120. B±la½ p²µhasam±ru¼hanti-±d²ni s±mi-atthe upayogavacan±ni. K±yena duccarit±n²ti k±yena duµµhu kat±ni. Olabbhant²ti avalambanti avatthariyanti. Sesapadadvaya½ tasseva vevacana½. Olamban±di-±k±rena hi t±ni upaµµhahanti, tasm± eva½ vutta½. Mahatanti mahant±na½. Pathaviya½ olambant²ti pathavitale pattharanti. Sesapadadvaya½ tasseva vevacana½. Pattharaº±k±royeva hesa. Tatra, bhikkhave, b±lass±ti tasmi½ upaµµhahan±k±re b±lassa eva½ hoti.
L±bh± vo, bhikkhaveti bhikkhave, ye ime tumhehi paµiladdh± manussattasaddh±paµil±bh±dayo, l±bh± vo tumh±ka½ l±bh± eva. Suladdhanti yampida½ pabbajitv± catup±risuddhis²l±disamp±dana½ laddha½, tampi suladdha½. Khaºo vo paµiladdhoti aµµha-akkhaºavajjito navamoya½ khaºo paµiladdho maggabrahmacariyav±s±ya. “Diµµh± may±”ti-±din± ekadesanidassanena aµµha akkhaºe vibh±veti.
121. Yahi½ yahinti ya½ ya½ duggati½ yo gacchati. So na½ adhammoti yo adhammo tena carito, so na½ adhammac±ri½ puggala½. Han±t²ti b±dhati.
Appesakkhat±ti app±nubh±vat±. Dubbaººat±ti vir³pat± b²bhacchat±. Duppaññat±ti nippaññat± ahetukapaµisandhivasena e¼am³gat±.
122. V±c±nurakkh²ti catunna½ vac²duccarit±na½ parivajjanena v±c±nurakkh². Abhijjh±d²na½ anupp±danena manas± suµµhu sa½vuto. P±º±tip±t±dayo pajahanto k±yena ca akusala½ na kayir±, ete tayo kammapathe visodhaye. Eva½ visodhento hi s²lakkhandh±d²na½ esakehi buddh±d²hi is²hi pavedita½ ariya½ aµµhaªgika½ magga½ ±r±dheyy±ti. Dukkaµanti k±yena v±c±ya manas± ca dukkaµa½ s±vajja½ dukkhudraya½ duggatisa½vattaniya½ kamma½ yassa natthi. Sa½vuta½ t²hi µh±neh²ti etehi t²hi k±raºehi k±yaduccarit±d²na½ pavesaniv±raºato pihita½, ta½ aha½ “br±hmaºan”ti vad±m²ti.
Accantaduss²lyanti ekantaduss²labh±vo. Gih² v±pi j±tito paµµh±ya dasa akusalakammapathe karonto, pabbajito v±pi upasampannadivasato paµµh±ya garuk±patti½ ±pajjam±no accantaduss²lo n±ma. Idha pana yo dv²su t²su attabh±vesu duss²lo, tassa gatiy± ±gata½ duss²labh±va½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½. Duss²labh±voti cettha duss²lassa cha dv±r±ni niss±ya uppann± taºh± veditabb±. M±luv± s±lamivotthatanti yassa puggalassa ta½ taºh±saªkh±ta½ duss²lya½. Yath± n±ma m±luv± s±la½ otthata½ deve vassante pattehi udaka½ paµicchitv± sa½bhañjanavasena sabbatthakameva pariyonandhati, eva½ attabh±va½ otthata½ pariyonandhitv± µhita½ so m±luv±ya sa½bhañjitv± bh³miya½ p±tiyam±no rukkho viya t±ya duss²lyasaªkh±t±ya taºh±ya sa½bhañjitv± ap±yesu p±tiyam±no, yath± na½ anatthak±mo diso icchati, tath± att±na½ karoti n±m±ti attho.
“Attan± hi katan”ti g±th±ya aya½ saªkhepattho– yath± p±s±ºamaya½ p±s±ºasambhava½ vajira½ tameva asmamaya½ maºi½ attano uµµh±naµµh±nasaªkh±ta½ p±s±ºamaºi½ kh±yitv± chidd±chidda½ khaº¹±khaº¹a½ katv± aparibhoga½ karoti, evameva½ attan± kata½ attani j±ta½ attasambhava½ p±pa½ dummedha½ nippañña½ puggala½ cat³su ap±yesu abhimatthati kantati viddha½set²ti.
Niseviy±ti katv±. Garah±ti g±rayh±. B±lamat²ti mandabuddhino. Khay± ca kammass±ti kammakkhayakarañ±ºena kammassa khepanato. Vimuttacetasoti samucchedavimuttiy± paµippassaddhivimuttiy± ca vimuttacitto. Nibbanti te jotirivindhanakkhay±ti yath± n±ma anup±d±no j±tavedo nibb±yati, evameva½ abhisaªkh±rassa viññ±ºassa anavasesakkhay± nibb±yati.
