Imesa½ dhamm±na½ atthato ekattanti imamevattha½ “na hi yujjat²”ti-±din± vivarati. Taºh±ya adhipp±ye aparip³ram±neti icchit±l±bham±ha. Tena icch±taºh±na½ atthato ekatta½ vutta½ hot²ti. Etena na hi yujjati icch±ya ca taºh±ya ca atthato aññattanti. Yath± ida½ vacana½ samatthana½ hoti, eva½ icch±vipariy±ye ±gh±tavatth³su kodho ca upan±ho ca uppajjat²ti idampi samatthana½ hoti, na tath± jar±maraºavipariy±yeti jar±maraºataºh±na½ atthato aññattampi samatthita½ hot²ti etamattha½ dasseti “im±ya yuttiy±”ti-±din±.
Yadi icch±taºh±na½ atthato anaññatta½, atha kasm± bhagavat± imiss± g±th±ya dvidh± vutt±ti? Tattha parih±ram±ha “ya½ panidan”ti-±din±. Tattha yanti kiriy±par±masana½. Abhilapitanti vutta½ ya½ ida½ abhilapana½ ida½ b±hir±na½ r³p±d²na½ vatth³na½ ±rammaºavasena, ±rammaºakaraºavasena v± yojetabba½. Dv²hi dhammeh²ti dv²hi pakat²hi. K± pana t± pakatiyoti? Appattassa visayassa esanavasena icch±, pattassa appattassa v± p±tuk±mat±vasena taºh±, ayamet±sa½ viseso. Yadipi eva½, tath±pi sabb± taºh± r³p±divisaya½ gilitv± pariniµµhapetv± gahaºena ekasabh±v± ev±ti dassento “sabb± hi taºh± ajjhos±nalakkhaºena ekalakkhaº±”ti ±ha. Id±ni tamattha½ upam±ya pak±sento “sabbo agg²”ti-±dim±ha, ta½ suviññeyyameva.
Aya½ pana na kevala½ taºh± ±rammaºe pavattivisesena dv²hi eva n±mehi vutt±, atha kho anekehipi pariy±yeh²ti dassanattha½ “icch±-itip²”ti-±di vutta½.
Tattha icchanti t±ya ±rammaº±n²ti icch±. Taºh±yanaµµhena taºh±. P²¼±jananato duruddh±raºato ca visap²ta½ salla½ viy±ti salla½. Sant±panaµµhena dh³p±yan±. ¾ka¹¹hanaµµhena s²ghasot± sarit± viy±ti sarit±, allaµµhena v± sarit±, “sarit±ni sinehit±ni ca, somanass±ni bhavanti jantuno”ti (dha. pa. 341) hi vutta½. All±ni ceva siniddh±ni c±ti ayamettha attho. Visattik±ti visat±ti visattik±. Visaµ±ti visattik±. Visam±ti visattik±. Vis±l±ti visattik±. Visakkat²ti visattik±. Visa½v±dik±ti visattik± Visa½harat²ti visattik±. Visam³l±ti visattik±. Visaphal±ti visattik±. Visaparibhog±ti visattik±. Visat± v± pana s± taºh± r³pe sadde gandhe rase phoµµhabbe dhamme kule gaºe visat± vitthat±ti visattik±.
Sinehanavasena sineho. N±n±gat²su kilamathupp±danena kilamatho. Paliveµhanaµµhena lat± viy±ti lat±. “Lat± uppajja tiµµhat²”ti (dha. pa. 340) hi vutta½. Mamanti maññanavasena maññan±. D³ragatampi ±ka¹¹hitv± bandhanaµµhena bandho. ¾s²sanaµµhena ±s±. ¾rammaºarasa½ p±tuk±mat±vasena pip±s±. Abhinandanaµµhena abhinandan±. It²ti eva½ ±rammaºe pavattivisesena anekehi n±mehi gayham±n±pi sabb± taºh± ajjhos±nalakkhaºena ekalakkhaº±ti yath±vuttamattha½ nigameti.
