69. ¾say±nusayań±ŗaniddesavaŗŗan±

113. ¾say±nusayań±ŗaniddese idha tath±gatoti-±di pańcadh± µhapito niddeso. Tattha ±say±nusay± vuttatth± eva. Caritanti pubbe kata½ kusal±kusala½ kamma½. Adhimuttinti sampati kusale akusale v± cittavosaggo. Bhabb±bhabbeti bhabbe ca abhabbe ca. Ariy±ya j±tiy± sambhavanti j±yant²ti bhabb±. Vattam±nasam²pe vattam±navacana½. Bhavissanti j±yissant²ti v± bhabb±, bh±janabh³t±ti attho. Ye ariyamaggapaµivedhassa anucchavik± upanissayasampann±, te bhabb±. Vuttapaµipakkh± abhabb±.
Katamo satt±na½ ±sayoti-±di niddesassa paµiniddeso. Tattha sassatoti nicco. Lokoti att±. Idha sar²ra½yeva nassati, att± pana idha parattha ca soyev±ti mańńanti. So hi saya½yeva ±loket²ti katv± “loko”ti mańńanti. Asassatoti anicco. Att± sar²reneva saha nassat²ti mańńanti. Antav±ti paritte kasiŗe jh±na½ upp±detv± ta½parittakasiŗ±rammaŗa½ citta½ sapariyanto att±ti mańńanti. Anantav±ti na antav± appam±ŗe kasiŗe jh±na½ upp±detv± ta½appam±ŗakasiŗ±rammaŗa½ citta½ apariyanto att±ti mańńanti. Ta½ j²va½ ta½ sar²ranti j²vo ca sar²rańca ta½yeva. J²voti att±, liŖgavipall±sena napu½sakavacana½ kata½. Sar²ranti r±saµµhena khandhapańcaka½. Ańńa½ j²va½ ańńa½ sar²ranti ańńo j²vo ańńa½ khandhapańcaka½. Hoti tath±gato para½ maraŗ±ti khandh± idheva vinassanti, satto maraŗato para½ hoti vijjati na nassati. “Tath±gato”ti cettha satt±dhivacananti vadanti. Keci pana “tath±gatoti arah±”ti vadanti. Ime “na hot²”ti pakkhe dosa½ disv± eva½ gaŗhanti. Na hoti tath±gato para½ maraŗ±ti khandh±pi idheva nassanti, tath±gato ca maraŗato para½ na hoti ucchijjati vinassati. Ime “hot²”ti pakkhe dosa½ disv± eva½ gaŗhanti. Hoti ca na ca hot²ti ime ekekapakkhapariggahe dosa½ disv± ubhayapakkha½ gaŗhanti. Neva hoti na na hot²ti ime ubhayapakkhapariggahe ubhayados±patti½ disv± “hot²ti ca na hoti, neva hot²ti ca na hot²”ti amar±vikkhepapakkha½ gaŗhanti.
Aya½ panettha aµµhakath±nayo– “sassato lokoti v±”ti-±d²hi dasah±k±rehi diµµhipabhedova vutto. Tattha sassato lokoti ca khandhapańcaka½ lokoti gahetv± “aya½ loko nicco dhuvo sabbak±liko”ti gaŗhantassa sassatanti gahaŗ±k±rappavatt± diµµhi. Asassatoti tameva loka½ “ucchijjati vinassat²”ti gaŗhantassa ucchedaggahaŗ±k±rappavatt± diµµhi. Antav±ti parittakasiŗal±bhino suppamatte v± sar±vamatte v± kasiŗe sam±pannassa antosam±pattiya½ pavattitar³p±r³padhamme “loko”ti ca kasiŗaparicchedantena “antav±”ti ca gaŗhantassa “antav± loko”ti gahaŗ±k±rappavatt± diµµhi. S± sassatadiµµhipi hoti ucchedadiµµhipi. Vipulakasiŗal±bhino pana tasmi½ kasiŗe sam±pannassa antosam±pattiya½ pavattitar³p±r³padhamme “loko”ti ca kasiŗaparicchedantena “na antav±”ti ca gaŗhantassa “anantav± loko”ti gahaŗ±k±rappavatt± diµµhi. S± sassatadiµµhipi hoti ucchedadiµµhipi. Ta½ j²va½ ta½ sar²ranti bhedanadhammassa sar²rasseva “j²van”ti gahitatt± “sar²re ucchijjam±ne j²vampi ucchijjat²”ti ucchedaggahaŗ±k±rappavatt± diµµhi. Dutiyapade sar²rato ańńassa j²vassa gahitatt± “sar²re ucchijjam±nepi j²va½ na ucchijjat²”ti sassataggahaŗ±k±rappavatt± diµµhi. Hoti tath±gatoti-±d²su “satto tath±gato n±ma, so para½ maraŗ± hot²”ti gaŗhato paµham± sassatadiµµhi. “Na hot²”ti gaŗhato dutiy± ucchedadiµµhi. “Hoti ca na ca hot²”ti gaŗhato tatiy± ekaccasassatadiµµhi. “Neva hoti na na hot²”ti gaŗhato catutth± amar±vikkhepadiµµh²ti.
