4. Pathavicalanapañho

4. “Bhante n±gasena, bh±sitampeta½ bhagavat±– ‘aµµhime, bhikkhave [aµµhime ±nanda (a. ni. 8.70)], het³ aµµha paccay± mahato bh³mic±lassa p±tubh±v±y±’ti. Asesavacana½ ida½, nissesavacana½ ida½, nippariy±yavacana½ ida½, natthañño navamo hetu mahato bh³mic±lassa p±tubh±v±ya. Yadi, bhante n±gasena, añño navamo hetu bhaveyya mahato bh³mic±lassa p±tubh±v±ya, tampi hetu½ bhagav± katheyya. Yasm± ca kho, bhante n±gasena, natthañño navamo hetu mahato bh³mic±lassa p±tubh±v±ya, tasm± an±cikkhito bhagavat±, ayañca navamo hetu dissati mahato bh³mic±lassa p±tubh±v±ya, ya½ vessantarena raññ± mah±d±ne d²yam±ne sattakkhattu½ mah±pathav² kampit±ti. Yadi, bhante n±gasena, aµµheva het³ aµµha paccay± mahato bh³mic±lassa p±tubh±v±ya, tena hi vessantarena raññ± mah±d±ne d²yam±ne sattakkhattu½ mah±pathav² kampit±ti ya½ vacana½, ta½ micch±. Yadi vessantarena raññ± mah±d±ne d²yam±ne sattakkhattu½ mah±pathav² kampit±, tena hi aµµheva het³ aµµha paccay± mahato bh³mic±lassa p±tubh±v±y±ti tampi vacana½ micch±. Ayampi ubhato koµiko pañho sukhumo dunniveµhiyo andhakaraºo ceva gambh²ro ca, so tav±nuppatto, neso aññena ittarapaññena sakk± visajjetu½ aññatra tav±disena buddhimat±”ti.
“Bh±sitampeta½, mah±r±ja, bhagavat±– ‘aµµhime, bhikkhave, het³ aµµha paccay± mahato bh³mic±lassa p±tubh±v±y±’ti. Ya½ vessantarena raññ± mah±d±ne d²yam±ne sattakkhattu½ mah±pathav² kampit±, tañca pana ak±lika½ kad±cuppattika½ aµµhahi het³hi vippamutta½, tasm± agaºita½ aµµhahi het³hi.
“Yath±, mah±r±ja, loke tayo yeva megh± gaº²yanti vassiko hemantiko p±vusakoti. Yadi te muñcitv± añño megho pavassati, na so megho gaº²yati sammatehi meghehi, ak±lameghotveva saªkha½ gacchati. Evameva kho, mah±r±ja, vessantarena raññ± mah±d±ne d²yam±ne ya½ sattakkhattu½ mah±pathav² kampit±, ak±lika½ eta½ kad±cuppattika½ aµµhahi het³hi vippamutta½, na ta½ gaº²yati aµµhahi het³hi.
“Yath± v± pana, mah±r±ja, himavant± pabbat± pañca nadisat±ni sandanti, tesa½, mah±r±ja, pañcanna½ nadisat±na½ daseva nadiyo nadigaºan±ya gaº²yanti. Seyyath²da½, gaªg± yamun± aciravat² sarabh³ mah² sindhu sarassat² vetravat² v²ta½s± candabh±g±ti, avases± nadiyo nadigaºan±ya agaºit±. Ki½ k±raº±? Na t± nadiyo dhuvasalil±. Evameva kho, mah±r±ja, vessantarena raññ± mah±d±ne d²yam±ne ya½ sattakkhattu½ mah±pathav² kampit±, ak±lika½ eta½ kad±cuppattika½ aµµhahi het³hi vippamutta½, na ta½ gaº²yati aµµhahi het³hi.
“Yath± v± pana, mah±r±ja, rañño satampi dvisatampi tisatampi amacc± honti, tesa½ cha yeva jan± amaccagaºan±ya gaº²yanti. Seyyath²da½, sen±pati purohito akkhadasso bhaº¹±g±riko chattagg±hako khaggagg±hako. Ete yeva amaccagaºan±ya gaº²yanti. Ki½ k±raº±? Yuttatt± r±jaguºehi, avases± agaºit±, sabbe amacc±tveva saªkha½ gacchanti Evameva kho, mah±r±ja, vessantarena raññ± mah±d±ne d²yam±ne ya½ sattakkhattu½ mah±pathav² kampit±, ak±lika½ eta½ kad±cuppattika½ aµµhahi het³hi vippamutta½, na ta½ gaº²yati aµµhahi het³hi.
“Suyyati nu kho, mah±r±ja, etarahi jinas±sane kat±dhik±r±na½ diµµhadhammasukhavedan²yakamma½, kitti ca yesa½ abbhuggat± devamanusses³”ti? “¾ma, bhante, suyyati etarahi jinas±sane kat±dhik±r±na½ diµµhadhammasukhavedan²yakamma½, kitti ca yesa½ abbhuggat± devamanussesu satta jan±ti”. “Ke ca te, mah±r±j±”ti? “Sumano ca, bhante, m±l±k±ro, ekas±µako ca br±hmaºo, puººo ca bhatako, mallik± ca dev², gop±lam±t± ca dev², suppiy± ca up±sik±, puºº± ca d±s²ti ime satta diµµhadhammasukhavedan²y± satt±, kitti ca imesa½ abbhuggat± devamanusses³”ti.
