14. Na kevala½ catuttha-iddhip±do eva sam±dhiñ±ºam³lako, atha kho sabbop²ti dassetu½ “sabbo sam±dhi ñ±ºam³lako ñ±ºapubbaªgamo ñ±º±nuparivatt²”ti vutta½. Yadi eva½ kasm± so eva v²ma½s±sam±dh²ti vuttoti? V²ma½sa½ jeµµhaka½ katv± pavattitatt±ti vuttov±yamattho. Tattha pubbabh±gapaññ±ya ñ±ºam³lako. Adhigamapaññ±ya ñ±ºapubbaªgamo. Paccavekkhaºapaññ±ya ñ±º±nuparivatti. Atha v± pubbabh±gapaññ±ya ñ±ºam³lako. Upac±rapaññ±ya ñ±ºapubbaªgamo. Appan±paññ±ya ñ±º±nuparivatti. Upac±rapaññ±ya v± ñ±ºam³lako. Appan±paññ±ya ñ±ºapubbaªgamo. Abhiññ±paññ±ya ñ±º±nuparivatt²ti veditabba½.
Yath± pureti yath± sam±dhissa pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±º±nuparivattibh±vena pure pubbe at²t±su j±t²su asaªkhyeyyesupi sa½vaµµavivaµµesu attano paresañca khandha½ khandh³panibaddhañca duppaµivijjha½ n±ma natthi, tath± pacch± sam±dhissa an±gata½sañ±º±nuparivattibh±vena an±gat±su j±t²su asaªkhyeyyesupi sa½vaµµavivaµµesu attano paresañca khandha½ khandh³panibaddhañca duppaµivijjha½ n±ma natth²ti attho.
Yath± pacch±ti yath± sam±dhissa cetopariyañ±º±nuparivattibh±vena an±gatesu sattasu divasesu parasatt±na½ citta½ duppaµivijjha½ n±ma natthi, tath± pure at²tesu sattasu divasesu parasatt±na½ citta½ duppaµivijjha½ n±ma natth²ti attho. Yath± div±ti yath± divasabh±ge s³riy±lokena andhak±rassa vidhamitatt± cakkhumant±na½ satt±na½ ±p±thagata½ cakkhuviññeyya½ r³pa½ suviññeyya½. Tath± rattinti tath± rattibh±ge caturaªgasamann±gatepi andhak±re vattam±ne sam±dhissa dibbacakkhuñ±º±nuparivattit±ya duppaµivijjha½ r³p±yatana½ natthi.
Yath± ratti½ tath± div±ti yath± ca rattiya½ tath± div±pi atisukhuma½ kenaci tirohita½ yañca atid³re, ta½ sabbar³pa½ duppaµivijjha½ n±ma natthi. Yath± ca r³p±yatane vutta½, tath± sam±dhissa dibbasotañ±º±nuparivattit±ya sadd±yatane ca netabba½. Tenev±ha “iti vivaµena cetas±”ti-±di. Tattha apariyonaddhen±ti abhiññ±ñ±ºassa p±ribandhakakilesehi anajjhotthaµena, apariyonaddhatt± eva sappabh±sa½ citta½. Eteneva sam±dhissa iddhividhañ±º±nuparivattit±pi vutt± ev±ti daµµhabba½. Pañcindriy±n²ti iddhip±dasampayutt±ni sekkhassa pañcindriy±ni adhippet±n²ti ±ha “kusal±n²”ti. Cittasahabh³n²ti-±di tesa½ viññ±ºanirodhena nirodhadassanattha½ ±raddha½. Tath± “n±mar³pañc±”ti-±di. Teneta½ dasseti “na kevala½ pañcindriy±ni eva, atha kho n±mar³pañca viññ±ºahetuka½ viññ±ºassa nirodh± nirujjhat²”ti.
Tass±ti viññ±ºassa. Het³ti taºh±-avijj±diko. An±h±ranti padassa atthavivaraºa½. Anabhinanditanti abhinandanabh³t±ya taºh±ya pah²natt± eva apatthita½. Tato eva appaµisandhika½ viññ±ºa½ ta½ nirujjhati. Yath± ca viññ±ºa½, eva½ n±mar³pampi viññ±ºasaªkh±tassa hetuno paccayassa ca abh±v± tappaccay±na½ saªkh±r±d²na½ abh±v± ahetu appaccaya½. Sesa½ p±kaµameva. Pucch±vissajjanavicayopi vuttanay±nus±rena veditabbo.
