2. Dhutaªgapañho

“Passat±raññake bhikkh³, ajjhog±¼he dhute guºe;
puna passati gih² r±j±, an±g±miphale µhite.
“Ubhopi te viloketv±, uppajji sa½sayo mah±;
bujjheyya ce gih² dhamme, dhutaªga½ nipphala½ siy±.
“Parav±div±damathana½, nipuºa½ piµakattaye;
handa pucche kathiseµµha½, so me kaªkha½ vinessat²”ti.
Atha kho milindo r±j± yen±yasm± n±gaseno tenupasaªkami, upasaªkamitv± ±yasmanta½ n±gasena½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di, ekamanta½ nisinno kho milindo r±j± ±yasmanta½ n±gasena½ etadavoca “bhante n±gasena, atthi koci gih² ag±riko k±mabhog² puttad±rasamb±dhasayana½ ajjh±vasanto k±sikacandana½ paccanubhonto m±l±gandhavilepana½ dh±rayanto j±tar³parajata½ s±diyanto maºimutt±kañcanavicittamo¼ibaddho yena santa½ paramattha½ nibb±na½ sacchikatan”ti?
“Na, mah±r±ja, ekaññeva sata½ na dve sat±ni na t²ºi catt±ri pañca sat±ni na sahassa½ na satasahassa½ na koµisata½ na koµisahassa½ na koµisatasahassa½, tiµµhatu mah±r±ja dasanna½ v²satiy± satassa sahassassa abhisamayo, katamena te pariy±yena anuyoga½ damm²”ti.
“Tvameveta½ br³h²”ti. “Tenahi te, mah±r±ja, kathayiss±mi satena v± sahassena v± satasahassena v± koµiy± v± koµisatena v± koµisahassena v± koµisatasahassena v±, y± k±ci navaªge buddhavacane sallekhit±c±rappaµipattidhutavaraªgaguºanissit± [dhutavaraªgaguºanissit± (s². sy±. p².)] th±, t± sabb± idha samosarissanti. Yath±, mah±r±ja, ninnunnatasamavisamathal±thaladesabh±ge abhivuµµha½ udaka½, sabba½ ta½ tato viniga¼itv± mahodadhi½ s±gara½ samosarati, evameva kho, mah±r±ja, samp±dake sati y± k±ci navaªge buddhavacane sallekhit±c±rappaµipattidhutaªgaguºadharanissit± kath±, t± sabb± idha samosarissanti.
“Mayhampettha mah±r±ja, paribyattat±ya buddhiy± k±raºaparid²pana½ samosarissati, teneso attho suvibhatto vicitto paripuººo parisuddho sam±n²to bhavissati. Yath±, mah±r±ja, kusalo lekh±cariyo anusiµµho lekha½ os±rento attano byattat±ya buddhiy± k±raºaparid²panena lekha½ parip³reti, eva½ s± lekh± samatt± paripuºº± an³nik± bhavissati. Evameva mayhampettha paribyattat±ya buddhiy± k±raºaparid²pana½ samosarissati, teneso attho suvibhatto vicitto paripuººo parisuddho sam±n²to bhavissati.
“Nagare, mah±r±ja, s±vatthiy± pañcakoµimatt± ariyas±vak± bhagavato up±saka-up±sik±yo sattapaºº±sasahass±ni t²ºi ca satasahass±ni an±g±miphale patiµµhit±, te sabbepi gih² yeva, na pabbajit±. Puna tattheva kaº¹ambam³le yamakap±µih±riye v²sati p±ºakoµiyo abhisami½su, puna c³¼ar±hulov±de [mah±r±hulov±de (s². p².)], mah±maªgalasuttante, samacittapariy±ye, par±bhavasuttante, pur±bhedasuttante, kalahaviv±dasuttante, c³¼aby³hasuttante, mah±by³hasuttante, tuvaµakasuttante, s±riputtasuttante gaºanapathamat²t±na½ devat±na½ dhamm±bhisamayo ahosi.
