Asam±hitass±ti n±n±rammaºesu vikkhittacittassa. Savant²ti pavattanti. Abhijjh±ti-±di asam±dh±nahetudassana½. Tenev±ha– “eva½ asam±hitass±”ti. “Yath±ha bhagav±”ti-±din± idh±pi anug²tivicaya½ dasseti. Sot±na½ savana½ yebhuyyena anurodhavasenev±ti ±ha– “savati man±pikesu r³pes³”ti. Ettha ca cakkh±dayo sot±na½ dv±rabh±vena pavattam±n± upac±ravasena saya½ savant± viya vutt±. It²ti eva½. Sabb±ti sabbasm±. Sabbath±ti sabbappak±rena. Ida½ vod±nanti ida½ “pariyuµµh±navigh±tan”ti vutta½ pariyuµµh±nappah±na½ vod±na½.
Vissajjanag±th±ya sati tesa½ niv±raºanti vipassan±sampayutt± sati kusal±kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ gatiyo samanvesam±n± tesa½ sot±na½ niv±raºanti. Sot±na½ sa½vara½ br³m²ti tameva sati½ sot±na½ sa½vara½ br³mi. Paññ±yete pidh²yareti r³p±d²su aniccat±dipaµivedhas±dhik±ya maggapaññ±ya ete sot± sabbaso pidhiyyanti, uppajjitu½ appad±navasena samucchijjant²ti attho.
N±viñchat²ti abhijjh±dippavattidv±rabh±vena cittasant±na½, puggala½ v± n±ka¹¹hati. Anusayappah±na½ idha pidh±na½ adhippetanti ±ha– “paññ±ya anusay± pah²yant²”ti. Yasm± anusayanimitta½ pariyuµµh±na½ anusay±bh±ve na hot²ti ±ha “anusayes³”ti-±di. Id±ni tamevattha½ upam±ya vibh±vento “ta½ yath± khandhavantass±”ti-±dim±ha. Etth±pi sot±na½ niv±raºasaªkh±ta½ sa½vara½ pidh±nañca aj±nantena tattha v± sa½sayitena eka½sikatt± dhamm±dhiµµh±n± pucch± kat±ti idha pucch±vicayo vuttanayeneva vissajjanavicayo ca veditabbo.
Ettha ca yena adhipp±yena “kenassu nivuto loko”ti g±th±ya (su. ni. 1038; c³¼ani. ajitam±ºavapucch± 57, ajitam±ºavapucch±niddesa 1; netti. 45) satipi niv±raº±d²na½ catunna½ pucchitabbabh±ve eko pañhoti vutta½. Tena t±va sot±na½yeva sa½varo pidh±nañca pucchitanti sote ekatthavasena gahetv± pucch±ya ek±dhiµµh±nabh±vato eko pañhoti vattabba½ siy±. Sot±na½ v± bahubh±vato bah³ti yattak± sot±, tattak± pañh±ti. Yena pana adhipp±yena “savanti sabbadhi sot±”ti g±th±ya½ (su. ni. 1040; c³¼ani. ajitam±ºavapucch± 59, ajitam±ºavapucch±niddesa 3; netti. 45) sote an±masitv± sa½varapidh±n±na½ vasena “dve pañh±”ti vutta½. Tena paµhamag±th±ya½ satipi niv±raº±d²na½ lok±dh±rabh±ve loka½ an±masitv± niv±raº±d²na½ vibh±gena catt±ro pañh±tipi vattabbanti aya½ nayo dassitoti daµµhabba½.
Id±ni yasm± pucchanto na kevala½ pubbe attan± racitaniy±meneva pucchati, atha kho desan±k±le vuttadhammassa anusandhi½ gahetv±pi pucchati, tasm± tassa anusandhi½ pucch±ya vicetabb±k±ra½ dassento “y±ni sot±n²”ti g±th±ya anantara½ “paññ± ceva sati c±”ti g±tham±ha. Tass±ya½ saªkhepattho– y±ya½ bhagavat± vutt± paññ±, y± ca sati yañca tadavasesa½ n±mar³pa½, eta½ sabbampi kattha nirujjhati, eta½ me puµµho pabr³h²ti.
