Tattha siy±– katha½ paneta½ j±nitabba½ “paµisandhin±mar³pa½ vińń±ŗapaccay± hot²”ti? Suttato yuttito ca. Sutte hi “citt±nuparivattino dhamm±”ti-±din± (dha. sa. dukam±tik± 62) nayena bahudh± vedan±d²na½ vińń±ŗapaccayat± siddh±. Yuttito pana–
Cittajena hi r³pena, idha diµµhena sijjhati;
adiµµhass±pi r³passa, vińń±ŗa½ paccayo iti.
N±mar³papaccay± sa¼±yatananti n±ma½ vuttameva. Idha pana r³pa½ niyamato catt±ri bh³t±ni cha vatth³ni j²vitindriyanti ek±dasavidha½. Sa¼±yatana½– cakkh±yatana½, sot±yatana½, gh±n±yatana½, jivh±yatana½, k±y±yatana½, man±yatana½.
Tattha siy±– katha½ paneta½ j±nitabba½ “n±mar³pa½ sa¼±yatanassa paccayo”ti? N±mar³pabh±ve bh±vato. Tassa tassa hi n±massa r³passa ca bh±ve ta½ ta½ ±yatana½ hoti, na ańńath±ti.
Sa¼±yatanapaccay± phassoti–
“Cha¼eva phass± saŖkhep±, cakkhusamphassa-±dayo;
vińń±ŗamiva b±tti½sa, vitth±rena bhavanti te”.
Phassapaccay± vedan±ti–
“Dv±rato vedan± vutt±, cakkhusamphassaj±dik±;
cha¼eva t± pabhedena, idha b±tti½sa vedan±”.
Vedan±paccay± taŗh±ti–
“R³pataŗh±dibhedena, cha taŗh± idha d²pit±;
ekek± tividh± tattha, pavatt±k±rato mat±.
“Dukkh² sukha½ patthayati, sukh² bhiyyopi icchati;
upekkh± pana santatt±, sukhamicceva bh±sit±.
“Taŗh±ya paccay± tasm±, honti tissopi vedan±;
vedan±paccay± taŗh±, iti vutt± mahesin±”.
Taŗh±paccay± up±d±nanti catt±ri up±d±n±ni– k±mup±d±na½, diµµhup±d±na½, s²labbatup±d±na½, attav±dup±d±na½. Up±d±napaccay± bhavoti idha kammabhavo adhippeto. Upapattibhavo pana paduddh±ravasena vutto. Bhavapaccay± j±t²ti kammabhavapaccay± paµisandhikhandh±na½ p±tubh±vo.
Tattha siy±– katha½ paneta½ j±nitabba½ “bhavo j±tiy± paccayo”ti ce? B±hirapaccayasamattepi h²napaŗ²t±divisesadassanato. B±hir±nańhi janakajananisukkasoŗit±h±r±d²na½ paccay±na½ samattepi satt±na½ yamak±nampi sata½ h²nappaŗ²tat±diviseso dissati. So ca na ahetuko sabbad± ca sabbesańca abh±vato, na kammabhavato ańńahetuko tadabhinibbattakasatt±na½ ajjhattasant±ne ańńassa k±raŗassa abh±vatoti kammabhavahetukoyeva. Kammańhi satt±na½ h²nappaŗ²tat±divisesassa hetu. Ten±ha bhagav±– “kamma½ satte vibhajati, yadida½ h²nappaŗ²tat±y±”ti (ma. ni. 3.289).
J±tipaccay± jar±maraŗanti-±d²su yasm± asati j±tiy± jar±maraŗa½ n±ma sok±dayo v± dhamm± na honti, j±tiy± pana sati jar±maraŗańceva jar±maraŗasaŖkh±tadukkhadhammaphuµµhassa ca b±lassa jar±maraŗ±bhisambandh± v± tena tena dukkhadhammena phuµµhassa anabhisambandh± v± sok±dayo ca dhamm± honti, tasm± aya½ j±ti jar±maraŗassa ceva sok±d²nańca paccayo hot²ti veditabb±.
