15-16. Bhavavibhavadiµµhiniddesavaŗŗan±

148. Bhavavibhavadiµµh²na½ yath±vuttadiµµhito visu½ abhinives±bh±vato visu½ niddesa½ akatv± yath±vuttadiµµh²na½yeva vasena “ol²yana½ atidh±vanan”ti ekeka½ ±k±ra½ niddisitu½ puccha½ akatv± ca ol²yan±bhiniveso bhavadiµµhi, atidh±van±bhiniveso vibhavadiµµh²ti ±ha. Tattha “bhavanirodh±ya dhamme desiyam±ne citta½ na pakkhandat²”ti (itivu. 49) vutta-ol²yan±bhiniveso, sassatasańń±ya nibb±nato saŖkocan±bhinivesoti attho. “Bhaveneva kho paneke aµµ²yam±n± har±yam±n± jiguccham±n± vibhava½ abhinandant²”ti vutta-atidh±van±bhiniveso, ucchedasańń±ya nirodhag±minipaµipad±tikkaman±bhinivesoti attho.
Id±ni t±va bhavavibhavadiµµhiyo sabbadiµµh²su yojetv± dassetu½ ass±dadiµµhiy±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha yasm± ass±dadiµµhik± sassata½ v± uccheda½ v± niss±ya “natthi k±mesu doso”ti gaŗhanti, tasm± pańcati½s±k±r±pi ass±dadiµµhiyo siy± bhavadiµµhiyo, siy± vibhavadiµµhiyoti vutt±. Tattha yasm± ekek±pi diµµhiyo sassatagg±havasena bhavadiµµhiyo bhaveyyu½, ucchedagg±havasena vibhavadiµµhiyo bhaveyyunti attho. Att±nudiµµhiy± r³pa½ attato samanupassati, vedana½… sańńa½… saŖkh±re… vińń±ŗa½ attato samanupassat²ti pańcasu r³p±dito attano anańńatt± tesu ucchinnesu att± ucchinnoti gahaŗato pańca vibhavadiµµhiyoti vutta½. Sesesu pańcadasasu µh±nesu r³p±dito attano ańńatt± tesu ucchinnesupi “att± sassatoti gahaŗato pannarasa bhavadiµµhiyoti vutta½.
Micch±diµµhiy± “sabb±va t± vibhavadiµµhiyo”ti ucchedavasena pavattatt± antav±nantav±diµµh²su paritt±rammaŗa-appam±ŗ±rammaŗajh±nal±bhino dibbacakkhun± r³padh±tuy± cavitv± satte ańńattha upapanne passitv± bhavadiµµhi½ apassitv± vibhavadiµµhi½ gaŗhanti. Tasm± tattha siy± bhavadiµµhiyo, siy± vibhavadiµµhiyoti vutta½. Hoti ca na ca hot²ti ettha hoti c±ti bhavadiµµhi, na ca hot²ti vibhavadiµµhi. Neva hoti na na hot²ti ettha neva hot²ti vibhavadiµµhi, na na hot²ti bhavadiµµhi. Tasm± tattha “siy±”ti vutta½.