Vissajjanag±th±ya½ panassa yasm± paññ±satiyo n±meneva saªgaha½ gacchanti, tasm± t± visu½ na vutt±. Ayañcettha saªkhepattho– ya½ ma½ tva½, ajita, eta½ pañha½ apucchi– “kattheta½ uparujjhat²”ti anantarag±th±ya½ (su. ni. 1042; c³¼ani. ajitam±ºavapucch± 61, ajitam±ºavapucch±niddesa 5; netti. 11, 45), yattha ta½ asesa½ uparujjhati, ta½ te vad±mi. Tassa tassa hi viññ±ºassa nirodhena saheva apubba½ acarima½ ettheta½ uparujjhati, ettheva viññ±ºassa nirodhena nirujjhati, eta½ viññ±ºanirodha½ tassa nirodho n±tivattat²ti vutta½ hot²ti. Aya½ pañhe anusandhi½ pucchat²ti anantarag±th±ya½ sot±na½ pariyuµµh±n±nusayappah±nakiccena saddhi½ sati paññ± ca vutt±, ta½ sutv± tappah±ne paññ±sat²su tiµµhant²su t±sa½ sannissayena n±mar³pena bhavitabba½, tath± ca sati vaµµati eva. Kattha nu kho im±sa½ sanissay±na½ paññ±sat²na½ asesanirodhoti imin± adhipp±yena aya½ pucch± kat±ti ±ha– “aya½ pañhe…pe… dh±tun”ti. Tattha anusandh²yati desan± et±y±ti anusandhi.
Y±ya paµipad±ya anup±disesa½ nibb±nadh±tu½ adhigacchanti, ta½ catusaccakammaµµh±nabh±van±saªkh±ta½ paµipada½ saha visayena dassetu½ “t²ºi ca sacc±n²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha saªkhat±n²ti samecca sambh³ya paccayehi kat±n²ti saªkhat±ni. Nirodhadhamm±n²ti nirujjhanasabh±v±ni. Dukkha½ samudayo maggoti tesa½ sar³padassana½. Nirodho pana kathanti ±ha “nirodho asaªkhato”ti. So hi kenaci paccayena na saªkhatoti asaªkhato. Saha visayena pah±tabbapah±yakasabh±vesu ariyasaccesu pah±yakavibh±gamukhena pah±tabbavibh±ga½ dassetu½ “tattha samudayo”ti-±di vutta½.
Tattha avijj±vases±ti dassanamaggena pah²n±vases± avijj±ti attho. Ayañca sesa-saddo k±macchando by±p±do m±no uddhaccanti etth±pi yojetabbo. Yath± hi avijj±, eva½ etepi dhamm± ap±yagaman²yasabh±v± paµhamamaggena pah²yanti ev±ti. “Avijj±niravases±”tipi p±µho, etth±pi yath±vuttesu k±macchand±dipadesupi niravasesa-saddo yojetabbo S±vasesañhi purimamaggadvayena k±macchand±dayo pah²yanti, itarehi pana niravasesanti. Tedh±tuke im±ni dasa sa½yojan±n²ti ettha tedh±tuketi sa½yojan±na½ visayadassana½. Tattha hi t±ni sa½yojanavasena pavattanti.
12. Anaññ±taññass±m²tindriya½ adhiµµh±y±ti ta½ pah±yaka½ patv±. Ya½ pan±ti ettha yanti hetu-atthe nip±to. Ida½ khaye ñ±ºanti yena ñ±ºena hetubh³tena “kh²º± me j±t²”ti attano j±tiy± kh²ºabh±va½ j±n±ti, ida½ eva½ paccavekkhaºassa nimittabh³ta½ arahattaphalañ±ºa½ khaye ñ±ºa½ n±ma. N±para½ itthatt±y±ti paj±n±t²ti etth±pi yanti ±netabba½ “ya½ n±para½ itthatt±y±ti paj±n±t²”ti. Ida½ anupp±de ñ±ºanti idh±pi pubbe vuttanayeneva arahattaphalañ±ºavasena attho yojetabbo. Aµµhas±liniya½ (dha. sa. aµµha. cittupp±dakkaº¹a 135-142) pana “khaye ñ±ºa½ kilesakkhayakare ariyamagge ñ±ºanti vutta½. Anupp±de ñ±ºa½ paµisandhivasena anupp±dabh³te ta½ta½maggavajjhakiles±na½ anupp±dapariyos±ne uppanne ariyaphale ñ±ºan”ti vutta½. Idha pana ubhayampi arahattaphalañ±ºavaseneva vibhatta½. Tenev±ha– “im±ni dve ñ±º±ni aññ±t±vindriyan”ti, “±rammaºasaªketena dve n±m±ni labbhant²”ti ca.