“Nagare r±jagahe paññ±sasahass±ni t²ºi ca satasahass±ni ariyas±vak± bhagavato up±saka-up±sik±yo, puna tattheva dhanap±lahatthin±gadamane navuti p±ºakoµiyo, p±r±yanasam±game p±s±ºakacetiye cuddasa p±ºakoµiyo, puna indas±laguh±ya½ as²ti devat±koµiyo, puna b±r±ºasiya½ isipatane migad±ye paµhame dhammadesane aµµh±rasa brahmakoµiyo aparim±º± ca devat±yo, puna t±vati½sabhavane paº¹ukambalasil±ya½ abhidhammadesan±ya as²ti devat±koµiyo, devorohaºe saªkassanagaradv±re lokavivaraºap±µih±riye pasann±na½ naramar³na½ ti½sa koµiyo abhisami½su.
Puna sakkesu kapilavatthusmi½ nigrodh±r±me buddhava½sadesan±ya mah±samayasuttantadesan±ya ca gaºanapathamat²t±na½ devat±na½ dhamm±bhisamayo ahosi Puna sumanam±l±k±rasam±game, garahadinnasam±game, ±nandaseµµhisam±game, jambuk±j²vakasam±game, maº¹ukadevaputtasam±game, maµµhakuº¹alidevaputtasam±game, sulas±nagarasobhinisam±game, sirim±nagarasobhinisam±game, pesak±radh²tusam±game, c³¼asubhadd±sam±game, s±ketabr±hmaºassa ±¼±hanadassanasam±game, s³n±parantakasam±game, sakkapañhasam±game, tirokuµµasam±game [tiroku¹¹asam±game (s². p².)], ratanasuttasam±game pacceka½ catur±s²tiy± p±ºasahass±na½ dhamm±bhisamayo ahosi, y±vat±, mah±r±ja, bhagav± loke aµµh±si, t±va t²su maº¹alesu so¼asasu mah±janapadesu yattha yattha bhagav± vih±si, tattha tattha yebhuyyena dve tayo catt±ro pañca sata½ sahassa½ satasahassa½ dev± ca manuss± ca santa½ paramattha½ nibb±na½ sacchikari½su. Ye te, mah±r±ja, dev± gih² yeva, na te pabbajit±, et±ni ceva, mah±r±ja, aññ±ni ca anek±ni devat±koµisatasahass±ni gih² ag±rik± k±mabhogino santa½ paramattha½ nibb±na½ sacchikari½s³”ti.
“Yadi, bhante n±gasena, gih² ag±rik± k±mabhogino santa½ paramattha½ nibb±na½ sacchikaronti, atha im±ni dhutaªg±ni kimattha½ s±dhenti, tena k±raºena dhutaªg±ni akiccakar±ni honti. Yadi, bhante n±gasena, vin± mantosadhehi by±dhayo v³pasamanti, ki½ vamanavirecan±din± sar²radubbalakaraºena? Yadi muµµh²hi paµisattuniggaho bhavati, ki½ asisattisaradhanukodaº¹alagu¼amuggarehi? Yadi gaºµhikuµilasusirakaºµalat±s±kh± ±lambitv± rukkhamabhir³hana½ bhavati, ki½ d²ghada¼hanisseºipariyesanena? Yadi thaº¹ilaseyy±ya dh±tusamat± bhavati, ki½ sukhasamphassamahatimah±sirisayanapariyesanena? Yadi ekako s±saªkasappaµibhayavisamakant±rataraºasamattho bhavati, ki½ sannaddhasajjamahatimah±satthapariyesanena? Yadi nadisara½ b±hun± taritu½ samattho bhavati, ki½ dhuvasetun±v±pariyesanena? Yadi sakasantakena gh±sacch±dana½ k±tu½ pahoti, ki½ par³pasevanapiyasamull±papacch±puredh±vanena? Yadi akh±tata¼±ke udaka½ labhati, ki½ udap±nata¼±kapokkharaºikhaºanena? Evameva kho, bhante n±gasena, yadi gih² ag±rik± k±mabhogino santa½ paramattha½ nibb±na½ sacchikaronti, ki½ dhutaguºavarasam±diyanen±”ti?
