Id±ni yadattha½ aya½ g±th± nikkhitt±, ta½ yojetv± dassetu½ “±rambhatha nikkamath±ti v²riyassa padaµµh±nan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ±rambhatha nikkamath±ti ida½ vacana½ v²riyassa padaµµh±na½ v²riyapayogassa k±raºa½ v²riy±rambhe niyojanato, “yog± ve j±yat² bh³r²”ti (dha. pa. 282) vacanato yogo bh±van±. Tattha vipassan±bh±van±ya vakkham±natt± sam±dhibh±van± idh±dhippet±ti vutta½– “yuñjatha buddhas±saneti sam±dhissa padaµµh±nan”ti. “Maccuno senan”ti vutt±ya kilesasen±ya samm± dhunana½ ñ±ºeneva hot²ti ±ha– “dhun±tha…pe… padaµµh±nan”ti. Puna yath±vuttav²riyasam±dhipaññ±sampayuttesu ±dhipaccakiccat±ya papañcappah±nasamatth± vaµµam³la½ chinditv± vivaµµa½ p±penti c±ti dassanattha½ “±rambhatha nikkamath±ti v²riyindriyassa padaµµh±nan”ti-±di vutta½. Im±ni padaµµh±n±ni desan±ti “y±nim±ni v²riyassa padaµµh±nan”ti-±din± v²riy±d²na½ padaµµh±n±ni vutt±ni, s± ±rambhatha nikkamath±ti ±didesan±, na v²riy±rambhavatthu-±d²n²ti attho. Tath± ceva sa½vaººita½.
Eva½ yath±nikkhitt±ya desan±ya padaµµh±navasena attha½ niddh±retv± id±ni ta½ sabh±gavisabh±gadhammavasena ±vaµµetuk±mo tassa bh³mi½ dassetu½ “ayuñjant±na½ v± satt±na½ yoge yuñjant±na½ v± ±rambho”ti-±dim±ha. Tassattho– yoge bh±van±ya½ ta½ ayuñjant±na½ v± satt±na½ aparipakkañ±º±na½ v±san±bh±gena ±yati½ vij±nanattha½ aya½ desan±rambho yuñjant±na½ v± paripakkañ±º±nanti.
So pam±do duvidhoti yena pam±dena bh±vana½ n±nuyuñjanti, so pam±do attano k±raºabhedena duvidho. Aññ±ºen±ti pañcanna½ khandh±na½ salakkhaºas±maññalakkhaºapaµicch±dakena sammohena. Nivutoti ch±dito. Ñeyyaµµh±nanti ñeyyañca ta½ “iti r³pa½, iti r³passa samudayo”ti-±din± ñ±ºassa pavattanaµµh±nañc±ti ñeyyaµµh±na½. Anekabhedatt± p±padhamm±na½ tabbasena anekabhedopi pam±do m³labh³t±ya avijj±ya vasena eko ev±ti ±ha– “ekavidho avijj±y±”ti. L±bhavinicchayapariggahamacchariy±ni pariyesan±-±rakkh±paribhogesu antogadh±ni. Chandar±gajjhos±n± taºh± ev±ti taºh±m³lakepi dhamme ettheva pakkhipitv± “tividho taºh±y±”ti vutta½.
R³p²su bhaves³ti r³padhammesu. Ajjhos±nanti taºh±bhiniveso. Etena “taºh±ya r³pak±yo padaµµh±nan”ti padassa attha½ vivarati. An±dimati hi sa½s±re itthipuris± aññamaññar³p±bhir±m±, ayañcattho cittapariy±d±nasuttena (a. ni. 1.1-10) d²petabbo. Ar³p²su sammohoti phass±d²na½ atisukhumasabh±vatt± santatisam³hakicc±rammaºaghanavinibbhogassa dukkaratt± ca ar³padhammesu sammoho, satt±na½ patiµµhitoti vacanaseso. Eva½ niddh±rite r³pak±yan±mak±yasaªkh±te up±d±nakkhandhapañcake ±rammaºakaraºavasena pavatta½ taºhañca avijjañca avisesena vutta½ catup±d±n±na½ vasena vibhajitv± tesa½ khandh±na½ up±d±n±nañca dukkhasamudayabh±vena sahapariññeyyapah±tabbabh±va½ dasseti “tattha r³pak±yo”ti-±din±.
30. Eva½ pam±damukhena purimasaccadvaya½ niddh±retv± pam±damukheneva aparampi saccadvaya½ niddh±retu½ “tattha yo”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tass±ti tassa pam±dassa. Sampaµivedhen±ti samm± parij±nanena ass±d±d²na½ j±nanena. Rakkhaº± paµisa½haraº±ti attano cittassa rakkhaºasaªkh±t± pam±dassa paµisa½haraº±, tappaµipakkhena saªkocan± appam±d±nuyogena y± khepan±. Aya½ samathoti kiccena sam±dhi½ dasseti. Aya½ vod±napakkhavisabh±gadhammavasena ±vaµµan±. “Yad± j±n±ti k±m±na½…pe… ±nisa½san”ti imin± samath±dhigamassa up±ya½ dasseti.