Aññindriya½ heµµhimesu t²su phalesu, uparimesu ca t²su maggesu uppattiy± punappuna½ uppajjam±nampi anaññ±taññass±m²tindriya½ viya paµhamaphaluppattiy± aggaphaluppattiy± anupp±danirodhena nirujjhat²ti ±ha– “yañca anaññ±taññass±m²tindriyan”ti-±di. Etena pah±tabbadhamm± viya dassanabh±van±hi aggaphaluppattiy± tadavasesaphaladhamm±pi anupp±danirodhena nirujjhanti. Ko pana v±do tebh³makadhamm±nanti dasseti, ek± paññ± aññ±t±vindriyatt±. Yadi ek±, katha½ dvidh± vutt±ti ±ha “api c±”ti-±di. ¾rammaºasaªketen±ti khaye anupp±deti im±ya ±rammaºasamaññ±ya. S± paj±nanaµµhena paññ±ti y± pubbe sot±na½ pidh±nakicc± vutt± paññ±, s± paj±nanasabh±vena paññ±. Itar± pana yath±diµµha½ yath±gahita½ ±rammaºa½ apil±panaµµhena og±hanaµµhena sat²ti.
13. Eva½ “paññ± ceva sati c±”ti padassa attha½ vivaritv± id±ni “n±mar³pan”ti padassa attha½ vivaranto “tattha ye pañcup±d±nakkhandh±, ida½ n±mar³pan”ti ±ha. N±mar³pañca vibh±gena dassento sukhaggahaºattha½ p±kaµan±mar³pameva vibh±vetu½ “tattha ye”ti-±dim±ha. Taggahaºeneva hi sahacaraº±din± tadaññe cittacetasik± r³padhamm± ca gahit± hont²ti. N±maggahaºena cettha khandhattayameva gahitanti “n±mar³pa½ viññ±ºasampayuttan”ti vutta½. Ta½ pana r³pa½ sampayuttanti? Nayida½ sampayuttapaccayavasena vutta½. Pacurajanassa pana avibh±gena gahaº²yasabh±va½ sandh±ya vuttanti daµµhabba½.
G±th±ya anup±dises± nibb±nadh±tu pucchit±ti ta½ caturiddhip±damukhena ariyamagg±dhigamena pattabbanti dassento iddhip±dabh±van±m³labh³t±ni indriy±ni satipaññ±hi niddh±retu½ “tattha sati ca paññ± ca catt±ri indriy±n²”ti ±ha. Kusal±kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ gatiyo samanvesam±n± sati sijjhant² ekantena sam±dhi½ nipph±deti. Satiggahaºena cettha pariyuµµh±nappah±na½ idh±dhippetanti ±ha– “sati dve indriy±ni, satindriyañca sam±dhindriyañc±”ti. Tath± anusayasamuggh±tavidh±yin² paññ± sijjham±n± na vin± catubbidhasammappadh±nav²riya½ sijjhat²ti vutta½– “paññ± dve indriy±ni paññindriyañca v²riyindriyañc±”ti.
