53. Pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±ºaniddesavaººan±

105. Pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±ºaniddese eva½ paj±n±t²ti-±di cat³su iddhip±desu paribh±vitacittassa pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±ºa½ upp±detuk±massa tadupp±danavidh±nadassanattha½ vutta½. Kamato hi paµiccasamupp±da½ passitv± viññ±ºan±mar³pasa¼±yatanaphassavedan±saªkh±ta½ paccuppanna½ phalasaªkhepa½ passati, tassa paccaya½ purimabhave kammakilesasaªkh±ta½ hetusaªkhepa½ passati, tassa paccaya½ purimabhaveyeva phalasaªkhepa½ passati, tassa paccaya½ tatiyabhave hetusaªkhepa½ passati. Eva½ paµiccasamupp±dadassanena j±tiparampara½ passati. Eva½ bah³pak±ro pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±ºassa paµiccasamupp±damanasik±ro Tattha “imasmi½ sati ida½ hoti, imassupp±d± ida½ uppajjat²”ti ida½ paµiccasamupp±daniddesassa uddesavacana½. Eva½ tesa½ aññataravacaneneva atthe siddhe dvidh± vacana½ kasm±ti ce? Atthan±nattasabbh±vato. Katha½? Imasmi½ sat²ti imasmi½ paccaye vijjam±ne. Ida½ sabbapaccay±na½ s±dh±raºavacana½. Ida½ hot²ti ida½ paccayuppanna½ bhavati. Ida½ sabbapaccayuppann±na½ s±dh±raºavacana½. Imin± sakalena vacanena ahetukav±do paµisiddho hoti. Ye hi dhamm± paccayasambhav± honti, na paccay±bh±v±, te ahetuk± n±ma na hont²ti. Imassupp±d±ti imassa paccayassa upp±dahetu. Ida½ sabbapaccay±na½ upp±davantat±d²panavacana½. Ida½ uppajjat²ti ida½ paccayuppanna½ uppajjati. Ida½ sabbapaccayuppann±na½ tato uppajjam±nat±d²panavacana½. Imin± sakalena vacanena sassat±hetukav±do paµisiddho hoti. Ye hi upp±davanto dhamm±, te anicc±. Tasm± satipi sahetukatte aniccahetuk± ete dhamm± na loke niccasammatapakatipuris±dihetuk±ti vutta½ hoti.
Yadidanti niddisitabbatthasandassana½. Avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±ti ettha ya½ paµicca phalameti, so paccayo. Paµicc±ti na vin±, apaccakkhitv±ti attho. Et²ti uppajjati ceva pavattati c±ti attho. Apica upak±rakaµµho paccayaµµho, avijj± ca s± paccayo c±ti avijj±paccayo. Tasm± avijj±paccay± saªkh±r± sambhavant²ti yojan±. Eva½ sambhavanti-saddassa sesapadehipi yojan± k±tabb±. Sok±d²su ca socana½ soko. Paridevana½ paridevo. Dukkhat²ti dukkha½. Upp±daµµhitivasena v± dvedh± khanat²tipi dukkha½. Dummanassa bh±vo domanassa½. Bhuso ±y±so up±y±so. Sambhavant²ti nibbattanti. Evanti niddiµµhanayanidassana½. Tena avijj±d²heva k±raºehi, na issaranimm±n±d²h²ti dasseti. Etass±ti yath±vuttassa. Kevalass±ti asammissassa, sakalassa v±. Dukkhakkhandhass±ti dukkhasam³hassa, na sattassa na sukhasubh±d²na½. Samudayoti nibbatti. Hot²ti sambhavati.
