Missakah±rasamp±tavaººan±

Api cettha h±rasamp±taniddeso imin±pi nayena veditabbo–
“Manopubbaªgam± dhamm±, manoseµµh± manomay±;
manas± ce pasannena, bh±sati v± karoti v±;
tato na½ sukhamanveti, ch±y±va anap±yin²”ti. (Dha. pa. 2).
Tattha katamo desan±h±rasamp±to? Manopubbaªgam± dhamm±ti manoti khandhavavatth±nena viññ±ºakkhandha½ deseti. ¾yatanavavatth±nena man±yatana½ dh±tuvavatth±nena viññ±ºadh±tu½, indriyavavatth±nena manindriya½. Katame dhamm± pubbaªgam±? Cha dhamm± pubbaªgam±, kusal±na½ kusalam³l±ni, akusal±na½ akusalam³l±ni, s±dhipatik±na½ adhipati, sabbacittupp±d±na½ indriy±ni. Api ca imasmi½ sutte mano adhippeto. Yath± balaggassa r±j± pubbaªgamo, evameva½ dhamm±na½ mano pubbaªgamo. Tattha tividhena mano pubbaªgamo nekkhammachandena aby±p±dachandena avihi½s±chandena. Tattha alobhassa nekkhammachandena manopubbaªgama½, adosassa aby±p±dachandena manopubbaªgama½, amohassa avihi½s±chandena manopubbaªgama½.
Manoseµµh±ti mano tesa½ dhamm±na½ seµµha½ visiµµha½ uttama½ pavara½ m³la½ pamukha½ p±mokkha½, tena vuccati “manoseµµh±”ti. Manomay±ti manena kat±, manena nimmit±, manena nibbatt±, mano tesa½ paccayo, tena vuccati “manomay±”ti. Te pana dhamm± chandasamud±nit± an±vilasaªkappasamuµµh±n± phassasamodh±n± vedan±kkhandho saññ±kkhandho saªkh±rakkhandho. Manas± ce pasannen±ti y± saddh± saddahan± okappan± abhippas±do. Iti imin± pas±dena upeto samupeto upagato samupagato sampanno samann±gato, tena vuccati “pasannen±”ti ida½ manokamma½ Bh±sati v±ti vac²kamma½. Karoti v±ti k±yakamma½. Iti dasakusalakammapath± dassit±.
Tatoti dasavidhassa kusalakammassa katatt± upacitatt±. Nanti yo so katapuñño katakusalo katabh²rutt±ºo, ta½ puggala½. Sukhanti duvidha½ sukha½ k±yika½ cetasikañca. Anvet²ti anugacchati.
Idhassu puriso appah²n±nusayo sa½yojaniyesu dhammesu ass±da½ anupassati, so sa½yojaniyesu dhammesu ass±da½ anupassanto yath±diµµha½ yath±suta½ sampattibhava½ pattheti. Iccassa avijj± ca bhavataºh± ca anubaddh± honti, so yath±diµµha½ yath±suta½ sampattibhava½ patthento pas±dan²yavatthusmi½ citta½ pas±deti saddahati okappeti. So pasannacitto tividha½ puññakiriyavatthu½ anutiµµhati d±namaya½ s²lamaya½ bh±van±maya½ k±yena v±c±ya manas±. So tassa vip±ka½ paccanubhoti diµµheva dhamme upapajje v± apar±pare v± pariy±ye. Iti kho panassa avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±, saªkh±rapaccay± viññ±ºa½, viññ±ºapaccay± n±mar³pa½, n±mar³papaccay± sa¼±yatana½, sa¼±yatanapaccay± sukhavedan²yo phasso, phassapaccay± vedan±ti eva½ santa½ ta½ sukhamanveti. Tasseva½ vedan±ya apar±para½ parivattam±n±ya uppajjati taºh±. Taºh±paccay± up±d±na½…pe… samudayo hot²ti.
Tattha ya½ mano, ye ca manopubbaªgam± dhamm±, yañca sukha½, ime vuccanti pañcakkhandh±, te dukkhasacca½. Tesa½ purimak±raºabh³t± avijj± bhavataºh± ca samudayasacca½. Tesa½ pariññ±ya pah±n±ya bhagav± dhamma½ deseti, dukkhassa pariññ±ya samudayassa pah±n±ya. Yena parij±n±ti, yena pajahati, aya½ maggo. Yattha ca maggo pavattati, aya½ nirodho. Im±ni catt±ri sacc±ni eva½ ±yatanadh±tu-indriyamukhen±pi niddh±retabb±ni. Tattha samudayena ass±do, dukkhena ±d²navo, magganirodhehi nissaraºa½, sukhassa anvayo phala½, manas± pasannena k±yavac²sam²h± up±yo, manopubbaªgamatt± dhamm±na½ attano sukhak±mena pasannena manas± vac²kamma½ k±yakammañca pavattetabbanti aya½ bhagavato ±ºatti. Aya½ desan±h±rasamp±to.