Eva½ anusandhipucchampi dassetv± heµµh± satt±dhiµµh±n± dhamm±dhiµµh±n± ca pucch± visu½ visu½ dassit±ti id±ni t± saha dassetu½ “ye ca saªkh±tadhamm±se”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tatth±ya½ padattho– saªkh±tadhamm±ti anicc±divasena pariv²ma½sitadhamm±, arahata½ eta½ adhivacana½. Sekkh±ti s²l±d²ni sikkham±n± avases± ariyapuggal±. Puth³ti bah³ sattajan±. Tesa½ me nipako iriya½, puµµho pabr³h²ti tesa½ sekh±sekh±na½ nipako paº¹ito tva½ bhagav± paµipatti½ puµµho me br³h²ti. Sesa½ p±¼ivaseneva viññ±yati.
15. Kiss±ti kissa hetu, kena k±raºen±ti attho. Sekh±sekhavipassan± pubbaªgamappah±nayogen±ti sekhe asekhe vipassan±pubbaªgamappah±ne ca pucchanayogena, pucch±vidhin±ti attho.
Vissajjanag±th±ya½ k±mesu n±bhigijjheyy±ti vatthuk±mesu kilesak±mena na abhigijjheyya. Manas±n±vilo siy±ti by±p±davitakk±dayo k±yaduccarit±dayo ca manaso ±vilabh±vakare dhamme pajahanto cittena an±vilo bhaveyya. Yasm± pana asekkho aniccat±divasena sabbadhamm±na½ paritulitatt± kusalo sabbadhammesu k±y±nupassan±sati-±d²hi ca sato sabbakiles±na½ bhinnatt± uttamabhikkhubh±va½ patto ca hutv± sabba-iriy±pathesu pavattati, tasm± “kusalo…pe… paribbaje”ti ±h±ti aya½ saªkhepattho.
Tattha ya½ pucch±g±th±ya½ “nipako”ti pada½ vutta½, ta½ bhagavanta½ sandh±ya vutta½, bhagavato ca nepakka½ ukka½sap±ramippatta½ an±varaºañ±ºadassanena d²petabbanti an±varaºañ±ºa½ t±va kammadv±rabhedehi vibhajitv± sekh±sekhapaµipada½ dassetu½ “bhagavato sabba½ k±yakamman”ti-±di vutta½. Tena sabbattha appaµihatañ±ºadassanena tath±gatassa sekh±sekhapaµipattidesan±kosallameva vibh±veti. Tattha ko c±ti kva ca, kasmi½ visayeti attho. Ta½ visaya½ dasseti “ya½ anicce dukkhe anattani c±”ti. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– ñ±ºadassana½ n±ma uppajjam±na½ “sabba½ saªkhata½ anicca½ dukkha½ sabbe dhamm± anatt±”ti uppajjati, tassa pana tasmi½ visaye yena appavatti, so paµigh±toti, etena lakkhaºattayappaµivedhassa durabhisambhavata½ anaññas±dh±raºatañca dasseti. Lakkhaºattayavibh±vanena hi bhagavato catusaccappaµivedha½ samm±sambodhiñca paº¹it± paµij±nanti.
Aññ±ºa½ adassananti ta½ paµigh±ta½ sar³pato dasseti. Cha¼±rammaºasabh±vappaµicch±dako hi sammoho ñ±ºadassanassa paµigh±toti. Yasmi½ visaye ñ±ºadassana½ uppattiraha½, tattheva tassa paµigh±tena bhavitabbanti ±ha– “ya½ anicce dukkhe anattani c±”ti. Yath± idha purisoti-±di upam±dassana½. Tatrida½ opammasa½sandana½– puriso viya sabbo loko, t±rakar³p±ni viya cha ±rammaº±ni, tassa purisassa t±rakar³p±na½ dassana½ viya lokassa cakkhuviññ±º±d²hi yath±raha½ cha¼±rammaºaj±nana½, tassa purisassa t±rakar³p±ni passantass±pi “ettak±ni sat±ni, ettak±ni sahass±n²”ti-±din± gaºanasaªketena aj±nana½ viya lokassa r³p±di-±rammaºa½ kathañci j±nantass±pi anicc±dilakkhaºattay±navabodhoti. Sesa½ p±kaµameva.
