2. Uddesav±ravaººan±

1. Eva½ saªgahav±rena saªkhepato dassite h±r±dayo id±ni vibh±gena dassetu½ “tattha katame so¼asa h±r±”ti-±didesan± ±raddh±. Tattha tatth±ti ya½ vutta½– “so¼asah±r± nett²”ti, tasmi½ vacane, tissa½ v± g±th±ya½, y±ni h±ranayam³lapad±ni uddhaµ±ni, tes³ti attho. Katameti pucch±vacana½. Pucch± ca n±mes± pañcavidh± adiµµhajotan±pucch± diµµhasa½sandan±pucch± vimaticchedan±pucch± anumatipucch± kathetukamyat±pucch±ti. T±su aya½ kathetukamyat±pucch±. So¼as±ti gaºanavasena paricchedo. Tena nesa½ na tato uddha½ adho c±ti etaparamata½ dasseti. S± cetaparamat± parato ±vi bhavissati. H±r±ti gaºanavasena paricchinn±na½ s±maññato dassana½. Desan± vicayoti-±di sar³padassana½.
Tattha kenaµµhena h±r±? Har²yanti etehi, ettha v± suttageyy±divisay± aññ±ºasa½sayavipall±s±ti h±r±, haranti v± saya½ t±ni, haraºamattameva v±ti h±r± phal³pac±rena. Atha v± har²yanti vohar²yanti dhammasa½vaººakadhammapaµigg±hakehi dhammassa d±naggahaºavasen±ti h±r±. Atha v± h±r± viy±ti h±r±. Yath± hi anekaratan±valisam³ho h±rasaªkh±to attano avayavabh³taratanasamphassehi samuppajjan²yam±nahil±dasukho hutv± tadupabhog²janasar²rasant±pa½ nid±ghapari¼±hupajanita½ v³pasameti, evametepi n±n±vidhaparamattharatanappabandh± sa½vaººan±vises± attano avayavabh³taparamattharatan±dhigamena samupp±diyam±nanibbutisukh± dhammapaµigg±hakajanahadayaparit±pa½ k±mar±g±dikilesahetuka½ v³pasament²ti. Atha v± h±rayanti aññ±º±d²na½ h±ra½ apagama½ karonti ±cikkhant²ti v± h±r±. Atha v± sotujanacittassa haraºato ramaºato ca h±r± niruttinayena, yath±– “bhavesu vantagamano bhagav±”ti (visuddhi. 1.144; p±r±. aµµha. 1.1 verañjakaº¹avaººan±). Aya½ t±va h±r±na½ s±dh±raºato attho.
As±dh±raºato pana des²yati sa½vaºº²yati et±ya suttatthoti desan±, desan±sahacaraºato v± desan±. Nanu ca aññepi h±r± desan±saªkh±tassa suttassa atthasa½vaººanato desan±sahac±rinov±ti? Saccameta½, aya½ pana h±ro yebhuyyena yath±rutavaseneva viññ±yam±no desan±ya saha carat²ti vattabbata½ arahati, na tath± pare. Na hi ass±d±d²navanissaraº±disandassanarahit± suttadesan± atthi. Ass±d±disandassanavibh±vanalakkhaºo c±ya½ h±roti.
Viciyanti etena, ettha v± padapañh±dayo, viciti eva v± tesanti vicayo. P±¼iya½ pana vicinat²ti vicayoti ayamattho dassito.
Yutt²ti upapattis±dhanayutti, idha pana yuttivic±raº± yutti uttarapadalopena “r³pabhavo r³pan”ti yath±, yuttisahacaraºato v±. Idh±pi desan±h±re vuttanayena attho vitth±retabbo.
Padaµµh±nanti ±sannak±raºa½, idh±pi padaµµh±navic±raº±ti-±di vuttanayeneva veditabba½.
Lakkh²yanti etena, ettha v± ekalakkhaº± dhamm± avutt±pi ekavacanen±ti lakkhaºa½.
Viy³h²yanti vibh±gena piº¹²yanti etena, ettha v±ti by³ho. Nibbacan±d²na½ sutte dassiyam±n±na½ catunna½ by³hoti catuby³ho, catunna½ v± by³ho etth±ti catuby³ho.
