Sa-³minti-±d²su kilesa-³m²hi sa-³mi½. Kilesavaµµehi s±vaµµa½. Kilesagahehi sagaha½. Kilesarakkhasehi sarakkhasa½. Kodhup±y±sassa v± vasena sa-³mi½. K±maguŗavasena s±vaµµa½. M±tug±mavasena sagaha½ sarakkhasa½. Vuttańheta½– “³mibhayanti kho, bhikkhave, kodhup±y±sasseta½ adhivacana½ (itivu. 109; ma. ni. 2.162; a. ni. 4.122). Tath± ±vaµµanti kho, bhikkhave, pańcanneta½ k±maguŗ±na½ adhivacana½ (itivu. 109; ma. ni. 2.164; a. ni. 4.122). Gaharakkhasoti kho, bhikkhave, m±tug±masseta½ adhivacanan”ti (itivu. 109). Sesadv±resupi eseva nayo.
Sa-³mibhaya½ duttara½ accatar²ti aniccat±di-³mibhayena sabhaya½ duratikkama½ atikkami. Lokantag³ti sa½s±ralokassa anta½ gato. P±ragatoti vuccat²ti nibb±na½ gatoti kath²yati.
Ba¼is±ti satt±na½ anatthahetut±ya ba¼is± viya ba¼is±. Anay±y±ti anatth±ya. By±b±dh±y±ti dukkh±ya. Iµµh±ti pariyiµµh± v± apariyiµµh± v± sukh±rammaŗat±ya iµµh±. K±man²yaµµhena kant±. Manassa va¹¹hanaµµhena man±p±. Piyasabh±vat±ya piyar³p±. Kilesak±masahitatt± k±m³pasa½hit±. R±gajananaµµhena cittassa rańjanato rajan²y±. Tańceti ta½ r³p±rammaŗa½, n²l±divasena anekabhedabhinnampi hi r³p±yatana½ r³p±rammaŗabh±vena cakkhuvińńeyyabh±vena ca ekavidhata½ n±tivattat²ti ta½sabh±vas±mańńa½ gahetv± “tańce”ti vutta½. Abhinandat²ti abhinandanabh³t±ya sapp²tikataŗh±ya abhimukho nandati. Abhivadat²ti “aho sukha½, aho sukhan”ti vad±pentiy± taŗh±yanavasena abhivadati. Ajjhos±ya tiµµhat²ti gilitv± pariniµµhapetv± tiµµhati. Aya½ vuccati, bhikkhave, bhikkhu gilitaba¼iso m±rass±ti aya½, bhikkhu, kilesam±rassa ba¼isabh³ta½ r³pataŗha½ gilitv± µhitoti vuccati. Sesav±resupi imin± nayena attho veditabbo. Abhed²ti bhindi. Paribhed²ti sabbabh±gena bhindi. Sesa½ utt±nameva.
109. Aya½ loko sant±paj±toti aya½ sattaloko j±tasant±po ń±tibyasan±divasena uppannasokasant±po ca r±g±divasena uppannapari¼±hasant±po c±ti attho. Phassaparetoti anekehi dukkhaphassehi abhibh³to. Roda½ vadati attatoti ta½ ta½ attan± phuµµha½ dukkha½ abh±vitak±yat±ya adhiv±setu½ asakkonto “aho dukkha½, ²disa½ dukkha½ mayha½ sattunopi m± hot³”ti-±din± vilapanto vadati. Kasm±? Yena yena hi mańńanti, tato ta½ hoti ańńath±, yasm± ete satt± yena yena pak±rena attano dukkhassa paµik±ra½ mańńanti ±s²santi, ta½ dukkha½ tato ańńena pak±rena tikicchitabba½ hoti. Yena v± pak±rena attano va¹¹hi½ mańńanti, tato ańńath± ava¹¹hi eva pana hoti. Eva½ ańńath±bh±vita½ icch±vigh±ta½ eva p±puŗ±ti. Aya½ bhavasatto k±m±dibhavesu satto sattaloko, tath±pi bhavamev±bhinandati, na tattha nibbindati. Yadabhinandati ta½ bhayanti ya½ k±m±dibhava½ abhinandati, ta½ jar±maraŗ±di-anekabyasan±nubandhatt± ativiya bhay±nakaµµhena bhaya½. Yassa bh±yat²ti yato jar±maraŗ±dito bh±yati, ta½ dukkhassa adhiµµh±nabh±vato dukkhadukkhat±ya ca dukkhanti.