Id±ni yehi padehi bhagavat± ±yasmato ajitassa sekh±sekhapaµipad± vutt±, tesa½ pad±na½ attha½ vibhajitu½ “tattha sekhen±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha tatth±ti nip±tamatta½, tasmi½ v± vissajjane. Sekhen±ti sikkh± etassa s²lanti sekho, tena sekhena. Dv²su dhammes³ti duvidhesu dhammes³ti adhipp±yo. Pariyuµµh±n²yes³ti dosena pariyuµµhitena yattha parivattitabba½, tesu ±gh±tavatth³s³ti attho. “Paµighaµµh±n²yes³”tipi p±µho, soyevattho.
Ettha ca gedhapaµisedhacodan±ya½ gedhanimitto doso gedhe sati hot²ti tatopi cittassa rakkhitabbat± niddh±retv± vutt±. Yasm± pana bhagavat± “k±mesu n±bhigijjheyy±”ti (su. ni. 1045; c³¼ani. ajitam±ºavapucch± 64, ajitam±ºavapucch±niddesa 8; netti. 15-17) vutta½, tasm± “tattha y± icch±”ti-±din± gedhavasena niddeso kato. Atha v± dosato cittassa rakkhitabbat± g±th±ya dutiyap±dena vutt±yev±ti daµµhabb±. Dutiyap±dena hi sesakilesavod±nadhamm± dassit±. Tath± hi uppann±nuppannabhedato samm±v±y±massa visayabh±vena sabbe sa½kilesavod±nadhamme catudh± vibhajitv± sammappadh±namukhena sekhapaµipada½ matthaka½ p±petv± dassetu½ “sekho abhigijjhanto”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha an±vilasaªkappoti ±vil±na½ k±masaªkapp±d²na½ abh±vena an±vilasaªkappo. Tato eva ca anabhigijjhanto v±yamati, v²riya½ pavatteti. Katha½ v±yamat²ti ±ha– “so anuppann±nan”ti-±di.
Tattha soti uttarivisesatth±ya paµipajjam±no sekkho. Anuppann±nanti anibbatt±na½. P±pak±nanti l±mak±na½. Akusal±na½ dhamm±nanti akosallasambh³t±na½ dhamm±na½. Anupp±d±y±ti na upp±danatth±ya. Chanda½ janet²ti kattukamyat±saªkh±ta½ kusalacchanda½ upp±deti. V±yamat²ti payogaparakkama½ karoti. V²riya½ ±rabhat²ti k±yikacetasikav²riya½ karoti. Citta½ paggaºh±t²ti teneva sahaj±tav²riyena citta½ ukkhipati. Padahat²ti padh±nav²riya½ karoti. V±yamat²ti-±d²ni pana catt±ri pad±ni ±sevan±bh±van±bahul²kammas±taccakiriy±hi yojetabb±ni. Uppann±na½ p±pak±nanti anuppann±ti avattabbata½ ±pann±na½ p±padhamm±na½. Pah±n±y±ti pajahanatth±ya. Anuppann±na½ kusal±nanti anibbatt±na½ kosallasambh³t±na½ dhamm±na½. Upp±d±y±ti upp±danatth±ya. Uppann±nanti nibbatt±na½. Ýhitiy±ti µhitattha½. Asammos±y±ti anassanattha½ Bhiyyobh±v±y±ti punappuna½ bh±v±ya. Vepull±y±ti vipulabh±v±ya. Bh±van±y±ti va¹¹hiy±. P±rip³riy±ti parip³raºatth±y±ti aya½ t±va padattho.
