1. Saªgahav±ravaººan±

Eva½ anekabhedavibhatte nettippakaraºe yadida½ vutta½ “saªgahavibh±gav±ravasena duvidhan”ti, tattha saªgahav±ro ±di. Tass±pi “ya½ loko p³jayate”ti aya½ g±th± ±di. Tattha yanti aniyamato upayoganiddeso, tassa “tass±”ti imin± niyamana½ veditabba½. Lokoti kattuniddeso. P³jayateti kiriy±niddeso. Salokap±loti kattuvisesana½. Sad±ti k±laniddeso. Namassati c±ti upacayena kiriy±niddeso Tass±ti s±miniddeso. Etanti paccattaniddeso. S±sanavaranti paccattaniddesena niddiµµhadhammanidassana½. Vid³h²ti karaºavacanena kattuniddeso. Ñeyyanti kammav±cakakiriy±niddeso. Naravarass±ti “tass±”ti niyametv± dassitassa sar³pato dassana½.
Tattha lokiyanti ettha puññ±puññ±ni tabbip±ko c±ti loko, paj±, sattanik±yoti attho. Loka-saddo hi j±tisaddat±ya s±maññavasena niravasesato satte saªgaºh±ti. Kiñc±pi hi lokasaddo saªkh±rabh±janesupi diµµhappayogo, p³janakiriy±yogyabh³tat±vasena pana sattalokavacano eva idha gahitoti daµµhabba½. P³jayateti m±nayati, apac±yat²ti attho.
Loka½ p±lent²ti lokap±l±, catt±ro mah±r±j±no. Lokiy± pana indayamavaruºakuver± lokap±l±ti vadanti. Saha lokap±leh²ti salokap±lo, “loko”ti imin± tuly±dhikaraºa½. Atha v± issariy±dhipaccena ta½ta½sattalokassa p±lanato rakkhaºato khattiyacatumah±r±jasakkasuy±masantusitasunimmitaparanimmitavasavattimah±brahm±dayo lokap±l±. Tehi saha ta½ta½sattanik±yo salokap±lo lokoti vutto. Atha v± “dveme, bhikkhave, sukk± dhamm± loka½ p±lent²”ti (a. ni. 2.9; itivu. 42) vacanato hirottappadhamm± lokap±l±. Tehi samann±gato loko salokap±lo. Hirottappasampann± hi p±pagarahino sappuris± dhammacchandavantat±ya bhagavati p³j±namakk±rapar± hont²ti.
Sad±ti sabbak±la½ rattiñceva div± ca, sad±ti v± bhagavato dharam±nak±le tato parañca. Atha v± sad±ti abhin²h±rato paµµh±ya y±va s±sanantaradh±n±, tato parampi v±. Mah±bhin²h±rato paµµh±ya hi mah±bodhisatt± bodhiy± niyatat±ya buddhaªkurabh³t± sadevakassa lokassa p³jan²y± ceva vandan²y± ca honti. Yath±ha bhagav± sumedhabh³to–
“D²paªkaro lokavid³, ±hut²na½ paµiggaho;
mama kamma½ pakittetv±, dakkhiºa½ p±damuddhari.
“Ye tatth±su½ jinaputt±, padakkhiºamaka½su ma½;
dev± manuss± asur± ca, abhiv±detv±na pakkamun”ti. (Bu. va½. 2.75-76).
Namassati c±ti keci kesañci p³j±sakk±r±d²ni karont±pi tesa½ ap±kaµaguºat±ya namakk±ra½ na karonti, na eva½ bhagavato, yath±bh³ta-abbhuggatakittisaddat±ya pana bhagavanta½ sadevako loko p³jayati ceva namassati c±ti attho. “Sad± naramanusso”ti keci paµhanti, ta½ na sundara½. Tass±ti ya½ sadevako loko p³jayati ceva namassati ca, tassa. Etanti id±ni vattabba½ buddhiya½ viparivattam±na½ s±maññena dasseti. S±sanavaranti ta½ sar³pato dasseti. Tattha diµµhadhammikasampar±yikaparamatthehi yath±raha½ satte s±sati vineti eten±ti s±sana½, tadeva ekantaniyy±naµµhena anaññas±dh±raºaguºat±ya ca uttamaµµhena ta½ta½abhipatthitasamiddhihetut±ya paº¹itehi varitabbato v± vara½, s±sanameva varanti s±sanavara½. Vid³h²ti yath±sabh±vato kammakammaphal±ni kusal±dibhede ca dhamme vidant²ti vid³, paº¹itamanuss±, tehi. ѱtabba½, ñ±ºamarahat²ti v± ñeyya½. Naravarass±ti purisavarassa, aggapuggalass±ti attho.
Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yo anaññas±dh±raºamah±karuº±sabbaññutaññ±º±diguºavisesayogena sadevakena lokena p³jan²yo namassan²yo ca bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho, tassa loke uttamapuggalassa eta½ id±ni amhehi vibhajitabbah±ranayapaµµh±navic±raºavisayabh³ta½ s±sana½ ±dikaly±ºat±diguºasampattiy± vara½ agga½ uttama½ nipuºañ±ºagocarat±ya paº¹itavedan²yamev±ti. Bhagavato hi vacana½ ekag±th±mattampi saccapaµiccasamupp±dakhandh±yatanadh±tindriyasatipaµµh±n±disabh±vadhammaniddh±raºakkhamat±ya so¼asah±rapañcanayaso¼asa-aµµhav²satividhapaµµh±navic±rayogyabh±vena ca paramagambh²ra½ atthato ag±dhap±ra½ saºhasukhumañ±ºavisayamev±ti. Tenev±ha– “paññavantass±ya½ dhammo, n±ya½ dhammo duppaññass±”ti (d². ni. 3.358; a. ni. 8.30). Atha v± bhagavato s±sana½ pariññ±kkamena lakkhaº±vabodhappaµipattiy± suññatamukh±d²hi og±hitabbatt± aviññ³na½ supinantenapi na visayo hot²ti ±ha– “vid³hi ñeyyan”ti. Tath± ca vutta½– “etu viññ³ puriso”ti-±di.
Apare pana “ta½ tassa s±sanavaran”ti paµhanti, tesa½ matena ya½-saddo s±sana-saddena sam±n±dhikaraºoti daµµhabbo. Ida½ vutta½ hoti ya½ s±sanavara½ salokap±lo loko p³jayati namassati ca, ta½ s±sanavara½ vid³hi ñ±tabbanti. Imasmiñca naye lokap±la-saddena bhagav±pi vuccati. Bhagav± hi lokaggat±yakatt± nippariy±yena lokap±lo, tasm± “tass±”ti lokap±lassa satthunoti attho. Salokap±loti cettha lokap±la-saddo guº²bh³topi satthuvisayatt± s±sana-sadd±pekkhat±ya s±mibh±vena sambandh²visesabh³to padh±nabh³to viya paµiniddesa½ arahat²ti.
Katha½ pana saya½ dhammass±m² bhagav± dhamma½ p³jayat²ti? N±ya½ virodho. Dhammagaruno hi buddh± bhagavanto, te sabbak±la½ dhamma½ apac±yam±n±va viharant²ti. Vuttañheta½– “ya½n³n±ha½ yv±ya½ dhammo may± abhisambuddho, tameva dhamma½ sakkatv± garu½ katv± upaniss±ya vihareyyan”ti (sa½. ni. 1.173; a. ni. 4.21).
Api ca bhagavato dhammap³jan± sattasatt±happaµipatti-±d²hi d²petabb±. Dhammass±m²ti ca dhammena sadevakassa lokassa s±m²ti attho, na dhammassa s±m²ti. Evampi namassat²ti vacana½ na yujjati. Na hi bhagav± kañci namassat²ti, esopi niddoso. Na hi namassat²ti padassa namakk±ra½ karot²ti ayameva attho, atha kho garukaraºena tanninno tappoºo tappabbh±roti ayampi attho labbhati. Bhagav± ca dhammagarut±ya sabbak±la½ dhammaninnapoºapabbh±rabh±vena viharat²ti. Ayañca attho “yena suda½ sv±ha½ niccakappa½ vihar±m²”ti (ma. ni. 1.387) evam±d²hi suttapadehi d²petabbo. “Vid³hi neyyan”tipi p±µho, tassa paº¹itehi saparasant±nesu netabba½ p±petabbanti attho. Tattha attasant±ne p±pana½ bujjhana½, parasant±ne bodhananti daµµhabba½.
