Bandhana½ mocet±ti tassa bandhana½ mocet±. Bandhan± mocet±tipi p±µho, bandhanato ta½ mocet±ti attho. Mah±samb±dhappaµipannoti kusalasańc±rap²¼anena mah±samb±dhasaŖkh±ta½ r±gadosamoham±nadiµµhikilesaduccaritagahana½ paµipanno. Ok±sa½ dasset±ti lokiyalokuttarasam±dhipańń±-ok±sa½ dasset±. Mah±palibodhena palibuddhoti mah±niv±raŗena nivuto. Mah±lepena v± litto. Palibodhoti ca r±g±disattavidho eva. “Taŗh±diµµhipalibodho”ti eke. Palibodha½ chet±ti ta½ palibodha½ chindit±. Mah±pap±teti pańcagatipap±te, j±tijar±maraŗapap±te v±. Ta½ sabbampi duruttaraŗaµµhena pap±to. Pap±t± uddhat±ti tamh± pap±tato uddharit±. Mah±kant±rappaµipannoti j±tijar±by±dhimaraŗasokaparidevadukkhadomanassup±y±sakant±ra½ paµipanno. Sabbampi ta½ duratikkamanaµµhena kant±ro, ta½ kant±ra½ t±ret±. Kant±r± t±ret±ti v± p±µho. Mah±sa½s±rappaµipannoti abbocchinna½ khandhasant±na½ paµipanno. Sa½s±r± mocet±ti sa½s±rato mocet±. Sa½s±ra½ mocet±ti v± p±µho. Mah±viduggeti sa½s±ravidugge. Sa½s±royeva hi duggamanaµµhena viduggo. Samparivattat²ti bhusa½ nivattitv± carati. Mah±palipeti mahante k±makaddame. K±mo hi os²danaµµhena palipo. Palipannoti laggo. Mah±palipapalipannotipi p±µho.
Abbh±hatoti sabbopaddavehi abbh±hato. R±gaggin±ti r±g±dayoyeva anudahanaµµhena aggi, tena r±gaggin±. Sesesupi eseva nayo. Unn²takoti uggahetv± n²to, j±tiy± uggahetv± jar±di-upaddav±ya n²toti attho. Ka-k±ro panettha anukamp±ya daµµhabbo. Hańńati niccamat±ŗoti paritt±yakena rahito satata½ p²¼²yati. Pattadaŗ¹oti r±j±d²hi laddha-±ŗo. Takkaroti coro. Vajjabandhanabaddhoti r±g±divajjabandhanehi baddho. ¾gh±tanapaccupaµµhitoti maraŗadhammagaŗµhikaµµh±na½ upecca µhito. Koci bandhan± mocet±. Koci bandhana½ mocet±tipi p±µho. An±thoti natthi etassa n±tho issaro, saya½ v± na n±tho na issaroti an±tho, asaraŗoti v± attho. Paramak±pańńappattoti jar±dipaµib±hane appahut±ya at²va kapaŗabh±va½ patto. T±yet±ti rakkhit±. T±yit±ti v± p±µho sundaro Dukkh±bhitunnoti j±tidukkh±d²hi anekehi dukkhehi abhitunno atiby±dhito atikampito ca. Ciraratta½ p²¼itoti dukkheheva d²ghamaddh±na½ p²¼ito ghaµµito. Gadhitoti gedhena giddho, abhijjh±k±yaganthena v± ganthito. Nicca½ pip±sitoti p±tu½ bhuńjitu½ icch± pip±s±, s± taŗh± eva, taŗh±pip±s±ya nirantara½ pip±sito.
