Anuparisakkeyy±ti anuparigaccheyya. Ummujj±ti uµµhaha. Uplav±ti jalassa upariplava. Thalamuplav±ti thala½ abhiruha. Tatra y±ss±ti tatra ya½ assa, ya½ bhaveyya. Sakkharakaµhalanti sakkhar± v± kaµhal± v±. S± adhog±m² ass±ti s± adho gaccheyya, heµµh±g±m² bhaveyya. Adho gaccheyy±ti heµµh± gaccheyya. Maggass±ti ariyamaggassa. Tikkhat±ti tikhiŗat±. S± ca kho na satthakassa viya nisitakaraŗat±, atha kho indriy±na½ paµubh±voti dassetu½ “adhimattat±”ti ±ha. Nanu ca ariyamaggo attan± pah±tabbakilese anavasesa½ samucchindat²ti atikhiŗo n±ma natth²ti? Saccameta½, tath±pi no ca kho “yath± diµµhippattass±”ti vacanato saddh±vimuttadiµµhippatt±na½ kilesappah±na½ pati atthi k±ci visesamatt±ti sakk± vattu½. Aya½ pana viseso na idh±dhippeto, sabbupapattisamatikkamanassa adhippetatt±. Yasm± pana ariyamaggena odhiso kiles± pah²yanti, tańca nesa½ tath±pah±na½ maggadhammesu indriy±na½ ap±µavap±µavatarap±µavatamabh±vena hot²ti yo vajir³pamadhammesu matthakappatt±na½ aggamaggadhamm±na½ paµutamabh±vo. Aya½ idha maggassa tikkhat±ti adhippet±. Tenev±ha– “aya½ dhammo suciŗŗo sabb±hi upapatt²hi rakkhat²”ti. “Tasm± rakkhitacittass±”ti-±din± suttantarena (ud±. 32) sugatisańńit±nampi upapatt²na½ duggatibh±va½ s±dheti.
32. Id±ni yath±vuttassa dhammassa visabh±gadhamm±na½ taŗh±vijj±d²na½ sabh±gadhamm±nańca samathavipassan±d²na½ niddh±raŗavasena ±vaµµah±ra½ yojetv± dassetu½ “tattha duggat²na½ hetu taŗh± ca avijj± c±”ti-±dim±ha. Ta½ pubbe vuttanayatt± suvińńeyyameva. Ida½ vuccati brahmacariyanti ida½ ariya½ samathavipassan±saŖkh±ta½ maggabrahmacariyanti vuccati. Ya½ rakkhat²ti sabb±hi duggat²hi rakkhantassa ariyamaggassa ±rammaŗabh³to nirodho rakkhanto viya vutto, nimittassa kattubh±vena upacaritatt±. Im±ni catt±ri sacc±ni visabh±gasabh±gadhamm±vaµµanavasena niddh±rit±n²ti adhipp±yo.

¾vaµµah±ravibhaŖgavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.

8. Vibhattih±ravibhaŖgavaŗŗan±

33. Tattha katamo vibhattih±roti vibhattih±ravibhaŖgo. Tattha dhammavibhattibh³mivibhattipadaµµh±navibhatt²ti tividh± vibhatti. T±su yasm± dhammesu vibh±gato niddiµµhesu tattha labbham±no bh³mivibh±go padaµµh±navibh±go ca niddisiyam±no suvińńeyyo hoti, tasm± dhammavibhatti½ t±va niddisanto so¼asavidhe paµµh±ne yesa½ sutt±na½ vasena visesato vibhajitabb±, t±ni sutt±ni dassetu½ “dve sutt±ni v±san±bh±giyańca nibbedhabh±giyańc±”ti vutta½. Tattha v±san± puńńabh±van±, tass± bh±go koµµh±so v±san±bh±go, tassa hitanti v±san±bh±giya½, sutta½. Nibbijjhana½ lobhakkhandh±d²na½ pad±lana½ nibbedho, tassa bh±goti sesa½ purimasadisameva. Yasmi½ sutte t²ŗi puńńakiriyavatth³ni desit±ni, ta½ sutta½ v±san±bh±giya½. Yasmi½ pana sekkh±sekkh± desit±, ta½ nibbedhabh±giya½. Ayańca attho p±¼iya½yeva ±gamissati.