Eva½ bhagavato sadevakassa lokassa p³jan²yavandan²yabh±vo aggapuggalabh±vo ca vuccam±no guºavisiµµhata½ d²peti, s± ca guºavisiµµhat± mah±bodhiy± veditabb±. ¾savakkhayañ±ºapadaµµh±nañhi sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ sabbaññutaññ±ºapadaµµh±nañca ±savakkhayañ±ºa½ “mah±bodh²”ti vuccati. S± avipar²tadhammadesanato tath±gate suppatiµµhit±ti viññ±yati Na hi sav±sananiravasesakilesappah±na½ an±varaºañ±ºañca vin± t±dis² dhammadesan± sambhavati. Iccassa catuves±rajjayogo. Tena dasabalacha-as±dh±raºañ±ºa-aµµh±ras±veºikabuddhadhamm±disakalasabbaññuguºap±rip³r² pak±sit± hoti. Et±dis² ca guºavibh³ti mah±karuº±pubbaªgama½ abhin²h±rasampatti½ purassara½ katv± samp±dita½ samatti½sap±ramisaªkh±ta½ puññañ±ºasambh±ramantarena na upalabbhat²ti hetusampad±pi atthato vibh±vit± hot²ti eva½ bhagavato t²supi avatth±su sabbasatt±na½ ekantahitappaµil±bhahetubh³t± ±dimajjhapariyos±nakaly±º± niravases± buddhaguº± im±ya g±th±ya pak±sit±ti veditabba½.
Dutiyanaye pana yasm± sikkhattayasaªgaha½ saphala½ ariyamaggas±sana½ tassa ±rammaºabh³tañca amatadh±tu½ tadadhigam³p±yañca pubbabh±gapaµipattis±sana½ tadatthaparid²panañca pariyattis±sana½ yath±raha½ sacc±bhisamayavasena abhisamento sv±kkh±tat±diguºavisesayuttata½ manasikaronto sakkacca½ savanadh±raºaparipucch±d²hi paricaya½ karonto ca sadevako loko p³jayati n±ma. Lokan±tho ca samm±sambodhippattiy± veneyy±na½ sakkacca½ dhammadesanena “ariya½ vo, bhikkhave, samm±sam±dhi½ desess±mi” (ma. ni. 3.136; sa½. ni. 5.28; peµako. 24), “magg±naµµhaªgiko seµµho” (dha. pa. 273; kath±. 872; netti. 125; peµako. 30), “y±vat±, bhikkhave, dhamm± saªkhat± v± asaªkhat± v±, vir±go tesa½ aggamakkh±yati” (itivu. 90; a. ni. 4.34), “khaya½ vir±ga½ amata½ paº²ta½” (khu. p±. 6.4; su. ni. 227), “ek±yano aya½, bhikkhave, maggo satt±na½ visuddhiy±” (d². ni. 2.373; ma. ni. 1.106; sa½. ni. 5.367), “dhamma½ vo, bhikkhave, desess±mi ±dikaly±ºan”ti-±d²hi (ma. ni. 3.420; netti. 5) vacanehi thomanena ca p³jayati n±ma. Tasm± s±sanavarassa p³jan²yabh±vo idha vuccam±no anavasesato dhammaguºe d²pet²ti ye ariyabh±v±dayo niyy±n±dayo khayavir±g±dayo madanimmadan±dayo asaªkhat±dayo sv±kkh±tat±dayo ±dikaly±ºat±dayo ca anekehi suttapadehi pavedit± aneke dhammaguº±, te niravasesato im±ya g±th±ya pak±sit±ti veditabb±.
Yasm± pana ariyasaccappaµivedhena samuggh±µitasammoh±yeva paramatthato paº¹it± b±ly±disamatikkamanato, tasm± bh±vitalokuttaramagg± sacchikatas±maññaphal± ca ariyapuggal± visesato vid³ti vuccanti. Te hi yath±vuttas±sanavara½ avipar²tato ñ±tu½ netuñca saparasant±ne sakkuºant²ti aµµha-ariyapuggalasam³hassa paramatthasaªghass±pi idha gahitatt± ye suppaµipannat±dayo anekehi suttapadehi sa½vaººit± ariyasaªghaguº±, tepi niravasesato idha pak±sit±ti veditabb±.