16. “Katame anuppann±”ti-±di akusaladhamm± kusaladhamm± ca y±dis± anuppann± y±dis± ca uppann±, te dassetu½ ±raddha½. Tattha ime anuppann±ti ime k±mavitakk±dayo asamud±c±ravasena v± ananubh³t±rammaºavasena v± anuppann± n±ma. Aññath± hi anamatagge sa½s±re anuppann± n±ma akusal± dhamm± natthi. Vitakkattayaggahaºañcettha nidassanamatta½ daµµhabba½. Akusalam³l±n²ti anusay± eva sabbesa½ akusal±na½ m³labh±vato eva½ vutt±, na lobh±dayo eva. Ime uppann± anusay± bh³miladdhuppann± asamuggh±µituppann±ti-±di-uppannapariy±yasabbh±vato n±mavasena uppann± n±ma, na vattam±nabh±ven±ti attho. Ime anuppann± kusal± dhamm±ti ime sot±pannassa saddh±dayo sot±pattiphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipannassa anuppann± kusal± dhamm± n±ma, ko pana v±do puthujjan±nanti dasseti. Kusalasaddo cettha b±hitikasutte (ma. ni. 2.358 ±dayo) viya anavajjapariy±yo daµµhabbo. Ime uppann± kusal± dhamm±ti ime paµhamamagge saddh±dayo sot±pattiphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipannassa uppann± kusal± dhamm± n±ma.
Satipaµµh±nabh±van±ya suniggahito k±mavitakkoti ±ha– “yena k±mavitakka½ v±reti, ida½ satindriyan”ti. Anavajjasukhapadaµµh±nena avikkhepena cetodukkhasannissayo vikkhepapaccayo by±p±davitakko suniggahitoti vutta½– “yena by±p±davitakka½ v±reti, ida½ sam±dhindriyan”ti. Kusalesu dhammesu ±raddhav²riyo par±par±dha½ sukhena sahat²ti v²riyena vihi½s±vitakko suniggahitoti ±ha– “yena vihi½s±vitakka½ v±reti, ida½ v²riyindriyan”ti. Sam±dhi-±d²nampi yath±saka½paµipakkhappah±na½ paññavantasseva ijjhat²ti imamattha½ dassento ±ha– “yena uppannuppanne”ti-±di.
Etesa½ yath±niddh±rit±na½ pañcanna½ indriy±na½ savisaye jeµµhakabh±va½ dassetu½ “saddhindriya½ kattha daµµhabban”ti-±di vutta½. Ta½ suviññeyyameva. Imesañca saddh±d²na½ sekh±na½ indriy±na½ nibbattiy± sabbepi sekh± dhamm± matthakappatt± hont²ti dassento “eva½ sekho”ti-±din± sekhapaµipada½ nigameti.
17. Eva½ sekhapaµipada½ vibhajitv± id±ni asekhapaµipada½ vibhajitu½ “kusalo sabbadhamm±nan”ti-±dim±ha Tattha sabbadhamm±nanti imin± padena vuttadhamme t±va vibhajitv± tattha asekkhassa kosalla½ dassetu½ “loko n±m±”ti-±di vutta½. Ta½ vuttatthameva. Kilesalokena bhavaloko samud±gacchat²ti k±m±vacaradhamma½ niss±ya r³p±r³p±vacaradhamme samud±gamet²ti attho. Soti so mahaggatadhammesu, parittamahaggatadhammesu v± µhito. Indriy±ni nibbattet²ti s²lasam±dhayo nibbedhabh±giye katv± vimuttiparip±can²y±ni saddh±d²ni indriy±ni upp±deti. Indriyesu bh±viyam±nes³ti yath±vutta-indriyesu va¹¹hiyam±nesu r³p±r³papariggah±divasena neyyassa pariññ± bhavati.