Puńńabh±giy±ti puńńabh±ge bhav±. Tath± phalabh±giy± veditabb±. Phalanti pana s±mańńaphala½. Sa½varas²lanti p±timokkhasa½varo, satisa½varo, ń±ŗasa½varo, khantisa½varo, v²riyasa½varoti pańca sa½var± sa½varas²la½. Pah±nas²lanti tadaŖgappah±na½, vikkhambhanappah±na½, samucchedappah±na½, paµippassaddhippah±na½, nissaraŗappah±nanti pańcappah±n±ni. Tesu nissaraŗappah±navajj±na½ pah±n±na½ vasena pah±nas²la½ veditabba½. Soti yo v±san±bh±giyasuttasampaµigg±hako, so. Tena brahmacariyen±ti tena sa½varas²lasaŖkh±tena seµµhacariyena k±raŗabh³tena brahmac±r² bhavati. Ettha ca aµµhasam±pattibrahmacariyassa na paµikkhepo, keci pana “teneva brahmacariyen±”ti paµhanti, tesa½ matena siy± tassa paµikkhepo.
Pah±nas²le µhitoti samucchedapaµippassaddhippah±n±na½ vasena pah±nas²le µhito. Tena brahmacariyen±ti tena pah±nas²lena visesabh³tena maggabrahmacariyena. Ye pana “teneva brahmacariyen±”ti paµhanti, tesa½ aya½ p±µho “v±san±bh±giya½ n±ma sutta½ d±nakath±, s²lakath±, saggakath±, puńńavip±kakath±”ti. Ye pana “tena brahmacariyen±”ti paµhanti, tesa½ aya½ p±µho– “v±san±bh±giya½ n±ma sutta½ d±nakath±, s²lakath±, saggakath± k±m±na½ ±d²navo nekkhamme ±nisa½so”ti. Tattha katamo p±µho yuttataroti? Pacchimo p±µhoti niµµha½ gantabba½. Yasm± “nibbedhabh±giya½ n±ma sutta½ y± catusaccappak±san±”ti vakkhati, na hi mah±thero s±vasesa½ katv± dhamma½ deses²ti.
“Natthi paj±nan±”ti-±din± ubhinna½ sutt±na½ s±tisaya½ asaŖkarak±raŗa½ dasseti. Tattha paj±nan±ti ariyamaggassa padaµµh±nabh³t± vuµµh±nag±min² vipassan±pańń±. Im±ni catt±ri sutt±n²ti imesa½ sutt±na½ v±san±bh±giyanibbedhabh±giy±na½ vakkham±n±nańca sa½kilesabh±giya-asekkhabh±giy±na½ vasena catt±ri sutt±ni. Desan±y±ti desan±nayena. Sabbato vicayena h±rena vicinitv±ti sabbatobh±gena ek±dasasu µh±nesu pakkhipitv± vicayena h±rena vicinitv±. “Yuttih±rena yojetabb±n²”ti etena vicayah±rayuttih±r± vibhattih±rassa parikammaµµh±nanti dasseti. “Y±vatik± ń±ŗassa bh³m²”ti imin± vibhattih±rassa mah±visayata½ dasseti.
34. Eva½ v±san±bh±giyanibbedhabh±giyabh±vehi dhamme ekadesena vibhajitv± id±ni tesa½ kilesabh±giya-asekkhabh±giyabh±vehi s±dh±raŗ±s±dh±raŗabh±vehi vibhajitu½ “tattha katame dhamm± s±dh±raŗ±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha katame dhamm±ti katame sabh±vadhamm±. S±dh±raŗ±ti avisiµµh±, sam±n±ti attho. Dve dhamm±ti duve pakatiyo. Pakati-attho hi aya½ dhamma-saddo “j±tidhamm±na½ satt±nan”ti-±d²su (paµi. ma. 1.33) viya. N±mas±dh±raŗ±ti n±mena s±dh±raŗ±, kusal±kusal±ti sam±nan±m±ti attho. Vatthus±dh±raŗ±ti vatthun± nissayena s±dh±raŗ±, ekasantatipatitat±ya sam±navatthuk±ti attho. Visesato sa½kilesapakkhe pah±nekaµµh± n±mas±dh±raŗ±, sahajekaµµh± vatthus±dh±raŗ±. Ańńampi eva½ j±tiyanti kiccapaccayapaµipakkh±d²hi sam±na½ saŖgaŗh±ti. Micchattaniyat±na½ aniyat±nanti ida½ puthujjan±na½ upalakkhaŗa½. Tasm± sassatav±d± ucchedav±d±ti ±diko sabbo puthujjanabhedo ±haritv± vattabbo. Dasanappah±tabb± kiles± s±dh±raŗ± micchattaniyat±na½ aniyat±na½ eva ca sambhavato sammattaniyat±na½ asambhavato ca. Imin± nayena sesapadesupi attho veditabbo.
