2. Vicayah±rasamp±tavaººan±

53. Eva½ desan±h±rasamp±ta½ dassetv± id±ni vicayah±rasamp±ta½ dassento yasm± desan±h±rapadatthavicayo vicayah±ro, tasm± desan±h±re vipall±sahetubh±vena niddh±rit±ya taºh±ya kusal±divibh±gapavicayamukhena vicayah±rasamp±ta½ dassetu½ “tattha taºh± duvidh±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha kusal±ti kusaladhamm±rammaº±. Kusala-saddo cettha b±hitikasutte (ma. ni. 2.358 ±dayo) viya anavajjatthe daµµhabbo. Kasm± panettha taºh± kusalapariy±yena uddhaµ±? Heµµh± desan±h±re vipall±sahetubh±vena taºha½ uddharitv± tass± vasena sa½kilesapakkho dassito. Vicittapaµibh±nat±ya pana idh±pi taºh±mukheneva vod±napakkha½ dassetu½ kusalapariy±yena taºh± uddhaµ±. Tattha sa½s±ra½ gamet²ti sa½s±rag±min², sa½s±ran±yik±ti attho. Apacaya½ nibb±na½ gamet²ti apacayag±min². Katha½ pana taºh± apacayag±min²ti? ¾ha “pah±nataºh±”ti. Tadaªg±dippah±nassa hetubh³t± taºh±. Katha½ pana ekantas±vajj±ya taºh±ya kusalabh±voti? Sevitabbabh±vato. Yath± taºh±, eva½ m±nopi duvidho kusalopi akusalopi, na taºh± ev±ti taºh±ya nidassanabh±vena m±no vutto.
Tattha m±nassa yath±dhippeta½ kusal±dibh±va½ dassetu½ “ya½ m±na½ niss±y±”ti-±dim±ha. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±– “m±namaha½, dev±naminda, duvidhena vad±mi sevitabbampi asevitabbamp²”ti-±di. Ya½ nekkhammassita½ domanassanti-±di “kusal±”ti vuttataºh±ya sar³padassanattha½ vutta½. Tattha nekkhammassita½ domanassa½ n±ma–
“Tattha katam±ni cha nekkhammassit±ni domanass±ni? R³p±na½tveva aniccata½ viditv± vipariº±mavir±ganirodha½ ‘pubbe ceva r³p± etarahi ca, sabbete r³p± anicc± dukkh± vipariº±madhamm±’ti evameta½ yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya disv± anuttaresu vimokkhesu piha½ upaµµh±peti ‘kud±ssu n±m±ha½ tad±yatana½ upasampajja vihariss±mi, yadariy± etarahi ±yatana½ upasampajja viharant²’ti. Iti anuttaresu vimokkhesu piha½ upaµµh±payato uppajjati pih±, pih±paccay± domanassa½. Ya½ evar³pa½ domanassa½, ida½ vuccati nekkhammassita½ domanassan”ti (ma. ni. 3.307)–

Eva½ chasu dv±resu iµµh±rammaºe ±p±thagate anuttaravimokkhasaªkh±ta-ariyaphaladhammesu piha½ upaµµh±petv± tadadhigam±ya anicc±divasena vipassana½ upaµµh±petv± ussukk±petu½ asakkontassa “imampi pakkha½ imampi m±sa½, imampi sa½vacchara½, vipassana½ ussukk±petv± ariyabh³mi½ samp±puºitu½ n±sakkhin”ti anusocato uppanna½ domanassa½ nekkhammavasena vipassan±vasena anussativasena paµhamajjh±n±divasena paµipattiy± hetubh±vena uppajjanato nekkhammassita½ domanassa½ n±ma. Aya½ taºh± kusal±ti aya½ “pih±”ti vutt± taºh± kusal±. Katha½? R±gavir±g± cetovimutti, tad±rammaº± kusal±ti. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– r±gavir±g± cetovimutti, na sabh±vena kusal±, anavajjaµµhena kusal±. Ta½ uddissa pavattiy± tad±rammaº± pana taºh± kusal±rammaºat±ya kusal±ti. Avijj±vir±g± paññ±vimutti anavajjaµµhena kusal±. Tass±ti paññ±vimuttiy± Y±ya vasena “tasm± rakkhitacittass±”ti g±th±ya½ “sabb± duggatiyo jahe”ti vutta½.

Iti ciratara½ vipassan±pariv±sa½ parivasitv± dukkh±paµipad±dandh±bhiññ±ya adhigat±ya paññ±vimuttiy± vasena vicayah±rasamp±ta½ dassetu½ “tass± ko pavicayo”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha yasm± paññ±vimutti ariyamaggam³lik±, tasm± catutthajjh±nap±dake ariyamaggadhamme uddisitv± tesa½ ±gamanapaµipada½ dassetu½ “kattha daµµhabbo, catutthe jh±ne”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha p±ramit±y±ti ukka½sagat±ya catutthajjh±nabh±van±ya. Yehi aµµhahi aªgehi samann±gata½ catutthajjh±nacitta½ vutta½, t±ni aªg±ni dassetu½ “parisuddhan”ti-±di vutta½.
