6. Paµisambhid±kath±

1. Dhammacakkapavattanav±ro

30. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± b±r±ºasiya½ viharati isipatane migad±ye. Tatra kho bhagav± pañcavaggiye bhikkh³ ±mantesi–
“Dveme bhikkhave, ant± pabbajitena na sevitabb±. Katame dve? Yo c±ya½ k±mesu k±masukhallik±nuyogo h²no gammo pothujjaniko anariyo anatthasa½hito; yo c±ya½ attakilamath±nuyogo dukkho anariyo anatthasa½hito. Ete kho [ete te (sy±. ka. s². aµµha.) sa½. ni. 5.1081; mah±va. 13 passitabb±], bhikkhave, ubho ante anupagamma majjhim± paµipad± tath±gatena abhisambuddh± cakkhukaraº² ñ±ºakaraº² upasam±ya abhiññ±ya sambodh±ya nibb±n±ya sa½vattati.
“Katam± ca s±, bhikkhave, majjhim± paµipad± tath±gatena abhisambuddh± cakkhukaraº² ñ±ºakaraº² upasam±ya abhiññ±ya sambodh±ya nibb±n±ya sa½vattati? Ayameva ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo, seyyathida½– samm±diµµhi…pe… samm±sam±dhi. Aya½ kho s±, bhikkhave, majjhim± paµipad± tath±gatena abhisambuddh± cakkhukaraº² ñ±ºakaraº² upasam±ya abhiññ±ya sambodh±ya nibb±n±ya sa½vattati.
“Ida½ kho pana, bhikkhave, dukkha½ ariyasacca½. J±tipi dukkh±, jar±pi dukkh±, by±dhipi dukkho, maraºampi dukkha½, appiyehi sampayogo dukkho, piyehi vippayogo dukkho, yampiccha½ na labhati tampi dukkha½; sa½khittena pañcup±d±nakkhandh± dukkh±. Ida½ kho pana, bhikkhave, dukkhasamudaya½ ariyasacca½– y±ya½ taºh± ponobhavik± nandir±gasahagat± tatratatr±bhinandin² seyyathida½– k±mataºh±, bhavataºh±, vibhavataºh±. Ida½ kho pana, bhikkhave, dukkhanirodha½ ariyasacca½– yo tass±yeva taºh±ya asesavir±ganirodho c±go paµinissaggo mutti an±layo. Ida½ kho pana, bhikkhave, dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad± ariyasacca½– ayameva ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo, seyyathida½– samm±diµµhi…pe… samm±sam±dhi.
“‘Ida½ dukkha½ ariyasaccan’ti me, bhikkhave, pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu cakkhu½ udap±di, ñ±ºa½ udap±di, paññ± udap±di, vijj± udap±di, ±loko udap±di. ‘Ta½ kho panida½ dukkha½ ariyasacca½ pariññeyyan’ti me, bhikkhave…pe… pariññ±tanti me, bhikkhave, pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu cakkhu½ udap±di, ñ±ºa½ udap±di, paññ± udap±di, vijj± udap±di, ±loko udap±di.
“‘Ida½ dukkhasamudaya½ ariyasaccan’ti me, bhikkhave, pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu cakkhu½ udap±di, ñ±ºa½ udap±di, paññ± udap±di, vijj± udap±di, ±loko udap±di. ‘Ta½ kho panida½ dukkhasamudaya½ ariyasacca½ pah±tabban’ti me, bhikkhave…pe… pah²nanti me, bhikkhave, pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu cakkhu½ udap±di, ñ±ºa½ udap±di, paññ± udap±di, vijj± udap±di, ±loko udap±di.
“‘Ida½ dukkhanirodha½ ariyasaccan’ti me, bhikkhave, pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu cakkhu½ udap±di, ñ±ºa½ udap±di, paññ± udap±di, vijj± udap±di, ±loko udap±di. ‘Ta½ kho panida½ dukkhanirodha½ ariyasacca½ sacchik±tabban’ti me, bhikkhave…pe… sacchikatanti me, bhikkhave, pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu cakkhu½ udap±di, ñ±ºa½ udap±di, paññ± udap±di, vijj± udap±di, ±loko udap±di.
“‘Ida½ dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad± ariyasaccan’ti me, bhikkhave, pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu cakkhu½ udap±di, ñ±ºa½ udap±di, paññ± udap±di, vijj± udap±di, ±loko udap±di. ‘Ta½ kho panida½ dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad± ariyasacca½ bh±vetabban’ti me, bhikkhave…pe… bh±vitanti me, bhikkhave, pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu cakkhu½ udap±di, ñ±ºa½ udap±di, paññ± udap±di, vijj± udap±di, ±loko udap±di.
