71. Mah±karuº±ñ±ºaniddesavaººan±

117. Mah±karuº±ñ±ºaniddese bahukehi ±k±reh²ti id±ni vuccam±nehi ek³nanavutiy± pak±rehi. Passant±nanti ñ±ºacakkhun± ca buddhacakkhun± ca olokent±na½. Okkamat²ti otarati pavisati. ¾dittoti dukkhalakkhaºavasena p²¼±yogato sant±panaµµhena ±d²pito. “Yadanicca½, ta½ dukkhan”ti (sa½. ni. 3.15) vuttatt± sabbasaªkhatassa ceva dukkhalakkhaºavasena p²¼itatt± dukkhassa ca karuº±ya m³labh³tatt± paµhama½ dukkhalakkhaºavasena “±ditto”ti vuttanti veditabba½. R±g±d²hi ±dittata½ pana upari vakkhati. Atha v± ±dittoti r±g±d²hiyeva ±ditto. Upari pana “tassa natthañño koci nibb±pet±”ti atth±pekkhanavasena puna vuttanti veditabba½ Lokasanniv±soti pañcakkhandh± lujjanapalujjanaµµhena loko, taºh±diµµhivasena sannivasanti ettha satt±ti sanniv±so, lokova sanniv±so lokasanniv±so. Dukkhita½ khandhasant±na½ up±d±ya sattavoh±rasabbh±vato lokasanniv±sayogato sattasam³hopi lokasanniv±so. Sopi ca sahakhandhakoyeva. Uyyuttoti anekesu kiccesu niccaby±p±rat±ya katayogo kata-uss±ho, satatakiccesu sa-ussukkoti attho. Ghaµµanayuttoti v± uyyutto. Pay±toti pabbateyy± nad² viya anavaµµhitagamanena maraº±ya y±tu½ ±raddho. Kummaggappaµipannoti kucchita½ micch±magga½ paµipanno. Upari pana “vipathapakkhando”ti n±n±padehi visesetv± vutta½.
Upan²yat²ti jar±vasena maraº±ya upan²yati har²yati. Jar± hi “±yuno sa½h±n²”ti (sa½. ni. 2.2) vutt±. Addhuvoti na thiro, sad± tatheva na hoti. Yasm± addhuvo, tasm± upan²yat²ti purimassa k±raºavacanameta½. Etena sak±raºa½ jar±dukkha½ vutta½. Ta½ jar±dukkha½ disv± jar±p±rijuññarahit±pi viññ³ pabbajanti. At±ºoti t±yitu½ rakkhitu½ samatthena rahito, an±rakkhoti vutta½ hoti. Anabhissaroti abhisaritv± abhigantv± by±haraºena ass±setu½ samatthena rahito, asah±yoti v± attho. Yasm± anabhissaro, tasm± at±ºoti purimassa k±raºavacanameta½. Etena sak±raºa½ piyavippayogadukkha½ vutta½. Ta½ piyavippayogadukkha½ disv± ñ±tip±rijuññarahit±pi viññ³ pabbajanti. Assakoti sakabhaº¹arahito. Sabba½ pah±ya gaman²yanti sakabhaº¹anti sallakkhita½ sabba½ pah±ya lokena gantabba½. Yasm± sabba½ pah±ya gaman²ya½, tasm± assakoti purimassa k±raºavacanameta½. Etena sak±raºa½ maraºadukkha½ vutta½. Ta½ disv± bhogap±rijuññarahit±pi viññ³ pabbajanti. Aññattha “kammassak± m±ºavasatt±”ti (ma. ni. 3.289) vutta½, idha ca raµµhap±lasutte ca “assako loko”ti (ma. ni. 2.305) vutta½, ta½ katha½ yujjat²ti ce? Pah±ya gaman²ya½ sandh±ya “assako”ti vutta½, kamma½ pana na pah±ya gaman²ya½. Tasm± “kammassak±”ti vutta½. Raµµhap±lasutteyeva ca evameta½ vutta½ “tva½ pana yath±kamma½ gamissas²”ti (ma. ni. 2.306). Ðnoti p±rip³rirahito. Atittoti bhiyyo bhiyyo patthan±yapi na suhito Ida½ ³nabh±vassa k±raºavacana½. Taºh±d±soti taºh±ya vase vattanato taºh±ya d±sabh³to. Ida½ atittabh±vassa k±raºavacana½. Etena icch±rog±padesena sak±raºa½ by±dhidukkha½ vutta½. Ta½ by±dhidukkha½ disv± by±dhip±rijuññarahit±pi viññ³ pabbajanti. At±yanoti putt±d²hipi t±yanassa abh±vato at±yano an±rakkho, alabbhaneyyakhemo v±. Aleºoti all²yitu½ nissitu½ anaraho all²n±nampi ca leºakicc±k±rako. Asaraºoti nissit±na½ na bhayas±rako na bhayavin±sako. Asaraº²bh³toti pure uppattiy± attano abh±veneva asaraºo, uppattisamak±lameva asaraº²bh³toti attho.