Puna taºh±ya anekehi n±mehi gahitabh±vameva “yath± c±”ti-±din± upacayena dasseti. Tattha vevacaneti vevacanah±ravibhaªge. “¾s± ca pih±”ti g±th±ya (netti. 37; peµako. 11) attha½ tattheva vaººayiss±ma. Avigatar±gass±ti-±d²su rañjanaµµhena r±go, chandanaµµhena chando, piy±yanaµµhena pema½, paridahanaµµhena parid±hoti taºh±va vutt±. Tenev±ha– “taºh±yeta½ vevacanan”ti. Eva½ yujjat²ti eva½ icch±taºh±na½ atthato anaññatt± “tayo pañh±”ti ya½ vutta½, ta½ yujjati yuttiy± saªgacchat²ti attho.
21. Eva½ “kenassubbh±hato loko”ti (sa½. ni. 1.66) g±th±ya “tayo pañh±”ti pañhattayabh±ve yutti½ dassetv± id±ni aññehi pak±rehi yuttigavesana½ dassento “sabbo dukkh³pac±ro”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha dukkh³pac±roti dukkhappavatti. K±mataºh±saªkh±ram³lakoti k±mataºh±paccayasaªkh±rahetukoti yujjat²ti adhipp±yo. Nibbid³pac±roti nibbid±pavatti k±m±na½ vipariº±maññath±bh±v± uppajjam±n± anabhirati ñ±ºanibbid± ca. K±mataºh±parikkh±ram³lakoti k±mataºh±ya parikkh±rabh³tavatthuk±mahetuko. Tattha anabhiratisaªkh±t± nibbid± k±mataºh±parikkh±ram³lik±, na ñ±ºanibbid±ti sabbo nibbid³pac±ro k±mataºh±parikkh±ram³lakoti na pana yujjat²ti vutta½. Im±ya yuttiy±ti naya½ dasseti. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yath± pañhattayabh±ve yutti vutt±, yath± ca dukkh³pac±ranibbid³pac±resu, eva½ im±ya yuttiy± imin± yogena nayena aññamaññehi k±raºehi ta½ta½p±¼ippadese anur³pehi aññath± aññehi het³hi yutti gavesitabb±ti.
Id±ni ta½ nayadassana½ sa½khittanti vitth±rato vibhajitv± dassetu½ “yath± hi bhagav±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tatth±ya½ saªkhepattho– r±gadosamohacarit±na½ yath±kkama½ asubhamett±paccay±k±rakath± r±g±divinayanato sapp±y±ti aya½ s±sanayutti. Evamavaµµhite yadi r±gacaritassa mett±cetovimutti½ deseyya, s± desan± na yujjati asapp±yabh±vato. Tath± sukh±paµipad±dayoti. Nanu ca sukh±paµipad±dayo paµipattiy± sambhavanti, na desan±y±ti? Saccameta½, idha pana r±gacaritoti tibbakileso r±gacaritoti adhippeto. Tassa dukkh±ya paµipad±ya bh±van± samijjhati. Yassa ca dukkh±ya paµipad±ya bh±van± samijjhati, tassa garutar± asubhadesan± sapp±y±, yassa garutar± asubhadesan± sapp±y±, na tassa mandakilesassa viya lahukatar±ti imamattha½ dassento ±ha– “sukha½ v± paµipada½…pe… deseyya na yujjati desan±”ti. Imin± nayena sesapadesupi yath±sambhava½ attho vattabbo. Ettha ca ayuttaparih±rena yuttisamadhigamoti yuttivic±raº±ya ayuttipi gavesitabb±ti vutta½– “yadi hi…pe… na yujjati desan±”ti. Sesesupi eseva nayo. Eva½ ya½ kiñc²ti-±di yuttih±rayojan±ya nayadassanameva.
Tattha evanti imin± nayena. Ya½ kiñc²ti aññampi ya½ kiñci. Anulomappah±nanti pah±nassa anur³pa½, pah±nasamatthanti attho. Sutte anavases±na½ padatth±na½ anupadavic±raº± vicayo h±ro, vicayah±rasa½vaººan±ya niddh±ritesu atthesu yuttigavesana½ sukaranti ±ha– “sabba½ ta½ vicayena h±rena vicinitv± yuttih±rena yojetabban”ti. Y±vatik± ñ±ºassa bh³m²ti sa½vaººentassa ±cariyassa ya½ ñ±ºa½ ya½ paµibh±na½, tassa yattako visayo, tattako yuttih±ravic±roti attho. Ta½ kissa hetu? Anantanayo samantabhaddako vimaddakkhamo vicittadesano ca saddhammoti.
