H±rasaªkhepo

1. Y± pana ass±d±d²navat±ti-±dik± niddesag±th±, t±su ass±d±d²navat±ti ass±do ±d²navat±ti padavibh±go. ¾d²navat±ti ca ±d²navo eva. Keci “ass±d±d²navato”ti paµhanti, ta½ na sundara½. Tattha ass±d²yat²ti ass±do, sukha½ somanassañca. Vuttañheta½– “ya½, bhikkhave, pañcup±d±nakkhandhe paµicca uppajjati sukha½ somanassa½, aya½ pañcasu up±d±nakkhandhesu ass±do”ti (ma. ni. 1.166; sa½. ni. 3.26). Yath± ceta½ sukha½ somanassa½, eva½ iµµh±rammaºampi. Vuttampi ceta½– “so tadass±deti ta½ nik±met²”ti “r³pa½ ass±deti abhinandati, ta½ ±rabbha r±go uppajjat²”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.424), “sa½yojan²yesu, bhikkhave, dhammesu ass±d±nupassino”ti (sa½. ni. 2.53) ca Ass±deti et±y±ti v± ass±do, taºh±. Taºh±ya hi k±raºabh³t±ya puggalo sukhampi sukh±rammaºampi ass±deti. Yath± ca taºh±, eva½ vipall±s±pi. Vipall±savasena hi satt± aniµµhampi ±rammaºa½ iµµh±k±rena ass±denti, eva½ vedan±ya sabbesa½ tebh³makasaªkh±r±na½ taºh±ya vipall±s±nañca ass±davic±ro veditabbo.
Katha½ pana dukkh±dukkhamasukhavedan±na½ ass±dan²yat±ti? Vipall±sato sukhapariy±yasabbh±vato ca. Tath± hi vutta½– “sukh± kho, ±vuso vis±kha, vedan± µhitisukh± vipariº±madukkh±. Dukkh± vedan± µhitidukkh± vipariº±masukh±, adukkhamasukh± vedan± ñ±ºasukh± aññ±ºadukkh±”ti (ma. ni. 1.465). Tattha vedan±ya aµµhasatapariy±yavasena, tebh³makasaªkh±r±na½ nikkhepakaº¹ar³pakaº¹avasena, taºh±ya sa½kilesavatthuvibhaªge nikkhepakaº¹e ca taºh±niddesavasena, vipall±s±na½ sukhasaññ±divasena dv±saµµhidiµµhigatavasena ca vibh±go veditabbo.
¾d²navo dukkh± vedan± tissopi v± dukkhat±. Atha v± sabbepi tebh³mak± saªkh±r± ±d²navo. ¾d²na½ ativiya kapaºa½ v±ti pavattat²ti hi ±d²navo, kapaºamanusso, eva½sabh±v± ca tebh³mak± dhamm± aniccat±diyogena. Yato tattha ±d²nav±nupassan± ±raddhavipassak±na½ yath±bh³tanayoti vuccati. Tath± ca vutta½– “ya½, bhikkhave, pañcup±d±nakkhandh± anicc± dukkh± vipariº±madhamm±, aya½ pañcasu up±d±nakkhandhesu ±d²navo”ti. Tasm± ±d²navo dukkhasaccaniddesabh³t±na½ j±tiy±d²na½ aniccat±d²na½ dv±catt±l²s±ya ±k±r±nañca vasena vibhajitv± niddisitabbo.
Nissarati eten±ti nissaraºa½, ariyamaggo. Nissarat²ti v± nissaraºa½ nibb±na½. Ubhayampi s±maññaniddesena ekasesena v± “nissaraºan”ti vutta½. Pi-saddo purim±na½ pacchim±nañca sampiº¹anattho. Tattha ariyamaggapakkhe satipaµµh±n±d²na½ sattatti½sabodhipakkhiyadhamm±na½ k±y±nupassan±d²nañca tadantogadhabhed±na½ vasena nissaraºa½ vibhajitv± niddisitabba½.