“Aparepi suyyanti nu kho at²te m±nusakeneva sar²radehena tidasabhavana½ gat±”ti? “¾ma, bhante, suyyant²”ti. “Ke ca te, mah±r±j±”ti? “Guttilo ca gandhabbo, s±dh²no ca r±j±, nimi ca r±j±, mandh±t± ca r±j±ti ime caturo jan± suyyanti, teneva m±nusakena sar²radehena tidasabhavana½ gat±”ti. “Sucirampi kata½ suyyati sukatadukkaµanti? Sutapubba½ pana tay±, mah±r±ja, at²te v± addh±ne vattam±ne v± addh±ne itthann±massa d±ne d²yam±ne saki½ v± dvikkhattu½ v± tikkhattu½ v± mah±pathav² kampit±”ti? “Na hi bhante”ti. “Atthi me, mah±r±ja, ±gamo adhigamo pariyatti savana½ sikkh±bala½ suss³s± paripucch± ±cariyup±sana½, may±pi na sutapubba½ ‘itthann±massa d±ne d²yam±ne saki½ v± dvikkhattu½ v± tikkhattu½ v± mah±pathav² kampit±’ti µhapetv± vessantarassa r±javasabhassa d±navara½ Bhagavato ca, mah±r±ja, kassapassa, bhagavato ca sakyamuninoti dvinna½ buddh±na½ antare gaºanapatha½ v²tivatt± vassakoµiyo atikkant±, tatthapi me savana½ natthi ‘itthann±massa d±ne d²yam±ne saki½ v± dvikkhattu½ v± tikkhattu½ v± mah±pathav² kampit±’ti. Na, mah±r±ja, t±vatakena v²riyena t±vatakena parakkamena mah±pathav² kampati, guºabh±rabharit±, mah±r±ja, sabbasoceyyakiriyaguºabh±rabharit± dh±retu½ na visahant² mah±pathav² calati kampati pavedhati.
“Yath±, mah±r±ja, sakaµassa atibh±rabharitassa n±bhiyo ca nemiyo ca phalanti akkho bhijjati, evameva kho, mah±r±ja, sabbasoceyyakiriyaguºabh±rabharit± mah±pathav² dh±retu½ na visahant² calati kampati pavedhati.
“Yath± v± pana, mah±r±ja, gagana½ anilajalavegasañch±dita½ ussannajalabh±rabharita½ ativ±tena phuµitatt± nadati ravati ga¼aga¼±yati, evameva kho, mah±r±ja, mah±pathav² rañño vessantarassa d±nabalavipula-ussannabh±rabharit± dh±retu½ na visahant² calati kampati pavedhati. Na hi, mah±r±ja, rañño vessantarassa citta½ r±gavasena pavattati, na dosavasena pavattati, na mohavasena pavattati, na m±navasena pavattati, na diµµhivasena pavattati, na kilesavasena pavattati, na vitakkavasena pavattati, na arativasena pavattati, atha kho d±navasena bahula½ pavattati ‘kinti an±gat± y±cak± mama santike ±gaccheyyu½, ±gat± ca y±cak± yath±k±ma½ labhitv± attaman± bhaveyyun’ti satata½ samita½ d±na½ pati m±nasa½ µhapita½ hoti. Rañño, mah±r±ja, vessantarassa satata½ samita½ dasasu µh±nesu m±nasa½ µhapita½ hoti dame same khantiya½ sa½vare yame niyame akkodhe avihi½s±ya½ sacce soceyye. Rañño, mah±r±ja, vessantarassa k±mesan± pah²n±, bhavesan± paµippassaddh±, brahmacariyesan±ya yeva ussukka½ ±panno, rañño, mah±r±ja, vessantarassa attarakkh± [pararakkh±ya (s². p².)] pah²n±, sabbasattarakkh±ya ussukka½ ±panno ‘kinti ime satt± samagg± assu arog± sadhan± d²gh±yuk±’ti bahula½ yeva m±nasa½ pavattati. Dadam±no ca, mah±r±ja, vessantaro r±j± ta½ d±na½ na bhavasampattihetu deti, na dhanahetu deti, na paµid±nahetu deti, na upal±panahetu deti, na ±yuhetu deti, na vaººahetu deti, na sukhahetu deti, na balahetu deti, na yasahetu deti, na puttahetu deti, na dh²tuhetu deti, atha kho sabbaññutañ±ºahetu sabbaññutañ±ºaratanassa k±raº± evar³pe atulavipul±nuttare d±navare ad±si, sabbaññuta½ patto ca ima½ g±tha½ abh±si–
“‘J±li½ kaºh±jina½ dh²ta½, maddidevi½ patibbata½;
cajam±no na cintesi½, bodhiy± yeva k±raº±’ti.