Eva½ nayadassanavaseneva yuttih±rayojan± dassit±ti ta½ brahmavih±raphalasam±pattinav±nupubbasam±pattivasibh±vehi vibhajitv± dassetu½ “mett±vih±rissa sato”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha mett±vih±riss±ti mett±vih±ral±bhino. Satoti sam±nassa, tath±bh³tass±ti attho. By±p±doti padoso. Citta½ pariy±d±ya µhassat²ti citta½ abhibhavissati. Yasm± pana kusal±kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ apubba½ acarima½ pavatti n±ma natthi, tasm± sam±pattito vuµµh±nassa aparabh±geti dassanattha½ “µhassat²”ti vutta½. Na yujjati desan±ti by±p±dapaµipakkhatt± mett±ya t±dis² kath± na yutt±ti attho. By±p±do pah±na½ abbhattha½ gacchat²ti yujjati desan±ti yath±vuttak±raºato eva aya½ kath± yutt±ti. Sesav±resupi imin±va nayena attho veditabbo. Anutt±na½ eva vaººayiss±ma.
Animittavih±riss±ti anicc±nupassan±mukhena paµiladdhaphalasam±pattivih±rassa. Nimitt±nus±r²ti saªkh±ranimitt±nus±r². Tena tenev±ti nicc±d²su ya½ ya½ pah²na½, tena teneva nimittena. Asm²ti vigatanti pañcasu up±d±nakkhandhesu diµµhim±navasena ya½ asm²ti maññita½, ta½ vigata½. Tamevattha½ vivarati “ayamahamasm²ti na samanupass±m²”ti. Vicikicch±katha½kath±sallanti vinayakukkuccass±pi katha½ kathanti pavattisabbh±vato vicikicch±padena visesita½. Na yujjati desan±ti vicikicch±ya pah±nekaµµhabh±vato na yutt±ya½ kath±.
Paµhama½ jh±na½ sam±pannass±ti paµhamajjh±nasamaªgino. K±mar±gaby±p±d± vises±ya sa½vattant²ti na yujjat²ti yasm± n²varaºesu appah²nesu paµhamajjh±nassa upac±rampi na sampajjati, pageva jh±na½, tasm± k±mar±gaby±p±d± vises±ya dutiyajjh±n±ya sa½vattant²ti na yutt±ya½ kath±. Yath±laddhassa pana paµhamajjh±nassa k±mar±gaby±p±d± pariyuµµh±nappatt± h±n±ya sa½vattant²ti yujjati desan± yutt± kath±ti, eva½ sabbattha yojetabba½. Avitakkasahagat± saññ±manasik±r± n±ma saha upac±rena dutiyajjh±nadhamm±, ±rammaºakaraºattho hettha sahagata-saddo. H±n±y±ti paµhamajjh±nato parih±n±ya. Vises±y±ti dutiyajjh±n±ya. Imin± nayena tattha tattha h±nanti, visesoti ca vuttadhamm± veditabb±. Vitakkavic±rasahagat±ti paµhamajjh±nadhamm±, k±m±vacaradhamm± eva v±. Upekkh±sukhasahagat±ti upac±rena saddhi½ dutiyajjh±nadhamm±, tatramajjhattupekkh± hi idha upekkh±ti adhippet±. P²tisukhasahagat±ti saha upac±rena tatiyajjh±nadhamm±. Upekkh±satip±risuddhisahagat±ti catutthajjh±nadhamm±.
Saññ³pac±r±ti paµusaññ±kicca½ karont± eva ye keci cittupp±d±, “±kiñcaññ±yatanadhamm±”tipi vadanti. Saññ±vedayitanirodhasahagat±ti “saññ±vedayitanirodha½ upasampajja vihariss±m²”ti tassa parikammavasena pavattadhamm±. Te pana yasm± nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasam±pattiya½ µhiteneva sakk± saññ±vedayitanirodha½ upasampajja viharitu½, na tato parih²nena, tasm± nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasam±pattiy± h±n±ya sa½vattant²ti na yutt± kath±. Vises±ya sa½vattant²ti pana yutt± kath±ti ±ha– “h±n±ya…pe… desan±”ti. Kallat±paricitanti samatthabh±vena paricita½, yath±vuttasam±patt²su vasibh±vena paricitanti attho. Tenev±ha– “abhin²h±ra½ khamat²”ti. Sesa½ sabba½ utt±nameva.