Nibb±napakkhe pana kiñc±pi asaªkhat±ya dh±tuy± nippariy±yena vibh±go natthi. Pariy±yena pana sop±disesanirup±disesabhedena. Yato v± ta½ nissaµa½, tesa½ paµisambhid±magge (paµi. ma. 1.3) dassitappabhed±na½ cakkh±d²na½ channa½ dv±r±na½ r³p±d²na½ channa½ ±rammaº±na½ ta½ta½dv±rappavatt±na½ channa½ channa½ viññ±ºaphassavedan±saññ±cetan±taºh±vitakkavic±r±na½ pathav²dh±tu-±d²na½ channa½ dh±t³na½ dasanna½ kasiº±yatan±na½ asubh±na½ kes±d²na½ dvatti½s±ya ±k±r±na½ pañcanna½ khandh±na½ dv±dasanna½ ±yatan±na½ aµµh±rasanna½ dh±t³na½ lokiy±na½ indriy±na½ k±madh±tu-±d²na½ tissanna½ dh±t³na½ k±mabhav±d²na½ tiººa½ tiººa½ bhav±na½ catunna½ jh±n±na½ appamaññ±na½ ±rupp±na½ dv±dasanna½ paµiccasamupp±daªg±nañc±ti evam±d²na½ saªkhatadhamm±na½ nissaraºabh±vena ca vibhajitv± niddisitabba½.
Phalanti desan±phala½. Ki½ pana tanti? Ya½ desan±ya nipph±d²yati. Nanu ca nibb±n±dhigamo bhagavato desan±ya nipph±d²yati. Nibb±nañca “nissaraºan”ti imin± vuttamev±ti? Saccameta½, tañca kho parampar±ya. Idha pana paccakkhato desan±phala½ adhippeta½. Ta½ pana sutamayañ±ºa½. Atthadhammaved±di-ariyamaggassa pubbabh±gappaµipattibh³t± chabbisuddhiyo. Yañca tasmi½ khaºe magga½ anabhisambhuºantassa k±lantare tadadhigamak±raºabh³ta½ sampattibhavahetu ca siy±. Tath± hi vakkhati– “att±nudiµµhi½ ³hacca, eva½ maccutaro siy±ti (su. ni. 1125; kath±. 226; c³¼ani. moghar±jam±ºavapucch± 144, moghar±jam±ºavapucch±niddesa 88; netti. 5; peµako. 22) ida½ phalan”ti, “dhammo have rakkhati dhammac±rinti ida½ phalan”ti (j±. 1.10.102-103; 1.15.385) ca. Etena nayena devesu ca m±nusesu ca ±yuvaººabalasukhayasapariv±ra-±dhipateyyasampattiyo upadhisampattiyo cakkavattisir² devarajjasir² catt±ri sampatticakk±ni s²lasampad± sam±dhisampad± tisso vijj± cha abhiññ± catasso paµisambhid± s±vakabodhi paccekabodhi samm±sambodh²ti sabb±pi sampattiyo puññasambh±rahetuk± bhagavato desan±ya s±dhetabbat±ya phalanti veditabb±.
Up±yoti ariyamaggapadaµµh±nabh³t± pubbabh±gappaµipad±. S± hi purim± purim± pacchim±ya pacchim±ya adhigam³p±yabh±vato parampar±ya magganibb±n±dhigamassa ca hetubh±vato up±yo. Y± ca pubbe vuttaphal±dhigamassa up±yapaµipatti. Keci pana “saha vipassan±ya maggo up±yo”ti vadanti, tesa½ matena nissaraºanti nibb±nameva vutta½ siy±. Phala½ viya up±yopi pubbabh±goti vutta½ siy±, ya½ pana vakkhati “sabbe dhamm±…pe… visuddhiy±ti (dha. pa. 279; therag±. 678) aya½ up±yo”ti. Etth±pi pubbabh±gappaµipad± eva ud±haµ±ti sakk± viññ±tu½. Yasm± pana “te pah±ya tare oghanti ida½ nissaraºan”ti ariyamaggassa nissaraºabh±va½ vakkhati. Ariyamaggo hi oghataraºanti.
¾ºatt²ti ±º±rahassa bhagavato veneyyajanassa hitasiddhiy± “eva½ paµipajj±h²”ti vidh±na½. Tath± hi vakkhati “suññato loka½ avekkhassu, moghar±j±ti (su. ni. 1125; kath±. 226; netti. 5; peµako. 22; c³¼ani. moghar±jam±ºavapucch± 144, moghar±jam±ºavapucch±niddesa 88) ±ºatt²”ti.
