Kasm± panettha nay±na½ uddes±nukkamena niddeso na katoti? Nay±na½ nayehi sambhavadassanattha½. Paµhamanayato hi puggal±dhiµµh±navasena tatiyanayassa, tatiyanayato ca dutiyanayassa sambhavoti imassa visesassa dassanattha½ paµhamanay±nantara½ tatiyanayo, tatiyanay±nantarańca dutiyanayo niddiµµho. Dhamm±dhiµµh±navasena pana tatiyanayato dutiyanayo, dutiyanayato paµhamanayopi sambhavat²ti imassa visesassa dassanattha½ ante “taŗh± ca avijj± c±”ti-±din± paµhamanayassa bh³mi dassit±. Teneva hi “catt±ri hutv± t²ŗi bhavanti, t²ŗi hutv± dve bhavant²”ti vutta½. Yadi eva½ “dve hutv± catt±ri bhavanti, dve hutv± t²ŗi bhavanti, t²ŗi hutv± catt±ri bhavant²”ti ayampi nayo vattabbo siy±ti? Saccameta½, aya½ pana nayo atthato dassito ev±ti katv± na vutto. Yasm± tiŗŗa½ atthanay±na½ ańńamańńa½ anuppaveso icchito, sati ca anuppavese tato viniggamopi sambhavati ev±ti. Ayańca attho peµakopadesena vibh±vetabbo.
Tatth±ya½ ±dito paµµh±ya vibh±van±– catt±ro puggal± taŗh±carito duvidho mudindriyo tikkhindriyo ca. Tath± diµµhicaritoti. Tattha taŗh±carito mudindriyo dukkh±ya paµipad±ya dandh±bhińń±ya niyy±ti, tikkhindriyo dukkh±ya paµipad±ya khipp±bhińń±ya niyy±ti, diµµhicarito pana mudindriyo sukh±ya paµipad±ya dandh±bhińń±ya niyy±ti, tikkhindriyo sukh±ya paµipad±ya khipp±bhińń±ya niyy±ti. Iti im±su paµipad±su yath±raha½ µhitehi taŗh±caritadiµµhicaritehi catt±ro ±h±r± tappaµibandhachandar±gappah±nena pah±tabb±. Catt±ro satipaµµh±ne bh±vetv± catt±ro vipall±s± daµµhabb±ti sabbo yath±vuttanayo anugantabbo.
Tatth±ya½ p±¼i– tattha ye diµµhicarit± satt±, te k±mesu dosadiµµh², na ca ye k±mesu anusay± sam³hat±, te attakilamath±nuyogamanuyutt± viharanti. Tesa½ satth± v± dhamma½ deseti ańńataro v± garuµµh±niyo sabrahmac±r² “k±mehi natthi attho”ti, te ca pubbeyeva k±mehi anatthik± iti k±me appakasirena paµinissajjanti, te cetasikena dukkhena anajjhosit±. Tena vuccati “sukh± paµipad±”ti. Ye pana taŗh±carit± satt±, te k±mesu ajjhosit±, tesa½ satth± v± dhamma½ deseti ańńataro v± bhikkhu “k±mehi natthi attho”ti, te piyar³pa½ dukkhena paµinissajjanti. Tena vuccati “dukkh± paµipad±”ti. Iti ime sabbe satt± dv²su paµipad±su samosaraŗa½ gacchanti dukkh±yańca sukh±yańca.