Pubbant±nudiµµhiy± ekaccasassatik± sassatańca pańńapenti, asassatańca pańńapenti. Tasm± s± bhavadiµµhi ca vibhavadiµµhi ca hoti. Catt±ro ant±nantik± ant±nanta½ att±na½ pańńapenti Tasm± s± att±nudiµµhisadis± bhavadiµµhi ca vibhavadiµµhi ca. Catt±ro amar±vikkhepik± bhavadiµµhi½ v± vibhavadiµµhi½ v± niss±ya v±c±vikkhepa½ ±pajjanti, avases± pana bhavadiµµhiyova. Tasm± te te sandh±ya “siy±”ti vutta½. Aparant±nudiµµhiy± satta ucchedav±d± vibhavadiµµhiyo, avases± bhavadiµµhiyo. Tasm± te te sandh±ya “siy±”ti vutta½. Sańńojanikadiµµhiy± sabbadiµµh²na½ vasena “siy±”ti vutta½. Ahanti m±navinibandh±ya diµµhiy± cakkh±d²na½ ahanti gahitatt± tesa½ vin±se att± vinaµµho hot²ti sabb±va t± vibhavadiµµhiyoti vutta½. Att±nudiµµhiyo viya mamanti m±navinibandh±ya diµµhiy± cakkh±dito attano ańńatt± tesa½ vin±sepi att± na vinassat²ti sabb±va t± bhavadiµµhiyoti vutta½. Lokav±dapaµisa½yutt±ya diµµhiy± “sassato att± ca loko c±”ti-±din± (paµi. ma. 1.147) nayena vuttatt± bhavavibhavadiµµhi p±kaµ±yeva. Ett±vat± ass±dadiµµh±dik± vibhavadiµµhipariyos±n± so¼asa diµµhiyo t²ŗisatańca diµµh±bhinives± niddiµµh± honti. Att±nudiµµhi ca sakk±yadiµµhi ca attav±dapaµisańńutt± diµµhi ca atthato ek± pariy±yena tividh± vutt±. Sańńojanik± pana diµµhi avatth±bhedena sabb±pi diµµhiyo honti.
Id±ni sabb±va t± diµµhiyo ass±dadiµµhiyoti-±di ańńena pariy±yena yath±yoga½ diµµhisa½sandan±. Tattha sabb±va t± diµµhiyoti yath±vutt± anavases± diµµhiyo. Diµµhir±garattatt± taŗh±ss±danissitatt± ca ass±dadiµµhiyo, attasineh±nugatatt± att±nudiµµhiyo, vipar²tadassanatt± micch±diµµhiyo, khandhavatthukatt± sakk±yadiµµhiyo, ekekassa antassa gahitatt± antagg±hik± diµµhiyo, anatthasa½yojanikatt± sańńojanik± diµµhiyo, attav±dena yuttatt± attav±dapaµisa½yutt± diµµhiyoti im± satta diµµhiyo sabbadiµµhisaŖg±hik±, ses± pana nava diµµhiyo na sabbadiµµhisaŖg±hik±.
Id±ni vitth±rato vutt± sabb±va t± diµµhiyo dv²suyeva diµµh²su saŖkhipitv± satt±na½ diµµhidvayanissaya½ dassento bhavańca diµµhintig±tham±ha. Sabb±pi hi t± diµµhiyo bhavadiµµh² v± honti vibhavadiµµh² v±. Bhavańca diµµhi½ vibhavańca diµµhinti ettha pana ca-saddo diµµhimeva samuccinoti, na nissaya½. Na hi eko bhavavibhavadiµµhidvaya½ nissayati. Yath±ha– “iti bhavadiµµhisannissit± v± satt± honti vibhavadiµµhisannissit± v±”ti (paµi. ma. 1.113). Takkik±ti takkena vadant²ti takkik±. Te hi diµµhigatik± sabh±vapaµivedhapańń±ya abh±v± kevala½ takkena vattanti. Yepi ca jh±nal±bhino abhińń±l±bhino v± diµµhi½ gaŗhanti, tepi takketv± gahaŗato takkik± eva. Nissit±seti nissit±ti attho. Ekameva pada½, “se”ti nip±tamatta½ v±. Tesa½ nirodhamhi na hatthi ń±ŗanti diµµhinissayassa k±raŗavacanameta½. Sakk±yadiµµhinirodhe nibb±ne yasm± tesa½ ń±ŗa½ natthi, tasm± eta½ diµµhidvaya½ nissit±ti attho. “Na hi atthi ń±ŗan”ti ettha hi-k±ro k±raŗopadese nip±to. Yatth±ya½ loko vipar²tasańń²ti yattha sukhe nirodhamhi aya½ sadevako loko “dukkha”miti vipar²tasańń² hoti, tasmi½ nirodhamhi na hatthi ń±ŗanti sambandho. Dukkhamiti vipar²tasańńit±ya ida½ sutta½–
“R³p± sadd± ras± gandh±, phass± dhamm± ca keval±;
iµµh± kant± man±p± ca, y±vatatth²ti vuccati.