“Aµµhav²sati kho panime, mah±r±ja, dhutaªgaguº± yath±bhuccaguº±, yehi guºehi dhutaªg±ni sabbabuddh±na½ pihayit±ni patthit±ni. Katame aµµhav²sati? Idha, mah±r±ja, dhutaªga½ suddh±j²va½ sukhaphala½ anavajja½ na paradukkh±pana½ abhaya½ asamp²¼ana½ ekantava¹¹hika½ aparih±niya½ am±ya½ ±rakkh± patthitadada½ sabbasattadamana½ sa½varahita½ patir³pa½ anissita½ vippamutta½ r±gakkhaya½ dosakkhaya½ mohakkhaya½ m±nappah±na½ kuvitakkacchedana½ kaªkh±vitaraºa½ kosajjaviddha½sana½ aratippah±na½ khamana½ atula½ appam±ºa½ sabbadukkhakkhayagamana½, ime kho, mah±r±ja, aµµhav²sati dhutaªgaguº± yath±bhuccaguº± yehi guºehi dhutaªg±ni sabbabuddh±na½ pihayit±ni patthit±ni.
“Ye kho te, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºe samm± upasevanti, te aµµh±rasahi guºehi samupet± bhavanti. Katamehi aµµh±rasahi? ¾c±ro tesa½ suvisuddho hoti, paµipad± sup³rit± hoti, k±yika½ v±casika½ surakkhita½ hoti, manosam±c±ro suvisuddho hoti, v²riya½ supaggahita½ hoti, bhaya½ v³pasammati, att±nudiµµhibyapagat± hoti, ±gh±to uparato hoti, mett± upaµµhit± hoti, ±h±ro pariññ±to hoti, sabbasatt±na½ garukato hoti, bhojane mattaññ³ hoti, j±gariyamanuyutto hoti, aniketo hoti, yattha ph±su tattha vih±r² hoti, p±pajegucch² hoti, vivek±r±mo hoti, satata½ appamatto hoti, ye te, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºe samm± upasevanti, te imehi aµµh±rasahi guºehi samupet± bhavanti.
“Dasa ime, mah±r±ja, puggal± dhutaguº±rah±. Katame dasa? Saddho hoti hirim± dhitim± akuho atthavas² alolo sikkh±k±mo da¼hasam±d±no anujjh±nabahulo mett±vih±r², ime kho, mah±r±ja, dasa puggal± dhutaguº±rah±.
“Ye te, mah±r±ja, gih² ag±rik± k±mabhogino santa½ paramattha½ nibb±na½ sacchikaronti, sabbe te purim±su j±t²su terasasu dhutaguºesu kat³p±san± katabh³mikamm±, te tattha c±rañca paµipattiñca sodhayitv± ajjetarahi gih² yeva sant± santa½ paramatta½ nibb±na½ sacchikaronti.
“Yath± mah±r±ja, kusalo iss±so antev±sike paµhama½ t±va up±sanas±l±ya½ c±pabhedac±p±ropanaggahaºamuµµhippaµip²¼ana-aªgulivin±manap±daµhapanasaraggahaºasannahana-±ka¹¹hana saddh±raºalakkhaniyamanakhipane tiºapurisakachakaºa [khaºaka (s². p².)] tiºapal±lamattik±puñjaphalakalakkhavedhe anusikkh±petv± rañño santike up±sana½ ±r±dhayitv± ±jaññarathagajaturaªgadhanadhaññahiraññasuvaººad±sid±sabhariyag±mavara½ labhati evameva kho, mah±r±ja, ye te gih² ag±rik± k±mabhogino santa½ paramattha½ nibb±na½ sacchikaronti, te sabbe purim±su j±t²su terasasu dhutaguºesu kat³p±san± katabh³mikamm±, te tattheva c±rañca paµipattiñca sodhayitv± ajjetarahi gih² yeva sant± santa½ paramattha½ nibb±na½ sacchikaronti. Na, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºesu pubb±sevana½ vin± ekiss± yeva j±tiy± arahatta½ sacchikiriy± hoti, uttamena pana v²riyena uttam±ya paµipattiy± tath±r³pena ±cariyena kaly±ºamittena arahatta½ sacchikiriy± hoti.