Uddhatoti sabb±kusalesu uddhaccassa uppajjanato sattasant±ne ca akusaluppattib±hullato akusalasamaªg²loko tena uddhaccena uddhato. Av³pasantoti av³pasamanalakkhaºassa uddhaccasseva yogena av³pasanto bhantamigapaµibh±go. “Upan²yati loko”ti-±d²su cat³su ca “uddhato loko”ti ca pañcasu µh±nesu lokoti ±gata½, sesesu lokasanniv±soti. Ubhayath±pi lokoyeva. Sasalloti p²¼±janakat±ya antotudanat±ya dunn²haraº²yat±ya ca sall±ti saªkha½ gatehi r±g±d²hi sallehi sahavattanako. Viddhoti mig±dayo kad±ci parehi viddh± honti, aya½ pana loko nicca½ attan±va viddho. Puthusalleh²ti “satta sall±ni– r±gasalla½, dosasalla½, mohasalla½, m±nasalla½, diµµhisalla½, kilesasalla½, duccaritasallan”ti (mah±ni. 174) vuttehi sattahi sallehi. Tass±ti tassa lokasanniv±sassa. Sall±na½ uddhat±ti tesa½ sall±na½ sattasant±nato uddharit± puggalo. Aññatra may±ti ma½ µhapetv±. Yepi bhagavato s±vak± sall±ni uddharanti, tesa½ bhagavato vacaneneva uddharaºato bhagav±va uddharati n±ma. Avijjandhak±r±varaºoti avijj± eva sabh±vadassanacch±danena andha½ viya karot²ti avijjandhak±ro, sova sabh±v±vagamananiv±raºena ±varaºa½ etass±ti avijjandhak±r±varaºo. Kilesapañjarapakkhittoti kiles± eva kusalagamanasannirujjhanaµµhena pañjaroti kilesapañjaro, avijj±pabhave kilesapañjare pakkhitto p±tito. ¾loka½ dasset±ti paññ±loka½ dassanas²lo, paññ±lokassa dasset±ti v± attho. Avijj±gatoti avijja½ gato paviµµho. Na kevala½ avijj±ya ±varaºamattameva, atha kho gahanagato viya avijj±kosassa anto paviµµhoti purimato viseso. Aº¹abh³toti-±dayo ca vises±yeva. Aº¹abh³toti aº¹e bh³to nibbatto. Yath± hi aº¹e nibbatt± ekacce satt± “aº¹abh³t±”ti vuccanti, evamaya½ loko avijjaº¹akose nibbattatt± “aº¹abh³to”ti vuccati. Pariyonaddhoti tena avijjaº¹akosena samantato onaddho baddho veµhito.