123. “Yath±pi bhamaro”ti g±th±ya½ bhamaroti y± k±ci madhukaraj±ti. Pupphanti pupph±r±me caranto pupphañca tassa vaººañca gandhañca aheµhaya½ aheµhayanto avin±sento carat²ti attho. Eva½ caritv± ca paleti rasam±d±y±ti y±vadattha½ rasa½ pivitv± aparampi madhukaraºatth±ya rasa½ gahetv± ¹eti. So eka½ vanagahana½ ajjhog±hetv± rukkhasusir±d²su ta½ rajamissaka½ rasa½ µhapetv± anupubbena madhurarasa½ madhu½ karoti, na tassa pupph±r±me caritapaccay± puppha½ v± tassa vaººo v± gandho v± vinassati, atha kho puppha½ p±katikameva hoti. Eva½ g±me mun² careti eva½ sekkho asekkho v± anag±riyamuni kulapaµip±µiy± g±me bhikkha½ gaºhanto careyy±ti attho. Na hi tassa g±me caraºapaccay± saddh±h±ni v± bhogah±ni v± hoti, saddh±pi bhog±pi p±katik±va honti. Eva½ caritv± ca pana g±mato nikkhamitv± bahig±me udakaph±sukaµµh±ne saªgh±µi½ paññapetv± nisinno akkhabhañjana- (mi. pa. 6.1.2) vaºalepanaputtama½s³pamavasena (mi. pa. 6.1.2; sa½. ni. 2.63) paccavekkhanto piº¹ap±ta½ paribhuñjitv± tath±r³pa½ vanasaº¹a½ anupavisitv± ajjhattikakammaµµh±na½ sammasanto maggaphal±ni hatthagat±neva karoti. Asekkhamuni pana diµµhadhammasukhavih±ramanuyuñjati. Ayamassa bhamarena madhukarena sarikkhat±. Kh²º±savo panettha adhippetoti.
P±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto viharat²ti yo na½ p±ti rakkhati, ta½ mokkheti moceti ±p±yik±d²hi dukkheh²ti p±timokkho. So eva k±yikav±casikassa v²tikkamassa sa½varaºato pidahanato sa½varo. Tena p±timokkhasa½varena sa½vuto samann±gato hutv± sabbiriy±pathesu carati. ¾c±ragocarasampannoti ±c±rena ca gocarena ca sampanno. Aºumattes³ti appamattakesu. Vajjes³ti akusaladhammesu. Bhayadass±v²ti bhaya½ dass². Sam±d±ya sikkhati sikkh±pades³ti sikkh±padesu ya½ kiñci sikkhitabba½, ta½ sabba½ samm± ±diyitv± sikkhati.
K±yakammavac²kammena samann±gato, kusalena parisuddh±j²voti ettha ±c±ragocaraggahaºeneva kusale k±yakamme vac²kamme ca gahitepi yasm± ida½ ±j²vap±risuddhis²la½ na ±k±s±d²su uppajjati, k±yavac²dv±resu eva pana uppajjati, tasm± tassa uppattidv±radassanattha½ “k±yavac²kammena samann±gato, kusalen±”ti vutta½. Yasm± pana tena samann±gato, tasm± parisuddh±j²vo, ±j²vap±risuddhipi s²lamev±ti dassanattha½ eta½ vutta½. Vuttañheta½– “katame ca thapati kusal± s²l±? Kusala½ k±yakamma½ kusala½ vac²kamma½, parisuddha½ ±j²vampi kho aha½ thapati s²lasmi½ vad±m²”ti (ma. ni. 2.265). ¾raddhav²riyoti yassa k±yika½ cetasikañca v²riya½ ±raddha½ hoti, so “±raddhav²riyo”ti vuccati. Tattha yo gaºasaªgaºika½ vinodetv± cat³su iriy±pathesu aµµha-±rambhavatthuvasena ekako hoti, tassa k±yika½ v²riya½ ±raddha½ n±ma hoti. Yo cittasaªgaºika½ vinodetv± aµµhasam±pattivasena ekako hoti, gaman±d²su uppannakilesa½ uppannaµµh±neyeva niggaºhitv± jh±na½ nibbatteti, tassa cetasika½ v²riya½ ±raddha½ n±ma hoti. Eva½ ±raddhav²riyo. Th±mav±ti µhitim±. Da¼haparakkamoti thiraparakkamo. Anikkhittadhuro…pe… sacchikiriy±y±ti sa½kilesadhamm±na½ pah±nattha½ vod±nadhamm±na½ samp±danattha½ paccakkhakaraºatthañca dhura½ anikkhipitv± v²riya½ ussukk±pento viharati. Paññav±ti pañcanna½ khandh±na½ udayabbayaparigg±hik±ya paññ±ya samann±gato. Ten±ha “udayatthag±miniy±”ti.
