Nayasamuµµh±nav±ravaŗŗan±

79. Eva½ n±n±suttavasena ekasuttavasena ca h±ravic±ra½ dassetv± id±ni nayavic±ra½ dassetu½ “tattha katama½ nayasamuµµh±nan”ti-±di ±raddha½. Kasm± panettha yath± “tattha katamo desan±h±ro, ass±d±d²navat±ti g±th±. Aya½ desan±h±ro ki½ desayat²”ti-±din± h±raniddeso ±raddho, eva½ “tattha katamo nandiy±vaµµo, taŗhańca avijjampi c±ti g±th±, aya½ nandiy±vaµµo ki½ nayat²”ti-±din± an±rabhitv± samuµµh±namukhena ±raddhanti? Vuccate– h±ranay±na½ visayabhedato. Yath± hi h±r± byańjanamukhena suttassa atthasa½vaŗŗan±, na eva½ nay±. Nay± pana n±n±suttato niddh±ritehi taŗh±vijj±d²hi m³lapadehi catusaccayojan±ya nayato anubujjhiyam±no dukkh±di-attho. So hi maggań±ŗa½ nayati samp±pet²ti nayo. Paµivijjhant±na½ pana ugghaµitańńu-±d²na½ tiŗŗa½ veneyy±na½ vasena m³lapadavibh±gato tidh± vibhatt±. Ekameko cettha yato neti, yańca neti, tesa½ sa½kilesavod±n±na½ vibh±gato dvisaŖgaho catucha-aµµhadiso c±ti bhinno h±ranay±na½ visayo. Tath± hi vutta½– “h±r± byańjanavicayo, suttassa nay± tayo ca suttattho”ti (netti. saŖgahav±ra). Eva½ visiµµhavisayatt± h±ranay±na½ h±rehi ańńath± naye niddisanto “tattha katama½ nayasamuµµh±nan”ti-±dim±ha.
Tatth±ya½ vacanattho– samuµµhahanti eten±ti samuµµh±na½. Ke samuµµhahanti? Nay±. Nay±na½ samuµµh±na½ nayasamuµµh±na½. Ki½ pana ta½? Ta½ta½m³lapadehi catusaccayojan±. S± hi nandiy±vaµµ±d²na½ nay±na½ uppattiµµh±nat±ya samuµµh±na½ bh³m²ti ca vuccati. Tath± ca vakkhati– “aya½ vuccati nandiy±vaµµassa nayassa bh³m²”ti (netti. 81). Pubb± koµi na pańń±yati avijj±ya ca bhavataŗh±ya c±ti-±di nandiy±vaµµassa nayassa bh³midassana½. Tattha pubb± koµi na pańń±yat²ti asukassa n±ma buddhassa bhagavato, asukassa v± cakkavattino k±le avijj± bhavataŗh± ca uppann±. Tato pubbe n±hos²ti eva½ avijj±bhavataŗh±na½ na k±ci purim± mariy±d± upalabbhati. Kasm±? Anamataggatt± sa½s±rassa. Vuttańheta½– “anamataggoya½, bhikkhave, sa½s±ro, pubb± koµi na pańń±yat²”ti (sa½. ni. 2.124; kath±. 75) vitth±ro. Tatth±ti avijj±bhavataŗh±su. Yadipi avijj±ya sa½yojanabh±vo, taŗh±ya ca n²varaŗabh±vo p±¼iya½ vutto, tath±pi avijj±ya paµicch±dit±d²navehi bhavehi taŗh± sa½yojet²ti imassa atthassa dassanattha½ “avijj±n²varaŗa½ taŗh±sa½yojanan”ti vutta½.