“Sadevakassa lokassa, ete vo sukhasammat±;
yattha cete nirujjhanti, ta½ nesa½ dukkhasammata½.
“Sukhanti diµµhamariyehi, sakk±yassuparodhana½;
paccan²kamida½ hoti, sabbalokena passata½.
“Ya½ pare sukhato ±hu, tadariy± ±hu dukkhato;
ya½ pare dukkhato ±hu, tadariy± sukhato vid³.
“Passa dhamma½ dur±j±na½, sampam³¼hetthaviddasu;
nivut±na½ tamo hoti, andhak±ro apassata½.
“Satańca vivaµa½ hoti, ±loko passat±miva;
santike na vij±nanti, mag± dhammassakovid±.
“Bhavar±gaparetehi, bhavasot±nus±ribhi;
m±radheyy±nupannehi, n±ya½ dhammo susambudho.
“Ko nu ańńatra ariyebhi, pada½ sambuddhumarahati;
ya½ pada½ sammadańń±ya, parinibbanti an±sav±”ti. (Su. ni. 764-771).
149. Id±ni sabb±sa½ diµµh²na½ diµµhidvayabh±va½ diµµhisamuggh±takańca samm±diµµhi½ suttato dassetuk±mo, dv²hi bhikkhaveti sutta½ ±hari. Tattha dev±ti brahm±nopi vuccanti. Ol²yant²ti saŖkucanti. Atidh±vant²ti atikkamitv± gacchanti. Cakkhumantoti pańńavanto. Ca-saddo atirekattho. Bhav±r±m±ti bhavo ±r±mo abhiramaµµh±na½ etesanti bhav±r±m±. Bhavarat±ti bhave abhirat±. Bhavasammudit±ti bhavena santuµµh±. Desiyam±neti tath±gatena v± tath±gatas±vakena v± desiyam±ne. Na pakkhandat²ti dhammadesana½ v± bhavanirodha½ v± na pavisati. Na pas²dat²ti tattha pas±da½ na p±puŗ±ti. Na santiµµhat²ti tattha na patiµµh±ti. N±dhimuccat²ti tattha ghanabh±va½ na p±puŗ±ti. Ett±vat± sassatadiµµhi vutt±.
Aµµ²yam±n±ti dukkha½ p±puŗam±n±. Har±yam±n±ti lajja½ p±puŗam±n±. Jiguccham±n±ti jiguccha½ p±puŗam±n±. Vibhava½ abhinandant²ti uccheda½ paµicca tussanti, uccheda½ patthayant²ti v± attho. Kir±ti anussavanatthe nip±to. Bhoti ±lapanameta½. Santanti nibbuta½. Paŗ²tanti dukkh±bh±vato paŗ²ta½, padh±nabh±va½ n²tanti v± paŗ²ta½. Y±th±vanti yath±sabh±va½. Ett±vat± ucchedadiµµhi vutt±.
Idh±ti imasmi½ s±sane. Bh³tanti hetuto sańj±ta½ khandhapańcakasaŖkh±ta½ dukkha½. Bh³tato passat²ti ida½ bh³ta½ dukkhanti passati. Nibbid±y±ti vipassanatth±ya. Vir±g±y±ti ariyamaggatth±ya. Nirodh±y±ti nibb±natth±ya. Paµipanno hot²ti tadanur³pa½ paµipada½ paµipanno hoti. Eva½ passant²ti imin± pak±rena pubbabh±ge lokiyań±ŗena, paµivedhak±le lokuttarań±ŗena passanti. Ett±vat± samm±diµµhi vutt±.