Tattha katam± avijj±? Dukkhe aññ±ºa½, dukkhasamudaye aññ±ºa½, dukkhanirodhe aññ±ºa½, dukkhanirodhag±miniy± paµipad±ya aññ±ºa½, pubbante aññ±ºa½, aparante aññ±ºa½, pubbant±parante aññ±ºa½, idappaccayat±paµiccasamuppannesu dhammesu aññ±ºa½. Katame saªkh±r±? Puññ±bhisaªkh±ro, apuññ±bhisaªkh±ro, ±neñj±bhisaªkh±ro, k±yasaªkh±ro, vac²saªkh±ro, cittasaªkh±ro. Aµµha k±m±vacarakusalacetan± pañca r³p±vacarakusalacetan± puññ±bhisaªkh±ro, dv±dasa akusalacetan± apuññ±bhisaªkh±ro, catasso ar³p±vacarakusalacetan± ±neñj±bhisaªkh±ro. K±yasañcetan± k±yasaªkh±ro, vac²sañcetan± vac²saªkh±ro, manosañcetan± cittasaªkh±ro.
Tattha siy±– katha½ paneta½ j±nitabba½ “ime saªkh±r± avijj±paccay± hont²”ti? Avijj±bh±ve bh±vato. Yassa hi dukkh±d²su avijj±saªkh±ta½ aññ±ºa½ appah²na½ hoti. So dukkhe t±va pubbant±d²su ca aññ±ºena sa½s±radukkha½ sukhasaññ±ya gahetv± tasseva hetubh³te tividhepi saªkh±re ±rabhati. Samudaye aññ±ºena dukkhahetubh³tepi taºh±parikkh±re saªkh±re sukhahetuto maññam±no ±rabhati. Nirodhe pana magge ca aññ±ºena dukkhassa anirodhabh³tepi gativisese dukkhanirodhasaññ² hutv± nirodhassa ca amaggabh³tesupi yaññ±maratap±d²su nirodhamaggasaññ² hutv± dukkhanirodha½ patthayam±no yaññ±maratap±dimukhena tividhepi saªkh±re ±rabhati.
Apica so t±ya cat³su saccesu appah²n±vijjat±ya visesato j±tijar±rogamaraº±di-anek±d²navavokiººampi puññaphalasaªkh±ta½ dukkha½ dukkhato aj±nanto tassa adhigam±ya k±yavac²cittasaªkh±rabheda½ puññ±bhisaªkh±ra½ ±rabhati devaccharak±mako viya marupap±ta½. Sukhasammatass±pi ca tassa puññaphalassa ante mah±pari¼±hajanika½ vipariº±madukkhata½ appass±datañca apassantopi tappaccaya½ vuttappak±rameva puññ±bhisaªkh±ra½ ±rabhati salabho viya d²pasikh±bhinip±ta½, madhubindugiddho viya ca madhulittasatthadh±r±lehana½. K±m³pasevan±d²su ca savip±kesu ±d²nava½ apassanto sukhasaññ±ya ceva kiles±bhibh³tat±ya ca dv±rattayappavattampi apuññ±bhisaªkh±ra½ ±rabhati b±lo viya g³thak²¼ana½, marituk±mo viya ca visakh±dana½. ¾ruppavip±kesu c±pi saªkh±ravipariº±madukkhata½ anavabujjham±no sassat±divipall±sena cittasaªkh±rabh³ta½ ±neñj±bhisaªkh±ra½ ±rabhati dis±m³¼ho viya pis±canagar±bhimukhamaggagamana½. Eva½ yasm± avijj±bh±vatova saªkh±rabh±vo, na abh±vato, tasm± j±nitabbameta½ “ime saªkh±r± avijj±paccay± hont²”ti.
Etth±ha– gaºh±ma t±va eta½ “avijj± saªkh±r±na½ paccayo”ti. Ki½ pan±yamek±va avijj± saªkh±r±na½ paccayo, ud±hu aññepi paccay± sant²ti? Ki½ panettha yadi t±va ek±va, ekak±raºav±do ±pajjati. Atha aññepi santi, “avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±”ti ekak±raºaniddeso nupapajjat²ti? Na nupapajjati. Kasm±? Yasm±–
“Eka½ na ekato idha, n±nekamanekatopi no eka½;
phalamatthi atthi pana eka-hetuphalad²pane attho”.
