva veneyyapuggalavibh±ga½ yojetv± dassetu½ “yass±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha im± dveti gaºanavasena vatv± puna t± sutamay² cint±may² c±ti sar³pato dasseti. Aya½ ugghaµitaññ³ti aya½ sutamayacint±mayañ±ºehi ±sayapayogapabodhassa nipph±ditatt± uddesamatteneva j±nanato “ugghaµitaññ³”ti vuccati. Aya½ vipañcitaññ³ti cint±mayañ±ºena ±sayassa aparikkhatatt± uddesaniddesehi j±nanato vipañcitaññ³. Aya½ neyyoti sutamayañ±ºass±pi abh±vato niravasesa½ vitth±radesan±ya netabbato neyyo.
9. Eva½ desan±paµipad±ñ±ºavibh±gehi desan±bh±jana½ veneyyattaya½ vibhajitv± id±ni tattha pavattit±ya bhagavato dhammadesan±ya desan±h±ra½ niddh±retv± yojetu½ “s±ya½ dhammadesan±”ti-±di ±raddha½.
Tattha s±yanti s± aya½. Y± pubbe “dhamma½ vo, bhikkhave, desess±m²”ti-±din± (netti. 5) paµiniddesav±rassa ±dito desan±h±rassa visayabh±vena nikkhitt± p±¼i, tamevettha desan±h±ra½ niyojetu½ “s±ya½ dhammadesan±”ti pacc±masati. Ki½ desayat²ti kathetukamyat±vasena desan±ya piº¹attha½ pucchitv± ta½ gaºan±ya paricchinditv± s±maññato dasseti “catt±ri sacc±n²”ti. Saccavinimutt± hi bhagavato desan± natth²ti. Tass± ca catt±ri sacc±ni piº¹attho. Pavattipavattakanivattitadup±yavimuttassa neyyassa abh±vato catt±ri avipar²tabh±vena sacc±n²ti daµµhabba½. T±ni “dukkha½ samudaya½ nirodha½ maggan”ti sar³pato dasseti.
Tattha anekupaddav±dhiµµh±nabh±vena kucchitatt± b±lajanaparikappitadhuvasubhasukhattabh±vavirahena tucchatt± ca dukkha½. Avasesapaccayasamav±ye dukkhassa uppattik±raºatt± samudayo. Sabbagatisuññatt± natthi ettha sa½s±rac±rakasaªkh±to dukkharodho, etasmi½ v± adhigate sa½s±rac±rakasaªkh±tassa dukkharodhassa abh±votipi nirodho, anupp±danirodhapaccayatt± v±. M±rento gacchati, nibb±natthikehi maggiyat²ti v± maggo. Tattha samudayena ass±do, dukkhena ±d²navo, magganirodhehi nissaraºa½. Eva½ yasmi½ sutte catt±ri sacc±ni sar³pato ±gat±ni, tattha yath±rutavasena. Yattha pana sutte catt±ri sacc±ni sar³pato na ±gat±ni, tattha atthato catt±ri sacc±ni uddharitv± tesa½ vasena ass±d±dayo niddh±retabb±. Yattha ca ass±d±dayo sar³pato ±gat±, tattha vattabbameva natthi. Yattha pana na ±gat±, tattha atthato uddharitv± tesa½ vasena catt±ri sacc±ni niddh±retabb±ni. Idha pana ass±d±dayo ud±haraºavasena sar³pato dassit±ti tehi sacc±ni niddh±retu½ “±d²navo c±”ti-±di vutta½.