2. Att±nudiµµhiniddesavaººan±

130. Att±nudiµµhiya½ assutav± puthujjanoti ±gam±dhigam±bh±v± ñeyyo assutav± iti. Yassa hi khandhadh±tu-±yatanasaccapaccay±k±rasatipaµµh±n±d²su uggahaparipucch±vinicchayavirahitatt± att±nudiµµhipaµisedhakaro neva ±gamo, paµipattiy± adhigantabbassa anadhigatatt± na ca adhigamo atthi, so ±gam±dhigam±na½ abh±v± ñeyyo assutav± iti. Sutanti hi buddhavacan±gamo ca sutaphalatt± hetuvoh±ravasena adhigamo ca, ta½ suta½ assa atth²ti sutav±, na sutav± assutav±. Sv±ya½–
Puth³na½ janan±d²hi, k±raºehi puthujjano;
puthujjanantogadhatt±, puthuv±ya½ jano iti.
So hi puth³na½ n±nappak±r±na½ kiles±d²na½ janan±d²hi k±raºehi puthujjano. Yath±ha– “puthu kilese janent²ti puthujjan±, puthu avihatasakk±yadiµµhik±ti puthujjan±, puthu satth±r±na½ mukhullokik±ti puthujjan±, puthu sabbagat²hi avuµµhit±ti puthujjan±, puthu n±n±bhisaªkh±re abhisaªkharont²ti puthujjan±, puthu n±n±-oghehi vuyhant²ti puthujjan±, puthu n±n±sant±pehi santappent²ti puthujjan±, puthu n±n±pari¼±hehi paridayhant²ti puthujjan±, puthu pañcasu k±maguºesu ratt± giddh± gadhit± mucchit± ajjhosann± lagg± laggit± palibuddh±ti puthujjan±, puthu pañcahi n²varaºehi ±vut± nivut± ovut± pihit± paµicchann± paµikujjit±ti puthujjan±”ti (mah±ni. 94). Puth³na½ v± gaºanapathamat²t±na½ ariyadhammaparammukh±na½ n²cadhammasamud±c±r±na½ jan±na½ antogadhatt±pi puthujjan±, puthu v± aya½, visu½yeva saªkha½ gato visa½saµµho s²lasut±diguºayuttehi ariyehi janotipi puthujjano. Evametehi “assutav± puthujjano”ti dv²hi padehi ye te–
“Duve puthujjan± vutt±, buddhen±diccabandhun±;
andho puthujjano eko, kaly±ºeko puthujjano”ti.–

Dve puthujjan± vutt±, tesu andhaputhujjano vutto hot²ti veditabbo.

Ariy±na½ adass±v²ti-±d²su ariy±ti ±rakatt± kilesehi, anaye na iriyanato, aye ca iriyanato, sadevakena ca lokena araº²yato buddh± ca paccekabuddh± ca buddhas±vak± ca vuccanti, buddh± eva v± idha ariy±. Yath±ha– “sadevake, bhikkhave, loke…pe… tath±gato ariyoti vuccat²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.1098).
Sappuris±ti ettha pana paccekabuddh± tath±gatas±vak± ca “sappuris±”ti veditabb±. Te hi lokuttaraguºayogena sobhan± puris±ti sappuris±. Sabbeyeva v± ete dvedh±pi vutt±. Buddh±pi hi ariy± ca sappuris± ca paccekabuddh± buddhas±vak±pi. Yath±ha–
“Yo ve kataññ³ katavedi dh²ro, kaly±ºamitto da¼habhatti ca hoti;
dukhitassa sakkacca karoti kicca½, tath±vidha½ sappurisa½ vadant²”ti. (J±. 2.17.78).