It²ti vuttappak±radiµµhinissayanidassana½. Bhavadiµµhisannissit± v± satt± honti vibhavadiµµhisannissit± v±ti bhavo vuccati sassato, sassatavasena uppajjam±nadiµµhi bhavadiµµhi, bhavoti diµµh²ti vutta½ hoti. Vibhavo vuccati ucchedo ucchedavasena uppajjam±nadiµµhi vibhavadiµµhi, vibhavoti diµµh²ti vutta½ hoti. Vuttappak±r± dasavidh± diµµhi bhavadiµµhi ca vibhavadiµµhi c±ti dvidh±va hoti. T±su dv²su ekeka½ sannissit± apassit± all²n± satt± honti.
Ete v± pana ubho ante anupagamm±ti ettha “aggito v± udakato v± mithubhed± v±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.152) viya v±-saddo samuccayattho. Ete vuttappak±re sassatucchedavasena dve pakkhe ca na upagantv± anall²yitv± pah±y±ti attho. “Anulomik± v± khant²”ti vikappatthova. Idappaccayat±paµiccasamuppannes³ti imesa½ jar±maraŗ±d²na½ paccay± idappaccay±, idappaccay± eva idappaccayat±, idappaccay±na½ v± sam³ho idappaccayat±. Lakkhaŗa½ panettha saddasatthato pariyesitabba½. Te te paccaye paµicca saha samm± ca uppann± paµiccasamuppann±. Tass± idappaccayat±ya ca tesu paµiccasamuppannesu ca dhammesu. Anulomik±ti lokuttaradhamm±na½ anulomato anulomik±. Khant²ti ń±ŗa½. ѱŗańhi khamanato khanti. Paµiladdh± hot²ti sattehi adhigat± hoti. Idappaccayat±ya khantiy± ucchedatt±nupagamo hoti paccayuppannadhamm±na½ paccayas±maggiya½ ±yattavuttitt± paccay±nuparamadassanena phal±nuparamadassanato. Paµiccasamuppannesu dhammesu khantiy± sassatatt±nupagamo hoti paccayas±maggiya½ navanav±na½ paccayuppannadhamm±na½ upp±dadassanato. Evamete ubho ante anupagamma paµiccasamupp±dapaµiccasamuppannadhammadassanena na ucchedo na sassatoti pavatta½ samm±dassana½ “anulomik± khant²”ti veditabba½. Evańhi tadubhayadiµµhipaµipakkhabh³t± samm±diµµhi vutt± hoti. Yath±bh³ta½ v± ń±ŗanti yath±bh³ta½ yath±sabh±va½ neyya½. Tattha pavattań±ŗampi visayavoh±rena “yath±bh³tań±ŗan”ti vutta½. Ta½ pana saŖkh±rupekkh±pariyanta½ vipassan±ń±ŗa½ idh±dhippeta½. Heµµh± pana “yath±bh³tań±ŗadassanan”ti bhayat³paµµh±nań±ŗa½ vutta½. Yath±bh³ta½ v± ń±ŗa½ sattehi paµiladdha½ hot²ti sambandho.
Id±ni “sassato loko”ti-±d²hi micch±diµµhiparibh±vita½ “ete v± pan±”ti-±d²hi samm±diµµhiparibh±vita½ sattasant±na½ dassetv± “k±ma½ sevantańńev±”ti-±d²hi ses±kusalehi sesakusalehi ca paribh±vita½ sattasant±na½ dasseti. Tattha k±ma½ sevanta½yeva puggala½ tath±gato j±n±t²ti yojan± k±tabb±. Sevantanti ca abhiŗhasamud±c±ravasena sevam±na½. Pubbe ±sevitavasena kilesak±mo garu ass±ti k±magaruko. Tatheva k±mo ±saye sant±ne ass±ti k±m±sayo. Sant±navaseneva k±me adhimutto laggoti k±m±dhimutto. Sesesupi eseva nayo. Nekkhamm±d²ni vuttatth±neva. K±m±d²hi ca t²hi ses±kusal±, nekkhamm±d²hi t²hi sesakusal± gahit±va hont²ti veditabb±. “Aya½ satt±na½ ±sayo”ti tidh± vutta½ sant±nameva dasseti.
