Im±ya g±th±ya ki½ kathita½? Yath± sattiy± omaµµhapuriso sallubb±hanavaºatikicchan±na½ atth±ya v²riya½ ±rabhati payoga½ karoti parakkamati. Yath± ca dayham±ne matthake ±dittasiro tassa nibb±panatth±ya v²riya½ ±rabhati payoga½ karoti parakkamati, evameva½ bhikkhu k±mar±gappah±n±ya sato appamatto hutv± vihareyya bhagav±ti kathesi.
Eva½ devat±ya kathite atha bhagav± cintesi– “im±ya devat±ya upam± da¼ha½ katv± ±n²t±, attha½ pana parittaka½ gahetv± µhit±. Punappuna½ kathent²pi hi es± k±mar±gassa vikkhambhanappah±nameva katheyya, y±va ca k±mar±go maggena na samuggh±µiyyati, t±va anubandhova hot²”ti tameva upama½ gahetv± paµhamamaggavasena devat±ya vinivaµµetv± dassento “sattiy± viya omaµµho”ti dutiyag±tham±ha. Tassattho purimanay±nus±rena veditabbo.
Lok±misanti k±maguºo. Santipekkhoti sabbasaªkh±r³pasama½ nibb±na½ apekkham±no. Paññav±ti paññavanto. Pahitattoti nibb±na½ patipesitacitto. Virato k±masaññ±y±ti y±ya k±yaci sabbato k±masaññ±ya catutthamaggasampayutt±ya samucchedaviratiy± virato. “Viratto”tipi p±µho. K±masaññ±y±ti pana bhummavacana½ hoti. Sag±th±vagge (sa½. ni. 1.96) “k±masaññ±s³”ti p±µho. Cat³hi maggehi dasannampi sa½yojan±na½ at²tatt± sabbasa½yojan±t²to. Catutthamaggeneva v± uddhambh±giyasa½yojan±t²to tatra tatr±bhinandanato nandisaªkh±t±ya taºh±ya tiººañca bhav±na½ parikkh²ºatt± nandibhavaparikkh²ºo. So t±diso kh²º±savo bhikkhu gambh²re sa½s±raººave na s²dati.
Saddah±noti yena pubbabh±ge k±yasucarit±dibhedena, aparabh±ge ca sattatti½sabodhipakkhiyabhedena dhammena arahanto buddhapaccekabuddhabuddhas±vak± nibb±na½ patt±. Ta½ saddah±no arahata½ dhamma½ nibb±nappattiy± lokiyalokuttarapañña½ labhati, tañca kho na saddh±mattakeneva. Yasm± pana saddh±j±to upasaªkamati, upasaªkamanto payirup±sati, payirup±santo sota½ odahati, odahitasoto dhamma½ suº±ti, tasm± upasaªkamanato paµµh±ya y±va dhammassavanena suss³sa½ labhate pañña½.
Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Ta½ dhamma½ saddahitv±pi ±cariyupajjh±ye k±lena k±la½ upasaªkamitv±pi vattakaraºena payirup±sitv± yad± payirup±san±ya ±r±dhitacitt± kiñci vattuk±m± honti. Atha adhigat±ya sotuk±mat±ya sota½ odahitv± suºanto labhat²ti eva½ suss³sampi ca sati-avippav±sena appamatto subh±sitadubbh±sitaññut±ya vicakkhaºo eva labhati, na itaro. Ten±ha– “appamatto vicakkhaºo”ti.
Patir³pak±r²ti desak±l±d²ni ah±petv± lokiyassa lokuttarassa dhammassa patir³pa½ adhigam³p±ya½ karot²ti patir³pak±r². Dhurav±ti cetasikav²riyavasena anikkhittadhuro. Uµµh±t±ti k±yikav²riyavasena uµµh±nasampanno asithilaparakkamo. Vindate dhananti lokiyalokuttaradhana½ adhigacchati. Saccen±ti vac²saccena paramatthasaccena ca. Buddhapaccekabuddha-ariyas±vak± nibbuti½ p±puºant± kittimpi p±puºantiyeva. Dadanti paresa½ ya½ kiñci icchita½ patthita½ dento mitt±ni ganthati samp±deti karot²ti attho. Duddada½ v± dadanto ganthati, d±namukhena catt±ripi saªgahavatth³ni gahit±n²ti veditabb±ni. Tehi mitt±ni karonti. Asm± lok± para½ loka½, sa ve pecca na socat²ti yassa puggalassa ime saddh±dayo dhamm± vijjanti, so imasm± lok± para½ loka½ gantv± na socati, sokak±raºa½ tassa natth²ti attho.
“Yassete caturo dhamm±, saddhassa gharamesino;
sacca½ dhammo dhiti c±go, sa ve pecca na socat²”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.246; su. ni. 190)–

G±tha½ avasesa½ katv± ud±haµa½. ¾¼avakasutte hi im± g±th± ±¼avakena “katha½ su labhate paññan”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 1.246; su. ni. 187) puµµhena bhagavat± bh±sit±ti.