Eva½ paµhamag±th±ya s±tisaya½ ratanattayaguºaparid²pana½ katv± id±ni–
“Sabbap±passa akaraºa½, kusalassa upasampad±;
sacittapariyodapana½, eta½ buddh±na s±sanan”ti. (D². ni. 2.90; dha. pa. 183; netti. 30, 50, 116, 124)–

Vacanato saªkhepato sikkhattayasaªgaha½ s±sana½, ta½ pana sikkhattaya½ ñ±ºavisesavisayabh±vabhedato avatth±bhedato ca tividha½ hoti. Katha½? Sutamayañ±ºagocaro ca yo “pariyattisaddhammo”ti vuccati. Cint±mayañ±ºagocaro ca yo ±k±raparivitakkadiµµhinijjh±nakkhant²hi gahetabb±k±ro vimutt±yatanaviseso “paµipattisaddhammo”ti vuccati. Vipassan±ñ±º±disahagato bh±van±mayañ±ºagocaro ca yo “paµivedhasaddhammo”ti vuccati. Eva½ tividhampi s±sana½ s±sanavaranti padena saªgaºhitv± tattha ya½ paµhama½, ta½ itaresa½ adhigam³p±yoti sabbas±sanam³labh³ta½ attano pakaraºassa ca visayabh³ta½ pariyattis±sanameva t±va saªkhepato vibhajanto “dv±dasa pad±n²”ti g±tham±ha.

Tattha dv±das±ti gaºanaparicchedo. Pad±n²ti paricchinnadhammanidassana½. Tesu byañjanapad±ni pajjati attho eteh²ti pad±ni. Atthapad±ni pana pajjanti ñ±yant²ti pad±ni. Ubhayampi v± ubhayath± yojetabba½ byañjanapad±nampi avipar²ta½ paµipajjitabbatt±, atthapad±na½ uttarivises±dhigamassa k±raºabh±vato, t±ni pad±ni parato p±¼iyaññeva ±vi bhavissant²ti tattheva vaººayiss±ma. Atthas³can±di-atthato sutta½. Vuttañheta½ saªgahesu–
“Atth±na½ s³canato, suvuttato savanatotha s³danato;
sutt±º± suttasabh±gato ca, ‘suttan’ti akkh±tan”ti. (P±r±. aµµha. 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±; d². ni. aµµha. 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±; dha. sa. aµµha. nid±nakath±).
Tadeta½ tattha suttapiµakavasena ±gata½, idha pana piµakattayavasena yojetabba½. “Dv±dasa pad±ni suttan”ti vutta½, ya½ pariyattis±sananti attho. Ta½ sabbanti ta½ “suttan”ti vutta½ sakala½ buddhavacana½. Byañjanañca attho c±ti byañjanañceva tadattho ca. Yato “dv±dasa pad±ni suttan”ti vutta½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– atthas³can±dito sutta½ pariyattidhammo, tañca sabba½ atthato dv±dasa pad±ni cha byañjanapad±ni ceva cha atthapad±ni c±ti. Atha v± yadeta½ “s±sanavaran”ti vutta½, ta½ sabba½ sutta½, pariyattis±sanassa adhippetatt±. Atthato pana dv±dasa pad±ni, byañjanatthapadasamud±yabh±vato. Yath±ha– “byañjanañca attho c±”ti. Ta½ viññeyya½ ubhayanti yasmi½ byañjane atthe ca vacanavacan²yabh±vena sambandhe suttavoh±ro, tadubhaya½ sar³pato viññ±tabba½ tattha katama½ byañjana½ katamo atthoti? Tenev±ha– “ko attho byañjana½ kataman”ti.
Eva½ “s±sanavaran”ti vuttassa suttassa pariyattibh±va½ tassa ca atthabyañjanapadabh±vena veditabbata½ dassetv± id±ni tassa pavicayup±ya½ nettippakaraºa½ padatthavibh±gena dassetu½ “so¼asah±r±”ti g±tham±ha.
