53. Paccayappavatt±na½ dhamm±nanti paµiccasamupp±davasena paccayato pavatt±na½ paccayuppannadhamm±na½. N±nattekattakammavipph±ravasen±ti ettha akusala½ kamma½ n±natta½, kusala½ kamma½ ekatta½. K±m±vacara½ v± kamma½ n±natta½, r³p±vacar±r³p±vacara½ kamma½ ekatta½. N±nattekattakammavipph±ravasena paccayapavatt±na½ dhamm±na½ pariyog±haºe paññ±ti sambandho. Pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±ºanti pubbe at²taj±t²su nivutthakhandh± pubbeniv±so. Nivutth±ti ajjh±vutth± anubh³t± attano sant±ne uppajjitv± niruddh±. Pubbe at²taj±t²su nivutthadhamm± v± pubbeniv±so. Nivutth±ti gocaraniv±sena nivutth± attano viññ±ºena viññ±t± paricchinn±, paraviññ±ºena viññ±t±pi v±. Chinnavaµumak±nussaraº±d²su te buddh±na½yeva labbhanti Pubbeniv±s±nussat²ti y±ya satiy± pubbeniv±sa½ anussarati, s± pubbeniv±s±nussati, ñ±ºanti t±ya satiy± sampayutta½ ñ±ºa½.
54. Obh±savasen±ti dibbena cakkhun± r³padassanattha½ pas±ritassa tejokasiºa-od±takasiºa-±lokakasiº±na½ aññatarass catutthajjh±n±rammaºassa kasiºobh±sassa vasena. N±nattekattar³panimitt±nanti n±n±satt±na½ r³p±ni, n±nattak±ya½ upapann±na½ v± satt±na½ r³p±ni, n±n±dis±su v± r³p±ni, asammiss±ni v± r³p±ni n±nattar³p±ni, ekasattassa r³p±ni, ekattak±ya½ upapannassa v± r³p±ni, ekadis±ya v± r³p±ni, n±n±dis±d²na½ sammiss²bh³t±ni v± r³p±ni ekattar³p±ni. R³panti cettha vaºº±yatanameva. Tañhi r³payat²ti r³pa½, vaººavik±ra½ ±pajjam±na½ hadayaªgatabh±va½ pak±set²ti attho. R³pameva r³panimitta½. Tesa½ n±nattekattar³panimitt±na½. Dassanaµµhe paññ±ti dassanasabh±ve paññ±.
Dibbacakkhuñ±ºanti dibbasadisatt± dibba½. Dev±nañhi sucaritakammanibbatta½ pittasemharuhir±d²hi apalibuddha½ upakkilesavimuttat±ya d³repi ±rammaºasampaµicchanasamattha½ dibba½ pas±dacakkhu hoti. Idañc±pi v²riyabh±van±balanibbatta½ ñ±ºacakkhu t±disamev±ti dibbasadisatt± dibba½, dibbavih±ravasena paµiladdhatt± attan± dibbavih±rasannissitatt±pi dibba½, ±lokapariggahena mah±jutikatt±pi dibba½, tirokuµµ±digatar³padassanena mah±gatikatt±pi dibba½. Ta½ sabba½ saddasatth±nus±rena veditabba½. Dassanaµµhena cakkhu, cakkhukiccakaraºena cakkhumiv±tipi cakkhu, dibbañca ta½ cakkhu c±ti dibbacakkhu, dibbacakkhu ca ta½ ñ±ºañc±ti dibbacakkhuñ±ºa½.
55. Catusaµµhiy± ±k±reh²ti aµµhasu maggaphalesu ekekasmi½ aµµhanna½ aµµhanna½ indriy±na½ vasena catusaµµhiy± ±k±rehi. Tiººanna½ indriy±nanti anaññ±taññass±m²tindriya½ aññindriya½ aññ±t±vindriyanti, imesa½ tiººanna½ indriy±na½. Vasibh±vat± paññ±ti vasibh±vat±ya pavatt± paññ±, arahattaphale aµµhanna½ indriy±na½ vasena aµµhahi ±k±rehi aññ±t±vindriyasseva vasibh±vat±ya arahattamaggakkhaºe abh±vepi k±raºasiddhivasena tadatthas±dhanat±ya vuttanti veditabba½. ¾sav±na½ khaye ñ±ºanti attan± vajjh±na½ ±sav±na½ khayakara½ arahattamaggañ±ºa½.
