7. Bhaªg±nupassan±ñ±ºaniddesavaººan±

51. So udayabbay±nupassan±ya½ µhito yog±vacaro magg±maggavavatth±panena upakkilesavimutta½ v²thipaµipanna½ udayabbay±nupassan±ñ±ºa½ “maggo”ti ñatv± tilakkhaºasallakkhaºena tasseva maggassa suvisadakaraºattha½ puna udayabbay±nupassana½ ±rabhitv± udayabbayena paricchinne saªkh±re anicc±dito vipassati. Eva½ tassa ta½ ñ±ºa½ tikkha½ hutv± vahati, saªkh±r± lahu½ upaµµhahanti, ñ±ºe tikkhe vahante saªkh±resu lahu½ upaµµhahantesu upp±da½ atikkamitv± bhaªge eva sati santiµµhati. Nirodh±dhimuttatt± v± udaya½ pah±ya bhaªgeyeva sati½ upaµµhapeti. Etasmi½ µh±ne bhaªg±nupassan±ñ±ºa½ uppajjati. Id±ni tassa ñ±ºassa niddese r³p±rammaºat± citta½ uppajjitv± bhijjat²ti r³p±rammaºa½ citta½ uppajjitv± bhijjati. Atha v± r³p±rammaºabh±ve citta½ uppajjitv± bhijjat²ti attho. Ta½ ±rammaºa½ paµisaªkh±ti ta½ r³p±rammaºa½ paµisaªkh±ya j±nitv±, khayato vayato disv±ti attho. Tassa cittassa bhaªga½ anupassat²ti yena cittena ta½ r³p±rammaºa½ khayato vayato diµµha½, tassa cittassa aparena cittena bhaªga½ anupassat²ti attho. Ten±hu por±º±– “ñ±tañca ñ±ºañca ubho vipassat²”ti. Cittanti cettha sasampayuttacitta½ adhippeta½.
Anupassat²ti anu anu passati, anekehi ±k±rehi punappuna½ passat²ti attho. Ten±ha anupassat²ti katha½ anupassati, aniccato anupassat²ti-±di Tattha yasm± bhaªgo n±ma aniccat±ya param± koµi, tasm± bhaªg±nupassako yog±vacaro sabba½ r³pagata½ aniccato anupassati, no niccato. Tato aniccassa dukkhatt±, dukkhassa ca anattatt±, tadeva dukkhato anupassati, no sukhato. Anattato anupassati, no attato Yasm± pana ya½ anicca½ dukkhamanatt±, na ta½ abhinanditabba½. Yañca na abhinanditabba½, na tattha rajjitabba½. Tasm± esa tasmi½ bhaªg±nupassan±nus±rena “anicca½ dukkhamanatt±”ti diµµhe r³pagate nibbindati, no nandati. Virajjati, no rajjati. So eva½ virajjanto lokikeneva t±va ñ±ºena r±ga½ nirodheti, no samudeti, samudaya½ na karot²ti attho. Atha v± so eva½ viratto yath± diµµha½ r³pagata½, tath± adiµµhampi anvayañ±ºavasena nirodheti, no samudeti. Nirodhatova manasi karoti, nirodhamevassa passati, no samudayanti attho. So eva½ paµipanno paµinissajjati, no ±diyati. Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Ayampi hi anicc±di-anupassan± tadaªgavasena saddhi½ khandh±bhisaªkh±rehi kiles±na½ pariccajanato, saªkhatadosadassanena ca tabbipar²te nibb±ne tanninnat±ya pakkhandanato paricc±gapaµinissaggo ceva pakkhandanapaµinissaggo c±ti vuccati. Tasm± t±ya samann±gato bhikkhu yath±vuttena nayena kilese ca pariccajati, nibb±ne ca pakkhandati. N±pi nibbattanavasena kilese ±diyati, na adosadassit±vasena saªkhat±rammaºa½. Tena vuccati paµinissajjati, no ±diyat²ti.