So tath±bh±vitena citten±ti-±d²su pubbeniv±s±nussatiń±ŗ±y±ti etassa ń±ŗassa adhigam±ya, pattiy±ti vutta½ hoti. Anekavihitanti anekavidha½ n±nappak±ra½, anekehi v± pak±rehi pavattita½, sa½vaŗŗitanti attho. Pubbeniv±santi samanantar±t²ta½ bhava½ ±di½ katv± tattha tattha nivutthasant±na½. Anussarat²ti khandhapaµip±µivasena cutipaµisandhivasena v± anugantv± anugantv± sarati. Imańhi pubbeniv±sa½ cha jan± anussaranti titthiy± pakatis±vak± mah±s±vak± aggas±vak± paccekabuddh± buddh±ti. Tattha titthiy± catt±l²sa½yeva kappe anussaranti na tato para½. Kasm±? Dubbalapańńatt±. Tesańhi n±mar³paparicchedavirahitatt± dubbal± pańń± hoti. Pakatis±vak± kappasatampi kappasahassampi anussarantiyeva balavapańńatt±. As²ti mah±s±vak± satasahassakappe anussaranti. Dve aggas±vak± ekamasaŖkheyya½ kappasatasahassańca. Paccekabuddh± dve asaŖkheyy±ni satasahassańca. Ettako hi tesa½ abhin²h±ro. Buddh±na½ pana paricchedo n±ma natthi. Titthiy± ca khandhapaµip±µimeva saranti, paµip±µi½ muńcitv± cutipaµisandhivasena saritu½ na sakkonti. Yath± andh± yaµµhi½ amuńcitv±va gacchanti, eva½ te khandhapaµip±µi½ amuńcitv±va saranti. Pakatis±vak± khandhapaµip±µiy±pi anussaranti, cutipaµisandhivasen±pi saŖkamanti, tath± as²ti mah±s±vak±. Dvinna½ pana aggas±vak±na½ khandhapaµip±µikicca½ natthi. Ekassa attabh±vassa cuti½ disv± paµisandhi½ passanti, puna aparassa cuti½ disv± paµisandhinti eva½ cutipaµisandhivaseneva saŖkamant± gacchanti, tath± paccekabuddh±. Buddh±na½ pana neva khandhapaµip±µikicca½, na cutipaµisandhivasena saŖkamanakicca½ atthi. Tesańhi anek±su kappakoµ²su heµµh± v± upari v± ya½ ya½ µh±na½ icchanti, ta½ ta½ p±kaµameva hoti. Tasm± anek±pi kappakoµiyo saŖkhipitv± ya½ ya½ icchanti, tattha tattheva okkamant± s²hokkantavasena gacchanti. Eva½ gacchant±nańca nesa½ ń±ŗa½ antarantar±su j±t²su asajjam±na½ icchiticchitaµµh±nameva gaŗh±ti.
Imesu pana chasu pubbeniv±sa½ anussarantesu titthiy±na½ pubbeniv±sadassana½ khajjopanakappabh±sadisa½ hutv± upaµµh±ti, pakatis±vak±na½ d²pappabh±sadisa½, mah±s±vak±na½ ukk±pabh±sadisa½, aggas±vak±na½ osadhit±rak±pabh±sadisa½, paccekabuddh±na½ candappabh±sadisa½. Buddh±na½ rasmisahassapaµimaŗ¹itasaradas³riyamaŗ¹alasadisa½ hutv± upaµµh±ti. Titthiy±na½ pubbeniv±s±nussaraŗa½ andh±na½ yaµµhikoµigamana½ viya hoti. Pakatis±vak±na½ daŗ¹akasetugamana½ viya, mah±s±vak±na½ jaŖghasetugamana½ viya, aggas±vak±na½ sakaµasetugamana½ viya, paccekabuddh±na½ jaŖghamaggagamana½ viya, buddh±na½ mah±sakaµamaggagamana½ viya hoti. Imasmi½ pana adhik±re s±vak±na½ pubbeniv±s±nussaraŗa½ adhippeta½.