Id±ni dv²hi g±th±hi tass± samm±diµµhiy± ±nisa½sa½ dasseti. Tattha yo bh³ta½ bh³tato disv±ti dukkha½ parińń±bhisamayena abhisametv±ti attho. Bh³tassa ca atikkamanti nirodha½ sacchikiriy±bhisamayena abhisametv±ti attho. Yath±bh³tedhimuccat²ti maggabh±van±bhisamayavasena yath±sabh±ve nirodhe “eta½ santa½, eta½ paŗ²tan”ti adhimuccati. Bhavataŗh± parikkhay±ti samudayassa pah±nen±ti attho. Asatipi cettha sacc±na½ n±n±bhisamayatte “disv±”ti pubbak±likavacana½ saddhi½ pubbabh±gapaµipad±ya voh±ravasena vuttanti veditabba½. Na hi pubba½ passitv± pacch± adhimuccati. Catusacc±bhisamayo sam±nak±lameva hoti. Sam±nak±lepi v± pubbak±lik±ni pad±ni bhavant²ti na doso. Sa veti eka½sena so araha½. Bh³taparińń±toti dukkha½ parińń±tav±. V²tataŗhoti vigatataŗho. Bhav±bhaveti khuddake ca mahante ca bhave. Vuddhi-atthepi hi a-k±rassa sambhavato abhavoti mah±bhavo. So pana khuddakamahantabh±vo up±d±yup±d±ya veditabbo. Atha v± bhaveti sassate. Abhaveti ucchede. Tadubhayepi diµµhir±g±bh±vena v²tataŗho. Bh³tassa vibhav±ti vaµµadukkhassa samucched±. N±gacchati punabbhavanti arahato parinibb±na½ vutta½.
150. Tayo puggal±ti-±di micch±diµµhikagarahaŗattha½ samm±diµµhikapasa½sanattha½ vutta½. Tattha vir³pabh±va½ pann± gat± diµµhi etesanti vipannadiµµh². Sundarabh±va½ pann± gat± diµµhi etesanti sampannadiµµh². Titthiyoti tittha½ vuccati diµµhi, ta½ paµipannatt± titthe s±dhu, tittha½ yassa atth²ti v± titthiyo. Ito bahiddh± pabbajj³pagato. Titthiyas±vakoti tesa½ diµµh±nugatim±panno gahaµµho. Yo ca micch±diµµhikoti tadubhayabh±va½ anupagantv± y±ya k±yaci diµµhiy± micch±diµµhiko.
Tath±gatoti samm±sambuddho. Paccekabuddhopi ettheva saŖgahito. Tath±gatas±vakoti maggappatto phalappatto ca. Yo ca samm±diµµhikoti tadubhayavinimutto lokiyasamm±diµµhiy± samm±diµµhiko.
G±th±su kodhanoti yo abhiŗha½ kujjhati, so. Upan±h²ti tameva kodha½ va¹¹hetv± upanandhanas²lo. P±pamakkh²ti l±makabh³tamakkhav±. M±y±v²ti katap±papaµicch±danav±. Vasaloti h²najacco. Visuddhoti ń±ŗadassanavisuddhiy± visuddho. Suddhata½ gatoti maggaphalasaŖkh±ta½ suddhabh±va½ gato. Medh±v²ti pańńav±. Im±ya g±th±ya lokuttarasamm±diµµhisampanno eva thomito.
Vipannadiµµhiyo sampannadiµµhiyoti puggalavoh±ra½ pah±ya dhammameva garahanto thomento ca ±ha. Eta½ mam±ti taŗh±mańńanavasena diµµhi. Esohamasm²ti m±namańńanam³lik± diµµhi. Eso me att±ti diµµhimańńanameva.