Ettha hi “kataññ³ katavedi dh²ro”ti paccekasambuddho vutto, “kaly±ºamitto da¼habhatti c±”ti buddhas±vako, “dukhitassa sakkacca karoti kiccan”ti samm±sambuddhoti. Id±ni yo tesa½ ariy±na½ adassanas²lo na ca dassane s±dhuk±r², so “ariy±na½ adass±v²”ti veditabbo. So ca cakkhun± adass±v² ñ±ºena adass±v²ti duvidho. Tesu ñ±ºena adass±v² idh±dhippeto. Ma½sacakkhun± hi dibbacakkhun± v± ariy± diµµh±pi adiµµh±va honti tesa½ cakkh³na½ vaººamattagahaºato na ariyabh±vagocarato. Soºasiªg±l±dayopi hi cakkhun± ariye passanti, na ca te ariy±na½ dass±vino, tasm± cakkhun± dassana½ na dassana½, ñ±ºena dassanameva dassana½. Yath±ha– “ki½ te, vakkali, imin± p³tik±yena diµµhena, yo kho, vakkali, dhamma½ passati, so ma½ passat²”ti (sa½. ni. 3.87). Tasm± cakkhun± passantopi ñ±ºena ariyehi diµµha½ anicc±dilakkhaºa½ apassanto ariy±dhigatañca dhamma½ anadhigacchanto ariyakaradhamm±na½ ariyabh±vassa ca adiµµhatt± “ariy±na½ adass±v²”ti veditabbo.
Ariyadhammassa akovidoti satipaµµh±n±dibhede ariyadhamme akusalo. Ariyadhamme avin²toti ettha pana–
Duvidho vinayo n±ma, ekamekettha pañcadh±;
abh±vato tassa aya½, “avin²to”ti vuccati.
Ayañhi sa½varavinayo pah±navinayoti duvidho vinayo. Ettha ca duvidhepi vinaye ekameko vinayo pañcadh± bhijjati. Sa½varavinayopi hi s²lasa½varo, satisa½varo, ñ±ºasa½varo, khantisa½varo, v²riyasa½varoti pañcavidho. Pah±navinayopi tadaªgappah±na½, vikkhambhanappah±na½, samucchedappah±na½, paµippassaddhippah±na½, nissaraºappah±nanti pañcavidho.
Tattha “imin± p±timokkhasa½varena upeto hoti samupeto”ti (vibha. 511) aya½ s²lasa½varo. “Rakkhati cakkhundriya½ cakkhundriye sa½vara½ ±pajjat²”ti (d². ni. 1.213; ma. ni. 1.295; sa½. ni. 4.239; a. ni. 3.16) aya½ satisa½varo.
“Y±ni sot±ni lokasmi½, (ajit±ti bhagav±)
sati tesa½ niv±raºa½;
sot±na½ sa½vara½ br³mi, paññ±yete pidh²yare”ti. (Su. ni. 1041; c³¼ani. ajitam±ºavapucch±niddesa 4)–

Aya½ ñ±ºasa½varo. “Khamo hoti s²tassa uºhass±”ti (ma. ni. 1.24; a. ni. 4.114; 6.58) aya½ khantisa½varo. “Uppanna½ k±mavitakka½ n±dhiv±set²”ti (ma. ni. 1.26; a. ni. 4.114; 6.58) aya½ v²riyasa½varo. Sabbopi c±ya½ sa½varo yath±saka½ sa½varitabb±na½ vinetabb±nañca k±yaduccarit±d²na½ sa½varaºato “sa½varo”, vinayanato “vinayo”ti vuccati. Eva½ t±va sa½varavinayo pañcadh± bhijjat²ti veditabbo.

Tath± ya½ n±mar³paparicched±d²su vipassan±ñ±ºesu paµipakkhabh±vato d²p±lokena viya tamassa tena tena vipassan±ñ±ºena tassa tassa anatthassa pah±na½, seyyathida½– n±mar³pavavatth±nena sakk±yadiµµhiy±, paccayapariggahena ahetuvisamahetudiµµh²na½, kaªkh±vitaraºena katha½kath²bh±vassa, kal±pasammasanena “aha½ mam±”ti g±hassa, magg±maggavavatth±nena amagge maggasaññ±ya, udayadassanena ucchedadiµµhiy±, vayadassanena sassatadiµµhiy±, bhayadassanena sabhaye abhayasaññ±ya, ±d²navadassanena ass±dasaññ±ya, nibbid±nupassanena abhiratisaññ±ya, muñcitukamyat±ñ±ºena amuñcitukamyat±ya, upekkh±ñ±ºena anupekkh±ya, anulomañ±ºena dhammaµµhitiya½ nibb±ne ca paµilomabh±vassa, gotrabhun± saªkh±ranimittag±hassa pah±na½, eta½ tadaªgappah±na½ n±ma.