Bhavavippah±n±y±ti bhavassa pajahanatth±ya. Khoti avadh±raŗatthe nip±to. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– ekanteneva k±m±dibhavassa samudayappah±nena pah±nattha½ ida½ may± adhigata½ maggabrahmacariya½ vussat²ti.
Eva½ ariyassa maggassa eka½seneva niyy±nikabh±va½ dassetv± id±ni ańńamaggassa niyy±nikabh±va½ paµikkhipanto “ye hi kec²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha bhaven±ti r³pabhavena v± ar³pabhavena v±. Bhavass±ti sa½s±rassa. Vippamokkhanti bhavato vimutti½, sa½s±rasuddhinti attho. Kińc±pi te samaŗabr±hmaŗ± tattha nibb±nasańńino, bhavag±mikammena pana r³p±r³pajjh±nena ta½nibbattena ca upapattibhavena bhavavisuddhi½ vadant± bhavena bhavavippamokkha½ vadanti n±ma. Ten±ha– “sabbe te avippamutt± bhavasm±ti vad±m²”ti. Atha v± bhaven±ti bhavadiµµhiy±, bhavati tiµµhati sassatanti hi pavattanato sassatadiµµhi “bhavadiµµh²”ti vuccati. Bhavadiµµhi eva uttarapadalopena “bhavo”ti vutt± bhavataŗh±ti-±d²su viya. Bhavadiµµhivasena hi idhekacce bhavavisesa½yeva bhavavippamokkha½ mańńanti. Yath± ta½ bako brahm± ±ha– “ida½ nicca½, ida½ dhuva½, ida½ sassata½, ida½ avipariŗ±madhamman”ti (ma. ni. 1.501; sa½. ni. 1.175). Vibhaven±ti ucchedadiµµhiy±. Vibhavati vinassati ucchijjat²ti hi pavattanato ucchedadiµµhi vuttanayena “vibhavo”ti vuccati. Bhavassa nissaraŗam±ha½s³ti sa½s±rasuddhi½ vadi½su. Ucchedadiµµhivasena hi idhekacce sa½s±rasuddhi½ vadanti. Tath± hi vutta½–
“Yato kho, bho, aya½ att± r³p² c±tumah±bh³tiko…pe… nevasańń±n±sańń±yatana½ upasampajja viharati. Ett±vat± kho, bho, aya½ att± samm± samucchinno hot²”ti (d². ni. 1.91).
Anissaµ±ti anikkhant±. Tattha k±raŗam±ha– “upadhińhi paµicca dukkhamida½ sambhot²”ti. Tattha upadhinti khandh±di-upadhi½. Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Yattha ime diµµhigatik± nibb±nasańńino, tattha khandh³padhikiles³padhi-abhisaŖkh±r³padhayo adhigat± ń±t±. Kuto tassa dukkhanissaraŗat±ti. Ya½ pana paramatthato dukkhanissaraŗa½, ta½ dassetu½ “sabbup±d±nakkhay± natthi dukkhassa sambhavo”ti vutta½.