Eta½ mam±ti k± diµµh²ti-±d²hi tissanna½ vipannadiµµh²na½ vibh±gańca gaŗanańca k±lasaŖgahańca pucchitv± vissajjana½ kata½. Tattha k± diµµh²ti anek±su diµµh²su katam± diµµh²ti attho. Katamant±nuggahit±ti pubbant±parantasaŖkh±tak±ladvaye katamena k±lena anuggahit±, anubaddh±ti attho. Yasm± “eta½ mam±”ti par±masanto “eta½ mama ahosi, eva½ mama ahosi, ettaka½ mama ahos²”ti at²ta½ vatthu½ apadisitv± par±masati, tasm± pubbant±nudiµµhi hoti. Pubbant±nuggahit± ca t± diµµhiyo honti. Yasm± “esohamasm²”ti par±masanto “imin±ha½ s²lena v± vatena v± tapena v± brahmacariyena v± esosmi visujjhiss±m²”ti an±gataphala½ up±d±ya par±masati, tasm± aparant±nudiµµhi hoti. Aparant±nuggahit± ca t± diµµhiyo honti. Yasm± “eso me att±”ti par±masanto at²t±n±gata½ up±dinnasantati½ up±d±ya “eso me att±”ti par±masati, sakk±yadiµµhivasena ca par±masati, tasm± sakk±yadiµµhi hoti. Pubbant±parant±nuggahit± ca t± diµµhiyo honti. Yasm± pana sakk±yadiµµhippamukh±yeva dv±saµµhi diµµhiyo honti, sakk±yadiµµhisamuggh±teneva ca dv±saµµhi diµµhiyo samuggh±ta½ gacchanti, tasm± sakk±yadiµµhippamukhena dv±saµµhi diµµhigat±n²ti vutt±, sakk±yadiµµhippamukhena sakk±yadiµµhidv±rena dv±saµµhi diµµhigat±ni hont²ti attho. Sakk±yadiµµhippamukh±n²ti p±µho sundarataro. Sakk±yadiµµhi pamukh± ±di etesanti sakk±yadiµµhippamukh±ni. K±ni t±ni? Dv±saµµhi diµµhigat±ni.
“K± diµµh²”ti pucch±ya v²sativatthuk± att±nudiµµhi, v²sativatthuk± sakk±yadiµµh²ti vissajjana½. “Kati diµµhiyo”ti pucch±ya sakk±yadiµµhippamukh±ni dv±saµµhi diµµhigat±n²ti vissajjana½. S±yeva pana sakk±yadiµµhi “eso me att±”ti vacanas±mańńena att±nudiµµh²ti vutt±. Tass± vutt±ya attav±dapaµisańńutt± diµµhipi vutt±yeva hoti.
151. Ye keci, bhikkhaveti-±disutt±haraŗa½ sampannadiµµhipuggalasambandhena sampannadiµµhipuggalavibh±gadassanattha½ kata½. Tattha niµµha½ gat±ti maggań±ŗavasena samm±sambuddho bhagav±ti nicchaya½ gat±, nibbematik±ti attho. Niµµh±gat±ti p±µho sam±sapada½ hoti, attho pana soyeva. Diµµhisampann±ti diµµhiy± sundarabh±va½ gat±. Idha niµµh±ti imiss± k±madh±tuy± parinibb±na½. Idha vih±ya niµµh±ti ima½ k±mabhava½ vijahitv± suddh±v±sabrahmaloke parinibb±na½. Sattakkhattuparamass±ti sattakkhattu½param± sattav±raparam± bhav³papatti attabh±vaggahaŗa½ assa, tato para½ aµµhama½ bhava½ n±diyat²ti sattakkhattuparamo. Tassa sattakkhattuparamassa sot±pannassa. Kola½kolass±ti kulato kula½ gacchat²ti kola½kolo. Sot±pattiphalasacchikiriyato hi paµµh±ya n²ce kule upapatti n±ma natthi, mah±bhogakulesuyeva nibbattat²ti attho. Tassa kola½kolassa sot±pannassa. Ekab²jiss±ti khandhab²ja½ n±ma kathita½. Yassa hi sot±pannassa eka½yeva khandhab²ja½ atthi, eka½ attabh±vaggahaŗa½, so ekab²j² n±ma. Tassa ekab²jissa sot±pannassa. Bhagavat± gahitan±mavasenevet±ni etesa½ n±m±ni. Ettakańhi µh±na½ gato sattakkhattuparamo n±ma hoti, ettaka½ kola½kolo, ettaka½ ekab²j²ti bhagavat± etesa½ n±ma½ gahita½. Bhagav± hi “aya½ ettaka½ µh±na½ gamissati, aya½ ettaka½ µh±na½ gamissat²”ti ńatv± tesa½ t±ni t±ni n±m±ni aggahesi. Mudupańńo hi sot±panno satta bhave nibbattento sattakkhattuparamo n±ma, majjhimapańńo para½ chaµµha½ bhava½ nibbattento kola½kolo n±ma tikkhapańńo eka½ bhava½ nibbattento ekab²j² n±ma. Ta½ paneta½ tesa½ mudumajjhimatikkhapańńata½ pubbahetu niyameti. Ime tayopi sot±pann± k±mabhavavasena vutt±, r³p±r³pabhave pana bahuk±pi paµisandhiyo gaŗhanti. Sakad±g±miss±ti paµisandhivasena saki½ k±mabhava½ ±gacchat²ti sakad±g±m². Tassa sakad±g±missa. Diµµheva dhamme arah±ti imasmi½yeva attabh±ve arah±. Arahantipi p±µho. Idha niµµh±ti k±mabhava½ sa½saranteyeva sandh±ya vutta½. R³p±r³pabhave uppann± pana ariy± k±mabhave na uppajjanti, tattheva parinibb±yanti.