“Y±vak²vañca me, bhikkhave, imesu cat³su ariyasaccesu eva½ tiparivaµµa½ dv±das±k±ra½ yath±bh³ta½ ñ±ºadassana½ na suvisuddha½ ahosi neva t±v±ha½, bhikkhave sadevake loke sam±rake sabrahmake sassamaºabr±hmaºiy± paj±ya sadevamanuss±ya ‘anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambuddho’ti paccaññ±si½. Yato ca kho me, bhikkhave, imesu cat³su ariyasaccesu eva½ tiparivaµµa½ dv±das±k±ra½ yath±bh³ta½ ñ±ºadassana½ suvisuddha½ ahosi, ath±ha½, bhikkhave, sadevake loke sam±rake sabrahmake sassamaºabr±hmaºiy± paj±ya sadevamanuss±ya ‘anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambuddho’ti paccaññ±si½. ѱºañca pana me dassana½ udap±di– ‘akupp± me vimutti, ayamantim± j±ti, natthi d±ni punabbhavo”’ti.
Idamavoca bhagav±. Attaman± pañcavaggiy± bhikkh³ bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinandunti.
Imasmiñca pana veyy±karaºasmi½ bhaññam±ne ±yasmato koº¹aññassa viraja½ v²tamala½ dhammacakkhu½ udap±di– “ya½ kiñci samudayadhamma½, sabba½ ta½ nirodhadhamman”ti.
Pavattite ca pana bhagavat± dhammacakke bhumm± [bh³m± (ka.)] dev± saddamanuss±vesu½– “eta½ bhagavat± b±r±ºasiya½ isipatane migad±ye anuttara½ dhammacakka½ pavattita½ appaµivattiya½ samaºena v± br±hmaºena v± devena v± m±rena v± brahmun± v± kenaci v± lokasmin”ti. Bhumm±na½ dev±na½ sadda½ sutv± c±tumah±r±jik± [c±tummah±r±jik± (sy±.)] dev± saddamanuss±vesu½…pe… c±tumah±r±jik±na½ dev±na½ sadda½ sutv± t±vati½s± dev±…pe… y±m± dev±…pe… tusit± dev±…pe… nimm±narat² dev±…pe… paranimmitavasavatt² dev±…pe… brahmak±yik± dev± saddamanuss±vesu½– “eta½ bhagavat± b±r±ºasiya½ isipatane migad±ye anuttara½ dhammacakka½ pavattita½ appaµivattiya½ samaºena v± br±hmaºena v± devena v± m±rena v± brahmun± v± kenaci v± lokasmin”ti.
Itiha tena khaºena tena layena tena muhuttena y±va brahmalok± saddo abbhuggacchi. Ayañca dasasahass² lokadh±tu sa½kampi sampakampi sampavedhi, appam±ºo ca u¼±ro obh±so loke p±turahosi atikkamma [atikkammeva (sy±. ka.) sa½. ni. 5.1081 passitabb±] dev±na½ dev±nubh±vanti.
Atha kho bhagav± ima½ ud±na½ ud±nesi– “aññ±si vata, bho, koº¹añño; aññ±si vata, bho, koº¹añño”ti. Iti hida½ ±yasmato koº¹aññassa aññ±sikoº¹añño tveva [aññ±koº¹aññotveva (sy±.)] n±ma½ ahosi.
[Ka] ‘ida½ dukkha½ ariyasaccan’ti pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu cakkhu½ udap±di, ñ±ºa½ udap±di, paññ± udap±di, vijj± udap±di, ±loko udap±di”.
Cakkhu½ udap±d²ti– kenaµµhena? ѱºa½ udap±d²ti– kenaµµhena? Paññ± udap±d²ti– kenaµµhena? Vijj± udap±d²ti– kenaµµhena? ¾loko udap±d²ti– kenaµµhena? Cakkhu½ udap±d²ti– dassanaµµhena. ѱºa½ udap±d²ti– ñ±taµµhena. Paññ± udap±d²ti– paj±nanaµµhena. Vijj± udap±d²ti– paµivedhaµµhena. ¾loko udap±d²ti– obh±saµµhena.
Cakkhu½ dhammo, ñ±ºa½ dhammo, paññ± dhammo, vijj± dhammo, ±loko dhammo. Ime pañca dhamm± dhammapaµisambhid±ya ±rammaº± ceva honti gocar± ca. Ye tass± ±rammaº± te tass± gocar±. Ye tass± gocar± te tass± ±rammaº±. Tena vuccati– “dhammesu ñ±ºa½ dhammapaµisambhid±”.
Dassanaµµho attho, ñ±taµµho attho, paj±nanaµµho attho, paµivedhaµµho attho, obh±saµµho attho. Ime pañca atth± atthapaµisambhid±ya ±rammaº± ceva honti gocar± ca. Ye tass± ±rammaº± te tass± gocar±. Ye tass± gocar± te tass± ±rammaº±. Tena vuccati– “atthesu ñ±ºa½ atthapaµisambhid±”.
Pañca dhamme sandassetu½ byañjananirutt±bhil±p±, pañca atthe sandassetu½ byañjananirutt±bhil±p±. Im± dasa niruttiy± niruttipaµisambhid±ya ±rammaº± ceva honti gocar± ca. Ye tass± ±rammaº± te tass± gocar±. Ye tass± gocar± te tass± ±rammaº±. Tena vuccati– “nirutt²su ñ±ºa½ niruttipaµisambhid±”.