Tattha ye diµµhicarit± satt±, te dvidh± tikkhindriy± ca mudindriy± ca. Tattha ye diµµhicarit± satt± tikkhindriy±, te sukhena paµinissajjanti, khippańca abhisamenti. Tena vuccati– “sukh± paµipad± khipp±bhińń±”ti. Tattha ye diµµhicarit± satt± mudindriy± paµhama½ tikkhindriya½ up±d±ya dandhatara½ abhisamenti, te sukhena paµinissajjanti, dandhańca abhisamenti. Tena vuccati– “sukh± paµipad± dandh±bhińń±”ti. Tattha taŗh±carit± satt± duvidh± tikkhindriy± ca mudindriy± ca. Tattha ye taŗh±carit± satt± tikkhindriy±, te dukkhena paµinissajjanti, khippańca abhisamenti. Tena vuccati– “dukkh± paµipad± khipp±bhińń±”ti. Tattha ye taŗh±carit± satt± mudindriy± paµhama½ tikkhindriya½ up±d±ya dandhatara½ abhisamenti, te dukkhena paµinissajjanti, dandhańca abhisamenti. Tena vuccati– “dukkh± paµipad± dandh±bhińń±”ti. Im± catasso paµipad±yo apańcam± achaµµh±. Ye hi keci nibbut± nibb±yanti nibb±yissanti v± im±hi cat³hi paµipad±hi anańń±hi, aya½ paµipad± catukkamaggena kilese niddisati. Y± catukkamaggena ariyadhammesu niddisitabb±, aya½ vuccati s²havikk²¼ito n±ma nayo.
Tatrime catt±ro ±h±r±, catt±ro vipall±s± up±d±n± yog± ganth± ±sav± ogh± sall± vińń±ŗaµµhitiyo agatigaman±n²ti eva½ im±ni sabb±ni dasa pad±ni. Aya½ suttassa sa½sandan±.
Catt±ro ±h±r±, tattha yo ca kaba¼²k±ro ±h±ro, yo ca phasso ±h±ro, ime taŗh±caritena pah±tabb±. Tattha yo ca manosańcetan±h±ro, yo ca vińń±ŗ±h±ro, ime diµµhicaritena pah±tabb±.
Tattha paµhamo ±h±ro paµhamo vipall±so, dutiyo ±h±ro dutiyo vipall±so, tatiyo ±h±ro tatiyo vipall±so, catuttho ±h±ro catuttho vipall±so, ime catt±ro vipall±s± apańcam± achaµµh±. Idańca pam±ŗ± catt±ro ±h±r±.
Tattha paµhame vipall±se µhito k±me up±diyati, ida½ k±mup±d±na½. Dutiye vipall±se µhito an±gata½ bhava½ up±diyati, ida½ s²labbatup±d±na½. Tatiye vipall±se µhito vipar²tadiµµhi½ up±diyati, ida½ diµµhup±d±na½. Catutthe vipall±se µhito khandhe attato up±diyati, ida½ attav±dup±d±na½.
Tattha k±mup±d±ne µhito k±me abhijjh±ya ganthati, aya½ abhijjh±k±yagantho. S²labbatup±d±ne µhito by±p±da½ ganthati, aya½ by±p±dak±yagantho. Diµµhup±d±ne µhito par±m±sa½ ganthati, aya½ par±m±sak±yagantho. Attav±dup±d±ne µhito papańcento ganthati, aya½ ida½sacc±bhinivesak±yagantho.
Tassa ganthaganthit± kiles± ±savanti. Ki½ pana vuccati ±savant²ti? Vippaµis±r±. Ye vippaµis±r±, te anusay±. Tattha abhijjh±k±yaganthena k±m±savo, by±p±dak±yaganthena bhav±savo, par±m±sak±yaganthena diµµh±savo, ida½sacc±bhinivesak±yaganthena avijj±savo.
Te catt±ro ±sav± vepulla½ gat± ogh± honti, tena vuccanti “ogh±”ti. Tattha k±m±savo k±mogho, bhav±savo bhavogho, avijj±savo avijjogho, diµµh±savo diµµhogho.
Te catt±ro ogh± ±sayamanupaviµµh± anusayasahagat± vuccanti sall±ti hadayam±hacca tiµµhanti. Tattha k±mogho r±gasalla½, bhavogho dosasalla½, avijjogho mohasalla½, diµµhogho diµµhisalla½.