Tattha katamo vicayah±rasamp±to? Mananato ±rammaºavij±nanato mano. Mananalakkhaºe sampayuttesu ±dhipaccakaraºato pubbaªgamo ²h±bh±vato nissattanijj²vaµµhena dhamm±. G±mesu g±maºi viya padh±naµµhena mano seµµho etesanti manoseµµh±. Sahaj±t±dipaccayabh³tena manas± nibbatt±ti manomay±. Ak±lussiyato, ±rammaºassa okappanato ca pasannena vac²viññattivipph±rato tath± s±diyanato ca bh±sati. Copanak±yavipph±rato tath± s±diyanato ca karoti. Tath± pasutatt± anaññatt± ca “tato”ti vutta½. Sukhanato s±tabh±vato iµµhabh±vato ca “sukhan”ti vutta½. Kat³pacitatt± avipakkavip±katt± ca “anvet²”ti vutta½. K±raº±yattavuttito asaªkantito ca “ch±y±va anap±yin²”ti vutta½. Aya½ anupadavicayato vicayah±rasamp±to.
Tattha katamo yuttih±rasamp±to? Manassa dhamm±na½ ±dhipaccayogato pubbaªgamat± yujjati. Tato eva tesa½ manassa anuvattanato dhamm±na½ manoseµµhat± yujjati. Sahaj±t±dipaccayavasena manas± nibbattatt± dhamm±na½ manomayat± yujjati. Manas± pasannena samuµµh±n±na½ k±yavac²kamm±na½ kusalabh±vo yujjati. Yena kusalakamma½ upacita½, ta½ ch±y± viya sukha½ anvet²ti yujjati. Aya½ yuttih±rasamp±to.
Tattha katamo padaµµh±no h±rasamp±to? Mano manopavic±r±na½ padaµµh±na½. Manopubbaªgam± dhamm± sabbassa kusalapakkhassa padaµµh±na½. “Bh±sat²”ti samm±v±c±, “karot²”ti samm±kammanto, te samm±-±j²vassa padaµµh±na½. Samm±-±j²vo samm±v±y±massa padaµµh±na½. Samm±v±y±mo samm±satiy± padaµµh±na½. Samm±sati samm±sam±dhissa padaµµh±na½. “Manas± pasannen±”ti ettha pas±do saddhindriya½, ta½ s²lassa padaµµh±na½. S²la½ sam±dhissa padaµµh±na½. Sam±dhi paññ±y±ti y±va vimuttiñ±ºadassan± yojetabba½. Aya½ padaµµh±nah±rasamp±to.
Tattha katamo lakkhaºo h±rasamp±to? “Manopubbaªgam± dhamm±”ti manopubbaªgamat±vacanena dhamm±na½ chandapubbaªgamat±pi v²riyapubbaªgamat±pi v²ma½s±pubbaªgamat±pi vutt± hoti ±dhipateyyalakkhaºena chand±d²na½ manas± ekalakkhaºatt±. Tath± nesa½ saddh±dipubbaªgamat±pi vutt± hoti indriyalakkhaºena saddh±d²na½ manas± ekalakkhaºatt±. “Manas± ce pasannen±”ti yath± manassa pas±dasamann±gamo ta½samuµµh±n±na½ k±yavac²kamm±na½ anavajjabh±valakkhaºa½. Eva½ cittassa sati-±disamann±gamopi nesa½ anavajjabh±valakkhaºa½ yonisomanasik±rasamuµµh±nabh±vena ekalakkhaºatt±. “Sukhamanvet²”ti sukh±nugamanavacanena sukhassa paccayabh³t±na½ man±piyar³p±d²na½ anugamo vutto hoti tesampi kammapaccayat±ya ekalakkhaºatt±ti. Aya½ lakkhaºah±rasamp±to.
Tattha katamo catuby³ho h±rasamp±to? “Manopubbaªgam±”ti-±d²su “mano”ti-±d²na½ pad±na½ nibbacana½ nirutta½, ta½ padatthaniddesavasena veditabba½. Padattho ca vuttanayena suviññeyyova. Ye sukhena atthik±, tehi pasannena manas± k±yavac²manokamm±ni pavattetabb±n²ti ayamettha bhagavato adhipp±yo. Puññakiriy±ya aññesampi pubbaªgam± hutv± tattha tesa½ samm± upanet±ro imiss± desan±ya nid±na½. “Chadv±r±dhipat² r±j± (dha. pa. aµµha. 2.181 erakapattan±gar±javatthu), citt±nuparivattino dhamm± (dha. sa. dukam±tik± 62; 1205-1206), cittassa ekadhammassa, sabbeva vasamanvag³”ti (sa½. ni. 1.62) evam±disam±nayanena imiss± desan±ya sa½sandan± desan±nusandhi. Pad±nusandhiyo pana suviññeyy±v±ti. Aya½ catuby³ho h±rasamp±to.
Tattha katamo ±vaµµo h±rasamp±to? “Manopubbaªgam± dhamm±”ti tattha y±ni t²ºi kusalam³l±ni, t±ni aµµhanna½ sammatt±na½ hetu. Ye sammatt±, aya½ aµµhaªgiko maggo. Ya½ manosahajan±mar³pa½, ida½ dukkha½. Asamucchinn± purimanipphann± avijj± bhavataºh±, aya½ samudayo. Yattha tesa½ pah±na½, aya½ nirodhoti im±ni catt±ri sacc±ni. Aya½ ±vaµµo h±rasamp±to.