Natthi puttasama½ pemanti m±t±pitaro vir³pepi attano puttake suvaººabimbaka½ viya maññanti m±l±gu¼e viya s²s±d²su katv± pariharam±n±. Tehi uhadit±pi omuttit±pi gandhavilepana½ paµicchant± viya somanassa½ ±pajjanti. Ten±ha– “natthi puttasama½ peman”ti. Puttapemena sama½ pema½ n±ma natth²ti vutta½ hoti. Gosamitanti gohi sama½ godhanasadisa½ añña½ dhana½ n±ma natthi. S³riyasam± ±bh±ti s³riy±bh±ya sam± aññ± ±bh± n±ma natthi. Samuddaparam±ti ye keci aññe sar± n±ma, sabbe te samuddaparam±. Samuddo tesa½ uttamo, samuddasadisa½ añña½ udaka½ nid±na½ n±ma natthi bhagav±ti vadati.
Yasm± pana attapemena sama½ pema½ natthi. M±t±pitaro hi cha¹¹etv±pi puttadh²taro aposetv± att±nameva posenti. Dhaññena ca sama½ dhana½ n±ma natthi. Tath±r³pe hi k±le hiraññasuvaºº±d²nipi gomahi½s±d²nipi dhaññaggahaºattha½ dhaññas±mik±nameva santika½ gahetv± gacchanti. Paññ±ya ca sam± ±bh± n±ma natthi. S³riy±dayo hi ekadesa½yeva obh±senti, paccuppannameva ca tama½ vinodenti, paññ± pana dasasahassimpi lokadh±tu½ ekapajjota½ k±tu½ sakkoti, at²ta½s±dipaµicch±dakañca tama½ vidhamati. Meghavuµµhiy± ca samo saro n±ma natthi. Nad² v± hi hotu ta¼±k±d²ni v±, vuµµhisamo saro n±ma natthi. Meghavuµµhiy± hi pacchinn±ya mah±samudde aªgulipabbatemanamattampi udaka½ na hoti, vuµµhiy± pana pavattam±n±ya y±va ±bhassarabhavan±pi ekodaka½ hoti. Tasm± bhagav± devat±vacana½ paµikkhipanavasena paµig±tha½ vadanto “natthi attasama½ peman”ti-±dim±ha.
124. Ki½s³dha bh²t±ti ki½ nu bh²t±. Maggo canek±yatano pavuttoti aµµhati½s±rammaºavasena anekehi k±raºehi maggo kathito, eva½ sante kissa bh²t± hutv± aya½ janat± dv±saµµhi diµµhiyo aggahes²ti vadati. Bh³ripaññ±ti bahupañña ussannapañña. Paraloka½ na bh±yeti imasm± lok± paraloka½ gacchanto na bh±yeyya.
Paºidh±y±ti µhapetv±. Gharam±vasantoti an±thapiº¹ik±dayo viya bahvannap±ne ghare vasanto. Sa½vibh±g²ti acchar±ya gahitampi nakhena ph±letv± parassa datv±va bhuñjanas²lo. Vadaññ³ti y±cak±na½ y±canavasena vuttavacanaññ³, vacan²yo v±. Ettha ca v±canti catt±ri vac²sucarit±ni gahit±ni. Mananti t²ºi manosucarit±ni. K±yen±ti t²ºi k±yasucarit±ni. Ime dasa kusalakammapath± pubbasuddhi-aªga½ n±ma. “Bahvannap±na½ gharam±vasanto”ti imin± yañña-upakkharo gahito. Saddhoti eka½ aªga½, mud³ti eka½, sa½vibh±g²ti eka½, vadaññ³ti ekanti im±ni catt±ri aªg±ni sandh±ya “etesu dhammesu µhito cat³s³”ti ±ha.
Aparo nayo– “v±can”ti-±d²ni t²ºi aªg±ni, “bahvannap±nan”ti imin± yañña-upakkharova gahito, “saddho mudu sa½vibh±g² vadaññ³”ti eka½ aªga½.
Aparo dukanayo n±ma hoti– “v±ca½ manañc±”ti eka½ aªga½, “k±yena p±p±ni akubbam±no bahvannap±na½ gharam±vasanto”ti eka½, “saddho mud³”ti eka½, “sa½vibh±g² vadaññ³”ti ekanti etesu cat³su dhammesu µhito dhamme µhito n±ma hoti. So ito paraloka½ gacchantona bh±yati.
K±yasam±c±ramp²ti-±di p±timokkhasa½varadassana½. Tattha duvidhen±ti dvividhena, dv²hi koµµh±seh²ti attho. Jaññ±ti j±neyya. S²lakath± ca n±mes± kammapathavasena v± paººattivasena v± kathetabb±. Tattha kammapathavasena t±va kathentena asevitabbak±yasam±c±ro p±º±tip±t±dinn±d±namicch±c±rehi kathetabbo. Paººattivasena k±yadv±re paññattasikkh±padav²tikkamavasena. Sevitabbak±yasam±c±ro p±º±tip±t±diveramaº²hi ceva k±yadv±re paññattasikkh±pada-av²tikkamena ca kathetabbo.