Andhoti dassanaµµhena cakkh³ti saŖkha½ gat±ya pańń±ya abh±vato k±ŗo. Pańń± hi dhammasabh±va½ passati. Acakkhukoti ta½ pana andhatta½ na pacch± sambh³ta½, pakatiy± eva avijjam±nacakkhukoti tameva andhatta½ viseseti. Hatanettoti nayanaµµhena nettanti saŖkha½ gat±ya pańń±ya abh±vatoyeva vinaµµhanettako. Samavisama½ dassenta½ attabh±va½ net²ti nettanti hi vutta½. Pańń±ya sugatińca agatińca nayati. Hatanettatt±yevassa netu-abh±va½ dassento apariŗ±yakoti ±ha, avijjam±nanettakoti attho. Ańńopissa net± na vijjat²ti vutta½ hoti. Vipathapakkhandoti vipar²to, visamo v± patho vipatho, ta½ vipatha½ pakkhando paviµµho paµipannoti vipathapakkhando, micch±pathasaŖkh±ta½ micch±diµµhi½ paµipannoti attho. Ańjas±paraddhoti ańjase ujumaggasmi½ majjhimapaµipad±ya aparaddho viraddho. Ariyapatha½ ±net±ti ariya½ aµµhaŖgika½ magga½ upanet± paµip±dayit±. Mahoghapakkhandoti yassa sa½vijjanti, ta½ vaµµasmi½ ohananti os²d±pent²ti ogh±, pakati-oghato mahant± ogh±ti mahogh±. Te k±mogho bhavogho diµµhogho avijjoghoti catuppabhed±. Te mahoghe pakkhando paviµµhoti mahoghapakkhando, sa½s±rasaŖkh±ta½ mahogha½ v± pakkhandoti.
118. Id±ni ekuttarikanayo. Tattha dv²hi diµµhigateh²ti sassatucchedadiµµh²hi. Tattha diµµhiyeva diµµhigata½ “g³thagata½ muttagatan”ti-±d²ni (a. ni. 9.11) viya. Gantabb±bh±vato v± diµµhiy± gatamattamevetanti diµµhigata½, diµµh²su gata½ ida½ dassana½ dv±saµµhidiµµhi-antogadhatt±tipi diµµhigata½. Dv±saµµhitesaµµhidiµµhiyopi hi sassatadiµµhi ucchedadiµµh²ti dveva diµµhiyo honti. Tasm± saŖkhepena sabb± diµµhiyo anto karonto “dv²hi diµµhigateh²”ti vutta½ Pariyuµµhitoti pariyuµµh±na½ patto samud±c±ra½ patto, uppajjitu½ appad±nena kusalac±rassa gahaŗa½ pattoti attho. Vuttańheta½ bhagavat±– “dv²hi, bhikkhave, diµµhigatehi pariyuµµhit± devamanuss± ol²yanti eke, atidh±vanti eke, cakkhumanto ca passant²”ti-±di (itivu. 49).
T²hi duccariteh²ti tividhak±yaduccaritena catubbidhavac²duccaritena tividhamanoduccaritena. Vippaµipannoti vir³pa½ paµipanno, micch±paµipannoti attho. Yogehi yuttoti vaµµasmi½ yojent²ti yog±, ²ti-atthena v± yog±, tehi yogehi yutto samappito. Catuyogayojitoti k±mayogo, bhavayogo, diµµhiyogo, avijj±yogoti imehi cat³hi yogehi sakaµasmi½ yogo viya vaµµasmi½ yojito. Pańcak±maguŗiko r±go k±mayogo. R³p±r³pabhavesu chandar±go, jh±nanikanti ca, sassatadiµµhisahaj±to r±go bhavavasena patthan± bhavayogo. Dv±saµµhi diµµhiyo diµµhiyogo. Aµµhasu µh±nesu ańń±ŗa½ avijj±yogo. Te eva catt±ro balavabh³t± ogh±, dubbalabh³t± yog±.