Antar±parinibb±yiss±ti ±yuvemajjhassa antar±yeva kilesaparinibb±nena parinibb±yanato antar±parinibb±y². So pana uppannasamanantar± parinibb±y², ±yuvemajjha½ appatv± parinibb±y², ±yuvemajjha½ patv± parinibb±y²ti tividho hoti. Tassa antar±parinibb±yissa an±g±mino. Upahaccaparinibb±yiss±ti ±yuvemajjha½ atikkamitv± v± k±lakiriya½ upagantv± v± kilesaparinibb±nena parinibb±yantassa an±g±mino. AsaŖkh±raparinibb±yiss±ti asaŖkh±rena appayogena adhimattappayoga½ akatv±va kilesaparinibb±nena parinibb±yanadhammassa an±g±mino. SasaŖkh±raparinibb±yiss±ti sasaŖkh±rena dukkhena kasirena adhimattappayoga½ katv±va kilesaparinibb±nena parinibb±yanadhammassa an±g±mino. Uddha½sotassa akaniµµhag±minoti uddha½v±hibh±vena uddhamassa taŗh±sota½ vaµµasota½ v±ti uddha½soto, uddha½ v± gantv± paµilabhitabbato uddhamassa maggasotanti uddha½soto, akaniµµha½ gacchat²ti akaniµµhag±m². Tassa uddha½sotassa akaniµµhag±mino an±g±missa. Aya½ pana an±g±m² catuppabhedo– yo avihato paµµh±ya catt±ro brahmaloke sodhetv± akaniµµha½ gantv± parinibb±yati, aya½ uddha½soto akaniµµhag±m² n±ma. Yo heµµh± tayo brahmaloke sodhetv± sudass²brahmaloke µhatv± parinibb±yati, aya½ uddha½soto na akaniµµhag±m² n±ma. Yo ito akaniµµhameva gantv± parinibb±yati, aya½ na uddha½soto akaniµµhag±m² n±ma. Yo heµµh± cat³su brahmalokesu tattha tattheva parinibb±yati, aya½ na uddha½soto na akaniµµhag±m² n±m±ti. Ime pańca an±g±mino suddh±v±sa½ gahetv± vutt±. An±g±mino pana r³par±g±r³par±g±na½ appah²natt± ±kaŖkham±n± sesar³p±r³pabhavesupi nibbattanti. Suddh±v±se nibbatt± pana ańńattha na nibbattanti. Aveccappasann±ti ariyamaggavasena j±nitv± bujjhitv± acalappas±dena pasann±. Sot±pann±ti ariyamaggasota½ ±pann±. Imin± sabbepi ariyaphalaµµh± puggal± gahit±ti.

Bhavavibhavadiµµhiniddesavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.

Saddhammappak±siniy± paµisambhid±maggaµµhakath±ya

Diµµhikath±vaŗŗan± niµµhit±.