Bhagav± hi katthaci padh±natt± katthaci p±kaµatt± katthaci as±dh±raºatt± desan±vil±sassa ca veneyy±nañca anur³pato ekameva hetuñca phalañca d²peti. Tasm± ayamidha avijj± vijjam±nesupi aññesu vatth±rammaºasahaj±tadhamm±d²su saªkh±rak±raºesu “ass±d±nupassino taºh± pava¹¹hat²”ti (sa½. ni. 2.52) ca, “avijj±samuday± ±savasamudayo”ti (ma. ni. 1.104) ca vacanato aññesampi taºh±d²na½ saªkh±rahet³na½ het³ti padh±natt±, “avidv±, bhikkhave, avijj±gato puññ±bhisaªkh±rampi abhisaªkharot²”ti p±kaµatt±, as±dh±raºatt± ca saªkh±r±na½ hetubh±vena d²pit±ti veditabb±. Eteneva ca ekekahetuphalad²panaparih±ravacanena sabbattha ekekahetuphalad²pane payojana½ veditabbanti.
Etth±ha– eva½ santepi ekant±niµµhaphal±ya s±vajj±ya avijj±ya katha½ puññ±neñj±bhisaªkh±rapaccayatta½ yujjati? Na hi nimbab²jato ucchu uppajjat²ti. Katha½ na yujjissati? Lokasmiñhi–
“Viruddho c±viruddho ca, sadis±sadiso tath±;
dhamm±na½ paccayo siddho, vip±k± eva te ca na”.
Iti aya½ avijj± vip±kavasena ekant±niµµhaphal±, sabh±vavasena ca s±vajj±pi sam±n± sabbesampi etesa½ puññ±bhisaªkh±r±d²na½ yath±nur³pa½ µh±nakiccasabh±vaviruddh±viruddhapaccayavasena sadis±sadisapaccayavasena ca paccayo hot²ti veditabb±.
Apica–
“Cut³pap±te sa½s±re, saªkh±r±nañca lakkhaºe;
yo paµiccasamuppanna-dhammesu ca vimuyhati.
“Abhisaªkharoti so ete, saªkh±re tividhe yato;
avijj± paccayo tesa½, tividh±na½ aya½ tato.
“Yath±pi n±ma jaccandho, naro apariº±yako;
ekad± y±ti maggena, ummaggen±pi ekad±.
“Sa½s±re sa½sara½ b±lo, tath± apariº±yako;
karoti ekad± puñña½, apuññamapi ekad±.
“Yad± ca ñatv± so dhamma½, sacc±ni abhisamessati;
tad± avijj³pasam±, upasanto carissat²”ti.
Saªkh±rapaccay± viññ±ºanti cha viññ±ºak±y± cakkhuviññ±ºa½ sotaviññ±ºa½ gh±naviññ±ºa½ jivh±viññ±ºa½ k±yaviññ±ºa½ manoviññ±ºa½. Tattha cakkhuviññ±ºa½ kusalavip±ka½ akusalavip±kanti duvidha½. Tath± sotagh±najivh±k±yaviññ±º±ni. Manoviññ±ºa½ dve vip±kamanodh±tuyo, tisso ahetukamanoviññ±ºadh±tuyo, aµµha sahetukavip±kacitt±ni, pañca r³p±vacar±ni, catt±ri ar³p±vacar±n²ti b±v²satividha½. Iti sabb±ni b±tti½sa lokiyavip±kaviññ±º±ni.
Tattha siy±– katha½ paneta½ j±nitabba½ “ida½ vuttappak±ra½ viññ±ºa½ saªkh±rapaccay± hot²”ti? Upacitakamm±bh±ve vip±k±bh±vato. Vip±kañheta½, vip±kañca na upacitakamm±bh±ve uppajjati. Yadi uppajjeyya, sabbesa½ sabbavip±k±ni uppajjeyyu½, na ca uppajjant²ti j±nitabbameta½ “saªkh±rapaccay± ida½ viññ±ºa½ hot²”ti. Sabbameva hi ida½ pavattipaµisandhivasena dvedh± pavattati. Tattha dve pañcaviññ±º±ni dve manodh±tuyo somanassasahagat±hetukamanoviññ±ºadh±t³ti im±ni terasa pañcavok±rabhave pavattiya½yeva pavattanti, ses±ni ek³nav²sati t²su bhavesu yath±nur³pa½ pavattiyampi paµisandhiyampi pavattanti.