Cat³hi gantheh²ti yassa sa½vijjanti, ta½ cutipaµisandhivasena vaµµasmi½ ganthenti ghaµent²ti ganth±. Te abhijjh± k±yagantho, by±p±do k±yagantho, s²labbatapar±m±so k±yagantho, ida½sacc±bhiniveso k±yaganthoti catuppabhed±. Abhijjh±yanti et±ya, saya½ v± abhijjh±yati, abhijjh±yanamattameva v± es±ti abhijjh±, lobhoyeva. N±mak±ya½ gantheti cutipaµisandhivasena vaµµasmi½ ghaµet²ti k±yagantho. By±pajjati tena citta½ p³tibh±va½ gacchati, by±p±dayati v± vinay±c±rar³pasampattihitasukh±d²n²ti by±p±do. Ito bahiddh± samaŗabr±hmaŗ±na½ s²lena suddhi vatena suddhi s²lavatena suddh²ti par±masana½ s²labbatapar±m±so. Sabbańńubh±sitampi paµikkhipitv± “sassato loko idameva sacca½ moghamańńan”ti-±din± ±k±rena abhinivisat²ti ida½sacc±bhiniveso. Tehi cat³hi ganthehi ganthito, baddhoti attho.
Cat³hi up±d±neh²ti bhusa½ ±diyanti da¼hagg±ha½ gaŗhant²ti up±d±n±. Te k±mup±d±na½ diµµhup±d±na½ s²labbatup±d±na½ attav±dup±d±nanti catuppabhed±. VatthusaŖkh±ta½ k±ma½ up±diyat²ti k±mup±d±na½, k±mo ca so up±d±nańc±tipi k±mup±d±na½. Diµµhi ca s± up±d±nańc±ti diµµhup±d±na½, diµµhi½ up±diyat²tipi diµµhup±d±na½. “Sassato att± ca loko c±”ti-±d²su (paµi. ma. 1.147) hi purimadiµµhi½ uttaradiµµhi up±diyati. S²labbata½ up±diyat²ti s²labbatup±d±na½, s²labbatańca ta½ up±d±nańc±tipi s²labbatup±d±na½. Gos²lagovat±d²ni hi eva½ visuddh²ti abhinivesato sayameva up±d±n±ni. Vadanti eten±ti v±do, up±diyanti eten±ti up±d±na½. Ki½ vadanti, up±diyanti v±? Att±na½. Attano v±dup±d±na½ attav±dup±d±na½, attav±damattameva v± att±ti up±diyanti eten±ti attav±dup±d±na½. Żhapetv± im± dve diµµhiyo sabb±pi diµµh² diµµhup±d±na½. Tehi cat³hi up±d±nehi. Up±d²yat²ti bhusa½ gaŗh²yati. Up±diyat²ti v± p±µho, loko up±d±nehi ta½ ta½ ±rammaŗa½ bhusa½ gaŗh±t²ti attho.
Pańcagatisam±ru¼hoti sukatadukkaµak±raŗehi gammati upasaŖkam²yat²ti gati, sahok±sak± khandh±. Nirayo tiracch±nayoni pettivisayo manuss± dev±ti im± pańca gatiyo vokkamanabh±vena bhusa½ ±ru¼ho. Pańcahi k±maguŗeh²ti r³pasaddagandharasaphoµµhabbasaŖkh±tehi pańcahi vatthuk±makoµµh±sehi. Rajjat²ti ayonisomanasik±ra½ paµicca r±gupp±danena tehi rańj²yati, s±ratto kar²yat²ti attho. Pańcahi n²varaŗeh²ti citta½ n²varanti pariyonandhant²ti n²varaŗ±. K±macchandaby±p±dathinamiddha-uddhaccakukkuccavicikicch±saŖkh±tehi pańcahi n²varaŗehi. Otthaµoti uparito pihito.