Aya½ panettha aµµhakath±nayo– “iti bhavadiµµhisannissit± v±”ti eva½ sassatadiµµhi½ v± sannissit±. Sassatadiµµhi hi ettha bhavadiµµh²ti vutt±, ucchedadiµµhi ca vibhavadiµµh²ti. Sabbadiµµh²nańhi sassatucchedadiµµh²hi saŖgahitatt± sabbepime diµµhigatik± satt± im±va dve diµµhiyo sannissit± honti. Vuttampi ceta½ “dvayanissito khv±ya½, kacc±na, loko yebhuyyena atthitańceva natthitańc±”ti (sa½. ni. 2.15). Ettha hi atthit±ti sassata½. Natthit±ti ucchedo. Aya½ t±va vaµµanissit±na½ puthujjan±na½ satt±na½ ±sayo. Id±ni vivaµµanissit±na½ suddhasatt±na½ ±saya½ dassetu½ “ete v± pana ubho ante anupagamm±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha “ete v± pan±”ti eteyeva. “Ubho ante”ti sassatucchedasaŖkh±te dve ante. “Anupagamm±”ti na all²yitv±. “Idappaccayat±paµiccasamuppannesu dhammes³”ti idappaccayat±ya ceva paµiccasamuppannadhammesu ca. “Anulomik± khant²”ti vipassan±ń±ŗa½. “Yath±bh³ta½ ń±ŗan”ti maggań±ŗa½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– y± paµiccasamupp±de ceva paµiccasamuppannadhammesu ca ete ubho sassatuccheda-ante anupagantv± vipassan± paµiladdh±, yańca tato uttari maggań±ŗa½, aya½ satt±na½ ±sayo. Aya½ vaµµanissit±nańca vivaµµanissit±nańca sabbesampi satt±na½ ±sayo ida½ vasanaµµh±nanti. Aya½ ±cariy±na½ sam±naµµhakath±.
Vitaŗ¹av±d² pan±ha “maggo n±ma v±sa½ viddha½sento gacchati, tva½ maggo v±soti vades²”ti? So vattabbo “tva½ ariyav±sabh±ŗako hosi na hos²”ti? Sace “na hom²”ti vadati, “tva½ abh±ŗakat±ya na j±n±s²”ti vattabbo. Sace “bh±ŗakosm²”ti vadati, “sutta½ ±har±”ti vattabbo. Sace ±harati, icceta½ kusala½. No ce ±harati, saya½ ±haritabba½ “dasayime, bhikkhave, ariy±v±s±, yadariy± ±vasi½su v± ±vasanti v± ±vasissanti v±”ti (a. ni. 10.19). Etańhi sutta½ maggassa v±sabh±va½ d²peti. Tasm± sukathitamevetanti. Ima½ pana bhagav± satt±na½ ±saya½ j±nanto imesańca diµµhigat±na½ imesańca vipassan±ń±ŗamaggań±ŗ±na½ appavattikkhaŗepi j±n±ti eva. Tasm±yeva ca “k±ma½ sevanta½yeva j±n±t²”ti-±di vuttanti.