Pañcasu dhammesu ñ±º±ni, pañcasu atthesu ñ±º±ni, dasasu nirutt²su ñ±º±ni. Im±ni v²sati ñ±º±ni paµibh±napaµisambhid±ya ±rammaº± ceva honti gocar± ca. Ye tass± ±rammaº± te tass± gocar±. Ye tass± gocar± te tass± ±rammaº±. Tena vuccati– “paµibh±nesu ñ±ºa½ paµibh±napaµisambhid±”.
“‘Ta½ kho panida½ dukkha½ ariyasacca½ pariññeyyan’ti…pe… pariññ±tanti pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu cakkhu½ udap±di, ñ±ºa½ udap±di, paññ± udap±di, vijj± udap±di, ±loko udap±di”.
Cakkhu½ udap±d²ti– kenaµµhena? ѱºa½ udap±d²ti– kenaµµhena? Paññ± udap±d²ti– kenaµµhena? Vijj± udap±d²ti– kenaµµhena? ¾loko udap±d²ti– kenaµµhena? Cakkhu½ udap±d²ti– dassanaµµhena. ѱºa½ udap±d²ti– ñ±taµµhena. Paññ± udap±d²ti– paj±nanaµµhena. Vijj± udap±d²ti– paµivedhaµµhena. ¾loko udap±d²ti– obh±saµµhena.
Cakkhu½ dhammo, ñ±ºa½ dhammo, paññ± dhammo, vijj± dhammo, ±loko dhammo. Ime pañca dhamm± dhammapaµisambhid±ya ±rammaº± ceva honti gocar± ca Ye tass± ±rammaº± te tass± gocar±. Ye tass± gocar± te tass± ±rammaº±. Tena vuccati– “dhammesu ñ±ºa½ dhammapaµisambhid±”.
Dassanaµµho attho, ñ±taµµho attho, paj±nanaµµho attho, paµivedhaµµho attho, obh±saµµho attho. Ime pañca atth± atthapaµisambhid±ya ±rammaº± ceva honti gocar± ca. Ye tass± ±rammaº± te tass± gocar±. Ye tass± gocar± te tass± ±rammaº±. Tena vuccati– “atthesu ñ±ºa½ atthapaµisambhid±”.
Pañca dhamme sandassetu½ byañjananirutt±bhil±p±, pañca atthe sandassetu½ byañjananirutt±bhil±p±. Im± dasa niruttiyo niruttipaµisambhid±ya ±rammaº± ceva honti gocar± ca. Ye tass± ±rammaº± te tass± gocar±. Ye tass± gocar± te tass± ±rammaº±. Tena vuccati– “nirutt²su ñ±ºa½ niruttipaµisambhid±”.
Pañcasu dhammesu ñ±º±ni, pañcasu atthesu ñ±º±ni, dasasu nirutt²su ñ±º±ni. Im±ni v²sati ñ±º±ni paµibh±napaµisambhid±ya ±rammaº± ceva honti gocar± ca. Ye tass± ±rammaº± te tass± gocar±. Ye tass± gocar± te tass± ±rammaº±. Tena vuccati– “paµibh±nesu ñ±ºa½ paµibh±napaµisambhid±”.
Dukkhe ariyasacce pannarasa dhamm±, pannarasa atth±, ti½sa niruttiyo, saµµhi ñ±º±ni.
[Kha] “‘ida½ dukkhasamudaya½ ariyasaccan’ti pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu cakkhu½ udap±di…pe… ±loko udap±di. ‘Ta½ kho panida½ dukkhasamudaya½ ariyasacca½ pah±tabban’ti…pe… pah²nanti pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu cakkhu½ udap±di…pe ±loko udap±di…pe…”.
Dukkhasamudaye ariyasacce pannarasa dhamm±, pannarasa atth±, ti½sa niruttiyo, saµµhi ñ±º±ni.
[Ga] “‘ida½ dukkhanirodha½ ariyasaccan’ti pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu cakkhu½ udap±di…pe… ±loko udap±di. ‘Ta½ kho panida½ dukkhanirodha½ ariyasacca½ sacchik±tabban’ti…pe… sacchikatanti pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu cakkhu½ udap±di…pe… ±loko udap±di…pe…”.
Dukkhanirodhe ariyasacce pannarasa dhamm±, pannarasa atth±, ti½sa niruttiyo, saµµhi ñ±º±ni.
[Gha] “‘ida½ dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad± ariyasaccan’ti pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu cakkhu½ udap±di…pe… ±loko udap±di. ‘Ta½ kho panida½ dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad± ariyasacca½ bh±vetabban’ti…pe… bh±vitanti pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu cakkhu½ udap±di…pe… ±loko udap±di…pe…”.
Dukkhanirodhag±miniy± paµipad±ya ariyasacce pannarasa dhamm±, pannarasa atth±, ti½sa niruttiyo, saµµhi ñ±º±ni.
Cat³su ariyasaccesu saµµhi dhamm±, saµµhi atth±, v²satisataniruttiyo, catt±l²sañca dve ca ñ±ºasat±ni.