56-59. Id±ni ±sav±na½ khayañ±ºasaªkh±ta-arahattamaggañ±ºasambandhe catunnampi maggañ±º±na½ ekekassa maggañ±ºassa ek±bhisamayata½ dassetu½ “pariññaµµhe paññ±”ti-±d²ni catt±ri ñ±º±ni uddiµµh±ni. Tatth±pi o¼±rikatt± sabbasattas±dh±raºatt± ca suviññeyyanti dukkhasacca½ paµhama½ vutta½, tasseva hetudassanattha½ tadanantara½ samudayasacca½, hetunirodh± phalanirodhoti ñ±panattha½ tadanantara½ nirodhasacca½, tadadhigam³p±yadassanattha½ ante maggasacca½. Bhavasukhass±dagadhit±na½ v± satt±na½ sa½vegajananattha½ paµhama½ dukkham±ha, ta½ neva akata½ ±gacchati, na issaranimm±n±dito hoti, ito pana hot²ti ñ±panattha½ tadanantara½ samudayasacca½, tato sahetukena dukkhena abhibh³tatt± sa½viggam±nas±na½ dukkhanissaraºagaves²na½ nissaraºadassanena ass±sajananattha½ nirodha½, tato nirodh±dhigamattha½ nirodhasamp±paka½ magganti. Id±ni tabbisay±ni ñ±º±ni teneva kamena uddiµµh±ni. Tattha pariññaµµheti dukkhassa p²¼anaµµh±dike catubbidhe parij±nitabbasabh±ve. Pah±naµµheti samudayassa ±y³hanaµµh±dike catubbidhe pah±tabbasabh±ve. Sacchikiriyaµµheti nirodhassa nissaraºaµµh±dike catubbidhe sacchik±tabbasabh±ve. Bh±vanaµµheti maggassa niyy±naµµh±dike catubbidhe bh±vetabbasabh±ve.
60-63. Id±ni bh±vitamaggassa paccavekkhaºavasena v± abh±vitamaggassa anussavavasena v± visu½ visu½ saccañ±º±ni dassetu½ dukkhe ñ±º±d²ni catt±ri ñ±º±ni uddiµµh±ni. Tattha dukkheti ettha du-iti aya½ saddo kucchite dissati. Kucchitañhi putta½ duputtoti vadanti. Kha½-saddo pana tucche. Tucchañhi ±k±sa½ ‘khan’ti vuccati. Idañca paµhamasacca½ kucchita½ anekupaddav±dhiµµh±nato, tuccha½ b±lajanaparikappitadhuvasubhasukhattabh±vavirahitato. Tasm± kucchitatt± tucchatt± ca “dukkhan”ti vuccati.
Dukkhasamudayeti ettha sa½-iti aya½ saddo “sam±gamo sametan”ti-±d²su (vibha. 199; d². ni. 2.396) viya sa½yoga½ d²peti. U-iti aya½ saddo “uppanna½ uditan”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 172; c³¼ani. khaggavis±ºasuttaniddesa 141) viya uppatti½. Aya-saddo pana k±raºa½ d²peti. Idañc±pi dutiyasacca½ avasesapaccayasam±yoge sati dukkhassa uppattik±raºa½. Iti dukkhassa sa½yoge uppattik±raºatt± “dukkhasamudayan”ti vuccati.
Dukkhanirodheti ettha ni-saddo abh±va½, rodha-saddo ca c±raka½ d²peti. Tasm± abh±vo ettha sa½s±rac±rakasaªkh±tassa dukkharodhassa sabbagatisuññatt±, samadhigate v± tasmi½ sa½s±rac±rakassa dukkharodhassa abh±vo hoti tappaµipakkhatt±tipi “dukkhanirodhan”ti vuccati. Dukkhassa v± anuppattinirodhapaccayatt± dukkhanirodhanti vuccati.
