10. Vevacanah±ravibhaªgavaººan±

37. Tattha katamo vevacano h±roti vevacanah±ravibhaªgo. Tattha yath± vevacananiddeso hoti, ta½ dassetu½ “eka½ bhagav± dhamma½ aññamaññehi vevacanehi niddisat²”ti vutta½. Vevacaneh²ti pariy±yasaddeh²ti attho. Padattho pubbe vutto eva. Kasm± pana bhagav± eka½ dhamma½ anekapariy±yehi niddisat²ti? Vuccate– desan±k±le ±yatiñca kassaci kathañci tadatthapaµibodho siy±ti pariy±yavacana½, tasmi½ khaºe vikkhittacitt±na½ aññavihit±na½ aññena pariy±yena tadatth±vabodhanattha½ pariy±yavacana½. Teneva padena puna vacane tadaññesa½ tattha adhigatat± siy±ti mandabuddh²na½ punappuna½ tadatthasallakkhaºe asammosanattha½ pariy±yavacana½. Anekepi atth± sam±nabyañjan± hont²ti y± atthantaraparikappan± siy±, tass± parivajjanatthampi pariy±yavacana½ anaññassa vacane anek±hi t±hi t±hi saññ±hi tesa½ tesa½ atth±na½ ñ±panatthampi pariy±yavacana½ seyyath±pi nighaºµusatthe. Dhammakathik±na½ tanti-atthupanibandhanapar±vabodhan±na½ sukhasiddhiy±pi pariy±yavacana½. Attano dhammaniruttipaµisambhid±ppattiy± vibh±vanattha½, veneyy±na½ tattha b²j±v±panattha½ v± pariy±yavacana½ bhagav± niddisati.
Ki½ bahun± yass± dhammadh±tuy± suppaµividdhatt± samm±sambuddh± yath± sabbasmi½ atthe appaµihatañ±º±c±r±, tath± sabbasmi½ saddavoh±reti ekampi attha½ anekehi pariy±yehi bodheti, na tattha dandh±yitatta½ vitth±yitatta½ atthassa. N±pi dhammadesan±h±ni, ±veºikov±ya½ buddhadhammoti pariy±yadesana½ dassento “±s±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha attha½ dassento “±s± n±ma vuccati y± bhavissassa atthass±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha bhavissassa atthass±ti an±gatassa icchitabbassa atthassa. “Avassa½ ±gamissat²”ti-±din± tass± pavattiy±k±ra½ dasseti. An±gatatthavisay± taºh± ±s±. An±gatapaccuppannatthavisay± taºh± pih±ti ayamet±sa½ viseso.
Atthanipphattipaµip±lan±ti y±ya icchitassa atthassa nipphatti½ paµip±leti ±gameti, y±ya v± nipphanna½ attha½ paµip±leti rakkhati. Aya½ abhinandan± n±ma, yath±laddhassa atthassa kel±yan± n±m±ti attho. Ta½ atthanipphatti½ sattasaªkh±ravasena vibhajitv± dassento “piya½ v± ñ±tin”ti-±dim±ha Tattha dhammanti r³p±di-±rammaºadhamma½, ati-iµµh±rammaºa½ abhinandati, aniµµh±rammaºehipi ta½ dassetu½ “appaµikk³lato v± abhinandat²”ti vutta½. Paµikk³lepi hi vipall±savasena satta½, saªkh±ra½ v± appaµikk³lato abhinandati.