Tasm± eva½ anussarituk±mena ±dikammikena bhikkhun± pacch±bhatta½ piŗ¹ap±tapaµikkantena rahogatena paµisall²nena paµip±µiy± catt±ri jh±n±ni sam±pajjitv± abhińń±p±dakajjh±nato vuµµh±ya vuttanayena paµiccasamupp±da½ paccavekkhitv± sabbapacchim± nisajj± ±vajjitabb±. Tato ±sanapańń±pana½ sen±sanappavesana½ pattac²varapaµis±mana½ bhojanak±lo g±mato ±gamanak±lo g±me piŗ¹±ya caritak±lo g±ma½ piŗ¹±ya paviµµhak±lo vih±rato nikkhamanak±lo cetiyabodhivandanak±lo pattadhovanak±lo pattapaµiggahaŗak±lo pattapaµiggahaŗato y±va mukhadhovan± katakicca½ pacc³sak±le katakicca½, majjhimay±me paµhamay±me katakiccanti eva½ paµilomakkamena sakala½ rattindiva½ katakicca½ ±vajjitabba½. Ettaka½ pana pakaticittassapi p±kaµa½ hoti, parikammasam±dhicittassa pana atip±kaµameva. Sace panettha kińci na p±kaµa½ hoti, puna p±dakajjh±na½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya ±vajjitabba½. Ettakena d²pe jalite viya p±kaµa½ hoti Eva½ paµilomakkameneva dutiyadivasepi tatiyacatutthapańcamadivasesupi das±hepi addham±sepi m±sepi sa½vaccharepi katakicca½ ±vajjitabba½. Eteneva up±yena dasa vass±ni v²sati vass±n²ti y±va imasmi½ bhave attano paµisandhi, t±va ±vajjantena purimabhave cutikkhaŗe pavatta½ n±mar³pa½ ±vajjitabba½. Pahoti hi paŗ¹ito bhikkhu paµhamav±reneva paµisandhi½ uggh±µetv± cutikkhaŗe n±mar³pa½ ±rammaŗa½ k±tu½. Yasm± pana purimabhave n±mar³pa½ asesa½ niruddha½, idha ańńa½ uppanna½, tasm± ta½ µh±na½ ±hundarika½ andhatamamiva hoti sududdasa½ duppańńena. Ten±pi “na sakkomaha½ paµisandhi½ uggh±µetv± cutikkhaŗe n±mar³p±rammaŗa½ k±tun”ti dhuranikkhepo na k±tabbo. Tadeva pana p±dakajjh±na½ punappuna½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya vuµµh±ya ta½ µh±na½ ±vajjitabba½.
Eva½ karonto hi seyyath±pi n±ma balav± puriso k³µ±g±rakaŗŗikatth±ya mah±rukkha½ chindanto s±kh±pal±sacchedanamatteneva pharasudh±r±ya vipann±ya mah±rukkha½ chinditu½ asakkontopi dhuranikkhepa½ akatv±va kamm±ras±la½ gantv± tikhiŗa½ pharasu½ k±r±petv± puna ±gantv± chindeyya, puna vipann±ya ca punapi tatheva k±retv± chindeyya, so eva½ chindanto chinnassa chinnassa puna chettabb±bh±vato achinnassa ca chedanato nacirasseva mah±rukkha½ p±teyya, evameva p±dakajjh±n± vuµµh±ya pubbe ±vajjita½ an±vajjitv± paµisandhimeva ±vajjanto ta½ nacirasseva paµisandhi½ uggh±µetv± cutikkhaŗe n±mar³pa½ ±rammaŗa½ kareyy±ti. Tattha pacchimanisajjato pabhuti y±va paµisandhito ±rammaŗa½ katv± pavatta½ ń±ŗa½ pubbeniv±sań±ŗa½ n±ma na hoti, ta½ pana parikammasam±dhiń±ŗa½ n±ma hoti. “At²ta½sań±ŗan”ti peta½ eke vadanti Ta½ at²ta½sań±ŗassa r³p±vacaratt± r³p±vacara½ sandh±ya vacana½ na yujjati. Yad± panassa bhikkhuno paµisandhi½ atikkamma cutikkhaŗe pavatta½ n±mar³pa½ ±rammaŗa½ katv± manodv±r±vajjana½ uppajjitv± pubbe vuttanayena appan±citta½ uppajjati, tad±ssa tena cittena sampayutta½ ń±ŗa½ pubbeniv±s±nussatiń±ŗa½ n±ma. Tena ń±ŗena sampayutt±ya satiy± pubbeniv±sa½ anussarati.