Imehi cat³hi sallehi pariy±dinna½ vińń±ŗa½ cat³su dhammesu tiµµhati r³pe vedan±ya sańń±ya saŖkh±resu. Im± catasso vińń±ŗaµµhitiyo. Tattha r±gasallena nand³pasecana½ r³p³paga½ vińń±ŗa½ tiµµhati. Dosasallena vedan³paga½. Mohasallena sańń³paga½. Diµµhisallena nand³pasecana½ saŖkh±r³paga½ vińń±ŗa½ tiµµhati.
Cat³hi vińń±ŗaµµhit²hi catubbidha½ agati½ gacchanti chand± dos± bhay± moh±. R±gena chand± agati½ gacchati, dosena dos± agati½ gacchati, mohena moh± agati½ gacchati, diµµhiy± bhay± agati½ gacchati, iti im±ni ca kamm±ni ime ca kiles± aya½ sa½s±rahetu.
Tatthim± catasso dis± kaba¼²k±ro ±h±ro “asubhe subhan”ti vipall±so k±mup±d±na½ k±mayogo abhijjh±k±yagantho k±m±savo k±mogho r±gasalla½ r³p³pag± vińń±ŗaµµhiti chand± agatigamana½, aya½ paµham± dis±.
Phasso ±h±ro “dukkhe sukhan”ti vipall±so s²labbatup±d±na½ bhavayogo by±p±dak±yagantho bhav±savo bhavogho dosasalla½ vedan³pag± vińń±ŗaµµhiti dos± agatigamana½, aya½ dutiy± dis±.
Manosańcetan±h±ro “anattani att±”ti vipall±so diµµhup±d±na½ diµµhiyogo par±m±sak±yagantho diµµh±savo diµµhogho diµµhisalla½ sańń³pag± vińń±ŗaµµhiti bhay± agatigamana½, aya½ tatiy± dis±.
Vińń±ŗ±h±ro “anicce niccan”ti vipall±so attav±dup±d±na½ avijj±yogo ida½sacc±bhinivesok±yagantho avijj±savo avijjogho mohasalla½ saŖkh±r³pag± vińń±ŗaµµhiti moh± agatigamana½, aya½ catutth² dis±. Iti imesa½ dasanna½ sutt±na½ paµhamena padena paµham±ya dis±ya ±lokana½, dutiyena padena dutiy±ya dis±ya, tatiyena padena tatiy±ya dis±ya, catutthena padena catutthiy± dis±ya ±lokana½, aya½ vuccati dis± ±lokan±. Imin± nayena sabbe kiles± cat³su padesu pakkhipitabb±. Aya½ akusalapakkho.
Catasso paµipad±, catt±ri jh±n±ni, catt±ro satipaµµh±n±, catt±ro vih±r± dibbo brahm± ariyo ±neńjo, catt±ro sammappadh±n±, catt±ro acchariy± abbhut± dhamm±, catt±ro adhiµµh±n±, catt±ro sam±dhayo chandasam±dhi v²riyasam±dhi cittasam±dhi v²ma½s±sam±dhi, catt±ro dhamm± sukhabh±giy± n±ńńatra bojjhaŖg± n±ńńatra tapas± n±ńńatra indriyasa½var± n±ńńatra sabbanissagg±, catt±ri appam±ŗ±ni.
Tattha dukkh± paµipad± dandh±bhińń± bh±viyam±n± bahul²kariyam±n± paµhama½ jh±na½ parip³reti, paµhama½ jh±na½ paripuŗŗa½ paµhama½ satipaµµh±na½ parip³reti, paµhama½ satipaµµh±na½ paripuŗŗa½ paµhama½ vih±ra½ parip³reti, paµhamo vih±ro paripuŗŗo paµhama½ sammappadh±na½ parip³reti, paµhama½ sammappadh±na½ paripuŗŗa½ paµhama½ acchariya½ abbhuta½ dhamma½ parip³reti, paµhamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo paripuŗŗo paµhama½ adhiµµh±na½ parip³reti, paµhama½ adhiµµh±na½ paripuŗŗa½ chandasam±dhi½ parip³reti, chandasam±dhi paripuŗŗo indriyasa½vara½ parip³reti, indriyasa½varo paripuŗŗo paµhama½ appam±ŗa½ parip³reti. Eva½ y±va sabbanissagg± catuttha½ appam±ŗa½ parip³reti.