Tattha so¼asa h±r± etiss±ti so¼asah±r±. Pañcanay± aµµh±rasam³lapad±ti etth±pi eseva nayo. Atha v± so¼asa h±r± so¼asah±r±. Eva½ itaratth±pi. H±ranayam³lapad±ni eva hi saªkhepato vitth±rato ca bh±sit±ni nett²ti. S±sanassa pariyeµµh²ti s±sanassa atthapariyesan±, pariyattis±sanassa atthasa½vaººan±ti attho, sakalasseva v± s±sanassa atthavic±raº±ti attho. Paµipattipaµivedhepi hi nettinay±nus±rena adhigacchant²ti. Mahakacc±nen±ti kaccoti pur±tano isi, tassa va½s±laªk±rabh³toya½ mah±thero “kacc±no”ti vuccati. Mahakacc±noti pana p³j±vacana½, yath± mah±moggall±noti, “kacc±yanagottaniddiµµh±”tipi p±µho. Ayañca g±th± netti½ saªg±yantehi pakaraºatthasaªgaºhanavasena µhapit±ti daµµhabb±. Yath± c±ya½, eva½ h±ravibhaªgav±re ta½ta½h±raniddesanigamane “ten±ha ±yasm±”ti-±divacana½, h±r±disamud±yabh³t±ya½ nettiya½ byañjanatthasamud±ye ca sutte ki½ kena viciyat²ti vic±raº±ya½ ±ha– “h±r± byañjanavicayo”ti-±di.
Tattha so¼asapi h±r± m³lapadaniddh±raºamantarena byañjanamukheneva suttassa sa½vaººan± honti, na nay± viya m³lapadasaªkh±tasabh±vadhammaniddh±raºamukhen±ti te “byañjanavicayo suttass±”ti vutt±. Atthanay± pana yath±vutta-atthamukheneva suttassa atthasampaµipattiy± hont²ti ±ha– “nay± tayo ca suttattho”ti. Ayañca vic±raº± paratopi ±gamissati. Keci “nayo c±”ti paµhanti, ta½ na sundara½. Ubhaya½ pariggah²tanti h±r± nay± c±ti eta½ ubhaya½ suttassa atthaniddh±raºavasena parisamantato gahita½ sabbath± sutte yojita½. Vuccati sutta½ vadati sa½vaººeti. Katha½? Yath±sutta½ sutt±nur³pa½, ya½ sutta½ yath± sa½vaººetabba½, tath± sa½vaººet²ti attho. Ya½ ya½ suttanti v± yath±sutta½, sabba½ suttanti attho. Nettinayena hi sa½vaººetu½ asakkuºeyya½ n±ma sutta½ natth²ti.
Id±ni ya½ vutta½– “s±sanavara½ vid³hi ñeyyan”ti, tattha nettisa½vaººan±ya visayabh³ta½ pariyattidhammameva pak±rantarena niyametv± dassetu½ “y± cev±”ti-±di vutta½.
Tattha atthesu kataparicchedo byañjanappabandho desan±, yo p±µhoti vuccati. Tadattho desita½ t±ya desan±ya pabodhitatt±. Tadubhayañca vimutt±yatanas²sena paricaya½ karont±na½ anup±d±parinibb±napariyos±n±na½ sampatt²na½ hetubh±vato ekantena viññeyya½, tadubhayavinimuttassa v± ñeyyassa abh±vato tadeva dvaya½ viññeyyanti imamattha½ dasseti y± ceva…pe… viññeyyanti. Tatr±ti tasmi½ vij±nane s±dhetabbe, nipph±detabbe ceta½ bhumma½. Ayam±nupubb²ti aya½ vakkham±n± anupubbi h±ranay±na½ anukkamo, anukkamena vakkham±n± h±ranay±ti attho. Navavidhasuttantapariyeµµh²ti sutt±divasena navaªgassa s±sanassa pariyesan±, atthavic±raº±ti attho. S±mi-atthe v± eta½ paccatta½ navavidhasuttantapariyeµµhiy± anupubb²ti. Atha v± anupubb²ti karaºatthe paccatta½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yath±vuttavij±nane s±dhetabbe vakkham±n±ya h±ranay±nupubbiy± aya½ navavidhasuttantassa atthapariyesan±ti.
Etth±ha katha½ panettha geyyaªg±d²na½ suttabh±vo, suttabh±ve ca tesa½ katha½ s±sanassa navaªgabh±vo. Yañca saªgahesu vuccati “sag±thaka½ sutta½ geyya½, nigg±thaka½ sutta½ veyy±karaºan”ti, tath± ca sati suttaªgameva na siy±. Ath±pi visu½ suttaªga½ siy±, maªgalasutt±d²na½ (khu. p±. 5.1 ±dayo; su. ni. 261 ±dayo) suttaªgasaªgaho na siy±, g±th±bh±vato dhammapad±d²na½ viya, geyyaªgasaªgaho v± siy±, sag±thakatt± sag±th±vaggassa viya, tath± ubhatovibhaªg±d²su sag±thakappades±nanti. Vuccate–
Suttanti s±maññavidhi, visesavidhayo pare;
sanimitt± niru¼hatt±, sahat±ññena n±ññato.