Anusayaniddese anusay±ti kenaµµhena anusay±? Anusayanaµµhena. Ko esa anusayanaµµho n±m±ti? Appah²naµµho. Ete hi appah²naµµhena tassa tassa sant±ne anusenti n±ma. Tasm± “anusay±”ti vuccanti. Anusent²ti anur³pa½ k±raŗa½ labhitv± uppajjant²ti attho. Ath±pi siy±– anusayanaµµho n±ma appah²n±k±ro, so ca uppajjat²ti vattu½ na yujjati, tasm± na anusay± uppajjant²ti. Tatrida½ paµivacana½– na appah²n±k±ro, anusayoti pana appah²naµµhena th±magatakileso vuccati. So cittasampayutto s±rammaŗo sappaccayaµµhena sahetuko ekant±kusalo at²topi hoti an±gatopi paccuppannopi, tasm± uppajjat²ti vattu½ yujjat²ti. Tatrida½ pam±ŗa½– idheva t±va abhisamayakath±ya (paµi. ma. 3.21) “paccuppanne kilese pajahat²”ti puccha½ katv± anusay±na½ paccuppannabh±vassa atthit±ya “th±magato anusaya½ pajahat²”ti vutta½. DhammasaŖgaŗiya½ mohassa padabh±jane “avijj±nusayo avijj±pariyuµµh±na½ avijj±laŖg² moho akusalam³la½, aya½ tasmi½ samaye moho hot²”ti (dha. sa. 390) akusalacittena saddhi½ mohassa uppannabh±vo vutto Kath±vatthusmi½ “anusay± aby±kat± anusay± ahetuk± anusay± cittavippayutt±”ti sabbe v±d± paµisedhit±. Anusayayamake sattanna½ mah±v±r±na½ ańńatarasmi½ uppajjanav±re “yassa k±mar±g±nusayo uppajjati, tassa paµigh±nusayo uppajjat²”ti-±di (yama. 2.anusayayamaka.300) vutta½. Tasm± “anusent²ti anur³pa½ k±raŗa½ labhitv± uppajjant²”ti ya½ vutta½, ta½ imin± tantippam±ŗena yuttanti veditabba½. Yampi “cittasampayutto s±rammaŗo”ti-±di vutta½, tampi suvuttameva. Anusayo hi n±mesa parinipphanno cittasampayutto akusaladhammoti niµµhamettha gantabba½.
K±mar±g±nusayoti-±d²su k±mar±go ca so appah²naµµhena anusayo c±ti k±mar±g±nusayo. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo. K±mar±g±nusayo cettha lobhasahagatacittesu sahaj±tavasena ±rammaŗavasena ca man±pesu avasesak±m±vacaradhammesu ±rammaŗavaseneva uppajjam±no lobho. Paµigh±nusayo ca domanassasahagatacittesu sahaj±tavasena ±rammaŗavasena ca aman±pesu avasesak±m±vacaradhammesu ±rammaŗavaseneva uppajjam±no doso. M±n±nusayo diµµhigatavippayuttalobhasahagatacittesu sahaj±tavasena ±rammaŗavasena ca dukkhavedan±vajjesu avasesak±m±vacaradhammesu r³p±r³p±vacaradhammesu ca ±rammaŗavaseneva uppajjam±no m±no. Diµµh±nusayo cat³su diµµhigatasampayuttesu. Vicikicch±nusayo vicikicch±sahagate. Avijj±nusayo dv±dasasu akusalacittesu sahaj±tavasena ±rammaŗavasena ca. Tayopi avasesatebh³makadhammesu ±rammaŗavaseneva uppajjam±n± diµµhivicikicch±moh±. Bhavar±g±nusayo cat³su diµµhigatavippayuttesu uppajjam±nopi sahaj±tavasena na vutto, ±rammaŗavaseneva pana r³p±r³p±vacaradhammesu uppajjam±no lobho vutto.
114. Id±ni yath±vutt±na½ anusay±na½ anusayanaµµh±na½ dassento ya½ loketi-±dim±ha. Tattha ya½ loke piyar³panti ya½ imasmi½ loke piyaj±tika½ piyasabh±va½. S±tar³panti s±taj±tika½ ass±dapadaµµh±na½ iµµh±rammaŗa½. Ettha satt±na½ k±mar±g±nusayo anuset²ti etasmi½ iµµh±rammaŗe satt±na½ appah²naµµhena k±mar±g±nusayo anuseti. “Piyar³pa½ s±tar³pan”ti ca idha k±m±vacaradhammoyeva adhippeto. Yath± n±ma udake nimuggassa heµµh± ca upari ca samant± ca udakameva hoti, evameva iµµh±rammaŗe r±guppatti n±ma satt±na½ ±ciŗŗasam±ciŗŗ±. Tath± aniµµh±rammaŗe paµighuppatti. Iti imesu dv²su dhammes³ti eva½ imesu dv²su iµµh±niµµh±rammaŗadhammesu. Avijj±nupatit±ti k±mar±gapaµighasampayutt± hutv± ±rammaŗakaraŗavasena avijj± anupatit± anugat±. Viccheda½ katv±pi p±µho. Tadekaµµhoti t±ya avijj±ya sahajekaµµhavasena ekato µhito. M±no ca diµµhi ca vicikicch± c±ti navavidham±no, dv±saµµhividh± diµµhi, aµµhavatthuk± vicikicch±, tadekaµµho m±no ca tadekaµµh± diµµhi ca tadekaµµh± vicikicch± c±ti yojan±. Daµµhabb±ti passitabb± avagantabb±. Tayo ekato katv± bahuvacana½ kata½. Bhavar±g±nusayo panettha k±mar±g±nusayeneva saŖgahitoti veditabbo.