Dassanapariññ±ti ñ±tapariññ±. Bh±van±pariññ±ti t²raºapariññ± pah±napariññ± ca. “S± duvidhen±”ti-±din± saªkhepato vuttamattha½ “yad± hi sekho”ti-±din± vivarati. Tattha “nibbid±sahagatehi saññ±manasik±reh²”ti imin± balavavipassana½ dasseti. Yad± hi sekhoti cettha sikkhanas²lat±ya kaly±ºaputhujjanopi sekhapadena saªgahitoti katv± “dve dhamm± kosalla½ gacchanti dassanakosallañc±”ti-±di vutta½. Ayamettha adhipp±yo– yad± kaly±ºaputhujjano pubbabh±gasikkha½ sikkhanto nibbid±sahagatehi saññ±manasik±rehi ñeyya½ parij±n±ti, tad± tassa te vipassan±dhamm± dassanakosalla½ paµhamamaggañ±ºa½ gacchanti samp±puºanti tena saddhi½ ghaµenti. Yad± pana sot±pann±disekho vuttanayena neyya½ parij±n±ti, tad± tassa te vipassan±dhamm± bh±van±kosalla½ gacchant²ti.
Ta½ ñ±ºanti y± pubbe neyyassa pariññ± vutt±, ta½ neyyaparij±nanañ±ºa½. Pañcavidhena veditabbanti visayabhedena tassa bheda½ dasseti. Dhamm±na½ salakkhaºe ñ±ºanti r³p±r³padhamm±na½ kakkha¼aphusan±disalakkhaºe ñ±ºa½. Ta½ pana yasm± sabba½ neyya½ hetuhetuphalabhedato duvidhameva hoti, tasm± “dhammapaµisambhid± ca atthapaµisambhid± c±”ti niddiµµha½.
Pariññ±ti t²raºapariññ± adhippet±. Yasm± panassa r³p±r³padhamme salakkhaºato paccayato ca abhij±nitv± kusal±divibh±gehi te pariggahetv± anicc±divasena j±nan± hoti, tasm± “eva½ abhij±nitv± y± parij±nan±, ida½ kusalan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha eva½gahit±ti eva½ anicc±dito kal±pasammasan±divasena gahit± sammasit±. Ida½ phala½ nibbattent²ti ida½ udayabbayañ±º±dika½ phala½ paµip±µiy± upp±denti nimittassa kattubh±vena upacaraºato yath± ariyabh±vakar±ni sacc±ni ariyasacc±n²ti. Tesanti udayabbayañ±º±d²na½ Eva½gahit±nanti eva½pavattit±na½. Aya½ atthoti aya½ sacc±na½ anubodhapaµivedho attho. Yath± hi pariññ±paññ± sammasitabbadhamme sammasanadhamme tattha sammasan±k±ra½ parij±n±ti, eva½ sammasanaphalampi parij±n±t²ti katv± aya½ nayo dassito.
Ye akusal±ti samudayasaccam±ha. Sabbe hi akusal± samudayapakkhiy±ti. Ye kusal±ti maggadhamm± samm±diµµhi-±dayo. Yadipi phaladhamm±pi sacchik±tabb±, catusaccappaµivedhassa pana adhippetatt± “katame dhamm± sacchik±tabb±, ya½ asaªkhatan”ti vutta½. Atthakusaloti paccayuppannesu atthesu kusalo. Dhammakusaloti paccayadhammesu kusalo. P±¼i-atthap±¼idhamm± v± atthadhamm±. Kaly±ºat±kusaloti yuttat±kusalo, catunayakovidoti attho, desan±yuttikusalo v±. Phalat±kusaloti kh²º±savaphalakusalo. “¾yakusalo”ti-±d²su ±yoti va¹¹hi. S± anatthah±nito aµµhuppattito ca duvidh±. Ap±y±ti ava¹¹hi. S±pi atthah±nito anaµµhuppattito ca duvidh±. Up±yoti satt±na½ acc±yike kicce v± bhaye v± uppanne tassa tikicchanasamattha½ µh±nuppattik±raºa½, tattha kusaloti attho. Kh²º±savo hi sabbaso avijj±ya pah²natt± paññ±vepullappatto etesu ±y±d²su kusaloti. Eva½ asekhassa kosalla½ ekadesena vibh±vetv± puna anavasesato dassento “mahat± kosallena samann±gato”ti ±ha.