¾vaµµ²yanti etena, ettha v± sabh±g± visabh±g± ca dhamm±, tesa½ v± ±vaµµananti ±vaµµo.
Vibhaj²yanti etena, ettha v± s±dh±raº±s±dh±raº±na½ sa½kilesavod±nadhamm±na½ bh³miyoti vibhatti, vibhajana½ v± etesa½ bh³miy±ti vibhatti.
Paµipakkhavasena parivatt²yanti imin±, ettha v± sutte vuttadhamm±, parivattana½ v± tesanti parivattano.
Vividha½ vacana½ ekassevatthassa v±cakametth±ti vivacana½, vivacanameva vevacana½, vividha½ vuccati etena atthoti v± vivacana½. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.
Pak±rehi pabhedato v± ñ±p²yanti imin±, ettha v± atth±ti paññatti.
Ot±r²yanti anuppaves²yanti etena, ettha v± sutt±gat± dhamm± paµiccasamupp±d±d²s³ti otaraºo.
Sodh²yanti sam±dh²yanti etena, ettha v± sutte padapadatthapañh±rambh±ti sodhano.
Adhiµµh²yanti anupavatt²yanti etena, ettha v± s±maññavisesabh³t± dhamm± vin± vikappen±ti adhiµµh±no.
Parikaroti abhisaªkharoti phalanti parikkh±ro, hetu paccayo ca, parikkh±ra½ ±cikkhat²ti parikkh±ro, h±ro, parikkh±ravisayatt± parikkh±rasahacaraºato v± parikkh±ro.
Sam±rop²yanti etena, ettha v± padaµµh±n±dimukhena dhamm±ti sam±ropano. Sabbattha ca bh±vas±dhanavasen±pi attho sambhavat²ti tass±pi vasena yojetabba½.
Tass±ti yath±vuttassa h±ruddesassa. Anug²t²ti vuttassevatthassa sukhaggahaºattha½ anupacch± g±yanag±th±, t±su os±nag±th±ya atthato asa½kiºº±ti padatthena saªkararahit±, tena yadipi keci h±r± aññamañña½ avisiµµh± viya dissanti, tath±pi tesa½ atthato saªkaro natth²ti dasseti. So ca nesa½ asaªkaro lakkhaºaniddese sup±kaµo hoti. Etesañcev±ti etesa½ so¼asanna½ h±r±na½. Yath± asaªkaro, tath± ceva bhavati. Ki½ bhavati? Vitth±ratay± vitth±rena. Nayavibhatti nayena up±yena ñ±yena vibh±go. Etena ta½ eva asaªkiººata½ vibh±veti. Keci “vitth±ranay±”ti paµhanti, ta½ na sundara½, ayañca g±th± kesuci potthakesu natthi.
2. Eva½ h±re uddisitv± id±ni naye uddisitu½ “tattha katame”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha nayanti sa½kilese vod±n±ni ca vibh±gato ñ±pent²ti nay±, n²yanti v± t±ni etehi ettha v±ti nay±, nayanamattameva v±ti nay±, n²yanti v± saya½ dhammakathikehi upan²yanti suttassa atthapavicayatthanti nay±. Atha v± nay± viy±ti nay±. Yath± hi ekatt±dayo nay± samm± paµivijjhiyam±n± paccayapaccayuppannadhamm±na½ yath±kkama½ sambandhavibh±gaby±p±ravirah±nur³paphalabh±vadassanena asaªkarato sammutisaccaparamatthasacc±na½ sabh±va½ pavedayant± paramatthasaccappaµivedh±ya sa½vattanti, evametepi kaºhasukkasappaµibh±gadhammavibh±gadassanena avipar²tasuttatth±vabodh±ya abhisambhuºant± veneyy±na½ catusaccappaµivedh±ya sa½vattanti. Atha v± pariyatti-atthassa nayanato sa½kilesato yamanato ca nay± niruttinayena.