Caritaniddese terasa cetan± puńń±bhisaŖkh±ro. Dv±dasa apuńń±bhisaŖkh±ro. Catasso ±neńj±bhisaŖkh±ro. Tattha k±m±vacaro parittabh³mako. Itaro mah±bh³mako. T²supi v± etesu yo koci appavip±ko parittabh³mako, mah±vip±ko mah±bh³makoti veditabbo.
115. Adhimuttiniddese sant²ti sa½vijjanti. H²n±dhimuttik±ti l±makajjh±say±. Paŗ²t±dhimuttik±ti kaly±ŗajjh±say±. Sevant²ti nissayanti all²yanti. Bhajant²ti upasaŖkamanti. Payirup±sant²ti punappuna½ upasaŖkamanti. Sace hi ±cariyupajjh±y± na s²lavanto honti, antev±sikasaddhivih±rik± s²lavanto, te attano ±cariyupajjh±yepi na upasaŖkamanti, attano sadise s±ruppe bhikkh³yeva upasaŖkamanti. Sacepi ±cariyupajjh±y± s±rupp± bhikkh³, itare as±rupp±, tepi na ±cariyupajjh±ye upasaŖkamanti, attano sadise h²n±dhimuttikeyeva upasaŖkamanti. Eva½ upasaŖkamana½ pana na kevala½ etarahiyeva, at²t±n±gatep²ti dassetu½ at²tampi addh±nanti-±dim±ha. Tattha at²tampi addh±nanti at²tasmi½ k±le, accantasa½yogatthe v± upayogavacana½. Sesa½ utt±natthameva. Ida½ pana duss²l±na½ duss²lasevanameva, s²lavant±na½ s²lavantasevanameva, duppańń±na½ duppańńasevanameva, pańńavant±na½ pańńavantasevanameva ko niyamet²ti? Ajjh±sayadh±tu niyamet²ti.
Bhabb±bhabbaniddese cha¹¹etabbe paµhama½ niddisitv± gahetabbe pacch± niddisitu½ uddesassa uppaµip±µiy± paµhama½ abhabb± niddiµµh±. Uddese pana dvandasam±se accitassa ca mandakkharassa ca padassa pubbanip±talakkhaŗavasena bhabbasaddo pubba½ payutto. Kamm±varaŗen±ti pańcavidhena ±nantariyakammena. Samann±gat±ti samaŖg²bh³t±. Kiles±varaŗen±ti niyatamicch±diµµhiy±. Im±ni dve saggamagg±na½ ±varaŗato ±varaŗ±ni. Bhikkhun²d³sak±d²ni kamm±nipi kamm±varaŗeneva saŖgahit±ni. Vip±k±varaŗen±ti ahetukapaµisandhiy±. Yasm± pana duhetuk±nampi ariyamaggapaµivedho natthi, tasm± duhetuk± paµisandhipi vip±k±varaŗamev±ti veditabb±, assaddh±ti buddh±d²su saddh±rahit±. Acchandik±ti kattukamyat±kusalacchandarahit±. Uttarakuruk± manuss± acchandikaµµh±na½ paviµµh±. Duppańń±ti bhavaŖgapańń±ya parih²n±. BhavaŖgapańń±ya pana paripuŗŗ±yapi yassa bhavaŖga½ lokuttarassa p±daka½ na hoti, sopi duppańńoyeva n±ma. Abhabb± niy±ma½ okkamitu½ kusalesu dhammesu sammattanti kusalesu dhammesu sammattaniy±masaŖkh±ta½ ariyamagga½ okkamitu½ abhabb±. Ariyamaggo hi samm± sabh±voti sammatta½, soyeva anantaraphalad±ne, sayameva v± acalabh±vato niy±mo, ta½ okkamitu½ pavisitu½ abhabb±. Na kamm±varaŗen±ti-±d²ni vuttavipariy±yeneva veditabb±n²ti.

¾say±nusayań±ŗaniddesavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.