Avijj±sa½yutt±ti avijj±ya missit±, avijj±ya v± abhinivesavatth³su baddh±. Avijj±pakkhena vicarant²ti avijj±pakkhena avijj±sah±yena dv±dasavidhena vipall±sena abhinivesavatthubh³te ±rammaŗe pavattanti. Te vuccanti diµµhicarit±ti te avijj±bhibh³t± r³p±d²ni nicc±dito abhinivisant± diµµhicarit±ti vuccanti, diµµhicarit± n±m±ti attho. Taŗh±pakkhen±ti aµµhasatataŗh±vicaritena. Diµµhivicarite taŗh±vicarite ca paµipattiy± vibhajitv± dassetu½ “diµµhicarit±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha attakilamath±nuyoganti attano k±yassa kilissanapayoga½ attaparit±panapaµipatti½. K±masukhallik±nuyoganti k±masukhassa all²yanapayoga½ k±mesu p±tabyata½.
Yadipi b±hirak± “dukkha½ taŗh±”ti ca j±nanti “ida½ dukkha½, ettaka½ dukkhan”ti, “aya½ taŗh±, aya½ tass± vir±go”ti parińńeyyapah±tabbabh±vena pana na j±nanti, iti pavattipavattihetumattampi na j±nanti. K± pana kath± nivattinivattihet³s³ti ±ha– “ito bahiddh± natthi saccavavatth±nan”ti-±di. Tattha saccappak±san±ti saccadesan±. Samathavipassan±kosallanti samathavipassan±su bh±van±kosalla½, t±su uggahaparipucch±savanamanasik±rakosalla½ v±. Vipassan±dhiµµh±nańcettha samatha½ adhippeta½. Upasamasukhappatt²ti kiles±na½ v³pasamasukh±dhigamo. Vipar²tacet±ti micch±bhiniviµµhacet±. Natthi sukhena sukhanti ya½ anavajjapaccayaparibhogasukhena k±ya½ cittańca paµippassaddhadaratha½ katv± ariyehi pattabba½ upasamasukha½, ta½ paµikkhipati. Dukkhen±ti k±yakhedanadukkhena.
So loka½ va¹¹hayat²ti so k±me paµisevento attabh±vasaŖkh±ta½ loka½ va¹¹heti p²neti. Puttanattuparampar±ya v± sa½s±rassa anupacchedanato sattaloka½ va¹¹heti. Bahu½ puńńa½ pasavat²ti attano pańcahi k±maguŗehi santappanena puttamukhadassanena ca bahu½ puńńa½ upp±deti. Abhinivesassa n±tida¼hat±ya eva½sańń². Da¼hat±ya eva½diµµh² dukkhena sukha½ patthayam±n± attakilamath±nuyogamanuyutt± k±mesu puńńasańń² k±masukhallik±nuyogamanuyutt± ca viharant²ti yojetabba½.
Tadabhińń± sant±ti tath±sańńino sam±n±. Rogameva va¹¹hayant²ti attabh±varogameva kilesarogameva v± apar±para½ va¹¹henti. Gaŗ¹asallesupi eseva nayo. Rog±bhitunn±ti yath±vuttarogaby±dhit±. Gaŗ¹apaµip²¼it±ti yath±vuttagaŗ¹ab±dhit±. Sall±nuviddh±ti yath±vuttasallena anupaviµµh±. Ummujjanimujj±n²ti upapajjanacavan±ni. Uggh±taniggh±tanti ucc±vacabh±va½. Rogagaŗ¹asallabhesajjanti yath±vuttarog±ditikicchana½, samathavipassana½ sandh±ya vadati. Tenev±ha– “samathavipassan± roganiggh±takabhesajjan”ti. Tattha roganiggh±takanti rogav³pasamana½. “Sa½kileso dukkhan”ti-±din± sacc±ni tesa½ parińńeyy±dibh±vena katheti.
Tattha sa½kileso dukkhanti attakilamath±nuyogak±masukhallik±nuyogasa½kilesavanto, tehi v± sa½kilissam±no r³p±r³pak±yo dukkha½ ariyasacca½. TadabhisaŖgo taŗh±ti tattha abhisaŖgo ±saŖgoti laddhan±m± taŗh±.