Tattha katamo vibhattih±rasamp±to? “Manopubbaªgam± dhamm±, manas± ce pasannena, tato na½ sukhamanvet²”ti nayida½ yath±rutavasena gahetabba½. Yo hi samaºo v± br±hmaºo v± p±º±tip±timhi micch±diµµhike micch±paµipanne saka½ citta½ pas±deti, pasannena ca cittena abh³taguº±bhitthavanavasena bh±sati v± nipaccak±ra½ v±ssa ya½ karoti, na tato na½ sukhamanveti. Dukkhameva pana ta½ tato cakka½va vahato padamanveti. Iti hi ida½ vibhajjaby±karaº²ya½. Ya½ manas± ce pasannena bh±sati v± karoti v±, tañce vac²kamma½ k±yakammañca sukhavedan²yanti. Ta½ kissa hetu? Sammattagatehi sukhavedan²ya½ micch±gatehi dukkhavedan²yanti. Katha½ pan±ya½ pas±do daµµhabbo? N±ya½ pas±do, pas±dapatir³pako pana micch±dhimokkhoti vad±mi. Aya½ vibhattih±rasamp±to.
Tattha katamo parivattano h±rasamp±to? Manopubbaªgam±ti-±di. Ya½ manas± paduµµhena bh±sati v± karoti v± dukkhass±nug±m². Idañhi sutta½ etassa ujupaµipakkho. Aya½ parivattano h±rasamp±to.
Tattha katamo vevacano h±rasamp±to? “Manopubbaªgam±”ti mano citta½ man±yatana½ manindriya½ manoviññ±ºa½ manoviññ±ºadh±t³ti pariy±yavacana½. Pubbaªgam± purec±rino pureg±minoti pariy±yavacana½. Dhamm± att± sabh±v±ti pariy±yavacana½. Seµµha½ padh±na½ pavaranti pariy±yavacana½. Manomay± manonibbatt± manosambh³t±ti pariy±yavacana½. Pasannena saddahantena okappenten±ti pariy±yavacana½. Sukha½ s±ta½ vedayitanti pariy±yavacana½. Anveti anugacchati anubandhat²ti pariy±yavacana½. Aya½ vevacano h±rasamp±to.
Tattha katamo paññattih±rasamp±to? Manopubbaªgam±ti aya½ manaso kiccapaññatti. Dhamm±ti sabh±vapaññatti, kusalakammapathapaññatti. Manoseµµh±ti padh±napaññatti. Manomay±ti sahaj±tapaññatti. Pasannen±ti saddhindriyena samann±gatapaññatti, assaddhiyassa paµikkhepapaññatti. Bh±sati v± karoti v±ti samm±v±c±samm±kammant±na½ nikkhepapaññatti. Tato na½ sukhamanvet²ti kammassa phal±nubandhapaññatti, kammassa avin±sapaññatt²ti. Aya½ paññattih±rasamp±to.
Tattha katamo otaraºo h±rasamp±to? Manoti viññ±ºakkhandho. Dhamm±ti vedan±saññ±saªkh±rakkhandh±. Bh±sati v± karoti v±ti k±yavac²viññattiyo. T±sa½ nissay± catt±ro mah±bh³t±ti r³pakkhandhoti aya½ khandhehi otaraºo. Manoti abhisaªkh±raviññ±ºanti manoggahaºena avijj±paccay± saªkh±r± gahit±ti. Saªkh±rapaccay± viññ±ºa½…pe… samudayo hot²ti aya½ paµiccasamupp±dena otaraºoti. Aya½ otaraºo h±rasamp±to.
Tattha katamo sodhano h±rasamp±to? Manoti ±rambho neva padasuddhi, na ±rambhasuddhi. Manopubbaªgam±ti padasuddhi, na ±rambhasuddhi. Tath± dhamm±ti y±va sukhanti padasuddhi, na ±rambhasuddhi. Sukhamanvet²ti pana padasuddhi ceva ±rambhasuddhi c±ti. Aya½ sodhano h±rasamp±to.
Tattha katamo adhiµµh±no h±rasamp±to? Manopubbaªgam± dhamm±, manoseµµh± manomay±ti ekattat±. Manas± ce pasannen±ti vemattat±, tath± manas± ce pasannen±ti ekattat±. Bh±sati v± karoti v±ti vemattat±, tath± manas± ce pasannen±ti ekattat±. So pas±do duvidho ajjhattañca by±p±davikkhambhanato, bahiddh± ca okappanato. Tath± sampattibhavahetubh³topi va¹¹hihetubh³tov±ti aya½ vemattat±. Tayida½ sutta½ dv²hi ±k±rehi adhiµµh±tabba½ hetun± ca yo pasannam±naso, vip±kena ca yo sukhavedan²yoti. Aya½ adhiµµh±no h±rasamp±to.