4. Anum±navaggo

1. Anum±napañho

1. Atha kho milindo r±j± yen±yasm± n±gaseno tenupasaªkami, upasaªkamitv± ±yasmanta½ n±gasena½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di, ekamanta½ nisinno kho milindo r±j± ñ±tuk±mo sotuk±mo dh±retuk±mo ñ±º±loka½ daµµhuk±mo aññ±ºa½ bhindituk±mo ñ±º±loka½ upp±detuk±mo avijjandhak±ra½ n±setuk±mo adhimatta½ dhitiñca uss±hañca satiñca sampajaññañca upaµµhapetv± ±yasmanta½ n±gasena½ etadavoca “bhante n±gasena, ki½ pana buddho tay± diµµho”ti. “Na hi, mah±r±j±”ti. “Ki½ pana te ±cariyehi buddho diµµho”ti? “Na hi, mah±r±j±”ti. “Bhante n±gasena, na kira tay± buddho diµµho, n±pi kira te ±cariyehi buddho diµµho, tena hi, bhante n±gasena, natthi buddho, na hettha buddho paññ±yat²”ti.
“Atthi pana te, mah±r±ja, pubbak± khattiy±, ye te tava khattiyava½sassa pubbaªgam±”ti? “¾ma, bhante. Ko sa½sayo, atthi pubbak± khattiy±, ye mama khattiyava½sassa pubbaªgam±”ti. “Diµµhapubb± tay±, mah±r±ja, pubbak± khattiy±”ti? “Na hi bhante”ti. “Ye pana ta½, mah±r±ja, anus±santi purohit± sen±patino akkhadass± mah±matt±, tehi pubbak± khattiy± diµµhapubb±”ti? “Na hi bhante”ti. “Yadi pana te, mah±r±ja, pubbak± khattiy± na diµµh±, n±pi kira te anus±sakehi pubbak± khattiy± diµµh±, tena hi natthi pubbak± khattiy±, na hettha pubbak± khattiy± paññ±yant²”ti.
“Dissanti, bhante n±gasena, pubbak±na½ khattiy±na½ anubh³t±ni paribhogabhaº¹±ni. Seyyathida½, setacchatta½ uºh²sa½ p±duk± v±lab²jan² khaggaratana½ mah±rah±ni ca sayan±ni. Yehi maya½ j±neyy±ma saddaheyy±ma ‘atthi pubbak± khattiy±’ti. “Evameva kho, mah±r±ja, mayampeta½ bhagavanta½ j±neyy±ma saddaheyy±ma. Atthi ta½ k±raºa½, yena maya½ k±raºena j±neyy±ma saddaheyy±ma ‘atthi so bhagav±’ti. Katama½ ta½ k±raºa½? Atthi kho, mah±r±ja, tena bhagavat± j±nat± passat± arahat± samm±sambuddhena anubh³t±ni paribhogabhaº¹±ni. Seyyathida½, catt±ro satipaµµh±n± catt±ro sammappadh±n± catt±ro iddhip±d± pañcindriy±ni pañca bal±ni satta bojjhaªg± ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo, yehi sadevako loko j±n±ti saddahati ‘atthi so bhagav±’ti. Imin±, mah±r±ja, k±raºena imin± hetun± imin± nayena imin± anum±nena ñ±tabbo ‘atthi so bhagav±’ti.
“‘Bah³ jane t±rayitv±, nibbuto upadhikkhaye;
anum±nena ñ±tabba½, atthi so dvipaduttamo”’ti.