80. Id±ni diµµhicaritataŗh±carit±na½ sakk±yadiµµhidassane pavattibheda½ dassetu½ “diµµhicarit±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha diµµhicarit± r³pa½ attato upagacchant²ti diµµhicarit± diµµh±bhinivesassa balavabh±vato r³pa½ “att±”ti gaŗhanti. Tesańhi att±bhiniveso balav±, na tath± attaniy±bhiniveso. Esa nayo vedananti-±d²supi. Taŗh±carit± r³pavanta½ att±nanti taŗh±carit± taŗh±bhinivesassa balavabh±vato r³pa½ attano kińcanapalibodhabh±ve µhapetv± avasesa½ vedan±di½ “att±”ti gaŗhanti. Attani v± r³panti att±dh±ra½ v± r³pa½. R³pasmi½ v± att±nanti r³p±dh±ra½ v± att±na½. Vedan±vantanti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Etesańhi attaniy±bhiniveso balav±, na tath± att±bhiniveso. Tasm± yath±laddha½ attaniyanti kappetv± tadańńa½ “att±”ti gaŗhanti. Aya½ vuccati v²sativatthuk± sakk±yadiµµh²ti aya½ pańcasu up±d±nakkhandhesu ekekasmi½ catunna½ catunna½ g±h±na½ vasena v²sativatthuk± sati vijjam±ne khandhapańcakasaŖkh±te k±ye, sat² v± vijjam±n± tattha diµµh²ti sakk±yadiµµhi.
Lokuttar± samm±diµµh²ti paµhamamaggasamm±diµµhi. Anv±yik±ti samm±diµµhiy± anug±mino. Yad± samm±diµµhi sakk±yadiµµhiy± pajahanavasena pavatt±, tad± tass± anuguŗabh±vena pavattam±nak±ti attho. Ke pana teti? ¾ha “samm±saŖkappo”ti-±di. “Te tayo khandh±”ti-±din± ariyamaggato khandhamukhena samathavipassan± niddh±reti. “Tattha sakk±yo”ti-±di catusaccaniddh±raŗa½. Ta½ sabba½ suvińńeyyameva.
Puna “tattha ye r³pa½ attato upagacchant²”ti-±din± sakk±yadassanamukhena ucched±di-antadvaya½, majjhimańca paµipada½ niddh±reti. Tattha ime vuccanti ucchedav±dinoti ime r³p±dike pańcakkhandhe attato upagacchant± r³p±d²na½ aniccabh±vato ucchijjati att± vinassati na hoti para½ maraŗ±ti eva½ abhinivisanato “ucchedav±dino”ti vuccanti. Ime vuccanti sassatav±dinoti ime “r³pavanta½ v± att±nan”ti-±din± r³p±divinimutto ańńo koci att±ti upagacchant± “so nicco dhuvo sassato”ti abhinivisanato “sassatav±dino”ti vuccanti. “Ucchedasassatav±d± ubho ant±, aya½ sa½s±rapavatt²”ti-±di saccaniddh±raŗa½, ta½ suvińńeyya½.
Ucchedasassata½ sam±sato v²sativatthuk± sakk±yadiµµh²ti att± ucchijjati att± niccoti ca ±dippavattanato ucchedasassatadassana½ saŖkhepato v²sativatthuk± sakk±yadiµµhi eva hoti. Sabbopi hi attav±do sakk±yadiµµhi-antogadho ev±ti. Vitth±rato dv±saµµhi diµµhigat±n²ti ucchedasassatadassana½ vitth±rena brahmaj±le (d². ni. 1.28 ±dayo) ±gat±ni dv±saµµhi diµµhigat±ni. Tesanti eva½ saŖkhepavitth±ravant±na½ ucchedasassatadassan±na½. Paµipakkhoti pah±yakapaµipakkho. Tecatt±l²sa½ bodhipakkhiy± dhamm±ti aniccasańń± dukkhasańń± anattasańń± pah±nasańń± vir±gasańń± nirodhasańń± catt±ro satipaµµh±n±…pe… ariyo aµµhaŖgiko maggoti ete tecatt±l²sa½ bodhipakkhiy± dhamm±.