Yog²nanti catusaccakammaµµh±nabh±van±ya yuttappayutt±na½ veneyy±na½, atth±y±ti vacanaseso. Desan±h±roti etesa½ yath±vutt±na½ ass±d±d²na½ vibhajanalakkhaºo sa½vaººan±viseso desan±h±ro n±m±ti attho. Etth±ha– ki½ panetesa½ ass±d±d²na½ anavases±na½ vacana½ desan±h±ro, ud±hu ekacc±nanti? Niravases±na½yeva. Yasmiñhi sutte ass±d±d²navanissaraº±ni sar³pato ±gat±ni, tattha vattabbameva natthi. Yattha pana ekadesena ±gat±ni, na v± sar³pena. Tattha an±gata½ atthavasena niddh±retv± h±ro yojetabbo. Ayañca attho desan±h±ravibhaªge ±gamissat²ti idha na papañcito.
2. Ya½ pucchitanti y± pucch±, viciyam±n±ti vacanaseso. Vissajjita½ anug²t²ti etth±pi eseva nayo. Tattha vissajjitanti vissajjan±, s± eka½saby±karaº±divasena catubbidha½ by±karaºa½. Ca-saddo sampiº¹anattho, tena g±th±ya½ avutta½ pad±di½ saªgaºh±ti. T± pana pucch±vissajjan± kass±ti ±ha “suttass±”ti. Etena sutte ±gata½ pucch±vissajjana½ vicetabbanti dasseti. Y± ca anug²titi vuttasseva atthassa y± anu pacch± g²ti anug²ti, saªgahag±th±, pucch±ya v± anur³p± g²ti. Etena pubb±para½ gahita½. By±karaºassa hi pucch±nur³pat± idha pubb±para½ adhippeta½. Y± “pucch±nusandh²”ti vuccati. Purima½ “suttass±”ti pada½ pubb±pekkhanti puna “suttass±”ti vutta½. Tena suttassa nissayabh³te ass±d±dike pariggaºh±ti. Ett±vat± vicayah±rassa visayo niravasesena dassito hoti. Tath± ca vakkhati vicayah±ravibhaªge “pada½ vicinati…pe… anug²ti½ vicinat²”ti.
Tattha sutte sabbesa½ pad±na½ anupubbena atthaso byañjanaso ca vicayo padavicayo. “Aya½ pucch± adiµµhajotan± diµµhasa½sandan± vimaticchedan± anumatipucch± kathetukamyat±pucch± satt±dhiµµh±n± dhamm±dhiµµh±n± ek±dhiµµh±n± anek±dhiµµh±n± sammutivisay± paramatthavisay± at²tavisay± an±gatavisay± paccuppannavisay±”ti-±din± pucch±vicayo veditabbo. “Ida½ vissajjana½ eka½saby±karaºa½ vibhajjaby±karaºa½ paµipucch±by±karaºa½ µhapana½ s±vasesa½ niravasesa½ sa-uttara½ anuttara½ lokiya½ lokuttaran”ti-±din± vissajjanavicayo.
“Aya½ pucch± imin± sameti, etena na samet²”ti pucchitattha½ ±netv± vicayo pubben±para½ sa½sanditv± ca vicayo pubb±paravicayo. “Aya½ anug²ti vuttatthasaªgah± avuttatthasaªgah± tadubhayatthasaªgah± kusalatthasaªgah± akusalatthasaªgah±”ti-±din± anug²tivicayo. Ass±d±d²su sukhavedan±ya “iµµh±rammaº±nubhavanalakkhaº±”ti-±din±, taºh±ya “±rammaºaggahaºalakkhaº±”ti-±din±, vipall±s±na½ “vipar²taggahaºalakkhaº±”ti-±din±, avasiµµh±na½ tebh³makadhamm±na½ “yath±sakalakkhaº±”ti-±din± sabbesañca dv±v²satiy± tikesu dv±catt±l²s±dhike ca dukasate labbham±napadavasena ta½ta½ass±datthavisesaniddh±raºa½ ass±davicayo.