Y± imesu cat³su indriyes³ti imesu sati-±d²su cat³su indriyesu nissayapaccayat±ya adhiµµh±nabh³tesu ta½sahaj±t± eva y± saddahan±. “Imehi cat³hi indriyeh²”tipi p±¼i, tass± imehi cat³hi indriyehi sampayutt±ti vacanaseso, ±rammaºe abhippas±dalakkhaº± saddh± kattuk±mat±sabh±vassa chandassa visesapaccayo hot²ti ±ha– “y± saddh±dhipateyy± cittekaggat±, aya½ chandasam±dh²”ti. Sam±hite citteti vipassan±sam±dhin± sam±hite citte. Ida½ pah±nanti vikkhambhanappah±nas±dhako sam±dhi pah±nanti vutto pajahati eten±ti katv±. “Padh±nan”tipi p±µho, aggoti attho. Tath± hi “sam±dhi ekod²”ti vuccati.
“Ass±sapass±s±”ti-±din± k±yavac²cittasaªkh±ras²sena ta½samuµµh±pak± v²riyasaªkh±r±va gahit±. Te hi y±va bh±van±nipphatti t±va ekarasena saraºato saªkappetabbato ca sarasaªkapp±”ti vutt± “eva½ me bh±van± hot³”ti yath± icchit±, tath± pavattiy± hetubh±vato. Tadubhayanti chandasam±dhisaªkh±tañca padh±nasaªkh±rasaªkh±tañca v²riyanti ta½ ubhaya½. Ubhayameva hi upac±ravasena añña½ viya katv± “chandasam±dhippadh±nasaªkh±rasamann±gata½ iddhip±dan”ti vutta½. Abhinnampi hi upac±ravasena bhinna½ viya katv± voharanti, yath± “sil±puttakassa sar²ran”ti.
Tattha ijjhat²ti iddhi, samijjhati nipphajjat²ti attho. Ijjhanti v± t±ya satt± iddh± vuddh± ukka½sagat± hont²ti iddhi, pajjati eten±ti p±do, paµhamena atthena iddhi eva p±do iddhip±do, iddhikoµµh±soti attho. Dutiyena atthena iddhiy± p±do patiµµh± adhigam³p±yoti iddhip±do. Tena hi upar³parivisesasaªkh±ta½ iddhi½ pajjanti p±puºanti. Vivekanissitanti tadaªgavivekanissita½ samucchedavivekanissita½ nissaraºavivekanissitañca iddhip±da½ bh±vet²ti attho. Tath± hi aya½ iddhip±dabh±van±nuyutto yog² vipassan±kkhaºe kiccato tadaªgavivekanissita½ ajjh±sayato nissaraºavivekanissita½. Maggakkhaºe pana kiccato samucchedavivekanissita½ ±rammaºato nissaraºavivekanissita½ iddhip±da½ bh±vet²ti. Esa nayo vir±ganissitanti-±d²su.
Vivekatt± eva hi vir±g±dayo, kevalañcettha vossaggo duvidho paricc±gavossaggo ca pakkhandanavossaggo c±ti. Tattha paricc±gavossaggo vipassan±kkhaºe tadaªgavasena, maggakkhaºe samucchedavasena kilesappah±na½. Pakkhandanavossaggo vipassan±kkhaºe tanninnabh±vena, maggakkhaºe ±rammaºakaraºavasena nibb±napakkhandana½. Tadubhayampi imasmi½ lokiyalokuttaramissake atthasa½vaººan±naye yujjati. Tath± hi aya½ paµhamiddhip±do yath±vuttena pak±rena kilese pariccajati nibb±nañca pakkhandati. Vossaggapariº±minti imin± pana vacanena vossaggattha½ pariºamanta½ pariºatañca paripaccanta½ paripakkañc±ti attho. Ayañhi iddhip±dabh±van±nuyutto yog² yath± paµhamo iddhip±do kilesaparicc±gavossaggattha½ nibb±napakkhandanavossaggatthañca paripaccati, yath± ca paripakko hoti, tath± na½ bh±vet²ti. Sesiddhip±desupi eseva nayo. Aya½ pana viseso– yath± chanda½ jeµµhaka½ katv± pavattito sam±dhi chandasam±dhi. Eva½ v²riya½ citta½ v²ma½sa½ jeµµhaka½ katv± pavattito sam±dhi v²ma½s±sam±dh²ti.