Eva½ vipassan±vasena paµipakkha½ dassetv± puna samathavasena dassetu½ “aµµha vimokkh± dasa ca kasiŗ±yatan±n²”ti vutta½. Dv±saµµhi diµµhigat±ni mohaj±lanti dv±saµµhi diµµhigat±ni mohaj±lahetukatt± mohaj±lańca. An±di-anidhanappavattanti purim±ya koµiy± abh±vato an±di. Asati paµipakkh±dhigame sant±navasena anupacchedena pavattanato anidhanappavatta½. Yasm± pana mohaj±lahetuk±ni diµµhigat±ni mohaj±le pad±lite pad±lit±ni honti, tasm± vutta½– “tecatt±l²sa½ bodhipakkhiy± dhamm± ń±ŗavajira½ mohaj±lappad±lanan”ti.
Tattha ń±ŗavajiranti vajir³pamań±ŗa½. Aµµha sam±pattiyo sam±pajjitv± tejetv± tikkhasabh±va½ ±p±dita½ vipassan±ń±ŗa½ maggań±ŗańca ń±ŗavajira½. Idameva hi ń±ŗa½ bhagavato pavatta½ “mah±vajirań±ŗan”ti vuccati. Ta½ pana sasambh±ra½ katv± dassento “tecatt±l²sa½ bodhipakkhiy± dhamm±”ti ±ha. Mohaj±lappad±lananti pubbabh±ge vikkhambhanavasena maggakkhaŗe samucchedavasena avijj±bhavataŗh±na½ pad±lana½. At²t±dibhedabhinnesu r³p±d²su saka-attabh±v±d²su ca sa½sibbanavasena pavattanato j±la½ bhavataŗh±. Tass± hi taŗh± j±lin² sibbin² j±lanti ca adhivacananti. Eva½ attakilamath±nuyogak±masukhallik±nuyogadiµµhitaŗh±bhinivesasassatucched±na½ niddh±raŗavasena mohaj±lapariy±yavisesato avijj±taŗh± vibhajitv± yath±nusandhin± sa½kilesapakkha½ nigamento “tena vuccati pubb± koµi na pańń±yati avijj±ya ca bhavataŗh±ya c±”ti ±ha.
81. “Tattha diµµhicarito”ti-±din± vod±napakkha½ dasseti. Tattha sallekh±nusantatavutt²ti anupaddutasallekhavutti. Kasm±? Yasm± sallekhe tibbag±ravo. Diµµhicarito hi tapojigucch±din± anup±yenapi yebhuyyena kiles±na½ sallekhan±dhipp±yena carati, tasm± so s±sane pabbajito dhutadhammavasena sallekhapaµipada½ p³reti. Sikkh±nusantatavutt²ti acchiddacatup±risuddhis²lavutti. Diµµhiy± savisaye pańń±sadis² pavatt²ti so visujjham±no pańń±dhiko hot²ti ±ha– “diµµhicarito sammattaniy±ma½ okkamanto dhamm±nus±r² bhavat²”ti. Taŗh±vasena micch±vimokkho hot²ti taŗh±carito visujjham±no saddh±dhikova hoti, tasm± vutta½– “taŗh±carito sammattaniy±ma½ okkamanto saddh±nus±r² bhavat²”ti. Diµµhicarito sukh±ya paµipad±y±ti-±di paµipad±niddeso heµµh± desan±h±ravibhaŖge (netti. 5 ±dayo) ±gato eva, atthopi tattha sabbappak±rato vutto eva.