Dukkhavedan±ya “aniµµh±nubhavanalakkhaº±”ti-±din±, dukkhasacc±na½ “paµisandhilakkhaº±”ti-±din±, aniccat±d²na½ ±di-antavantat±ya aniccantikat±ya ca “anicc±”ti-±din± sabbesañca lokiyadhamm±na½ sa½kilesabh±giyah±nabh±giyat±divasena ±d²navavuttiy± ok±raniddh±raºena ±d²navavicayo. Nissaraºapade ariyamaggassa ±gamanato k±y±nupassan±dipubbabh±gappaµipad±vibh±gavisesaniddh±raºavasena nibb±nassa yath±vuttapariy±yavibh±gavisesaniddh±raºavasen±ti eva½ nissaraºavicayo. Phal±d²na½ ta½ta½suttadesan±ya s±dhetabbaphalassa tadup±yassa tattha tattha suttavidhivacanassa ca vibh±ganiddh±raºavasena vicayo veditabbo. Eva½ padapucch±vissajjanapubb±par±nug²t²na½ ass±d±d²nañca visesaniddh±raºavaseneva vicayalakkhaºo “vicayo h±ro”ti veditabbo.
3. Sabbesanti so¼asanna½. Bh³m²ti byañjana½ sandh±y±ha. Byañjanañhi m³lapad±ni viya nay±na½ h±r±na½ bh³mi pavattiµµh±na½, tesa½ byañjanavic±rabh±vato. Vuttañhi– “h±r± byañjanavicayo”ti, peµakepi hi vutta½– “yattha ca sabbe h±r±, sampatam±n± nayanti suttattha½. Byañjanavidhiputhutt±”ti. Gocaroti suttattho. Suttassa hi padatthuddh±raºamukhena h±rayojan±. Tesa½ byañjanatth±na½. Yutt±yuttaparikkh±ti yuttassa ca ayuttassa ca upaparikkh±. “Yutt±yuttiparikkh±”tipi p±µho, yutti-ayutt²na½ vic±raº±ti attho. Katha½ pana tesa½ yutt±yuttaj±nan±? Cat³hi mah±padesehi avirujjhanena. Tattha byañjanassa t±va sabh±vaniruttibh±vo adhippetatthav±cakabh±vo ca yuttabh±vo. Atthassa pana suttavinayadhammat±hi avilomana½ Ayamettha saªkhepo. Vitth±ro pana parato ±vi bhavissati. H±ro yutt²ti niddiµµhoti eva½ sutte byañjanatth±na½ yutt±yuttabh±vavibh±vanalakkhaºo yuttih±roti veditabbo.
4. Dhammanti ya½ kiñci sutt±gata½ kusal±didhammam±ha. Tassa dhammass±ti tassa yath±vuttassa kusal±didhammassa. Ya½ padaµµh±nanti ya½ k±raºa½, yonisomanasik±r±di sutte ±gata½ v± an±gata½ v± sambhavato niddh±retv± kathetabbanti adhipp±yo. It²ti eva½, vuttanayen±ti attho. Y±va sabbadhamm±ti yattak± tasmi½ sutte ±gat± dhamm±, tesa½ sabbesampi yath±nur³pa½ padaµµh±na½ niddh±retv± kathetabbanti adhipp±yo. Atha v± y±va sabbadhamm±ti sutt±gatassa dhammassa ya½ padaµµh±na½, tassapi ya½ padaµµh±nanti sambhavato y±va sabbadhamm± padaµµh±navic±raº± k±tabb±ti attho. Eso h±ro padaµµh±noti eva½ sutte ±gatadhamm±na½ padaµµh±nabh³t± dhamm± tesañca padaµµh±nabh³t±ti sambhavato padaµµh±nabh³tadhammaniddh±raºalakkhaºo padaµµh±no n±ma h±roti attho.