Lokamima½ pass±ti bhagav± attano citta½ ±lapati. Puth³ti visu½ visu½. Avijj±ya paretanti mohena abhibh³ta½. Bh³tanti khandhapańcaka½. Bh³taratanti itth² purise, puriso itthiy±ti eva½ ańńamańńa½ sattesu rata½, tato eva bhav± aparimutt±. Ye hi keci bhav±ti ittarakhaŗ± v± d²gh±yuk± v± s±tavanto v± as±tavanto v± bhav±. Sabbadh²ti uddha½ adho tiriyanti sabbattha. Sabbatthat±y±ti sabbabh±vena. Sabbe te bhav±ti-±d²su “sabbepi bhav± anicc±”ti-±din± vipassan±sahit±ya maggapańń±ya avipar²ta½ passato bhavataŗh±pi pah²yati nirujjhati, vibhava½ ucchedampi n±bhinandati na pattheti, tassa sabba taŗh±na½ anavasesato maggena nirujjhanato nibb±na½ nibbuti hoti. Tassa eva½ nibbutassa bhikkhuno anup±d± kiles±bhisaŖkh±r±na½ anup±d±nato aggahaŗato punabbhavo na hoti. Eva½bh³tena ca abhibh³to pańcavidhopi m±ro vijito assa anena m±rena saŖg±mo, sabbepi bhave samatikkanto iµµh±niµµh±d²su t±dilakkhaŗappattoti.
Anusotag±m² andhaputhujjano paµisotag±m² kaly±ŗaputhujjano. Żhitatto sekkho. Itaro asekkho.
110. Abhij±tikoti j±tiyo. Kaŗh±bhij±tikoti kaŗhe n²ce kule j±to. Kaŗha½ dhamma½ abhij±yat²ti k±¼aka½ dasavidha½ duss²ladhamma½ pasavati karoti, so ta½ abhij±yitv± niraye nibbattati. Sukka½ dhammanti “aha½ pubbepi puńń±na½ akatatt± n²ce kule nibbatto, id±ni puńńa½ kariss±m²”ti puńńasaŖkh±ta½ sukka½ paŗ¹ara½ dhamma½ abhij±yati, so tena sagge nibbattati. Akaŗha½ asukka½ nibb±nanti nibb±nańhi sace kaŗha½ bhaveyya, kaŗhavip±ka½ dadeyya. Sukka½, sukkavip±ka½ dadeyya. Dvinnampi appad±nato pana “akaŗha½ asukkan”ti vutta½. Nibb±nanti cettha arahatta½ adhippeta½. Tańhi kilesanibb±nante j±tatt± nibb±na½ n±ma. Ta½ esa abhij±yati pasavati karoti. Sukk±bhij±tikoti sukke ucce kule j±to. Sesa½ vuttanayeneva veditabba½. “Kaŗha½ kaŗhavip±kan”ti-±dikassa kammacatukkassa attho heµµh± h±rasamp±tav±re vibhatto eva.
111. M±nusattanti manussabh±va½, manussayoninti attho. Dveti kicca½ akiccameva c±ti dve. Kicc±ni tveva kattabb±ni, na c±kicca½ kińci kattabbanti dasseti. Sukiccanti-±di “kiccan”ti vutt±na½ tesa½ sar³padassana½.
Padh±n±n²ti uttam±ni visiµµh±ni. Purimasmi½ pabbajites³ti visaye bhumma½. Dutiye adhikaraŗe. Tattha nibb±nanti arahatta½ adhippeta½. Kasm± panettha ±misaparicc±go arahattena samadhuro niddiµµhoti? Dakkhiŗeyyesu dakkhiŗ±ya mahapphalabh±vadassanattha½. Yena yena v± pana vatthun±ti ucched±divatthun±. Ajjhosit±ti bhavataŗh±divasena ajjhosit±. Dutiye yena yena v± pana vatthun±ti amar±vikkhepavatthu-±din±.
Imin± asubhena kammavip±ken±ti asubhassa k±yaduccarit±dikammassa vip±katt± asubhena asivena kammavip±kena. Ida½ b±lalakkhaŗa½ nibbattat²ti purimasmi½ bhave duccaritasamaŖgit±ya b±lo aya½ bhavat²ti upalakkhaŗa½ j±yati. Ida½ sa½kilesabh±giya½ suttanti ida½ eva½ pavatta½ sa½kilesabh±giya½ n±ma sutta½.