Yena kenaci vaººen±ti yena kenaci k±raºena, pak±rena v±. Sa½v±soti ekasmi½ µh±ne sahav±so sam±gamo. Tanti tath± sam±gata½ anukampitabba½ purisa½. Manas± ce pasannen±ti karuº±samuss±hitena pas±dena pasannena manas±. Na tena hoti sa½yuttoti tena yath±vuttena anus±sanena k±macchand±d²na½ sa½yojanavasena sa½yutto n±ma na hoti. Y±nukamp± anudday±ti y± ariyamaggasamp±panavasena karuº±yan±, mett±yan± c±ti attho.
102. R±go ca doso c±ti r±gados± heµµh± vuttanay±va. Kutonid±n±ti ki½nid±n± ki½hetuk±. Paccattavacanassa hi aya½ to-±deso, sam±se cassa lop±bh±vo veditabbo. Arat² rat² lomaha½so kutoj±ti y±ya½ pantesu sen±sanesu, adhikusalesu ca dhammesu arati ukkaºµhit±, y± ca pañcasu k±maguºesu rati abhirati ±satti k²¼an±di, yo ca lomaha½sasamuµµh±nato lomaha½sasaªkh±to cittutr±so, ime tayo dhamm± kuto j±t± kuto nibbatt±ti pucch±. Kuto samuµµh±y±ti kuto uppajjitv±. Manoti kusalacitta½. Vitakk±ti k±mavitakk±dayo. Kum±rak± dhaªkamivosajant²ti yath± kum±rak± k²¼ant± k±ka½ suttena p±de bandhitv± osajanti khipanti, eva½ kusalamana½ akusalavitakk± kuto samuµµh±ya osajant²ti pucch±.
R±go ti dutiyag±th± tass± vissajjana½. Tattha itoti attabh±va½ sandh±y±ha. Attabh±vanid±n± hi r±gados±, arati rati lomaha½s± ca attabh±vato j±t±. K±mavitakk±dayo attabh±vato eva samuµµh±ya kusalamana½ osajanti. Tena tadañña½ pakati-±dik±raºa½ paµikkhipanto ±ha– “itonid±n± ito samuµµh±y±”ti. Purimag±th±ya vuttanayenettha saddasiddhi veditabb±.
Id±ni yv±ya½ “itonid±n±”ti-±d²su attabh±vanid±n± attabh±vato j±t± attabh±vato samuµµh±y±ti attho vutto, ta½ s±dhento ±ha– “snehaj± attasambh³t±”ti. Ete hi r±g±dayo vitakkapariyos±n± taºh±snehena j±t±. Tath± j±yant± ca pañcup±d±nakkhandhabhede attabh±vasaªkh±te attani sambh³t±. Ten±ha– “snehaj± attasambh³t±”ti. Id±ni tadatthajotika½ upama½ dasseti “nigrodhasseva khandhaj±”ti. Tattha khandhaj±ti khandhesu j±t± p±roh±. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yath± nigrodhassa khandhajasaªkh±t± p±roh± ±porasasaªkh±te snehe sati j±yanti, j±yant± ca tasmi½yeva nigrodhe tesu tesu s±khappadesesu sambhavanti, eva½ ete r±g±dayo ajjhatta½ taºh±snehe sati j±yanti, j±yant± ca tasmi½yeva attabh±ve tesu tesu cakkh±dippadesesu iµµh±rammaºesu sambhavanti. Tena vutta½– “snehaj± attasambh³t±”ti. Puthu visatt± k±mes³ti yasm± r±gopi pañcak±maguºik±divasena, dosopi ±gh±tavatthu-±divasena arati-±dayopi tassa tassa bhedassa vasen±ti sabbath± sabbepime kiles± puthu anekappak±r± hutv± vatthudv±r±rammaº±divasena tesu tesu k±mesu tath± tath± visatt± lagg± sa½sibbitv± µhit±. Kimiva? M±luv±va vitat± vane yath± vane vitat± m±luv± tesu tesu rukkhas±khappas±kh±dibhedesu visatt± hoti lagg± sa½sibbitv± µhit±, eva½ ete kiles± dhamm±, tasm± ettha puthupabhedesu vatthuk±mesu visatta½ kilesagahana½.
Ye na½ paj±nanti yatonid±na½, te na½ vinodenti suºohi yakkha. Tassattho– ye satt± na½ kilesagahana½ “itonid±na½ esa uppajjat²”ti j±nanti, te na½ taºh±sinehasinehite attabh±ve uppajjat²ti ñatv± ta½ taºh±sineha½ ±d²nav±nupassan±dibh±van±ñ±ºaggin± visosent± vinodenti pajahanti, eva½ amh±ka½ bh±sita½ suºohi yakkh±ti. Te duttara½ oghamima½ taranti, atiººapubba½ apunabbhav±y±ti ye hi sa½kilesagahana½ vinodenti, te ekantena magga½ bh±venti. Na hi maggabh±vana½ vin± kilesavinodana½ atthi. Eva½ magga½ bh±vent± te pakatiñ±ºena duttara½ k±mogh±di½ catubbidha½ ogha½ imin± d²ghena addhun± supinantenapi atiººapubba½ anatikkantapubba½ apunabbhav±ya nibb±n±ya taranti.