Ya½ pana upac±rappan±bhedena sam±dhin± pavattibh±vaniv±raºato ghaµappah±rena viya udakapiµµhe sev±lassa tesa½ tesa½ n²varaº±didhamm±na½ pah±na½, ida½ vikkhambhanappah±na½ n±ma. Ya½ catunna½ ariyamagg±na½ bh±vitatt± ta½ta½maggavato attano sant±ne “diµµhigat±na½ pah±n±y±”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 277; vibha. 628) nayena vuttassa samudayapakkhikassa kilesaggaºassa accanta-appavattibh±vena pah±na½, ida½ samucchedappah±na½ n±ma. Ya½ pana phalakkhaºe paµippassaddhatta½ kiles±na½, ida½ paµippassaddhippah±na½ n±ma. Ya½ sabbasaªkhatanissaµatt± pah²nasabbasaªkhata½ nibb±na½, ida½ nissaraºappah±na½ n±ma. Sabbampi ceta½ pah±na½ yasm± c±gaµµhena pah±na½, vinayanaµµhena vinayo, tasm± “pah±navinayo”ti vuccati, ta½ta½pah±navato v± tassa tassa vinayassa sambhavatopeta½ “pah±navinayo”ti vuccati. Eva½ pah±navinayopi pañcadh± bhijjat²ti veditabbo.
Evamaya½ saªkhepato duvidho, pabhedato ca dasavidho vinayo bhinnasa½varatt± pah±tabbassa ca appah²natt± yasm± etassa assutavato puthujjanassa natthi, tasm± abh±vato tassa aya½ “avin²to”ti vuccat²ti. Esa nayo sappuris±na½ adass±v² sappurisadhammassa akovido sappurisadhamme avin²toti etth±pi. Ninn±n±k±raºañhi eta½ atthato. Yath±ha– “yeva te ariy±, teva te sappuris±. Yeva te sappuris±, teva te ariy±. Yova so ariy±na½ dhammo, sova so sappuris±na½ dhammo. Yova so sappuris±na½ dhammo, sova so ariy±na½ dhammo. Yeva te ariyavinay±, teva te sappurisavinay±. Yeva te sappurisavinay±, teva te ariyavinay±. Ariyeti v± sappuriseti v±, ariyadhammeti v± sappurisadhammeti v±, ariyavinayeti v± sappurisavinayeti v± esese eke ekaµµhe same samabh±ge tajj±te taññev±”ti.
Kasm± pana thero att±nudiµµhiy± katamehi v²satiy± ±k±rehi abhiniveso hot²ti pucchitv± ta½ avissajjetv±va “idha assutav± puthujjano”ti eva½ puthujjana½ niddis²ti? Puggal±dhiµµh±n±ya desan±ya ta½ attha½ ±vik±tu½ paµhama½ puthujjana½ niddis²ti veditabba½.
131. Eva½ puthujjana½ niddisitv± id±ni abhinivesuddesa½ dassento r³pa½ attato samanupassat²ti-±dim±ha Tattha r³pa½ attato samanupassat²ti r³pakkhandha½ kasiºar³pañca “att±”ti diµµhipassan±ya samanupassati. Niddese panassa r³pakkhandhe abhiniveso pañcakkhandh±dhik±ratt± p±kaµoti ta½ avatv± kasiºar³pameva “r³pan”ti s±maññavasena vuttanti veditabba½. R³pavanta½ v± att±nanti ar³pa½ “att±”ti gahetv± ta½ att±na½ r³pavanta½ samanupassati. Attani v± r³panti ar³pameva “att±”ti gahetv± tasmi½ attani r³pa½ samanupassati. R³pasmi½ v± att±nanti ar³pameva “att±”ti gahetv± ta½ att±na½ r³pasmi½ samanupassati.
Tattha r³pa½ attato samanupassat²ti suddhar³pameva “att±”ti kathita½. R³pavanta½ v± att±na½, attani v± r³pa½, r³pasmi½ v± att±na½, vedana½ attato samanupassati, sañña½, saªkh±re, viññ±ºa½ attato samanupassat²ti imesu sattasu µh±nesu ar³pa½ “att±”ti kathita½. Vedan±vanta½ v± att±na½, attani v± vedana½, vedan±ya v± att±nanti eva½ cat³su khandhesu tiººa½ tiººa½ vasena dv±dasasu µh±nesu r³p±r³pamissako att± kathito. T± pana v²satipi diµµhiyo magg±varaº±, na sagg±varaº±, sot±pattimaggavajjh±.