Tattha paµham± ca paµipad± paµhamańca jh±na½ paµhamańca satipaµµh±na½ dibbo ca vih±ro paµhamańca sammappadh±na½ paµhamo ca acchariyo abbhuto dhammo sacc±dhiµµh±nańca chandasam±dhi ca indriyasa½varo ca mett± ca appam±ŗa½. Aya½ paµham± dis±.
Dutiy± ca paµipad± khipp±bhińń± dutiyańca jh±na½ dutiyańca satipaµµh±na½ brahm± ca vih±ro dutiyańca sammappadh±na½ dutiyo ca acchariyo abbhuto dhammo c±g±dhiµµh±nańca cittasam±dhi ca tapo ca karuŗ± ca appam±ŗa½. Aya½ dutiy± dis±.
Tatiy± ca paµipad± dandh±bhińń± tatiyańca jh±na½ tatiyańca satipaµµh±na½ ariyo ca vih±ro tatiyańca sammappadh±na½ tatiyo ca acchariyo abbhuto dhammo sacc±dhiµµh±nańca v²riyasam±dhi ca bojjhaŖg± ca mudit± ca appam±ŗa½. Aya½ tatiy± dis±.
Catutth² ca paµipad± khipp±bhińń± catutthańca jh±na½ catutthańca satipaµµh±na½ ±neńjo ca vih±ro catutthańca sammappadh±na½ catuttho ca acchariyo abbhuto dhammo upasam±dhiµµh±nańca v²ma½s±sam±dhi ca sabbanissaggo ca upekkh± ca appam±ŗa½. Aya½ catutth² dis±. Im±sa½ catunna½ dis±na½ y± ±lokan±, aya½ vuccati dis±locano n±ma nayo.
Tatth±ya½ yojan±– catt±ro ca ±h±r±, catasso ca paµipad±, catt±ro ca vipall±s±, catt±ro ca satipaµµh±n±, catt±ri ca up±d±n±ni, catt±ri ca jh±n±ni, catt±ro ca yog±, catt±ro ca vih±r±, catt±ro ca ganth±, catt±ro ca sammappadh±n±, catt±ro ca ±sav±, catt±ro ca acchariy± abbhut± dhamm±, catt±ro ca ogh±, catt±ri ca adhiµµh±n±ni, catt±ri ca sall±ni, catt±ro ca sam±dhayo, catasso ca vińń±ŗaµµhitiyo, catt±ro ca sukhabh±giy± dhamm±, catt±ri ca agatigaman±ni catt±ri ca appam±ŗ±ni. Iti kusal±kusal±na½ pakkhapaµipakkhavasena yojan±. Aya½ s²havikk²¼ite dis±locano nayo.
Tassa catt±ri s±mańńaphal±ni pariyos±na½, tattha paµham±ya dis±ya sot±pattiphala½ pariyos±na½, dutiy±ya sakad±g±miphala½, tatiy±ya an±g±miphala½, catutthiy± arahattaphala½ pariyos±nanti.
Tattha katamo tipukkhalanayo? Paµipad±vibh±gena cat³su puggalesu yo sukh±ya paµipad±ya khipp±bhińń±ya niyy±ti, aya½ ugghaµitańń³. Yo sukh±ya v± paµipad±ya, dandh±bhińń±ya, dukkh±ya v± paµipad±ya khipp±bhińń±ya niyy±ti, aya½ vipańcitańń³. Yo dukkh±ya paµipad±ya dandh±bhińń±ya niyy±ti, aya½ neyyo. Iti catt±ro hutv± tayo honti. Tattha ugghaµitańńussa samathapubbaŖgam± vipassan± sapp±y± Neyyassa vipassan±pubbaŖgamo samatho, vipańcitańńussa samathavipassan± yuganaddh±. Ugghaµitańńussa muduk± desan±, neyyassa tikkh± desan±, vipańcitańńussa tikkhamuduk± desan±.