5. Vuttamhi ekadhammeti kusal±d²su khandh±d²su v± yasmi½ kismiñci ekadhamme, sutte sar³pato niddh±raºavasena v± kathite. Ye dhamm± ekalakkhaº± kec²ti ye keci dhamm± kusal±dibh±vena r³pakkhandh±dibh±vena v± tena dhammena sam±nalakkhaº±. Vutt± bhavanti sabbeti te sabbepi kusal±disabh±v±, khandh±disabh±v± v± dhamm± sutte avutt±pi t±ya sam±nalakkhaºat±ya vutt± bhavanti ±netv± sa½vaººan±vasen±ti adhipp±yo. Ettha ca ekalakkhaº±ti sam±nalakkhaº± vutt±. Tena sahac±rit± sam±nakiccat± sam±nahetut± sam±naphalat± sam±n±rammaºat±ti evam±d²hi avutt±nampi vutt±na½ viya niddh±raºa½ veditabba½. So h±ro lakkhaºo n±m±ti eva½ sutte an±gatepi dhamme vuttappak±rena ±gate viya niddh±retv± y± sa½vaººan±, so lakkhaºo n±ma h±roti attho.
6. Neruttanti nirutta½, padanibbacananti attho. Adhipp±yoti buddh±na½ s±vak±na½ v± tassa suttassa desak±na½ adhipp±yo. Byañjananti byañjanena, karaºe hi eta½ paccatta½. K±mañca sabbe h±r± byañjanavicay±, aya½ pana visesato byañjanadv±reneva atthapariyesan±ti katv± “byañjanan”ti vutta½. Tath± hi vakkhati– “byañjanena suttassa neruttañca adhipp±yo ca nid±nañca pubb±par±nusandhi ca gavesitabb±”ti. Ath±ti padap³raºamatta½. Desan±nid±nanti nidad±ti phalanti nid±na½, k±raºa½, yena k±raºena desan± pavatt±, ta½ desan±ya pavattinimittanti attho. Pubb±par±nusandh²ti pubbena ca aparena ca anusandhi. “Pubb±parena sandh²”tipi p±µho, suttassa pubbabh±gena aparabh±ga½ sa½sanditv± kathananti attho. Saªg²tivasena v± pubb±parabh³tehi suttantarehi sa½vaººiyam±nassa suttassa sa½sandana½ pubb±par±nusandhi. Yañca pubbapadena parapadassa sambandhana½, ayampi pubb±par±nusandhi. Eso h±ro catuby³hoti eva½ nibbacan±dhipp±y±d²na½ catunna½ vibh±vanalakkhaºo catuby³ho h±ro n±m±ti attho.
7. Ekamhi padaµµh±neti ekasmi½ ±rambhadh±tu-±dike parakkamadh±tu-±d²na½ padaµµh±nabh³te dhamme desan±ru¼he sati. Pariyesati sesaka½ padaµµh±nanti tassa visabh±gat±ya aggahaºena v± sesaka½ pam±d±d²na½ ±sannak±raºatt± padaµµh±nabh³ta½ kosajj±dika½ dhammantara½ pariyesati paññ±ya gavesati, pariyesitv± ca sa½vaººan±ya yojento desana½ ±vaµµati paµipakkheti v²riy±rambh±dimukhena ±raddhasutta½ vuttanayena pam±d±divasena niddisanto desana½ paµipakkhato ±vaµµeti n±ma. ¾vaµµo n±ma so h±roti desan±ya gahitadhamm±na½ sabh±gavisabh±gadhammavasena ±vaµµanalakkhaºo ±vaµµo h±ro n±m±ti attho.
8. Dhammanti sabh±vadhamma½, ta½ kusal±divasena anekavidha½. Padaµµh±nanti yasmi½ patiµµhite uttari guºavisese adhigacchati, ta½ vises±dhigamanak±raºa½. Bh³minti puthujjanabh³mi dassanabh³m²ti evam±dika½ bh³mi½. Vibhajjateti vibh±gena katheti. S±dh±raºeti dassanapah±tabb±din±mavasena v± puthujjanasot±pann±divatthuvasena v± s±dh±raºe avisiµµhe sam±neti attho. Vuttavipariy±yena as±dh±raº± veditabb±. Neyyo vibhatt²ti yath±vuttadhamm±d²na½ vibhajano aya½ h±ro vibhatt²ti ñ±tabboti attho. Tasm± sa½kilesadhamme vod±nadhamme ca s±dh±raº±s±dh±raºato padaµµh±nato bh³mito ca vibhajanalakkhaºo “vibhattih±ro”ti daµµhabba½.