Id±ni ta½ niddisanto katha½ r³panti-±dim±ha. Tattha pathav²kasiºanti pathav²maº¹ala½ niss±ya upp±dita½ paµibh±ganimittasaªkh±ta½ sakalapharaºavasena pathav²kasiºa½. Ahanti att±nameva sandh±ya gaºh±ti. Attanti att±na½. Advayanti ekameva. Telappad²pass±ti telayuttassa pad²passa. Jh±yatoti jalato. Y± acci, so vaººoti-±di acci½ muñcitv± vaººassa abh±vato vutta½. Y± ca diµµhi yañca vatth³ti tadubhaya½ ekato katv± r³pavatthuk± att±nudiµµhi vuccat²ti attho.
¾pokasiº±d²ni ±p±d²ni niss±ya upp±ditakasiºanimitt±neva. Paricchinn±k±sakasiºa½ pana r³pajjh±nassa ±rammaºa½ hontampi ±k±sakasiºanti vuccam±ne ar³pajjh±n±rammaºena kasiºuggh±µim±k±sena sa½kiººa½ hot²ti na gahitanti veditabba½. R³p±dhik±ratt± viññ±ºakasiºa½ na gahetabbamev±ti. Idhekacco vedana½ sañña½ saªkh±re viññ±ºa½ attato samanupassat²ti catt±ro khandhe abhinditv± ekato gahaºavasena vutta½. So hi cittacetasik±na½ visu½ visu½ karaºe asamatthatt± sabbe ekato katv± “att±”ti gaºh±ti. Imin± r³pena r³pav±ti ettha sar²rar³pampi kasiºar³pampi labbhati. Ch±y±sampannoti ch±y±ya sampanno avira¼o. Tamen±ti ettha ena-saddo nip±tamatta½, tametanti v± attho. Ch±y±v±ti vijjam±nacch±yo R³pa½ att±ti aggahitepi r³pa½ amuñcitv± diµµhiy± uppannatt± r³pavatthuk±ti vutta½.
Attani r³pa½ samanupassat²ti sar²rar³passa kasiºar³passa ca cittanissitatt± tasmi½ ar³pasamud±ye attani ta½ r³pa½ samanupassati. Aya½ gandhoti gh±yitagandha½ ±ha. Imasmi½ puppheti pupphanissitatt± gandhassa evam±ha.
R³pasmi½ att±na½ samanupassat²ti yattha r³pa½ gacchati, tattha citta½ gacchati. Tasm± r³panissita½ citta½ gahetv± ta½ ar³pasamud±ya½ att±na½ tasmi½ r³pe samanupassati. O¼±rikatt± r³passa o¼±rik±dh±ra½ karaº¹akam±ha.
132. Idhekacco cakkhusamphassaja½ vedananti-±d²su visu½ visu½ vedan±ya diµµhigahaºe asatipi vedan±ti ekaggahaºena gahite sabb±sa½ vedan±na½ antogadhatt± visu½ visu½ gahit± eva hont²ti visu½ visu½ yojan± kat±ti veditabb±. So hi anubhavanavasena vedan±ya o¼±rikatt± vedana½yeva “att±”ti gaºh±ti. Sañña½ saªkh±re viññ±ºa½ r³pa½ attato samanupassat²ti saññ±dayo ar³padhamme r³pañca ekato katv± “att±”ti samanupassati. Ummattako viya hi puthujjano yath± yath± upaµµh±ti, tath± tath± gaºh±ti.
133. Cakkhusamphassaja½ saññanti-±d²su sañj±nanavasena saññ±ya p±kaµatt± sañña½ “att±’ti gaºh±ti. Sesa½ vedan±ya vuttanayena veditabba½.
134. Cakkhusamphassaja½ cetananti-±d²su saªkh±rakkhandhapariy±pannesu dhammesu cetan±ya padh±natt± p±kaµatt± ca cetan± eva niddiµµh±. T±ya itarepi niddiµµh±va honti. So pana cetasikabh±vavasena p±kaµatt± cetana½ “att±”ti gaºh±ti. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.
135. Cakkhuviññ±ºanti-±d²su vij±nanavasena cittassa p±kaµatt± citta½ “att±”ti gaºh±ti. Sesametth±pi vuttanayameva.

Att±nudiµµhiniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.