Tattha upekkh±satip±risuddhibh±vena parisuddha½. Parisuddhatt± eva pariyod±ta½, pabhassaranti vutta½ hoti. Sukh±d²na½ paccayagh±tena v²tar±g±di-aªgaºatt± anaªgaºa½. Anaªgaºatt± eva vigat³pakkilesa½, aªgaºena hi citta½ upakkilissati, subh±vitatt± mudubh³ta½ vasibh±vappattanti attho. Vase vattam±nañhi citta½ “mud³”ti vuccati. Mudutt± eva ca kammaniya½, kammakkhama½ kammayogganti attho. Muduñhi citta½ kammaniya½ hoti eva½ bh±vita½ muduñca hoti kammaniyañca, yathayida½, bhikkhave, cittan”ti (a. ni. 1.22). Etesu parisuddhabh±v±d²su µhitatt± µhita½. Ýhitatt±yeva ±neñjappatta½, acala½ niriñjananti attho. Mudukammaññabh±vena v± attano vase µhitatt± µhita½. Saddh±d²hi pariggahitatt± ±neñjappatta½. Saddh±pariggahitañhi citta½ assaddhiyena na iñjati, v²riyapariggahita½ kosajjena na iñjati, satipariggahita½ pam±dena na iñjati, sam±dhipariggahita½ uddhaccena na iñjati, paññ±pariggahita½ avijj±ya na iñjati, obh±sagata½ kilesandhak±rena na iñjati. Imehi chahi dhammehi pariggahita½ ±neñjappatta½ hoti. Eva½ aµµhaªgasamann±gata½ citta½ abhin²h±rakkhama½ hoti. Abhiññ±sacchikaraº²y±na½ dhamm±na½ abhiññ±sacchikiriy±ya.
Aparo nayo– catutthajjh±nasam±dhin± sam±hita½ citta½ n²varaºad³r²bh±vena parisuddha½. Vitakk±disamatikkamena pariyod±ta½. Jh±napaµil±bhapaccan²k±na½ p±pak±na½ icch±vacar±na½ abh±vena anaªgaºa½. Icch±vacar±nanti icch±ya avacar±na½ icch±vasena otiºº±na½ pavatt±na½ n±nappak±r±na½ kopa-apaccay±nanti attho. Abhijjh±d²na½ cittupakkiles±na½ vigamena vigat³pakkilesa½. Ubhayampi ceta½ anaªgaºasuttavatthasutt±na½ (ma. ni. 1.57 ±dayo; 70 ±dayo) vasena veditabba½. Vasippattiy± mudubh³ta½. Iddhip±dabh±v³pagamena kammaniya½. Bh±van±p±rip³riy± paº²tabh±v³pagamena µhita½ ±neñjappatta½. Yath± ±neñjabh±vappatta½ ±neñjappatta½ hoti, eva½ µhitanti attho. Evampi aµµhaªgasamann±gata½ citta½ abhin²h±rakkhama½ hoti. Abhiññ±sacchikaraº²y±na½ dhamm±na½ abhiññ±sacchikiriy±ya p±daka½ padaµµh±nabh³ta½. Tenev±ha– “so tattha aµµhavidha½ adhigacchati cha abhiññ± dve ca visese”ti.
Tattha soti adhigatacatutthajjh±no yog². Tatth±ti tasmi½ catutthajjh±ne adhiµµh±nabh³te. Aµµhavidha½ adhigacchat²ti aµµhavidha½ guºa½ adhigacchati. Ko pana so aµµhavidho guºoti? ¾ha “cha abhiññ± dve ca visese”ti. Manomayiddhi vipassan±ñ±ºañca. Ta½ cittanti catutthajjh±nacitta½. “Yato parisuddha½, tato pariyod±tan”ti-±din± purima½ purima½ pacchimassa pacchimassa k±raºavacananti dasseti. Tadubhayanti yesa½ r±g±di-aªgaº±na½ abhijjh±di-upakkiles±nañca abh±vena “anaªgaºa½ vigat³pakkilesan”ti ca vutta½. T±ni aªgaº±ni upakkiles± c±ti ta½ ubhaya½. Tadubhaya½ taºh±sabh±vatt± taºh±ya anulomanato ca taºh±pakkho. Y± ca iñjan±ti y± ca cittassa asam±d±nena phandan±. Aµµhit²ti anavaµµh±na½. Aya½ diµµhipakkhoti y± iñjan± aµµhiti ca, aya½ micch±bhinivesahetut±ya diµµhipakkho.