9. Niddiµµheti kathite sutte ±gate, sa½vaººite v±. Bh±viteti yath± uppannasadis± uppann±ti vuccanti, eva½ bh±vitasadise bh±vetabbeti attho. Pah²neti etth±pi eseva nayo. Parivattati paµipakkheti vutt±na½ dhamm±na½ ye paµipakkh±, tesa½ vasena parivattet²ti attho. Eva½ niddiµµh±na½ dhamm±na½ paµipakkhato parivattanalakkhaºo “parivattano h±ro”ti veditabbo.
10. Vividh±ni ekasmi½yeva atthe vacan±ni vivacan±ni, vivacan±ni eva vevacan±ni, pariy±yasadd±ti attho. T±ni vevacan±ni. Bah³n²ti anek±ni. Tu-saddo avadh±raºe. Tena bah³ eva pariy±yasadd± vevacanah±rayojan±ya½ kathetabb±, na katipay±ti dasseti Sutte vutt±n²ti navavidhasuttantasaªkh±te tepiµake buddhavacane bh±sit±ni. Etth±pi tu-saddassa attho ±netv± yojetabbo, tena p±¼iya½ ±gat±niyeva vevacan±ni gahetabb±n²ti vutta½ hoti. Ekadhammass±ti ekassa padatthassa. Yo j±n±ti suttavid³ti yath± “sappissa j±n±h²”ti vutte “sappin± vic±rehi, sappi½ dehi, deth±”ti v± ±º±pet²ti attho, eva½ yo suttakovido dhammakathiko ekassa atthassa bah³pi pariy±yasadde vic±reti vibh±veti yojet²ti attho. Vevacano n±ma so h±roti tassa atthassa vuttappak±rapariy±yasaddayojan±lakkhaºo vevacanah±ro n±ma. Tasm± ekasmi½ atthe anekapariy±yasaddayojan±lakkhaºo “vevacanah±ro”ti veditabba½.
11. Dhammanti khandh±didhamma½. Paññatt²h²ti paññ±panehi pak±rehi ñ±panehi, asaªkarato v± µhapanehi. Vividh±h²ti nikkhepappabhav±divasena anekavidh±hi. So ±k±roti yo ekassevatthassa nikkhepappabhavapaññatti-±divasena anek±hi paññatt²hi paññ±pan±k±ro. Ñeyyo paññatti n±ma h±roti paññattih±ro n±m±ti ñ±tabbo. Tasm± ekekassa dhammassa anek±hi paññatt²hi paññ±petabb±k±ravibh±vanalakkhaºo “paññattih±ro”ti veditabba½.
12. Paµiccupp±doti paµiccasamupp±do. Indriyakhandh±ti indriy±ni ca khandh± ca. Dh±tu-±yatan±ti dh±tuyo ca ±yatan±ni ca. Eteh²ti yo dv±dasapadiko paccay±k±ro y±ni ca dv±v²satindriy±ni ye ca pañcakkhandh± y± ca aµµh±rasa dh±tuyo y±ni ca dv±das±yatan±ni, etehi sutte ±gatapadatthamukhena niddh±riyam±nehi. Otarati yoti yo sa½vaººan±nayo og±hati, paµiccasamupp±d±dike anupavisat²ti attho. Otaraºo n±ma so h±roti yo yath±vutto sa½vaººan±viseso, so otaraºah±ro n±ma. Ca-saddena cettha suññatamukh±d²na½ g±th±ya½ avutt±nampi saªgaho daµµhabbo. Eva½ paµiccasamupp±d±dimukhehi suttatthassa otaraºalakkhaºo otaraºo h±ro n±m±ti veditabba½.