Tant±kulakaj±toti tanta½ viya ±kulabh³to. Yath± n±ma dunnikkhitta½ m³sikacchinna½ pesak±r±na½ tanta½ tahi½ tahi½ ±kula½ hoti, ida½ agga½ ida½ m³lanti aggena v± agga½, m³lena v± m³la½ sam±netu½ dukkara½ hoti, evameva satt± paccay±k±re khalit± ±kul± by±kul± honti, na sakkonti paccay±k±ra½ uju½ k±tu½. Tattha tanta½ paccattapurisak±re µhatv± sakk±pi bhaveyya uju½ k±tu½, µhapetv± pana dve bodhisatte añño satto attano dhammat±ya paccay±k±ra½ uju½ k±tu½ samattho n±ma natthi. Yath± pana ±kula½ tanta½ kañjika½ datv± kocchena pahaµa½ tattha tattha kulakaj±ta½ hoti gaºµhibaddha½, evamaya½ loko paccayesu pakkhalitv± paccaye uju½ k±tu½ asakkonto dv±saµµhidiµµhigatavasena kulakaj±to hoti gaºµhibaddho. Ye hi keci diµµhiyo nissit±, sabbe te paccaya½ uju½ k±tu½ na sakkontiyeva. Kul±gaºµhikaj±toti kul±gaºµhika½ viya bh³to. Kul±gaºµhika½ vuccati pesak±rakañjikasutta½. “Kul± n±ma sakuºik±, tass± kul±vako”tipi eke. Yath± tadubhayampi ±kula½ aggena v± agga½, m³lena v± m³la½ sam±netu½ dukkaranti purimanayeneva yojetabba½. Muñjapabbajabh³toti muñjatiºa½ viya pabbajatiºa½ viya ca bh³to muñjatiºapabbajatiºasadiso j±to. Yath± t±ni tiº±ni koµµetv± koµµetv± katarajju jiººak±le katthaci patita½ gahetv± tesa½ tiº±na½ “ida½ agga½ ida½ m³lan”ti aggena v± agga½, m³lena v± m³la½ sam±netu½ dukkara½, tampi paccattapurisak±re µhatv± sakk± bhaveyya uju½ k±tu½, µhapetv± pana dve bodhisatte añño satto attano dhammat±ya paccay±k±ra½ uju½ k±tu½ samattho n±ma natthi. Evamaya½ loko paccay±k±ra½ uju½ k±tu½ asakkonto dv±saµµhidiµµhigatavasena gaºµhij±to hutv± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ sa½s±ra½ n±tivattati.
Tattha ap±yoti nirayo tiracch±nayoni pettivisayo asurak±yo. Sabbepi hi te va¹¹hisaªkh±tassa ±yassa abh±vato “ap±yo”ti vuccanti. Tath± dukkhassa gatibh±vato duggati. Sukhasamussayato vinipatitatt± vinip±to. Itaro pana–
“Khandh±nañca paµip±µi, dh±tu-±yatan±na ca;
abbocchinna½ vattam±n±, sa½s±roti pavuccati”.
Ta½ sabbampi n±tivattati n±tikkamati. Atha kho cutito paµisandhi½, paµisandhito cutinti eva½ punappuna½ cutipaµisandhiyo gaºham±no t²su bhavesu cat³su yon²su pañcasu gat²su sattasu viññ±ºaµµhit²su navasu satt±v±sesu mah±samudde v±tukkhittan±v± viya yantagoºo viya ca paribbhamatiyeva. Avijj±visadosasallittoti avijj±yeva akusalupp±danena kusalaj²vitan±sanato visanti avijj±visa½, tadeva sant±nad³sanato avijj±visadoso, tena anusayapariyuµµh±naduccaritabh³tena bhusa½ litto makkhitoti avijj±visadosasallitto. Kilesakalal²bh³toti avijj±dim³lak± kiles± eva os²danaµµhena kalala½ kaddamoti kilesakalala½, tadassa atth²ti kilesakalal², eva½bh³to. R±gadosamohajaµ±jaµitoti lobhapaµigh±vijj±saªkh±t± r±gadosamoh± eva r³p±d²su ±rammaºesu heµµhupariyavasena punappuna½ uppajjanato sa½sibbanaµµhena ve¼ugumb±d²na½ s±kh±j±lasaªkh±t± jaµ± viy±ti jaµ±, t±ya r±gadosamohajaµ±ya jaµito. Yath± n±ma ve¼ujaµ±d²hi ve¼u-±dayo, eva½ t±ya jaµ±ya aya½ loko jaµito vinaddho sa½sibbitoti attho. Jaµa½ vijaµet±ti ima½ eva½ tedh±tuka½ loka½ jaµetv± µhita½ jaµa½ vijaµet± sa½chindit± sampad±layit±.