Api cettha appaµikk³lasaññ±mukhena k±macchando vañcet²ti yujjati. Paµikk³lasaññ±patir³pat±ya by±p±do vañcet²ti yujjati. Sam±dhimukhena thinamiddha½ vañcet²ti yujjati. V²riy±rambhamukhena uddhacca½ vañcet²ti yujjati. Sikkh±k±mat±mukhena kukkucca½ vañcet²ti yujjati. Ubhayapakkhasant²raºamukhena vicikicch± vañcet²ti yujjati. Iµµh±niµµhasamupekkhanamukhena sammoho vañcet²ti yujjati. Attaññut±mukhena attani aparibhavane m±no vañcet²ti yujjati. V²ma½s±mukhena hetupatir³pakapariggahena micch±diµµhi vañcet²ti yujjati. Virattat±patir³pakena sattesu aday±pannat± vañcet²ti yujjati. Anuññ±tapaµisevanapatir³pat±ya k±masukhallik±nuyogo vañcet²ti yujjati. ¾j²vap±risuddhipatir³pat±ya asa½vibh±gas²lat± vañcet²ti yujjati. Sa½vibh±gas²lat±patir³pat±ya micch±j²vo vañcet²ti yujjati. Asa½saggavih±rit±patir³pat±ya asaªgahas²lat± vañcet²ti yujjati. Saªgahas²lat±patir³pat±ya ananulomikasa½saggo vañcet²ti yujjati. Saccav±dit±patir³pat±ya pisuºav±c± vañcet²ti yujjati. Apisuºav±dit±patir³pat±ya anatthak±mat± vañcet²ti yujjati. Piyav±dit±patir³pat±ya c±µukamyat± vañcet²ti yujjati. Mitabh±ºit±patir³pat±ya asammodanas²lat± vañcet²ti yujjati. Sammodanas²lat±patir³pat±ya m±y± s±µheyyañca vañcet²ti yujjati. Niggayhav±dit±patir³pat±ya pharusav±cat± vañcet²ti yujjati. P±pagarahit±patir³pat±ya paravajj±nupassit± vañcet²ti yujjati. Kul±nuddhayat±patir³pat±ya kulamacchariya½ vañcet²ti yujjati. ¾v±saciraµµhitik±mat±mukhena ±v±samacchariya½ vañcet²ti yujjati. Dhammaparibandhapariharaºamukhena dhammamacchariya½ vañcet²ti yujjati. Dhammadesan±bhiratimukhena bhass±r±mat± vañcet²ti yujjati. Apharusav±cat±gaº±nuggahakaraºamukhena saªgaºik±r±mat± vañcet²ti yujjati. Puññak±mat±patir³pat±ya kamm±r±mat± vañcet²ti yujjati. Sa½vegapatir³pena cittasant±po vañcet²ti yujjati. Saddh±lut±patir³pat±ya aparikkhat± vañcet²ti yujjati. V²ma½san±patir³pena assaddhiya½ vañcet²ti yujjati. Att±dhipateyyapatir³pena gar³na½ anus±saniy± appadakkhiºagg±hit± vañcet²ti yujjati. Dhamm±dhipateyyapatir³pena sabrahmac±r²su ag±rava½ vañcet²ti yujjati. Lok±dhipateyyapatir³pena attani dhamme ca paribhavo vañcet²ti yujjati. Mett±yan±mukhena r±go vañcet²ti yujjati. Karuº±yan±patir³pena soko vañcet²ti yujjati. Mudit±vih±rapatir³pena pah±so vañcet²ti yujjati. Upekkh±vih±rapatir³pena kusalesu dhammesu nikkhittachandat± vañcet²ti yujjati. Eva½ ±gamapatir³paka-adhigamapatir³pak±d²nampi tath± tath± vañcanasabh±vo yuttito veditabbo. Eva½ ±gam±nus±rena yuttigavesan± k±tabb±ti.

Yuttih±ravibhaªgavaººan± niµµhit±.