“Bhante n±gasena, opamma½ karoh²”ti. “Yath±, mah±r±ja, nagarava¹¹hak² nagara½ m±petuk±mo paµhama½ t±va sama½ anunnatamanonata½ asakkharap±s±ºa½ nirupaddavamanavajja½ ramaº²ya½ bh³mibh±ga½ anuviloketv± ya½ tattha visama½, ta½ sama½ k±r±petv± kh±ºukaºµaka½ visodh±petv± tattha nagara½ m±peyya sobhana½ vibhatta½ bh±gaso mita½ ukkiººaparikh±p±k±ra½ da¼hagopuraµµ±lakoµµaka½ puthucaccaracatukkasandhisiªgh±µaka½ sucisamatalar±jamagga½ suvibhatta-antar±paºa½ ±r±muyy±nata¼±kapokkharaºi-udap±nasampanna½ bahuvidhadevaµµh±nappaµimaº¹ita½ sabbadosavirahita½, so tasmi½ nagare sabbath± vepullatta½ patte añña½ desa½ upagaccheyya, atha ta½ nagara½ aparena samayena iddha½ bhaveyya ph²ta½ subhikkha½ khema½ samiddha½ siva½ an²tika½ nirupaddava½ n±n±janasam±kula½, puth³ khattiy± br±hmaº± vess± sudd± hatth±roh± ass±roh± rathik± pattik± dhanuggah± tharuggah± celak± calak± piº¹ad±yak± ugg± r±japutt± pakkhandino mah±n±g± s³r± vammino yodhino d±sikaputt± bhaµiputt± [d±saputt± bhaµµiputt± (s². p².)] mallak± gaºak± ±¼±rik± s³d± kappak± nah±pak± cund± m±l±k±r± suvaººak±r± sajjhuk±r± s²sak±r± tipuk±r± lohak±r± vaµµak±r± ayok±r± maºik±r± pesak±r± kumbhak±r± veºuk±r± loºak±r± cammak±r± rathak±r± dantak±r± rajjuk±r± kocchak±r± suttak±r± vil²vak±r± dhanuk±r± jiyak±r± usuk±r± cittak±r± raªgak±r± rajak± tantav±y± tunnav±y± heraññik± dussik± gandhik± tiºah±rak± kaµµhah±rak± bhatak± paººik± phalik± [phallik± (s². p².)] m³lik± odanik± p³vik± macchik± ma½sik± majjik± naµak± naccak± laªghak± indaj±lik± vet±lik± mall± chava¹±hak± pupphacha¹¹ak± ven± nes±d± gaºik± l±sik± kumbhad±siyo sakkayavanac²navil±t± ujjenak± bh±rukacchak± k±sikosal± parantak± m±gadhak± s±ketak± soreyyak± [soraµµhak± (s². p².)] p±veyyak± koµumbaram±thurak± alasandakasm²ragandh±r± ta½ nagara½ v±s±ya upagat± n±n±visayino jan± nava½ suvibhatta½ adosamanavajja½ ramaº²ya½ ta½ nagara½ passitv± anum±nena j±nanti ‘cheko vata bho so nagarava¹¹hak², yo imassa nagarassa m±pet±’ti. Evameva kho, mah±r±ja, so bhagav± asamo asamasamo appaµisamo asadiso atulo asaªkhyeyo appameyyo aparimeyyo amitaguºo guºap±ramippatto anantadhiti anantatejo anantav²riyo anantabalo buddhabalap±rami½ gato sasenam±ra½ par±jetv± diµµhij±la½ pad±letv± avijja½ khepetv± vijja½ upp±detv± dhammukka½ dh±rayitv± sabbaññuta½ p±puºitv± vijitasaªg±mo dhammanagara½ m±pesi.
“Bhagavato kho, mah±r±ja, dhammanagara½ s²lap±k±ra½ hiriparikha½ ñ±ºadv±rakoµµhaka½ v²riya-aµµ±laka½ saddh±-esika½ satidov±rika½ paññ±p±s±da½ suttantacaccara½ abhidhammasiªgh±µaka½ vinayavinicchaya½ satipaµµh±nav²thika½, tassa kho pana, mah±r±ja, satipaµµh±nav²thiya½ evar³p± ±paº± pas±rit± honti. Seyyath²da½, pupph±paºa½ gandh±paºa½ phal±paºa½ agad±paºa½ osadh±paºa½ amat±paºa½ ratan±paºa½ sabb±paºan”ti.