“Vessantaro, mah±r±ja, r±j± akkodhena kodha½ jin±ti, as±dhu½ s±dhun± jin±ti, kadariya½ d±nena jin±ti, alikav±dina½ saccena jin±ti, sabba½ akusala½ kusalena jin±ti. Tassa eva½ dadam±nassa dhamm±nugatassa dhammas²sakassa [dhamm±s²sakassa (ka.)] d±nanissandabalava [d±nanissandabala (s². p².)] v²riyavipulavipph±rena heµµh± mah±v±t± sañcalanti saºika½ saºika½ saki½ saki½ ±kul±kul± v±yanti onamanti unnamanti vinamanti, chinnapattap±dap± [s²nnappattap±dap± (s².)] papatanti, gumba½ gumba½ val±hak± gagane sandh±vanti, rajosañcit± v±t± d±ruº± honti, gagana½ upp²¼it± v±t± v±yanti, sahas± dhamadham±yanti, mah±bh²mo saddo niccharati, tesu v±tesu kupitesu udaka½ saºika½ saºika½ calati, udake calite khubbhanti macchakacchap±, yamakayamak± ³miyo j±yanti, jalacar± satt± tasanti, jalav²ci yuganaddho vattati, v²cin±do pavattati, ghor± bubbu¼± [pubbu¼± (ka.)] uµµhahanti, pheºam±l± bhavanti, uttarati mah±samuddo, dis±vidisa½ dh±vati udaka½, uddha½sotapaµisotamukh± sandanti saliladh±r±, tasanti asur± garu¼± n±g± yakkh±, ubbijjanti ‘ki½ nu kho, katha½ nu kho, s±garo viparivattat²’ti, gamanapathamesanti bh²tacitt±, khubhite lu¼ite jaladh±re pakampati mah±pathav² sanag± sas±gar± parivattati sinerugiri k³µaselasikharo vinamam±no hoti, viman± honti ahinakulabi¼±rakoµµhukas³karamigapakkhino, rudanti yakkh± appesakkh±, hasanti yakkh± mahesakkh± kampam±n±ya mah±pathaviy±.
“Yath±, mah±r±ja, mahati mah±pariyoge uddhanagate udakasampuººe ±kiººataº¹ule heµµhato aggi jalam±no paµhama½ t±va pariyoga½ sant±peti, pariyogo santatto udaka½ sant±peti, udaka½ santatta½ taº¹ula½ sant±peti, taº¹ula½ santatta½ ummujjati nimujjati, bubbu¼akaj±ta½ hoti, pheºam±l± uttarati; evameva kho, mah±r±ja, vessantaro r±j± ya½ loke duccaja½, ta½ caji, tassa ta½ duccaja½ cajantassa d±nassa sabh±vanissandena heµµh± mah±v±t± dh±retu½ na visahant± parikuppi½su [parikampi½su (ka.)], mah±v±tesu parikupitesu [parikhubbhitesu (sy±.)] udaka½ kampi, udake kampite mah±pathav² kampi, iti tad± mah±v±t± ca udakañca mah±pathav² c±ti ime tayo ekaman± viya ahesu½ mah±d±nanissandena vipulabalav²riyena natthediso, mah±r±ja, aññassa d±n±nubh±vo, yath± vessantarassa rañño mah±d±n±nubh±vo. Yath±, mah±r±ja, mahiy± bahuvidh± maºayo vijjanti. Seyyath²da½, indan²lo mah±n²lo jotiraso ve¼uriyo umm±puppho sir²sapuppho manoharo s³riyakanto candakanto vajiro khajjopanako phussar±go lohitaªgo mas±ragalloti, ete sabbe atikkamma cakkavattimaºi aggamakkh±yati, cakkavattimaºi, mah±r±ja, samant± yojana½ obh±seti. Evameva kho, mah±r±ja, ya½ kiñci mahiy± d±na½ vijjati api asadisad±na½ parama½, ta½ sabba½ atikkamma vessantarassa rañño mah±d±na½ aggamakkh±yati, vessantarassa, mah±r±ja, rañño mah±d±ne d²yam±ne sattakkhattu½ mah±pathav² kampit±”ti.
“Acchariya½, bhante n±gasena, buddh±na½, abbhuta½, bhante n±gasena, buddh±na½, ya½ tath±gato bodhisatto sam±no asamo lokena eva½khanti eva½citto eva½adhimutti eva½adhipp±yo, bodhisatt±na½, bhante n±gasena, parakkamo dakkh±pito, p±ram² ca jin±na½ bhiyyo obh±sit±, cariya½ caratopi t±va tath±gatassa sadevake loke seµµhabh±vo anudassito. S±dhu, bhante n±gasena, thomita½ jinas±sana½, jotit± jinap±ram², chinno titthiy±na½ v±dagaºµhi, bhinno par±pav±dakumbho [gumbo tay± viddha½sito (sy±.)], pañho gambh²ro utt±n²kato, gahana½ agahana½ kata½, samm± laddha½ jinaputt±na½ nibb±hana½ [nibb±yana½ (ka.)], evameta½ gaºivarapavara tath± sampaµicch±m±”ti.

Pathavicalanapañho catuttho.