Dukkhanirodhag±miniy± paµipad±y±ti ettha yasm± aya½ eta½ dukkhanirodha½ gacchati ±rammaºakaraºavasena tadabhimukh²bh³tatt±, paµipad± ca hoti dukkhanirodhappattiy±, tasm± dukkhanirodhag±minipaµipad±ti vuccati. Catt±ri maggañ±º±neva heµµh± vuµµh±n±k±rad²panavasena “magge ñ±ºan”ti vutt±ni, anantaraphalad±yakattassa k±raºaparid²panavasena “±nantarikasam±dhimhi ñ±ºan”ti vutt±ni, vivaµµan±k±rad²panavasena “saccavivaµµe ñ±ºan”ti vutt±ni, maggapaµip±µikkameneva arahattamaggañ±ºuppatti½, tassa ca ñ±ºassa abhiññ±bh±va½ d²petu½ arahattamaggañ±ºameva “±sav±na½ khaye ñ±ºan”ti vutta½. Puna catunnampi maggañ±º±na½ ek±bhisamayata½ d²petu½ “pariññaµµhe paññ± dukkhe ñ±ºan”ti-±d²ni catt±ri ñ±º±ni vutt±ni. Puna ekekasmi½ sacce visu½ visu½ uppattid²panavasena “dukkhe ñ±ºan”ti-±d²ni catt±ri ñ±º±ni uddiµµh±n²ti eva½ pubb±paraviseso veditabboti.
64-67. Id±ni sabbesa½ ariyapuggal±na½ ariyamagg±nubh±veneva paµisambhid±ñ±º±ni siddh±n²ti dassetu½ atthapaµisambhide ñ±ºanti-±d²ni puna catt±ri paµisambhid±ñ±º±ni uddiµµh±ni. Im±ni hi paµisambhid±pabhed±bh±vepi sabba-ariyapuggalas±dh±raº±ni suddhikapaµisambhid±ñ±º±ni, heµµh± uddiµµh±ni pana pabhinnapaµisambhid±na½ pabhedappatt±ni paµisambhid±ñ±º±n²ti veditabb±n²ti ayametesa½ ubhayatthavacane viseso. Yasm± v± anantara½ uddiµµha½ dukkh±rammaºa½ nirodh±rammaºañca ñ±ºa½ atthapaµisambhid± hoti, samuday±rammaºa½ magg±rammaºañca ñ±ºa½ dhammapaµisambhid±, tadabhil±pe ñ±ºa½ niruttipaµisambhid±, tesu ñ±ºesu ñ±ºa½ paµibh±napaµisambhid±, tasm± tampi atthavisesa½ dassetu½ suddhikapaµisambhid±ñ±º±ni uddiµµh±n²ti veditabb±ni. Tasm±yeva ca heµµh± n±nattasaddena visesetv± vutt±ni. Idha tath± avisesetv± vutt±n²ti.
68. Eva½ paµip±µiy± sattasaµµhi s±vakas±dh±raºañ±º±ni uddisitv± id±ni s±vakehi as±dh±raº±ni tath±gat±na½yeva ±veºik±ni ñ±º±ni dassetu½ indriyaparopariyattañ±º±d²ni cha as±dh±raºañ±º±ni uddiµµh±ni. Tatthapi yasm± tath±gat± satt±na½ dhammadesan±ya bh±jan±bh±janatta½ olokent± buddhacakkhun± olokenti. Buddhacakkhu n±ma indriyaparopariyatt±say±nusayañ±ºadvayameva. Yath±ha–
“Addas± kho bhagav± buddhacakkhun± loka½ volokento satte apparajakkhe mah±rajakkhe tikkhindriye mudindriye”ti-±di (mah±va. 9; ma. ni. 1.283; 2.339).