Pariniµµhitasikkhassa asekhassa satok±rit±ya añña½ payojana½ natth²ti vutta½ “diµµhadhammasukhavih±ratthan”ti. Id±ni yath±niddiµµha½ sekh±sekhapaµipada½ nigamento “im± dve cariy±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha bojjhanti bujjhitabba½. Ta½ catubbidhanti ta½ bojjha½ catubbidha½, catusaccabh±vato. Eva½ j±n±t²ti eva½ pariññ±bhisamay±divasena yo j±n±ti. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ asekho sativepullappatto nippariy±yena “sato abhikkamat²”ti-±din± vuccat²ti. Sesa½ utt±natthameva. Idh±pi pucch±vissajjanavicay± pubbe vuttanay±nus±rena veditabb±.
Ett±vat± ca mah±thero vicayah±ra½ vibhajanto ajitasuttavasena (su. ni. 103 ±dayo; c³¼ani. ajitam±ºavapucch± 57 ±dayo, ajitam±ºavapucch±niddesa 1 ±dayo) pucch±vicaya½ vissajjanavicayañca dassetv± id±ni suttantaresupi pucch±vissajjanavicay±na½ naya½ dassento “eva½ pucchitabba½, eva½ vissajjitabban”ti ±ha. Tattha evanti imin± nayena. Pucchitabbanti pucch± k±tabb±, ±cikkhitabb± v±, vivecetabb±ti attho. Eva½ vissajjitanti etth±pi eseva nayo. Suttassa c±ti-±di anug²tivicayanidassana½. Anug²ti atthato ca byañjanato ca sam±netabb±ti suttantaradesan±saªkh±t± anug²ti atthato byañjanato ca sa½vaººiyam±nena suttena sam±n± sadis² k±tabb±, tasmi½ v± sutte samm± ±netabb±. Atth±pagatanti atthato apeta½, asambandhattha½ v± dasad±¼im±divacana½ viya. Tenev±ha “samphappal±pa½ bhavat²”ti. Etena atthassa sam±netabbat±ya k±raºam±ha. Dunnikkhittass±ti asamm±vuttassa. Dunnayoti dukkhena netabbo, netu½ v± asakkuºeyyo. Byañjanupetanti sabh±vaniruttisamupeta½.
Eva½ anug²tivicaya½ dassetv± niddesav±re “suttassa yo pavicayo”ti sa½khittena vuttamattha½ vibhajitu½ “suttañca pavicinitabban”ti vatv± tassa vicinan±k±ra½ dassento “ki½ ida½ sutta½ ±haccavacanan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ±haccavacananti bhagavato µh±nakaraº±ni ±hacca abhihantv± pavattavacana½, samm±sambuddhena s±ma½ desitasuttanti attho. Anusandhivacananti s±vakabh±sita½. Tañhi bhagavato vacana½ anusandhetv± pavattanato “anusandhivacanan”ti vuttanti. N²tatthanti yath±rutavasena ñ±tabbattha½. Neyyatthanti niddh±retv± gahetabbattha½. Sa½kilesabh±giyanti-±d²na½ pad±na½ attho paµµh±nav±ravaººan±ya½ ±vi bhavissati. Yasm± pana bhagavato desan± so¼asavidhe s±sanapaµµh±ne eka½ bh±ga½ abhajant² n±ma natthi, tasm± sopi nayo vicetabbabh±vena idha nikkhitto.
Kuhi½ imassa suttass±ti imassa suttassa kasmi½ padese ±dimajjhapariyos±nesu. Sabb±ni sacc±ni passitabb±n²ti dukkhasacca½ suttassa “kuhi½ kasmi½ padese kasmi½ v± pade passitabba½ niddh±retv± vicetu½, samudayasacca½ nirodhasacca½ maggasacca½ kuhi½ passitabba½ daµµhabba½ niddh±retv± vicetun”ti eva½ sabb±ni sacc±ni uddharitv± vicetabb±n²ti adhipp±yo. ¾dimajjhapariyos±neti eva½ sutta½ pavicetabbanti ±dito majjhato pariyos±nato ca eva½ imin± pucch±vicay±dinayena sutta½ pavicitabbanti attho. Ettha ca pucch±vissajjanapubb±par±nug²tivicay± p±¼iya½ sar³peneva dassit±. Ass±d±divicayo pana saccaniddh±raºamukhena nayato dassito, so niddesav±re vuttanayeneva veditabbo. Tabbicayeneva ca padavicayo siddhoti.

Vicayah±ravibhaªgavaººan± niµµhit±.