Tattha k±m±nanti vatthuk±m±nañca kilesak±m±nañca. Ass±dañca ass±datoti k±me paµicca uppajjam±na½ sukhasomanassasaªkh±ta½ ass±da½ ass±dat±ya ass±damattato. ¾d²navanti “appass±d± k±m± bahudukkh±”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.236) vutta½ ±d²nava½ dosa½. Nissaraºanti paµhamajjh±na½. Vuttañheta½– “k±m±nameta½ nissaraºa½ yadida½ nekkhamman”ti (itivu. 72). Ok±ranti l±makabh±va½. Sa½kilesanti sa½kilissana½. K±mahetu hi satt± sa½kilissanti. Vod±nanti visujjhana½. Nekkhamme ca ±nisa½santi n²varaºappah±n±diguºavisesayoga½. Tatth±ti tasmi½ yath±vutte samathe sati. Y± v²ma½s±ti y± paññ±. “Sam±hito, bhikkhave, bhikkhu yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±t²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.1071) hi vutta½. Yath± taºh±sahit±va avijj± saªkh±r±na½ paccayo, eva½ avijj±sahit±va taºh± up±d±n±na½ paccayo. T±su niruddh±su up±d±n±d²na½ abh±vo ev±ti taºh±-avijj±pah±nena sakalavaµµadukkhanirodha½ dassento “imesu dv²su dhammesu pah²nes³”ti-±dim±ha. Im±ni catt±ri sacc±ni visabh±gasabh±gadhamm±vaµµanavasena niddh±rit±n²ti adhipp±yo.
Eva½ vod±napakkha½ nikkhipitv± tassa visabh±gadhammavasena sabh±gadhammavasena ca ±vaµµana½ dassetv± id±ni sa½kilesapakkha½ nikkhipitv± tassa visabh±gadhammavasena sabh±gadhammavasena ca ±vaµµana½ dassetu½ “yath±pi m³le”ti g±tham±ha. Tassattho– yath± n±ma patiµµh±hetubh±vena m³lanti laddhavoh±re bh³migate rukkhassa avayave pharasuched±di-antar±y±bh±vena anupaddave tato eva da¼he thire sati khandhe chinnepi assatth±dirukkho ruhati, evameva taºh±nusayasaªkh±te attabh±varukkhassa m³le maggañ±ºapharasun± anupacchinne tayida½ dukkha½ punappuna½ apar±parabh±vena nibbattati na nirujjhat²ti. K±mataºh±dinivattanattha½ “bhavataºh±y±”ti vutta½. Etassa dhammassa paccayoti etassa bhavataºh±saªkh±tassa dhammassa bhavesu ±d²navappaµicch±dan±divasena ass±daggahaºassa paccayo. Vuttañheta½– “sa½yojan²yesu, bhikkhave, dhammesu ass±d±nupassino taºh± pava¹¹hat²”ti (sa½. ni. 2.57). Tenev±ha– “avijj±paccay± hi bhavataºh±”ti. Idha samatho vipassan± ca maggasam±dhi maggapaññ± ca adhippet±ti ±ha– “yena taºh±nusaya½ sam³hanat²”ti-±di. Im±ni catt±ri sacc±n²ti visabh±gasabh±gadhamm±vaµµanavasena niddh±rit±n²ti. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.
Id±ni na kevala½ niddh±riteheva visabh±gasabh±gadhammehi ±vaµµana½, atha kho p±¼i-±gatehipi tehi ±vaµµana½ ±vaµµah±roti dassanattha½ “sabbap±passa akaraºan”ti g±tham±ha Tattha sabbap±pass±ti sabb±kusalassa. Akaraºanti anupp±dana½. Kusalass±ti catubh³makakusalassa. Upasampad±ti paµil±bho. Sacittapariyod±pananti attano cittavod±na½, ta½ pana arahattena hoti. Iti s²lasa½varena sabbap±pa½ pah±ya samathavipassan±hi kusala½ samp±detv± arahattaphalena citta½ pariyodapetabbanti eta½ buddh±na s±sana½ ov±do anusiµµh²ti aya½ saªkhepattho, vitth±rato pana attho p±¼ito eva viññ±yati.
Tattha “sabbap±pa½ n±m±”ti-±d²su dosasamuµµh±nanti doso samuµµh±nameva etass±ti dosasamuµµh±na½, na doso eva samuµµh±nanti. Lobhasamuµµh±n±yapi pisuºav±c±ya sambhavato. K±yaduccaritanti pada½ apekkhitv± “dosasamuµµh±nan”ti napu½sakaniddeso. Lobhasamuµµh±na½ mohasamuµµh±nanti etth±pi eseva nayo. Samphappal±po uddhaccacittena pavattayat²ti adhipp±yena tassa mohasamuµµh±nat± vutt±.