13. Vissajjitamh²ti buddh±d²hi by±kate. Pañheti ñ±tu½ icchite atthe. G±th±yanti g±th±ru¼he. Idañca pucchant± yebhuyyena g±th±bandhavasena pucchant²ti katv± vutta½. Yam±rabbh±ti s± pana g±th± ya½ attha½ ±rabbha adhikicca pucchit±, tassa atthassa. Suddh±suddhaparikkh±ti pada½ sodhita½, ±rambho na sodhito, padañca sodhita½ ±rambho ca sodhitoti eva½ pad±d²na½ sodhit±sodhitabh±vavic±ro H±ro so sodhano n±m±ti yath±vuttavic±ro sodhano h±ro n±ma. Eva½ sutte padapadatthapañh±rambh±na½ sodhanalakkhaºo “sodhano h±ro”ti veditabba½.
14. Ekattat±y±ti ekassa bh±vo ekatta½, ekattameva ekattat±, t±ya ekattat±ya. Eka-saddo cettha sam±nasaddapariy±yo, tasm± s±maññen±ti attho. Visiµµh± matt± vimatt±, vimatt±va vematta½, tassa bh±vo vemattat±, t±ya vemattat±ya, visesen±ti attho. Te na vikappayitabb±ti ye dhamm± “dukkha½ samudayo”ti-±din± s±maññena, “j±ti jar± k±mataºh± bhavataºh±”ti-±din± visesena ca sutte desit±, te “kimettha s±mañña½, ko v± viseso”ti eva½ s±maññavisesavikappanavasena na vikappayitabb±. Kasm±? S±maññavisesakappan±ya voh±rabh±vena anavaµµh±nato k±ladis±vises±d²na½ viya apekkh±siddhito ca. Yath± hi “ajja hiyyo sve”ti vuccam±n± k±lavises± anavaµµhitasabh±v± “purim± dis± pacchim± dis±”ti vuccam±n± dis±vises± ca, eva½ s±maññavises±pi. Tath± hi “ida½ dukkhan”ti vuccam±na½ j±ti-±di-apekkh±ya s±maññampi sam±na½ sacc±pekkh±ya viseso hoti. Esa nayo samuday±d²supi. Eso h±ro adhiµµh±noti eva½ sutt±gat±na½ dhamm±na½ avikappanavasena s±maññavisesaniddh±raºalakkhaºo adhiµµh±no h±ro n±m±ti attho.
15. Ye dhamm±ti ye avijj±dik± paccayadhamm±. Ya½ dhammanti ya½ saªkh±r±dika½ paccayuppannadhamma½. Janayant²ti nibbattenti. Paccay±ti sahaj±tapaccayabh±vena. Paramparatoti paramparapaccayabh±vena, anur³pasant±naghaµanavasena paccayo hutv±ti attho. Upanissayakoµi hi idh±dhippet±. Purimasmi½ avasiµµho paccayabh±vo. Hetumavaka¹¹hayitv±ti ta½ yath±vuttapaccayasaªkh±ta½ janak±dibhedabhinna½ hetu½ ±ka¹¹hitv± suttato niddh±retv± yo sa½vaººan±saªkh±to, eso h±ro parikkh±roti eva½ sutte ±gatadhamm±na½ parikkh±rasaªkh±te hetupaccaye niddh±retv± sa½vaººanalakkhaºo parikkh±ro h±roti attho.
16. Ye dhamm±ti ye s²l±didhamm±. Ya½m³l±ti yesa½ sam±dhi-±d²na½ m³labh³t±, te tesa½ sam±dhi-±d²na½ padaµµh±nabh±vena sam±ropayitabb±ti sambandho. Ye cekatth± pak±sit± munin±ti ye ca r±gavir±g±cetovimuttisekkhaphalak±madh±tusamatikkaman±disadd± an±g±miphalatthat±ya ekatth± buddhamunin± parid²pit±, te aññamaññavevacanabh±vena sam±ropayitabb±ti sambandho. Sam±ropanañcettha sutte yath±rutavasena niddh±raºavasena v± gayham±nassa sikkhattayasaªkh±tassa s²l±dikkhandhattayassa pariy±yantaravibh±vanamukhena bh±van±p±rip³rikathana½, bh±van±p±rip³r² ca pah±tabbassa pah±nen±ti pah±nasam±ropan±pi atthato dassit± eva hoti. Esa sam±ropano h±roti esa sutte ±gatadhamm±na½ padaµµh±navevacanabh±van±pah±nasam±ropanavic±raºalakkhaºo sam±ropano n±ma h±roti attho.