Ariyas±vakoti sekkha½ sandh±ya vadati. Sabb± s± av²tar±gehi s±dh±raŗ±ti lokiyasam±patti r³p±vacar± ar³p±vacar± dibbavih±ro brahmavih±ro paµhamajjh±nasam±patt²ti evam±d²hi pariy±yehi s±dh±raŗ±. Kusalasam±patti pana imin± pariy±yena siy± as±dh±raŗ± ima½ pana dosa½ passant± keci “ya½ kińci…pe… sabb± s± av²tar±gehi s±dh±raŗ±”ti paµhanti. Katha½ te odhiso gahit±, atha odhiso gahetabb±, katha½ s±dh±raŗ±ti? Anuyoga½ manasikatv± ta½ visodhento ±ha– “s±dh±raŗ± hi dhamm± eva½ ańńamańńan”ti-±di. Tassattho– yath± micchattaniyat±na½ aniyat±nańca s±dh±raŗ±ti vutta½, eva½ s±dh±raŗ± dhamm± na sabbasatt±na½ s±dh±raŗat±ya s±dh±raŗ±, kasm±? Yasm± ańńamańńa½ para½ para½ saka½ saka½ visaya½ n±tivattanti. Paµiniyatańhi tesa½ pavattiµµh±na½, itarath± tath± voh±ro eva na siy±ti adhipp±yo. Yasm± ca ete eva dhamm± eva½ niyat± visay±, tasm± “yopi imehi dhammehi samann±gato na so ta½ dhamma½ up±tivattat²”ti ±ha. Na hi micchattaniyat±na½ aniyat±nańca dassanena pah±tabb± kiles± na santi, ańńesa½ v± sant²ti eva½ sesepi vattabba½.
As±dh±raŗo n±ma dhammo tassa tassa puggalassa paccattaniyato ariyesu sekkh±sekkhadhammavasena anariyesu sabb±bhabbapah±tabbavasena gavesitabbo, itarassa tath± niddisitabbabh±v±bh±vato. So ca kho s±dh±raŗ±vidhurat±ya ta½ ta½ up±d±ya tath±vuttadesan±nus±ren±ti imamattha½ dasseti “katame dhamm± as±dh±raŗ± y±va desana½ up±d±ya gavesitabb± sekkh±sekkh± bhabb±bhabb±”ti imin±. Aµµhamakass±ti sot±pattiphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipannassa. Dhammat±ti dhammasabh±vo paµhamassa maggaµµhat± dutiyassa phalaµµhat±. Paµhamassa v± pah²yam±nakilesat±. Dutiyassa pah²nakilesat±. Puna aµµhamakass±ti an±g±mimaggaµµhassa. N±manti sekkh±ti n±ma½. Dhammat±ti ta½ta½maggaµµhat± heµµhimaphalaµµhat± ca. Paµipannak±nanti maggasamaŖg²na½. N±manti paµipannak±ti n±ma½. Eva½ “aµµhamakass±”ti-±din± ariyapuggalesu as±dh±raŗadhamma½ dassetv± itaresu nayadassanattha½ “eva½ vises±nupassin±”ti-±di vutta½. Lokiyadhammesu eva hi h²n±dibh±vo. Tattha vises±nupassin±ti as±dh±raŗadhamm±nupassin±. Micchattaniyat±na½ aniyat± dhamm± s±dh±raŗ± micchattaniyat± dhamm± as±dh±raŗ±. Micchattaniyatesupi niyatamicch±diµµhik±na½ aniyat± dhamm± s±dh±raŗ±. Niyatamicch±diµµhi as±dh±raŗ±ti imin± nayena vises±nupassin± veditabb±.