“Catt±ri indriy±n²”ti-±din± vedan±topi catutthajjh±na½ vibh±veti. Eva½ aµµhaªgasamann±gata½ catutthajjh±nacitta½ upari abhiññ±dhigam±ya abhin²h±rakkhama½ hoti. S± ca abhin²h±rakkhamat± cuddasahi ±k±rehi ciººavasibh±vasseva hoti. So ca vasibh±vo aµµhasam±pattil±bhino, na r³p±vacarajjh±namattal±bhinoti ±ruppasam±pattiy± manasik±ravidhi½ dassento “so uparima½ sam±patti½ santato manasikarot²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha uparima½ sam±pattinti ±k±s±nañc±yatanasam±patti½. Santato manasikarot²ti aªgasantat±yapi ±rammaºasantat±yapi “sant±”ti manasikaroti. Yato yato hi ±ruppasam±patti½ santato manasikaroti, tato tato r³p±vacarajjh±na½ av³pasanta½ hutv± upaµµh±ti. Tenev±ha– “tassa uparima½…pe… saºµhahat²”ti. Ukkaºµh± ca paµighasaññ±ti paµighasaññ±saªkh±t±su pañcaviññ±ºasaññ±su anabhirati saºµhahati. “So sabbaso”ti-±din± ekadesena ±ruppasam±patti½ dasseti. Abhiññ±bhin²h±ro r³pasaññ±ti r³p±vacarasaññ± n±met± y±vadeva abhiññatth±bhin²h±ramatta½, na pana ar³p±vacarasam±pattiyo viya sant±ti adhipp±yo. Vok±ro n±nattasaññ±ti n±nattasaññ± n±met± n±n±rammaºesu vok±ro, tattha cittassa ±kulappavatt²ti attho. Samatikkamat²ti eva½ tattha ±d²navadass² hutv± t± samatikkamati. Paµighasaññ± cassa abbhattha½ gacchat²ti assa ±k±s±nañc±yatanasam±patti½ adhigacchantassa yogino dasapi paµighasaññ± vigacchanti. Imin± paµham±ruppasam±pattim±ha.
Eva½ sam±hitass±ti eva½ imin± vuttanayena r³p±vacarajjh±ne cittekaggat±yapi samatikkamena sam±hitassa. Sam±hitass±ti ±ruppasam±dhin± santavuttin± sam±hitassa. Obh±soti yo pure r³p±vacarajjh±nobh±so. Antaradh±yat²ti so r³p±vacarajjh±nobh±so ar³p±vacarajjh±nasam±pajjanak±le vigacchati. Dassanañc±ti r³p±vacarajjh±nacakkhun± dassanañca antaradh±yati. So sam±dh²ti so yath±vutto r³p±r³pasam±dhi. Cha¼aªgasamann±gatoti upak±rakaparikkh±rasabh±vabh³tehi chahi aªgehi samann±gato. Paccavekkhitabboti pati avekkhitabbo, punappuna½ cintetabboti attho. Paccavekkhaº±k±ra½ saha visayena dassetu½ “anabhijjh±sahagatan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha sabbaloketi sabbasmi½ piyar³pe s±tar³pe sattaloke saªkh±raloke ca. Tena k±macchandassa pah±nam±ha. Tath± “aby±pannan”ti-±din± by±p±dakosajjas±rambhas±µheyyavikkhepasammos±na½ pah±na½. Puna t±ni cha aªg±ni samathavipassan±vasena vibhajitv± dassetu½ “yañca anabhijjh±sahagatan”ti-±di vutta½. Ta½ sabba½ suviññeyya½.
54. Ett±vat± “paññ±vimutt²”ti vuttassa arahattaphalassa sam±dhimukhena pubbabh±gapaµipada½ dassetv± id±ni arahattaphalasam±dhi½ dassetu½ “so sam±dh²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha so sam±dh²ti yo so samm±sam±dhi. Pubbe vuttassa ariyamaggasam±dhissa phalabh³to sam±dhi pañcavidhena veditabbo id±ni vuccam±nehi pañcahi paccavekkhaºañ±ºehi attano paccavekkhitabb±k±rasaªkh±tena pañcavidhena veditabbo. “Aya½ sam±dhi paccuppannasukho”ti-±d²su arahattaphalasam±dhi appitappitakkhaºe sukhatt± paccuppannasukho. Purimo purimo pacchimassa pacchimassa sam±dhisukhassa paccayatt± ±yati½ sukhavip±ko. Kilesehi ±rakatt± ariyo. K±m±misavaµµ±misalok±mis±na½ abh±v± nir±miso. Buddh±d²hi mah±purisehi sevitatt± ak±purisasevito. Aªgasantat±ya sabbakilesadarathasantat±ya ca santo. Atittikaraµµhena paº²to. Kilesapaµippassaddhiy± laddhatt±, kilesapaµippassaddhibh±vena v± laddhatt± paµippassaddhiladdho. Passaddha½ passaddh²ti hi ida½ atthato eka½. Paµippassaddhikilesena v± arahat± laddhatt±pi paµippassaddhiladdho Ekodibh±vena adhigatatt±, ekodibh±vameva v± adhigatatt± ekodibh±v±dhigato. Appaguºas±savasam±dhi viya sasaªkh±rena sappayogena paccan²kadhamme niggayha kilese v±retv± anadhigatatt± nasasaªkh±raniggayhav±ritagatoti.