“Laddhappaccayamiti dhammamattameta½ bhavantaramupeti;
n±ssa tato saªkanti, na tato hetu½ vin± hoti”.
Iti heta½ laddhappaccaya½ r³p±r³padhammamatta½ uppajjam±na½ bhavantaramupet²ti vuccati, na satto, na j²vo. Tassa ca n±pi at²tabhavato idha saªkanti atthi, n±pi tato hetu½ vin± idha p±tubh±vo. Ettha ca purima½ cavanato cuti, pacchima½ bhavantar±dipaµisandh±nato paµisandh²ti vuccati.
Etth±ha– nanu eva½ asaªkantip±tubh±ve sati ye imasmi½ manussattabh±ve khandh±, tesa½ niruddhatt±, phalappaccayassa ca kammassa tattha agamanato, aññassa aññato ca ta½ phala½ siy± Upabhuñjake ca asati kassa ta½ phala½ siy±. Tasm± na sundaramida½ vidh±nanti. Tatrida½ vuccati–
“Sant±ne ya½ phala½ eta½, n±ññassa na ca aññato;
b²j±na½ abhisaªkh±ro, etassatthassa s±dhako.
“Phalassuppattiy± eva, siddh± bhuñjakasammuti;
phalupp±dena rukkhassa, yath± phalati sammut²”ti.
Yopi vadeyya “eva½ santepi ete saªkh±r± vijjam±n± v± phalassa paccay± siyu½ avijjam±n± v±. Yadi ca vijjam±n±, pavattikkhaºeyeva nesa½ vip±kena bhavitabba½. Ath±pi avijjam±n±, pavattito pubbe pacch± ca nicca½ phal±vah± siyun”ti. So eva½ vattabbo–
“Katatt± paccay± ete, na ca nicca½ phal±vah±;
p±µibhog±dika½ tattha, veditabba½ nidassanan”ti.
Viññ±ºapaccay± n±mar³panti idha vedan± saññ± saªkh±rakkhandh± n±ma½, catt±ri ca mah±bh³t±ni catunnañca mah±bh³t±na½ up±d±yar³pa½ r³pa½. Abh±vakagabbhaseyyak±na½ aº¹aj±nañca paµisandhikkhaºe vatthudasaka½ k±yadasakanti v²sati r³p±ni, tayo ca ar³pino khandh±ti ete tev²sati dhamm± viññ±ºapaccay± n±mar³panti veditabb±. Sabh±vak±na½ bh±vadasaka½ pakkhipitv± tetti½sa, opap±tikasattesu brahmak±yik±d²na½ paµisandhikkhaºe cakkhusotavatthudasak±ni j²vitindriyanavakañc±ti ek³nacatt±l²sa r³p±ni, tayo ca ar³pino khandh±ti ete dv±catt±l²sa dhamm± viññ±ºapaccay± n±mar³pa½. K±mabhave pana sesa-opap±tik±na½ sa½sedaj±na½ v± sabh±vakaparipuºº±yatan±na½ paµisandhikkhaºe cakkhusotagh±najivh±k±yavatthubh±vadasak±n²ti sattati r³p±ni, tayo ca ar³pino khandh±ti ete tesattati dhamm± viññ±ºapaccay± n±mar³pa½. Esa ukka½so. Avaka½sena pana ta½ta½dasakavikal±na½ tassa tassa vasena h±petv± h±petv± paµisandhiya½ viññ±ºapaccay± n±mar³pasaªkh± veditabb±. Ar³p²na½ pana tayova ar³pino khandh±, asaññ±na½ r³pato j²vitindriyanavakamev±ti. Esa t±va paµisandhiya½ nayo.