“Bhante n±gasena, katama½ buddhassa bhagavato pupph±paºan”ti? “Atthi kho pana, mah±r±ja, tena bhagavat± j±nat± passat± arahat± samm±sambuddhena ±rammaºavibhattiyo akkh±t±. Seyyath²da½, aniccasaññ± dukkhasaññ± anattasaññ± asubhasaññ± ±d²navasaññ± pah±nasaññ± vir±gasaññ± nirodhasaññ± sabbaloke anabhiratisaññ± sabbasaªkh±resu aniccasaññ± ±n±p±nassati uddhum±takasaññ± vin²lakasaññ± vipubbakasaññ± vicchiddakasaññ± vikkh±yitakasaññ± vikkhittakasaññ± hatavikkhittakasaññ± lohitakasaññ± pu¼avakasaññ± aµµhikasaññ± mett±saññ± karuº±saññ± mudit±saññ± upekkh±saññ± maraº±nussati k±yagat±sati, ime kho, mah±r±ja, buddhena bhagavat± ±rammaºavibhattiyo akkh±t±. Tattha yo koci jar±maraº± muccituk±mo, so tesu aññatara½ ±rammaºa½ gaºh±ti, tena ±rammaºena r±g± vimuccati, dos± vimuccati, moh± vimuccati, m±nato vimuccati, diµµhito vimuccati, sa½s±ra½ tarati, taºh±sota½ niv±reti, tividha½ mala½ visodheti, sabbakilese upahantv± amala½ viraja½ suddha½ paº¹ara½ aj±ti½ ajara½ amara½ sukha½ s²tibh³ta½ abhaya½ nagaruttama½ nibb±nanagara½ pavisitv± arahatte citta½ vimoceti, ida½ vuccati mah±r±ja ‘bhagavato pupph±paºan’ti.
“‘Kammam³la½ gahetv±na, ±paºa½ upagacchatha;
±rammaºa½ kiºitv±na, tato muccatha muttiy±”’ti.
“Bhante n±gasena, katama½ buddhassa bhagavato gandh±paºan”ti? “Atthi kho pana, mah±r±ja, tena bhagavat± s²lavibhattiyo akkh±t±, yena s²lagandhena anulitt± bhagavato putt± sadevaka½ loka½ s²lagandhena dh³penti sampadh³penti, disampi anudisampi anuv±tampi paµiv±tampi v±yanti ativ±yanti, pharitv± tiµµhanti. Katam± t± s²lavibhattiyo? Saraºas²la½ pañcaªgas²la½ aµµhaªgas²la½ dasaªgas²la½ pañcuddesapariy±panna½ p±timokkhasa½varas²la½. Ida½ vuccati, mah±r±ja, ‘bhagavato gandh±paºan’ti. Bh±sitampeta½, mah±r±ja, bhagavat± dev±tidevena–
“‘Na pupphagandho paµiv±tameti, na candana½ taggaramallik± v±;
satañca gandho paµiv±tameti, sabb± dis± sappuriso pav±yati [pav±ti (s². p².) dha. pa. 54 passitabba½].
“‘Candana½ tagara½ v±pi, uppala½ atha vassik²;
etesa½ gandhaj±t±na½, s²lagandho anuttaro.
“‘Appamatto aya½ gandho, yv±ya½ tagaracandana½;
yo ca s²lavata½ gandho, v±ti devesu uttamo”’ti.