Tattha seyyathidanti ±raddhappak±radassanatthe nip±to. Teneva yv±ya½ pubbeniv±so ±raddho, tassa pak±rappabheda½ dassento ekampi j±tinti-±dim±ha. Tattha ekampi j±tinti ekampi paµisandhim³la½ cutipariyos±na½ ekabhavapariy±panna½ khandhasant±na½. Esa nayo dvepi j±tiyoti-±d²su. Anekepi sa½vaµµakappeti-±d²su pana parih±yam±no kappo sa½vaµµakappo tad± sabbesa½ brahmaloke sannipatanato. Va¹¹ham±no kappo vivaµµakappo tad± brahmalokato satt±na½ vivaµµanato. Tattha sa½vaµµena sa½vaµµaµµh±y² gahito hoti ta½m³lakatt±. Vivaµµena ca vivaµµaµµh±y². Evańhi sati “catt±rim±ni, bhikkhave, kappassa asaŖkhyeyy±ni. Katam±ni catt±ri? Yad±, bhikkhave, kappo sa½vaµµati, ta½ na sukara½ saŖkh±tu½. Yad±, bhikkhave, kappo sa½vaµµo tiµµhati…pe… yad±, bhikkhave, kappo vivaµµati…pe… yad±, bhikkhave, kappo vivaµµo tiµµhati, ta½ na sukara½ saŖkh±tun”ti (a. ni. 4.156) vutt±ni catt±ri asaŖkheyy±ni pariggahit±ni honti.
Tattha tayo sa½vaµµ±– tejosa½vaµµo, ±posa½vaµµo, v±yosa½vaµµoti. Tisso sa½vaµµas²m±– ±bhassar±, subhakiŗh±, vehapphal±ti. Yad± kappo tejena sa½vaµµati, ±bhassarato heµµh± aggin± ¹ayhati. Yad± ±pena sa½vaµµati, subhakiŗhato heµµh± udakena vil²yati. Yad± v±yun± sa½vaµµati, vehapphalato heµµh± v±tena viddha½s²yati. Vitth±rato pana sad±pi eka½ buddhakkhetta½ vinassati. Buddhakkhetta½ n±ma tividha½ hoti– j±tikkhetta½, ±ŗ±kkhetta½, visayakkhettańca. Tattha j±tikkhetta½ dasasahassacakkav±¼apariyanta½ hoti, ya½ tath±gatassa paµisandhigahaŗ±d²su kampati. ¾ŗ±kkhetta½ koµisatasahassacakkav±¼apariyanta½, yattha ratanaparitta½, khandhaparitta½, dhajaggaparitta½, ±µ±n±µiyaparitta½ moraparittanti imesa½ paritt±na½ ±nubh±vo vattati. Visayakkhetta½ anantamaparim±ŗa½, ya½ “y±vat± v± pana ±kaŖkheyy±”ti (a. ni. 3.81) vutta½. Tattha ya½ ya½ tath±gato ±kaŖkhati, ta½ ta½ j±n±ti. Evametesu t²su buddhakkhettesu eka½ ±ŗ±kkhetta½ vinassati, tasmi½ pana vinassante j±tikkhetta½ vinaµµhameva hoti, vinassantańca ekatova vinassati, saŗµhahantańca ekatova saŗµhahati.