Eva½ n±n±nayehi dhammavibhatti½ dassetv± id±ni bh³mivibhatti½ padaµµh±navibhattińca vibhajitv± dassetu½ “dassanabh³m²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha dassanabh³m²ti paµhamamaggo. Yasm± pana paµhamamaggakkhaŗe ariyas±vako sammattaniy±ma½ okkamanto n±ma hoti, tato para½ okkanto tasm± “dassanabh³mi niy±m±vakkantiy± padaµµh±nan”ti vutta½. Kińc±pi heµµhimo heµµhimo maggo upari-uparimagg±dhigamassa k±raŗa½ hoti, sakk±yadiµµhi-±d²ni appah±ya k±mar±gaby±p±d±dippah±nassa asakkuŗeyyatt±. Tath±pi ariyamaggo attano phalassa visesak±raŗa½ ±sannak±raŗańc±ti dassetu½ “bh±van±bh³mi uttarik±na½ phal±na½ pattiy± padaµµh±nan”ti vutta½. Sukh± paµipad± khipp±bhińń± ń±ŗuttarassa tath±vidhapaccayasam±yoge ca hot²ti s± vipassan±ya padaµµh±nanti vutt±. Itar± pana tissopi paµipad± samatha½ ±vahanti eva. T±su sabbamudut±ya dassit±ya ses±pi dassit± ev±ti ±ha– “dukkh± paµipad± dandh±bhińń± samathassa padaµµh±nan”ti.
D±namaya½ puńńakiriyavatth³ti d±nameva d±namaya½, pujjaphalanibbattanaµµhena puńńa½, tadeva kattabbato kiriy±, payogasampattiy±d²na½ adhiµµh±nabh±vato vatthu c±ti d±namayapuńńakiriyavatthu. Paratoghosass±ti dhammassavanassa. S±dh±raŗanti na b²ja½ viya aŖkurassa, dassanabh³mi-±dayo viya v± niy±m±vakkanti-±d²na½ ±veŗika½, atha kho s±dh±raŗa½, tadańńak±raŗehipi paratoghosassa pavattanatoti adhipp±yo. Tattha keci d±yakassa d±n±numodana½ ±ciŗŗanti d±na½ paratoghosassa k±raŗanti vadanti. D±yako pana dakkhiŗ±visuddhi½ ±kaŖkhanto d±nas²l±diguŗavises±na½ savane yuttappayutto hot²ti d±na½ dhammassavanassa k±raŗa½ vutta½.
S²lasampanno vippaµis±r±bh±vena sam±hito dhammacint±samattho hot²ti s²la½ cint±mayań±ŗassa k±raŗanti ±ha “s²lamayan”ti-±di. Bh±van±mayanti samathasaŖkh±ta½ bh±van±maya½. Bh±van±mayiy±ti uparijh±nasaŖkh±t±ya vipassan±saŖkh±t±ya ca bh±van±mayiy±. Purima½ purimańhi pacchimassa pacchimassa padaµµh±na½. Id±ni yasm± d±na½ s²la½ lokiyabh±van± ca na kevala½ yath±vuttaparatoghos±d²na½yeva, atha kho yath±kkama½ pariyattib±husaccakammaµµh±n±nuyogamaggasamm±diµµh²nampi paccay± honti, tasm± tampi naya½ dassetu½ puna “d±namayan”ti-±din± desana½ va¹¹hesi. Tath± patir³padesav±s±dayo k±yavivekacittavivek±d²na½ k±raŗa½ hot²ti ima½ naya½ dassetu½ “patir³padesav±so”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha kusalav²ma½s±y±ti paµisaŖkh±nupassan±ya. Akusalaparicc±goti imin± pah±naparińń± vutt±ti. Sam±dhindriyass±ti maggasam±dhindriyassa. Sesa½ suvińńeyyameva.

Vibhattih±ravibhaŖgavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.