Sattasant±ne ca olokent± paµhama½ indriyaparip±k±parip±ka½ olokenti, indriyaparip±kañca ñatv± ±say±d²na½ anur³pena dhammadesanattha½ tato ±say±nusayacarit±ni olokenti, tasm±pi paµhama½ indriyaparopariyattañ±ºa½ uddiµµha½, tadanantara½ ±say±nusayañ±ºa½. Dhamma½ desent± ca yasm± p±µih±riyena vinetabb±na½ p±µih±riya½ karonti, tasm± ±say±nusayañ±º±nantara½ yamakap±µih±riye ñ±ºa½ uddiµµha½. Imesa½ tiººa½ ñ±º±na½ hetuparid²panattha½ tadanantara½ mah±karuº±ñ±ºa½ uddiµµha½. Mah±karuº±ñ±ºassa parisuddhabh±vaparid²panattha½ tadanantara½ sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ uddiµµha½. Sabbaññuss±pi sabbadhamm±na½ ±vajjanapaµibaddhabh±vaparid²panattha½ sabbaññutaññ±ºassa an±variyabh±vaparid²panatthañca tadanantara½ an±varaºañ±ºa½ uddiµµhanti veditabba½.

Indriyaparopariyattañ±ºanti ettha upari “satt±nan”ti pada½ idheva ±haritv± “satt±na½ indriyaparopariyattañ±ºan”ti yojetabba½. Par±ni ca apar±ni ca par±par±n²ti vattabbe sandhivasena ro-k±ra½ katv± paropar±n²ti vuccati. Paropar±na½ bh±vo paropariya½, paropariyameva paropariyatta½, veneyyasatt±na½ saddh±d²na½ pañcanna½ indriy±na½ paropariyatta½ indriyaparopariyatta½, indriyaparopariyattassa ñ±ºa½ indriyaparopariyattañ±ºa½, indriy±na½ uttam±nuttamabh±vañ±ºanti attho. “Indriyavarovariyattañ±ºan”tipi p±µho. Var±ni ca avariy±ni ca varovariy±ni, varovariy±na½ bh±vo varovariyattanti yojetabba½. Avariy±n²ti ca na uttam±n²ti attho. Atha v± par±ni ca opar±ni ca paropar±ni, tesa½ bh±vo paropariyattanti yojetabba½. Opar±n²ti ca or±n²ti vutta½ hoti, l±mak±n²ti attho, “paropar± yassa samecca dhamm±”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 479) viya. “Indriyaparopariyatte ñ±ºan”ti bhummavacanen±pi p±µho.
69. Satt±na½ ±say±nusaye ñ±ºanti ettha r³p±d²su khandhesu chandar±gena satt± visatt±ti satt±. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±–
“R³pe kho, r±dha, yo chando yo r±go y± nand² y± taºh±, tatra satto tatra visatto, tasm± ‘satto’ti vuccati. Vedan±ya saññ±ya saªkh±resu viññ±ºe yo chando yo r±go y± nand² y± taºh±, tatra satto tatra visatto, tasm± ‘satto’ti vuccat²”ti (sa½. ni. 3.161).

Akkharacintak± pana attha½ avic±retv± “n±mamattametan”ti icchanti. Yepi attha½ vic±renti, te satvayogena satt±ti icchanti, tesa½ satt±na½. ¾sayanti nissayanti eta½ iti ±sayo, micch±diµµhiy±, samm±diµµhiy± v± k±m±d²hi, nekkhamm±d²hi v± paribh±vitassa sant±nasseta½ adhivacana½. Sattasant±ne anusenti anupavattant²ti anusay±, th±magat±na½ k±mar±g±d²na½ eta½ adhivacana½. ¾sayo ca anusayo ca ±say±nusayo. J±tiggahaºena ca dvandasam±savasena ca ekavacana½ veditabba½. Yasm± carit±dhimuttiyo ±say±nusayasaªgahit±, tasm± uddese carit±dhimutt²su ñ±º±ni ±say±nusayañ±ºeneva saªgahetv± “±say±nusaye ñ±ºan”ti vutta½. Yeneva hi adhipp±yena uddeso kato, teneva adhipp±yena niddeso katoti.

70. Yamakap±µih²re ñ±ºanti ettha aggikkhandha-udakadh±r±d²na½ apubba½ acarima½ saki½yeva pavattito yamaka½, assaddhiy±d²na½ paµipakkhadhamm±na½ haraºato p±µih²ra½, yamakañca ta½ p±µih²rañc±ti yamakap±µih²ra½.