Taºh±saªgh±µapaµimukkoti taºh± eva abbocchinna½ pavattito saªghaµitaµµhena saªgh±µoti taºh±saªgh±µo, tasmi½ taºh±saªgh±µe paµimukko anupaviµµho antogatoti taºh±saªgh±µapaµimukko. Taºh±j±lena otthaµoti taºh± eva pubbe vuttanayena sa½sibbanaµµhena j±lanti taºh±j±la½, tena taºh±j±lena otthaµo samantato ch±dito paliveµhito. Taºh±sotena vuyhat²ti taºh± eva sa½s±re ±ka¹¹hanaµµhena sototi taºh±soto, tena taºh±sotena vuyhati ±ka¹¹h²yati. Taºh±saññojanena saññuttoti taºh± eva loka½ vaµµasmi½ sa½yojanato bandhanato sa½yojananti taºh±sa½yojana½, tena taºh±sa½yojanena saññutto baddho. Taºh±nusayena anusaµoti taºh± eva anusayanaµµhena anusayoti taºh±nusayo, tena taºh±nusayena anusaµo anugato th±magato. Taºh±sant±pena santappat²ti taºh± eva pavattik±le phalak±le ca loka½ sant±pet²ti sant±po, tena taºh±sant±pena santappati sant±p²yati. Taºh±pari¼±hena pari¹ayhat²ti taºh± eva balavabh³t± pavattik±le phalak±le ca samantato dahanaµµhena mah±pari¼±hoti taºh±pari¼±ho, tena taºh±pari¼±hena pari¹ayhati samantato ¹ah²yati. Diµµhisaªgh±µ±dayo imin±va nayena yojetabb±.
Anugatoti anupaviµµho. Anusaµoti anudh±vito. Abhibh³toti p²¼ito. Abbh±hatoti abhi-±hato abhimukha½ bhusa½ pahato. Dukkhe patiµµhitoti dukkhe khandhapañcake sukhavipall±sena patiµµhito abhiniviµµho.
Taºh±ya u¹¹itoti taºh±ya ullaªghito. Cakkhu hi taºh±rajjun± ±vunitv± r³pan±gadante u¹¹ita½, sot±d²ni taºh±rajjun± ±vunitv± sadd±din±gadantesu u¹¹it±ni. Ta½samaªg²lokopi u¹¹itoyeva n±ma. Jar±p±k±raparikkhittoti anatikkaman²yaµµhena p±k±rabh³t±ya jar±ya pariv±rito. Maccup±sena parikkhittoti dummocan²yaµµhena p±sabh³tena maraºena baddho. Mah±bandhanabaddhoti da¼hatt± ducchedatt± ca mahantehi bandhanehi baddho. R±gabandhanen±ti r±go eva bandhati sa½s±rato calitu½ na det²ti r±gabandhana½. Tena r±gabandhanena. Sesesupi eseva nayo. Kilesabandhanen±ti vutt±vasesena kilesabandhanena. Duccaritabandhanen±ti tividhena. Sucarita½ pana bandhanamokkhassa hetubh³ta½ bandhanamokkhabh³tañca atthi. Tasm± ta½ na gahetabba½.