“Bhante n±gasena, katama½ buddhassa bhagavato phal±paºan”ti? “Phal±ni kho, mah±r±ja, bhagavat± akkh±t±ni. Seyyath²da½, sot±pattiphala½ sakad±g±miphala½ an±g±miphala½ arahattaphala½ suññataphalasam±patti animittaphalasam±patti appaºihitaphalasam±patti Tattha yo koci ya½ phala½ icchati, so kammam³la½ datv± patthita½ phala½ kiº±ti. Yadi sot±pattiphala½, yadi sakad±g±miphala½, yadi an±g±miphala½, yadi arahattaphala½, yadi suññataphalasam±patti½, yadi animittaphalasam±patti½, yadi appaºihitaphalasam±patti½. Yath±, mah±r±ja, kassaci purisassa dhuvaphalo ambo bhaveyya, so na t±va tato phal±ni p±teti, y±va kayik± na ±gacchanti, anuppatte pana kayike m³la½ gahetv± eva½ ±cikkhati ‘ambho purisa eso kho dhuvaphalo ambo, tato ya½ icchasi, ettaka½ phala½ gaºh±hi sal±µuka½ v± dovila½ v± kesika½ v± ±ma½ v± pakka½ v±’ti, so tena attan± dinnam³lena yadi sal±µuka½ icchati, sal±µuka½ gaºh±ti, yadi dovila½ icchati, dovila½ gaºh±ti, yadi kesika½ icchati, kesika½ gaºh±ti, yadi ±maka½ icchati, ±maka½ gaºh±ti, yadi pakka½ icchati, pakka½ gaºh±ti. Evameva kho, mah±r±ja, yo ya½ phala½ icchati, so kammam³la½ datv± patthita½ phala½ gaºh±ti, yadi sot±pattiphala½…pe… yadi appaºihitaphalasam±patti½, ida½ vuccati, mah±r±ja, ‘bhagavato phal±paºan’ti.
“‘Kammam³la½ jan± datv±, gaºhanti amatamphala½;
tena te sukhit± honti, ye k²t± amatapphala”n’ti.
“Bhante n±gasena, katama½ buddhassa bhagavato agad±paºan”ti? “Agad±ni kho, mah±r±ja, bhagavat± akkh±t±ni, yehi agadehi so bhagav± sadevaka½ loka½ kilesavisato parimoceti. Katam±ni pana t±ni agad±ni? Y±nim±ni, mah±r±ja, bhagavat± catt±ri ariyasacc±ni akkh±t±ni. Seyyath²da½, dukkha½ ariyasacca½ dukkhasamudaya½ ariyasacca½ dukkhanirodha½ ariyasacca½ dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad± ariyasacca½, tattha ye keci aññ±pekkh± catusacca½ dhamma½ suºanti, te j±tiy± parimuccanti jar±ya parimuccanti, maraº± parimuccanti, sokaparidevadukkhadomanassup±y±sehi parimuccanti, ida½ vuccati mah±r±ja ‘bhagavato agad±paºan’ti.
“‘Ye keci agad± loke [loke agad± (p².)], vis±na½ paµib±hak±;
dhamm±gadasama½ natthi, eta½ pivatha bhikkhavo”’ti.
“Bhante n±gasena, katama½ buddhassa bhagavato osadh±paºan”ti? “Osadh±ni kho, mah±r±ja, bhagavat± akkh±t±ni, yehi osadhehi so bhagav± devamanusse tikicchati. Seyyath²da½, catt±ro satipaµµh±n± catt±ro sammappadh±n± catt±ro iddhip±d± pañcindriy±ni pañca bal±ni satta bojjhaªg± ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo, etehi osadhehi bhagav± micch±diµµhi½ vireceti, micch±saªkappa½ vireceti, micch±v±ca½ vireceti, micch±kammanta½ vireceti, micch±-±j²va½ vireceti, micch±v±y±ma½ vireceti, micch±sati½ vireceti, micch±sam±dhi½ vireceti, lobhavamana½ k±reti, dosavamana½ k±reti, mohavamana½ k±reti, m±navamana½ k±reti, diµµhivamana½ k±reti, vicikicch±vamana½ k±reti, uddhaccavamana½ k±reti, thinamiddhavamana½ k±reti, ahirik±nottappavamana½ k±reti, sabbakilesavamana½ k±reti, ida½ vuccati, mah±r±ja, ‘bhagavato osadh±paºan’ti.