Sabbass±pi hi buddhavacanassa suttanti aya½ s±maññavidhi. Tath± hi “ettaka½ tassa bhagavato sutt±gata½ suttapariy±panna½ (p±ci. 1242), s±vatthiy± suttavibhaªge, sakav±de pañca suttasat±n²”ti-±divacanato vinay±bhidhammapariyattivisesepi suttavoh±ro dissati. Tadekadesesu pana geyy±dayo visesavidhayo tena tena nimittena patiµµhit±. Tath± hi geyyassa sag±thakatta½ tabbh±vanimitta½. Lokepi hi sasiloka½ sag±thaka½ cuººiyagantha½ geyyan”ti vadanti. G±th±virahe pana sati pucchitv± vissajjanabh±vo veyy±karaºassa. Pucch±vissajjanañhi “by±karaºan”ti vuccati. By±karaºameva veyy±karaºanti. Eva½ sante sag±thak±d²nampi pañh±vissajjanavasena pavatt±na½ veyy±karaºabh±vo ±pajjat²ti? N±pajjati, geyy±disaññ±na½ anok±sabh±vato “g±th±virahe sat²”ti visesitatt± ca. Tath± hi dhammapad±d²su kevala½ g±th±bandhesu sag±thakattepi somanassañ±ºamayikag±th±yuttesu “vuttañhetan”ti-±divacanasambandhesu abbhutadhammapaµisa½yuttesu ca suttavisesesu yath±kkama½ g±th±-ud±na-itivuttaka-abbhutadhammasaññ± patiµµhit±, tath± satipi g±th±bandhabh±ve bhagavato at²t±su j±t²su cariy±nubh±vappak±sakesu j±takasaññ±. Satipi pañh±vissajjanabh±ve sag±thakatte ca kesuci suttantesu vedassa labh±panato vedallasaññ± patiµµhit±ti eva½ tena tena sag±thakatt±din± nimittena tesu tesu suttavisesesu geyyaªg±disaññ± patiµµhit±ti visesavidhayo suttaªgato pare geyy±dayo.
Ya½ panettha geyyaªg±dinimittarahita½ sutta½, ta½ suttaªga½ visesasaññ±parih±rena s±maññasaññ±ya pavattanatoti. Nanu ca sag±thaka½ sutta½ geyya½, nigg±thaka½ sutta½ veyy±karaºanti suttaªga½ na sambhavat²ti codan± tadavatth± ev±ti? Na tadavatth±, sodhitatt±. Sodhitañhi pubbe g±th±virahe sati pucch±vissajjanabh±vo veyy±karaºassa tabbh±vanimittanti. Yañca vutta½– “g±th±bh±vato maªgalasutt±d²na½ suttaªgasaªgaho na siy±”ti, tampi na, niru¼hatt±. Niru¼ho hi maªgalasutt±d²su suttabh±vo, na hi t±ni dhammapadabuddhava½s±dayo viya g±th±bh±vena paññ±t±ni, kintu suttabh±veneva. Teneva hi aµµhakath±ya½ “suttan±makan”ti n±maggahaºa½ kata½.
Ya½ pana vutta½ “sag±thakatt± geyyaªgasaªgaho v± siy±”ti, tadapi natthi, yasm± sahat±ññena. Saha g±th±h²ti hi sag±thaka½. Sahabh±vo ca n±ma atthato aññena hoti, na ca maªgalasutt±d²su g±th±vinimutto koci suttappadeso atthi. Yo saha g±th±h²ti vucceyya, na ca samud±yo n±ma koci atthi. Yadapi vutta½– “ubhatovibhaªg±d²su sag±thakappades±na½ geyyaªgasaªgaho siy±”ti, tadapi na aññato. Aññ± eva hi t± g±th±, j±tak±dipariy±pannatt±. Ato na t±hi ubhatovibhaªg±d²na½ geyyaªgabh±voti eva½ sutt±d²na½ aªg±na½ aññamaññasaªkar±bh±vo veditabbo. Yasm± pana sabbampi buddhavacana½ yath±vuttanayena atth±na½ s³can±di-atthena suttantveva vuccati, tasm± vutta½– “navavidhasuttantapariyeµµh²”ti.

Saªgahav±ravaººan± niµµhit±.