Eva½ duccarita-akusalakammapathakammavibh±gena “sabbap±pan”ti ettha vuttap±pa½ vibhajitv± id±nissa akusalam³lavasena agatigamanavibh±gampi dassetu½ “akusalam³lan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha akusalam³la½ payoga½ gacchantanti lobh±di-akusal±ni k±yavac²payoga½ gacchant±ni, k±yavac²payoga½ samuµµh±pent±n²ti attho. Chand±ti chandahetu. Ya½ chand± agati½ gacchati, ida½ lobhasamuµµh±nanti chand± agati½ gacchat²ti yadeta½ agatigamana½, ida½ lobhasamuµµh±nanti. Eva½ sesesupi attho daµµhabbo. Ett±vat± “sabbap±passa akaraºan”ti ettha p±pa½ dassetv± id±ni tassa akaraºa½ dassento “lobho…pe… paññ±y±”ti t²hi kusalam³lehi tiººa½ akusalam³l±na½ pah±navasena sabbap±passa akaraºa½ anupp±danam±ha. Tath± lobho upekkh±y±ti-±din± brahmavih±rehi. Tattha arati½ v³pasament² mudit± tass± m³labh³ta½ moha½ pajahat²ti katv± vutta½– “moho mudit±ya pah±na½ abbhattha½ gacchat²”ti.
31. Id±ni aññenapi pariy±yena p±pa½ tassa akaraºañca dassetv± sesapad±nañca atthavibh±vanamukhena sabh±gavisabh±gadhamm±vaµµana½ dassetu½ “sabbap±pa½ n±ma aµµha micchatt±n²”ti-±di vutta½. Akiriy± akaraºa½ anajjh±c±roti t²hipi padehi micchatt±na½ anupp±danameva vadati. Tath± kiriy± karaºa½ ajjh±c±roti t²hipi padehi upp±danameva vadati. Ajjh±c±roti adhiµµhahitv± ±caraºa½. At²tass±ti cirak±lappavattivasena pur±ºassa. Maggass±ti ariyamaggassa. Vuttañheta½– “pur±ºamagga½ pur±ºa½ añjasanti kho ariyasseta½ aµµhaªgikassa maggassa adhivacanan”ti (sa½. ni. 2.65 atthato sam±na½). At²tena v± vipassin± bhagavat± yath±dhigata½ desitabh±va½ sandh±ya “at²tassa maggass±”ti vutta½. Vipassino hi aya½ bhagavato samm±sambuddhassa p±timokkhuddesag±th±ti.
Ya½ paµivedhen±ti yassa pariññ±bhisamayena. Ya½ pariyod±pita½, aya½ nirodhoti yadipi asaªkhat± dh±tu kenaci sa½kilesena na sa½kilissati, adhigacchantassa pana puggalassa vasena eva½ vutta½. Tassa hi y±va sa½kiles± na vigacchanti, t±va asaªkhat± dh±tu apariyodapit±ti vuccati. Yath± nibb±n±dhigamena ye khandh± v³pasametabb±, tesa½ sesabh±vena asesabh±vena ca “sa-up±dises±”ti ca, “anup±dises±”ti ca vuccati, eva½sampadamida½ daµµhabba½.
Im±ni p±¼i-±gatadhamm±na½ sabh±gavisabh±gadhamm±vaµµanavasena niddh±rit±ni catt±ri sacc±ni punapi p±¼i-±gatadhamm±na½ sabh±gavisabh±gadhamm±vaµµanena ±vaµµah±ra½ dassetu½ “dhammo have rakkhat²”ti g±tham±ha. Tass± padattho pubbe vutto eva. Dhammoti puññadhammo idh±dhippeto. Ta½ vibhajitv± dassento “dhammo n±ma duvidho indriyasa½varo maggo c±”ti ±ha. Indriyasa½varas²sena cettha sabbampi s²la½ gahitanti daµµhabba½ Sabb± upapattiyo duggati dukkhadukkhat±diyogena dukkh± gatiyoti katv±. Yath±vutte duvidhe dhamme paµhamo dhammo yath± suciººo hoti, yato ca so rakkhati, yattha ca patiµµh±peti, ta½ sabba½ dassetu½ “tattha y± sa½varas²le akhaº¹ak±rit±”ti-±di vutta½. Id±ni tassa dhammassa ap±yato rakkhaºe ekantikabh±va½ vibh±vetu½ g±maºisa½yutte (sa½. ni. 4.358) asibandhakaputtasutta½ ±bhata½.
Tattha evanti pak±rena. Ca-saddo sampiº¹ane, imin±pi pak±rena ayamattho veditabboti adhipp±yo. Asibandhakaputtoti asibandhakassa n±ma putto. G±me jeµµhakat±ya g±maº². Pacch±bh³mak±ti pacch±bh³miv±sino. K±maº¹aluk±ti sakamaº¹aluno. Sev±lam±lik±ti p±tova udakato sev±lañceva uppal±d²ni ca gahetv± udakasuddhibh±vaj±nanattha½ m±la½ katv± pi¼andhanak±. Udakorohak±ti s±ya½ p±ta½ udaka½ orohaºak±. Uyy±pent²ti upariy±penti. Saññ±pent²ti samm± y±penti. Sagga½ n±ma okk±ment²ti pariv±retv± µhit±va “gaccha, bho, brahmaloka½, gaccha, bho, brahmalokan”ti vadant± sagga½ pavesenti.