Nandiy±vaµµoti-±d²su nandiy±vaµµassa viya ±vaµµo etass±ti nandiy±vaµµo, yath± hi nandiy±vaµµo antoµhitena padh±n±vayavena bahiddh± ±vaµµati, evamayampi nayoti attho. Atha v± nandiy± taºh±ya pamodassa v± ±vaµµo etth±ti nandiy±vaµµo. T²hi avayavehi lobh±d²hi sa½kilesapakkhe alobh±d²hi ca vod±napakkhe pukkhalo sobhanoti tipukkhalo. Asant±sanajavaparakkam±divisesayogena s²ho bhagav±, tassa vikk²¼ita½ desan±vac²kammabh³to vih±roti katv± vipall±satappaµipakkhaparid²panato s²hassa vikk²¼ita½ etth±ti s²havikk²¼ito, nayo. Balavisesayogad²panato v± s²havikk²¼itasadisatt± nayo s²havikk²¼ito. Balaviseso cettha saddh±dibala½, dasabal±ni eva v±. Atthanayattayadis±bh±vena kusal±didhamm±na½ ±locana½ dis±locana½. Tath± ±locit±na½ tesa½ dhamm±na½ atthanayattayayojane sam±nayanato aªkuso viya aªkuso. G±th±su lañjeti pak±seti suttatthanti lañjako, nayo ca so lañjako c±ti nayalañjako. Gat±ti ñ±t±, mat±ti attho. So eva v± p±µho. Sesa½ vuttanayena veditabba½.
3. Eva½ nayepi uddisitv± id±ni m³lapad±ni uddisitu½ “tattha katam±n²”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha m³l±ni ca t±ni nay±na½ paµµh±nabh±g±nañca patiµµh±bh±vato pad±ni ca adhigam³p±yabh±vato koµµh±sabh±vato c±ti m³lapad±ni. Kosallasambh³taµµhena, kucchit±na½ v± p±padhamm±na½ salanato viddha½sanato, kus±na½ v± r±g±d²na½ lavanato, kus± viya v± lavanato, kusena v± ñ±ºena l±tabbato pavattetabbato kusal±ni, tappaµipakkhato akusal±n²ti padattho veditabbo.
Eva½ gaºanaparicchedato j±tibhedato ca m³lapad±ni dassetv± id±ni sar³pato dassento sa½kilesapakkha½yeva paµhama½ uddisati “taºh±”ti-±din±. Tattha tasati paritasat²ti taºh±. Avindiya½ vindati, vindiya½ na vindat²ti avijj±, vijj±paµipakkh±ti v± avijj±. Lubbhanti tena, saya½ v± lubbhati, lubbhanamattameva v± soti lobho. Dosamohesupi eseva nayo. Asubhe “subhan”ti pavatt± saññ± subhasaññ±. Sukhasaññ±d²supi imin±va nayena attho veditabbo. Saªgahanti gaºana½. Samosaraºanti samoropana½.
Paccan²kadhamme samet²ti samatho. Anicc±d²hi vividhehi ±k±rehi passat²ti vipassan±. Alobh±dayo lobh±dipaµipakkhato veditabb±. Asubhe “asubhan”ti pavatt± saññ± asubhasaññ±, k±y±nupassan±satipaµµh±na½. Saññ±s²sena hi desan±. Dukkhasaññ±d²supi eseva nayo.
Ida½ udd±nanti ida½ vuttasseva atthassa vippakiººabh±vena nassitu½ adatv± uddha½ d±na½ rakkhaºa½ udd±na½, saªgahavacananti attho. “Catt±ro vipall±s±”tipi p±µho. Kilesabh³m²ti sa½kilesabh³mi sabbesa½ akusaladhamm±na½ samosaraºaµµh±natt±. Kusal±na½ y±ni t²ºi m³l±ni. “Kusal±n²”tipi paµhanti. Satipaµµh±n±ti asubhasaññ±dayo sandh±y±ha. Indriyabh³m²ti saddh±d²na½ vimuttiparip±canindriy±na½ samosaraºaµµh±natt± vutta½. Yujjant²ti yoj²yanti. Khoti padap³raºe, avadh±raºatthe v± nip±to. Tena ete ev±ti dasseti. Aµµh±rasev±ti v±. M³lapad±ti m³lapad±ni, liªgavipall±so v±.

Uddesav±ravaººan± niµµhit±.