71. Mah±karuº±sam±pattiy± ñ±ºanti ettha paradukkhe sati s±dh³na½ hadayakampana½ karot²ti karuº±, kin±ti v± paradukkha½ hi½sati vin±set²ti karuº±, kir²yati v± dukkhitesu pharaºavasena pas±r²yat²ti karuº±, pharaºakammavasena kammaguºavasena ca mahat² karuº± mah±karuº±, sam±pajjanti eta½ mah±k±ruºik±ti sam±patti, mah±karuº± ca s± sam±patti c±ti mah±karuº±sam±patti. Tassa½ mah±karuº±sam±pattiya½, ta½sampayutta½ ñ±ºa½.
72-73. Sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ an±varaºañ±ºanti ettha pañcaneyyapathappabheda½ sabba½ aññ±s²ti sabbaññ³, sabbaññussa bh±vo sabbaññut±, s± eva ñ±ºa½ “sabbaññut±ñ±ºan”ti vattabbe “sabbaññutaññ±ºan”ti vutta½. Saªkhat±saªkhat±dibhed± sabbadhamm± hi saªkh±ro vik±ro lakkhaºa½ nibb±na½ paññatt²ti pañceva neyyapath± honti. Sabbaññ³ti ca kamasabbaññ³, saki½sabbaññ³, satatasabbaññ³, sattisabbaññ³, ñ±tasabbaññ³ti pañcavidh± sabbaññuno siyu½. Kamena sabbaj±nanak±l±sambhavato kamasabbaññut± na hoti, saki½ sabb±rammaºagahaº±bh±vato saki½sabbaññut± na hoti, cakkhuviññ±º±d²na½ yath±rammaºacittasambhavato bhavaªgacittavirodhato yutti-abh±vato ca satatasabbaññut± na hoti, parisesato sabbaj±nanasamatthatt± sattisabbaññut± v± siy±, viditasabbadhammatt± ñ±tasabbaññut± v± siy±. Sattisabbaññuno sabbaj±nanatta½ natth²ti tampi na yujjati.
“Na tassa addiµµhamidhatthi kiñci, atho aviññ±tamaj±nitabba½;
sabba½ abhiññ±si yadatthi neyya½, tath±gato tena samantacakkh³”ti. (Mah±ni. 156; c³¼ani. moghar±jam±ºavapucch±niddesa 85; paµi. ma. 1.208)–

Vuttatt± ñ±tasabbaññuttameva yujjati. Evañhi sati kiccato asammohato k±raºasiddhito ±vajjanapaµibaddhato sabbaññuttameva hot²ti. ¾vajjanapaµibaddhatt± eva hi natthi etassa ±varaºanti an±varaºa½, tadeva an±varaºañ±ºanti vuccat²ti.

Im±ni tesattati ñ±º±n²ti s±vakehi s±dh±raº±s±dh±raºavasena uddiµµh±ni im±ni tesattati ñ±º±ni. Imesa½ tesattatiy± ñ±º±nanti ±dito paµµh±ya vutt±na½ imesa½ tesattatiñ±º±na½. Ubb±hanatthe ceta½ s±mivacana½. Tesattat²nantipi p±µho. “Tesattatiy±”ti vattabbe ekasmi½ bahuvacana½ veditabba½. Sattasaµµhi ñ±º±n²ti-±dito paµµh±ya sattasaµµhi ñ±º±ni. S±vakas±dh±raº±n²ti savanante ariy±ya j±tiy± j±tatt± s±vak±, sam±na½ dh±raºametesanti s±dh±raº±ni, tath±gat±na½ s±vakehi s±dh±raº±ni s±vakas±dh±raº±ni. Cha ñ±º±n²ti ante uddiµµh±ni cha ñ±º±ni. As±dh±raº±ni s±vakeh²ti s±vakehi as±dh±raº±ni tath±gat±na½yeva ñ±º±n²ti.

Saddhammappak±siniy± paµisambhid±magga-aµµhakath±ya

ѱºakath±m±tikuddesav±ravaººan± niµµhit±.