Chahi viv±dam³leh²ti chahi viv±dassa m³lehi. Yath±ha–
“Chayim±ni, bhikkhave, viv±dam³l±ni. Katam±ni cha? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kodhano hoti upan±h². Yo so, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kodhano hoti upan±h². So sattharipi ag±ravo viharati appatisso, dhammepi, saŖghepi, sikkh±yapi na parip³rak±r². Yo so, bhikkhave, bhikkhu satthari ag±ravo viharati appatisso, dhammepi, saŖghepi, sikkh±yapi na parip³rak±r², so saŖghe viv±da½ janeti. Yo hoti viv±do bahujan±hit±ya bahujan±sukh±ya bahuno janassa anatth±ya ahit±ya dukkh±ya devamanuss±na½. Evar³pa½ ce tumhe, bhikkhave, viv±dam³la½ ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v± samanupasseyy±tha, tatra tumhe, bhikkhave, tasseva p±pakassa viv±dam³lassa pah±n±ya v±yameyy±tha. Evar³pa½ ce tumhe, bhikkhave, viv±dam³la½ ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v± na samanupasseyy±tha. Tatra tumhe, bhikkhave, tasseva p±pakassa viv±dam³lassa ±yati½ anavassav±ya paµipajjeyy±tha. Evametassa p±pakassa viv±dam³lassa pah±na½ hoti. Evametassa p±pakassa viv±dam³lassa ±yati½ anavassavo hoti.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, bhikkhu makkh² hoti pa¼±s². Issuk² hoti macchar². Saµho hoti m±y±v². P±piccho hoti micch±diµµhi. Sandiµµhipar±m±s² hoti ±dh±nagg±h² duppaµinissagg². Yo so, bhikkhave, bhikkhu sandiµµhipar±m±s² hoti ±dh±nagg±h² duppaµinissagg², so sattharipi…pe… ±yati½ anavassavo hot²”ti (pari. 272; a. ni. 6.36).
Tattha kodhanoti kujjhanalakkhaŗena kodhena samann±gato. Upan±h²ti vera-appaµinissajjanalakkhaŗena upan±hena samann±gato. Ahit±ya dukkh±ya devamanuss±nanti dvinna½ bhikkh³na½ viv±do katha½ devamanuss±na½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattat²ti? Kosambakakkhandhake (mah±va. 451 ±dayo) viya dv²su bhikkh³su viv±da½ ±pannesu tasmi½ vih±re tesa½ antev±sik± vivadanti, tesa½ ov±da½ gaŗhanto bhikkhunisaŖgho vivadati, tato tesa½ upaµµh±k±pi vivadanti. Atha manuss±na½ ±rakkhadevat± dve koµµh±s± honti. Dhammav±d²na½ ±rakkhadevat± dhammav±diniyo honti adhammav±d²na½ adhammav±diniyo. Tato ±rakkhadevat±na½ mitt± bhummaµµhadevat± bhijjanti. Eva½ parampar±ya y±va brahmalok± µhapetv± ariyas±vake sabbe devamanuss± dve koµµh±s± honti. Dhammav±d²hi pana adhammav±dinova bahutar± honti. Tato ya½ bahukehi gahita½, sabba½ ta½ saccanti dhamma½ vissajjetv± bahutar±va adhamma½ gaŗhanti. Te adhamma½ purakkhatv± viharant± ap±yesu nibbattanti. Eva½ dvinna½ bhikkh³na½ viv±do devamanuss±na½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya hoti. Ajjhatta½ v±ti tumh±ka½ abbhantaraparis±ya v±. Bahiddh± v±ti paresa½ paris±ya v±. Makkh²ti paresa½ guŗamakkhaŗalakkhaŗena makkhena samann±gato. Pa¼±s²ti yugagg±halakkhaŗena pa¼±sena samann±gato. Issuk²ti paresa½ sakk±r±di-iss±yanalakkhaŗ±ya iss±ya samann±gato. Macchar²ti ±v±samacchariy±d²hi pańcahi macchariyehi samann±gato. Saµhoti ker±µiko. M±y±v²ti katap±papaµicch±dako. P±picchoti asantasambh±vanicchako duss²lo. Micch±diµµh²ti natthikav±d² ahetukav±d² akiriyav±d². Sandiµµhipar±m±s²ti saya½ diµµhimeva par±masati. ¾dh±nagg±h²ti da¼hagg±h². Duppaµinissagg²ti na sakk± hoti gahita½ vissajj±petu½. KhuddakavatthuvibhaŖge pana “tattha katam±ni cha viv±dam³l±ni? Kodho makkho iss± s±µheyya½ p±picchat± sandiµµhipar±m±sit±, im±ni cha viv±dam³l±n²”ti (vibha. 944) padh±navasena ekekoyeva dhammo vutto.