“Yath± v± pana, mah±r±ja, bhisakko sallakatto ±cariya½ dhanena v± vattappaµipattiy± v± ±r±dhetv± sattaggahaºachedanalekhanavedhanasalluddharaºavaºadhovanasosanabhesajj±nulimpanavamana virecan±nuv±sanakiriyamanusikkhitv± vijj±su katasikkho kat³p±sano katahattho ±ture upasaªkamati tikicch±ya, evameva kho, mah±r±ja, ye te gih² ag±rik± k±mabhogino santa½ paramattha½ nibb±na½ sacchikaronti, te sabbe purim±su j±t²su terasasu dhutaguºesu kat³p±san± katabh³mikamm±, te tattheva c±rañca paµipattiñca sodhayitv± ajjetarahi gih² yeva sant± santa½ paramattha½ nibb±na½ sacchikaronti, na, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºehi avisuddh±na½ dhamm±bhisamayo hoti.
“Yath±, mah±r±ja, udakassa asecanena b²j±na½ avir³hana½ hoti, evameva kho, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºehi avisuddh±na½ dhamm±bhisamayo na hoti.
“Yath± v± pana, mah±r±ja, akatakusal±na½ akatakaly±º±na½ sugatigamana½ na hoti, evameva kho, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºehi avisuddh±na½ dhamm±bhisamayo na hoti.
“Pathavisama½ mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ patiµµh±naµµhena. ¾posama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ sabbakilesamaladhovanaµµhena. Tejosama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ sabbakilesavanajjh±panaµµhena V±yosama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ sabbakilesamalarajopav±hanaµµhena. Agadasama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ sabbakilesaby±dhiv³pasamanaµµhena. Amatasama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ sabbakilesavisan±sanaµµhena. Khettasama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ sabbas±maññaguºasassavir³hanaµµhena. Manoharasama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ patthiticchitasabbasampattivaradadaµµhena. N±v±sama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ sa½s±ramahaººavap±ragamanaµµhena. Bh²rutt±ºasama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ jar±maraºabh²t±na½ ass±sakaraºaµµhena. M±tusama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ kilesadukkhappaµip²¼it±na½ anugg±hakaµµhena. Pitusama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ kusalava¹¹hik±m±na½ sabbas±maññaguºajanakaµµhena. Mittasama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ sabbas±maññaguºapariyesana-avisa½v±dakaµµhena. Padumasama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ sabbakilesamalehi anupalittaµµhena. Catujj±tiyavaragandhasama½ mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ kilesaduggandhapaµivinodanaµµhena. Girir±javarasama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ aµµhalokadhammav±tehi akampiyaµµhena. ¾k±sasama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ sabbattha gahaº±pagata-uruvisaµavitthatamahantaµµhena. Nad²sama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ kilesamalapav±hanaµµhena. Sudesakasama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ j±tikant±rakilesavanagahananittharaºaµµhena. Mah±satthav±hasama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ sabbabhayasuññakhema-abhayavarapavaranibb±nanagarasamp±panaµµhena Sumajjitavimal±d±sasama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ saªkh±r±na½ sabh±vadassanaµµhena. Phalakasama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ kilesalagu¼asarasattipaµib±hanaµµhena. Chattasama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ kilesavassatividhaggisant±p±tapapaµib±hanaµµhena. Candasama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ pihayitapatthitaµµhena. S³riyasama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ mohatamatimiran±sanaµµhena. S±garasama½, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ anekavidhas±maññaguºavararatanuµµh±naµµhena, aparimita-asaªkhyeyya-appameyyaµµhena ca. Eva½ kho, mah±r±ja, dhutaguºa½ visuddhik±m±na½ bah³pak±ra½ sabbadarathapari¼±hanuda½ aratinuda½ bhayanuda½ bhavanuda½ kh²lanuda½ malanuda½ sokanuda½ dukkhanuda½ r±ganuda½ dosanuda½ mohanuda½ m±nanuda½ diµµhinuda½ sabb±kusaladhammanuda½ yas±vaha½ hit±vaha½ sukh±vaha½ ph±sukara½ p²tikara½ yogakkhemakara½ anavajja½ iµµhasukhavip±ka½ guºar±siguºapuñja½ aparimita-asaªkhyeyya appameyyaguºa½ vara½ pavara½ agga½.