Y±su anekadh±t³su pavattiy± taºh± “anekadh±t³su sar±”ti vutt±, t± dh±tuyo vibh±gena dassetu½ “cakkhudh±t³”ti-±di vutta½. Kiñc±pi dh±tuvibhaªg±d²su (vibha. 172 ±dayo) k±madh±tu-±dayo aññ±pi anekadh±tuyo ±gat±, t±sampi ettheva samavarodhoti dassanattha½ aµµh±rasevettha dassit±. Keci r³p±dhimutt±ti-±di t±su dh±t³su taºh±ya pavattidassana½. Tattha yasm± pañca ajjhattik± dh±tuyo satta ca viññ±ºadh±tuyo dhammadh±tu ca dhamm±rammaºeneva saªgahit±, tasm± aµµh±rasa dh±tuyo uddisitv± cha¼eva taºh±ya pavattiµµh±n±ni vibhatt±n²ti daµµhabba½. Taºh±pakkh± nekkhammassit±pi domanassupavic±r± tassa anuttaresu vimokkhesu piha½ upaµµh±payato uppajjati “pihapaccay± domanassan”ti vacanato, ko pana v±do gehassitesu domanassupavic±res³ti im±ni catuv²sati pad±ni “taºh±pakkho”ti vutta½. Gehassit± pana upekkh± aññ±ºupekkhat±ya yath±bhinivesassa paccayo hot²ti “y± cha upekkh± gehassit±, aya½ diµµhipakkho”ti vutta½.
38. Id±ni tesa½ upavic±r±na½ taºh±pariy±ya½ dassento “s±yeva patthan±k±rena dhammanand²”ti-±dim±ha. Puna citta½ paññ± bhagav± dhammo saªgho s²la½ c±goti imesa½ pariy±yavacananiddh±raºena vevacanah±ra½ vibhajitv± dassetu½ “citta½ mano viññ±ºan”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha “aññampi eva½ j±tiyan”ti imin± paññ± paj±nan± vicayo pavicayo dhammavicayo sallakkhaº± upalakkhaº± paccupalakkhaº± paº¹icca½ kosalla½ nepuñña½ vebhaby± cint± upaparikkh± bh³r² medh± pariº±yik± vipassan± sampajañña½ patodo paññ± paññindriya½ paññ±bala½ paññ±sattha½ paññ±p±s±do paññ±-±loko paññ±-obh±so paññ±pajjoto paññ±ratana½ amohoti (mah±ni. 149) evam±d²nampi paññ±ya pariy±yasadd±na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo.
Pañcindriy±ni lokuttar±n²ti khaye ñ±ºanti-±d²ni pañcindriy±ni lokuttar±ni, lokuttarapaññ±ya vevacan±n²ti attho. Sabb± paññ±ti itarehi vevacanehi vutt± sabb± paññ± lokiyalokuttaramissik±ti attho. “Api c±”ti-±din± imin±pi pariy±yena vevacana½ vattabbanti dasseti. ¾dhipateyyaµµhen±ti adhimokkhalakkhaºe ±dhipateyyaµµhena. Yath± ca buddh±nussatiya½ vuttanti yath± buddh±nussatiniddese (visuddhi. 1.123) “itipi so bhagav±”ti-±din± p±¼iy± so bhagav± itipi araha½…pe… itipi bhagav±ti anekehi vevacanehi bhagav± anussaritabboti vutta½. Imin±va nayena balanipphattigato ves±rajjappatto y±va dhammobh±sapajjotakaroti, etehi pariy±yehi buddhassa bhagavato vevacana½ buddh±nussatiya½ vattabbanti pada½ ±haritv± sambandho veditabbo. Et±nipi katipay±ni eva bhagavato vevacan±ni. Asaªkhyeyy± hi buddhaguº± guºanemittak±ni ca bhagavato n±m±ni. Vuttañheta½ dhammasen±patin±–
“Asaªkhyeyy±ni n±m±ni, saguºena mahesino;
guºena n±mamuddheyya½, api n±ma sahassato”ti. (Ud±. aµµha. 53).
Dhamm±nussatiya½ “asaªkhatan”ti-±d²su na kenaci paccayena saªkhatanti asaªkhata½. Natthi etassa anto vin±soti ananta½. ¾sav±na½ an±rammaºato an±sava½. Avipar²tasabh±vatt± sacca½. Sa½s±rassa parat²rabh±vato p±ra½. Nipuºañ±ºavisayatt± sukhumasabh±vatt± ca nipuºa. Anupacitañ±ºasambh±rehi daµµhu½ na sakk±ti sududdasa½. Upp±dajar±hi anabbh±hatatt± ajajjara½. Thirabh±vena dhuva½. Jar±maraºehi apalujjanato apalokita½. Ma½sacakkhun± dibbacakkhun± ca apassitabbatt± anidassana½. R±g±dipapañc±bh±vena nippapañca½. Kiles±bhisaªkh±r±na½ v³pasamahetut±ya santa½.