Imin± subhen±ti ettha vuttanay±nus±rena attho veditabbo. Tattha mah±purisalakkhaŗanti paŗ¹italakkhaŗa½. Kilesabh³m²h²ti kilesaµµh±nehi kiles±vatth±hi v±. S±nusayassa pariyuµµh±na½ j±yat²ti appah²n±nusayassa paccayasam±yoge r±g±dayo pariyuµµh±navasena pavattanti. Pariyuµµhito sa½yujjat²ti yo r±g±d²hi pariyuµµhitacitto, so k±mar±g±d²hi sa½yujjati n±ma. Sa½yujjanto up±diyat²ti yo k±mar±gasa½yojan±d²hi sa½yutto, so k±mup±d±n±d²ni akusalakamm±ni ca up±diyati. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±nameva.
112. Eva½ so¼asavidhena s±sanapaµµh±na½ n±n±suttehi ud±haraŗavasena vibhajitv± id±ni aµµhav²satividhena s±sanapaµµh±na½ dassentena yasm± ayampi paµµh±navibh±go m³lapadehi saŖgahito, na imass±pi tehi asaŖgahito padeso atthi, tasm± m³lapada½ vibhajitabbatańca dassetu½ “tattha katame aµµh±rasa m³lapad±”ti pucch±ya vasena m³lapad±ni uddharitv± “lokiya½ lokuttaran”ti-±din± navatik±, thavo c±ti aµµhav²satividha½ s±sanapaµµh±na½ uddiµµha½. Tattha lokiyanti loke niyutto, loke v± vidito lokiyo. Idha pana lokiyo attho yasmi½ sutte vutto, ta½ sutta½ lokiya½. Tath± lokuttara½. Yasmi½ pana sutte padesena lokiyo, padesena lokuttaro vutto, ta½ lokiyańca lokuttarańca. Yańca satte adhiµµh±ya sattapańńattimukhena desita½, ta½ satt±dhiµµh±na½. Dhammavaseneva desita½ dhamm±dhiµµh±na½. Ubhayavasena desita½ satt±dhiµµh±nańca dhamm±dhiµµh±nańca. Imin± nayena sabbapadesu attho veditabbo. Buddh±d²na½ pana guŗ±bhitthavanavasena pavatta½ sutta½ thavo n±ma.
Tattha sajjukh²ranti taŖkhaŗa½yeva dhenuy± thanehi nikkhanta½ abbhuŗhakh²ra½. Muccat²ti pariŗamati. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yath± dhenuy± thanato nikkhanta½ kh²ra½ taŖkhaŗa½yeva na muccati na pariŗamati na dadhibh±va½ gacchati, takk±di-ambilasam±yogato pana parato k±lantarena pakati½ jahati dadhibh±va½ p±puŗ±ti, evameva½ p±pakammampi kiriyakkhaŗeyeva na vipaccati. Yadi vipacceyya, n±n±gat²na½ sabh±vaµµh±na½ siy±, na koci p±pakamma½ k±tu½ visaheyya. Y±va pana kusal±bhinibbattakkhandh± caranti, t±va ta½ te rakkhanti, tesa½ bhed± ap±yesu nibbatt±panavasena vipaccati. Vipaccam±nańca ¹ahanta½ b±lamanveti, ki½ viya? Bhasmacchannova p±vako. Yath± hi ch±rik±ya paµicchanno v²taccitaŖg±ro akkantopi ch±rik±ya paµicchannatt± na t±va ¹ahati, ch±rika½ pana t±petv± camm±d²ni ¹ahanavasena y±va matthaluŖg± ¹ahanto gacchati, evameva½ p±pakammampi yena kata½, ta½ b±la½ dutiye v± tatiye v± attabh±ve niray±d²su nibbatta½ ¹ahanta½ anugacchat²ti.