Dukkara½ bhagav±ti eko kira devaputto pubbayog±vacaro bahalakilesat±ya sappayogena kilese vikkhambhento samaºadhamma½ katv± pubbahetumandat±ya ariyabh³mi½ appatv±va k±la½ katv± devaloke nibbatto, so tath±gata½ upasaªkamitv± dukkarabh±va½ ±rocento evam±ha. Tattha dukkaranti dasapi vass±ni…pe… saµµhipi vass±ni ekantaparisuddhassa samaºadhammassa karaºa½ n±meta½ dukkara½. Sekkh±ti satta sekkh±. S²lasam±hit±ti s²lena sam±hit± samupet±. Ýhitatt±ti patiµµhitasabh±v±. Eva½ pucchitapañha½ vissajjitv± uparipañha½ samuµµh±panattha½ “anag±riyupetass±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha anag±riyupetass±ti anag±riya½ niggehabh±va½ upagatassa, pabbajitass±ti attho. Tuµµh²ti catupaccayasantoso.
Bh±van±y±ti cittav³pasamabh±van±ya. Te chetv± maccuno j±lanti ye rattindiva½ indriy³pasame rat±, te dussam±daha½ citta½ sam±dahanti. Ye sam±hitacitt±, te catupaccayasantosa½ p³rent± na kilamanti. Ye santuµµh±, te s²la½ p³rent± na kilamanti. Ye s²le patiµµhit± satta sekkh±, te ariy± maccuno j±lasaªkh±ta½ kilesaj±la½ chinditv± gacchanti.
Duggamoti saccameta½, bhante, ye indriy³pasame rat±, te dussam±daha½ citta½ sam±dahanti. Ye sam±hitacitt±, te catupaccayasantosa½ p³rent± na kilamanti. Ye santuµµh±, te s²la½ p³rent± na kilamanti. Ye s²le paramagg±hino satta sekkh±, te ariy± maccuno j±lasaªkh±ta½ kilesaj±la½ chinditv± gacchanti. Ki½ na gamissanti, aya½ pana duggamo “bhagav± visamo maggo”ti ±ha. Tattha kiñc±pi ariyamaggo neva duggamo na visamo, pubbabh±gapaµipad±ya panassa bah³ parissay± honti, tasm± eva½ vutto. Ava½sir±ti ñ±ºasirena adhosir± hutv± papatanti. Ariyamagga½ ±rohitu½ asamatthat±ya eva te magge papatant²ti vuccanti. Ariy±na½ samo maggoti sveva maggo ariy±na½ samo hoti. Visame sam±ti visamepi sattak±ye sam± eva.
103. Idañhi ta½ jetavananti an±thapiº¹iko devaputto jetavanassa ceva buddh±d²nañca vaººabhaºanattha½ ±gantv± evam±ha. Isisaªghanisevitanti bhikkhusaªghanivesita½. Eva½ paµhamag±th±ya jetavanassa vaººa½ kathetv± id±ni ariyamaggassa vaººa½ kathento “kamma½ vijj±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha kammanti maggacetan±. Vijj±ti maggapaññ±. Dhammoti sam±dhi, sam±dhipakkhik± v± dhamm±. S²la½ j²vitamuttamanti s²le patiµµhitassa j²vitañca uttamanti dasseti. Atha v± vijj±ti diµµhisaªkapp±. Dhammoti v±y±masatisam±dhayo. S²lanti v±c±kammant±j²v±. J²vitamuttamanti etasmi½ s²le patiµµhitassa j²vita½ n±ma uttamanti. “Etena macc± sujjhant²”ti etena aµµhaªgikena maggena satt± visujjhanti.
Tasm±ti yasm± maggena sujjhanti, na gottadhanehi, tasm±. Yoniso vicine dhammanti up±yena bodhipakkhiyadhamma½ vicineyya. Eva½ tattha visujjhat²ti eva½ tasmi½ ariyamagge visujjhati. Atha v± yoniso vicine dhammanti up±yena ariyasaccadhamma½ vicineyya. Eva½ tattha visujjhat²ti eva½ tesu cat³su ariyasaccesu visujjhati. Id±ni s±riputtattherassa vaººa½ kathento “s±riputtov±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha s±riputtov±ti avadh±raºavacana½, etehi paññ±d²hi s±riputtova seyyoti vadati. Upasamen±ti kilesav³pasamena. P±raªgatoti nibb±na½ gato, yo koci nibb±napatto bhikkhu, na t±diso. Et±vaparamo siy±, na ther± uttaritaro n±ma s±vako atth²ti vadati.