Amatahetut±ya bhaªg±bh±vato ca amata½. Uttamaµµhena atappakaµµhena ca paº²ta½. Asiv±na½ kammakilesavip±kavaµµ±na½ abh±vena siva½. Cat³hi yogehi anupaddavabh±vena khema½. Taºh± kh²yati etth±ti taºhakkhayo. Katapuññehipi kad±cideva passitabbatt± acchariya½. Abh³tapubbatt± abbhuta½ Anantar±yatt± an²tika½. Anantar±yabh±vahetuto an²tikadhamma½ (sa½. ni. aµµha. 3.5.377-409).
Anibbattisabh±vatt± aj±ta½. Tato eva abh³ta½. Ubhayen±pi upp±darahitanti vutta½ hoti. Kenaci anupaddutatt± anupaddava½. Na kenaci paccayena katanti akata½. Natthi ettha sokoti asoka½. Sokahetuvigamena visoka½. Kenaci anupasajjitabbatt± anupasagga½. Anupasaggabh±vahetuto anupasaggadhamma½.
Gambh²rañ±ºagocarato gambh²ra½. Samm±paµipatti½ vin± passitu½ pattu½ asakkuºeyyatt± duppassa½. Sabbaloka½ uttaritv± µhitanti uttara½. Natthi etassa uttaranti anuttara½. Samassa sadisassa abh±vena asama½. Paµibh±g±bh±vena appaµisama½. Uttamaµµhena jeµµha½, p±sa½satamatt± v± jeµµha½. Sa½s±radukkhaµµitehi letabbato leºa½. Tato rakkhaºato t±ºa½. Raº±bh±vena araºa½. Aªgaº±bh±vena anaªgaºa½. Niddosat±ya ak±ca½. R±g±dimal±pagamena vimala½. Cat³hi oghehi anajjhottharaº²yato d²po. Sa½s±rav³pasamasukhat±ya sukha½. Pam±ºakaradhamm±bh±vato appam±ºa½, gaºetu½ etassa na sakk±ti ca appam±ºa½. Sa½s±rasamudde anos²danaµµh±nat±ya patiµµh±. R±g±dikiñcan±bh±vena pariggah±bh±vena ca akiñcananti evamattho daµµhabbo.
Saªgh±nussatiya½ satt±na½ s±roti s²las±r±dis±raguºayogato sattesu s±rabh³to. Satt±na½ maº¹oti gorasesu sappimaº¹o viya sattesu maº¹abh³to. S±raguºavaseneva sattesu uddharitabbato satt±na½ uddh±ro. Niccalaguºat±ya satt±na½ esik±. Guºasobh±surabhibh±vena satt±na½ pas³na½ surabhi kusumanti attho.
Guºesu uttamaªga½ paññ± tass± upasobh±hetut±ya s²la½ uttamaªgopasobhana½ vutta½. S²lesu parip³rak±rino anijjhant± n±ma guº± natth²ti “nidh±nañca s²la½ sabbadobhaggasamatikkamanaµµhen±”ti vutta½. Ayañca attho ±kaªkheyyasuttena (ma. ni. 1.64 ±dayo) d²petabbo. Aparampi vutta½– “ijjhati, bhikkhave, s²lavato cetopaºidhi visuddhatt±”ti (d². ni. 3.337; sa½. ni. 4.352; a. ni. 8.35). Sippanti dhanusippa½. Dhaññanti dhan±yitabba½. Dhammavolokanat±y±ti samathavipassan±didhammassa volokanabh±vena Volokanaµµhen±ti sattabh³mak±dip±s±de viya s²le µhatv± abhiññ±cakkhun± lokassa voloketu½ sakk±ti vutta½. Sabbabh³m±nuparivatti ca s²la½ catubh³makakusalass±pi tadanuvattanato. Sesa½ utt±namev±ti.

Vevacanah±ravibhaªgavaººan± niµµhit±.