52. Id±nissa tehi ñ±ºehi yesa½ dhamm±na½ pah±na½ hoti, ta½ dassetu½ aniccato anupassanto niccasañña½ pajahat²ti-±di vutta½. Tattha nandinti sapp²tika½ taºha½. R±ganti sesa½ taºha½. Samudayanti r±gassa uppatti½. Atha v± r³pagatassa udaya½. ¾d±nanti nibbattanavasena kiles±na½ ±d±na½. Vedan±rammaºat±ti-±d²ni idha ca heµµh± ca vuttanayeneva veditabb±ni.
G±th±su pana vatthusaªkaman±ti r³p±d²su ekekassa bhaªga½ disv± puna yena cittena bhaªgo diµµho, tass±pi bhaªgadassanavasena purimavatthuto aññavatthusaªkaman±. Paññ±ya ca vivaµµan±ti udaya½ pah±ya vaye santiµµhan±. ¾vajjan± balañcev±ti r³p±d²su ekekassa bhaªga½ disv± puna bhaªg±rammaºassa cittassa bhaªgadassanattha½ anantarameva ±vajjanasamatthat±. Paµisaªkh± vipassan±ti es± ±rammaºapaµisaªkh± bhaªg±nupassan± n±ma. ¾rammaºa-anvayena ubho ekavavatthan±ti paccakkhato diµµhassa ±rammaºassa anvayena anugamanena yath± ida½, tath± at²tepi saªkh±ragata½ bhijji, an±gatepi bhijjissat²ti eva½ ubhinna½ ekasabh±veneva vavatth±pananti attho. Vuttampi ceta½ por±ºehi–
“Sa½vijjam±namhi visuddhadassano, tadanvaya½ neti at²tan±gate;
sabbepi saªkh±ragat± palokino, uss±vabind³ s³riyeva uggate”ti.
Nirodhe adhimuttat±ti eva½ ubhinna½ bhaªgavasena ekavavatth±na½ katv± tasmi½yeva bhaªgasaªkh±te nirodhe adhimuttat± taggarut± tanninnat± tappoºat± tappabbh±rat±ti attho. Vayalakkhaºavipassan±ti es± vayalakkhaºavipassan± n±m±ti vutta½ hoti. ¾rammaºañca paµisaªkh±ti purimañca r³p±di-±rammaºa½ j±nitv±. Bhaªgañca anupassat²ti tass±rammaºassa bhaªga½ disv± tad±rammaºassa cittassa ca bhaªga½ anupassati. Suññato ca upaµµh±nanti tasseva½ bhaªgamanupassato “saªkh±r±va bhijjanti, tesa½ bhedo maraºa½, na añño koci atth²”ti suññato upaµµh±na½ ijjhati. Ten±hu por±º±–
“Khandh± nirujjhanti na catthi añño, khandh±na bhedo maraºanti vuccati;
tesa½ khaya½ passati appamatto, maºi½va vijjha½ vajirena yoniso”ti.
Adhipaññ± vipassan±ti y± ca ±rammaºapaµisaªkh±, y± ca bhaªg±nupassan±, yañca suññato upaµµh±na½, aya½ adhipaññ± vipassan± n±m±ti vutta½ hoti. Kusalo t²su anupassan±s³ti anicc±nupassan±d²su t²su cheko bhikkhu. Catasso ca vipassan±s³ti nibbid±d²su ca cat³su vipassan±su. Tayo upaµµh±ne kusalat±ti khayato vayato suññatoti imasmiñca tividhe upaµµh±ne kusalat±ya. N±n±diµµh²su na kampat²ti sassatadiµµhi-±d²su n±nappak±r±su diµµh²su na vedhati. So eva½ avedham±no “aniruddhameva nirujjhati, abhinnameva bhijjat²”ti pavattamanasik±ro dubbalabh±janassa viya bhijjam±nassa, sukhumarajasseva vippakiriyam±nassa, til±na½ viya bhajjiyam±n±na½ sabbasaªkh±r±na½ upp±daµµhitipavattanimitta½ vissajjetv± bhedameva passati. So yath± n±ma cakkhum± puriso pokkharaº²t²re v± nad²t²re v± µhito th³laphusitake deve vassante udakapiµµhe mahantamahant±ni udakapubbu¼±ni uppajjitv± uppajjitv± s²gha½ s²gha½ bhijjam±n±ni passeyya, evameva sabbe saªkh±r± bhijjanti bhijjant²ti passati. Evar³pañhi yog±vacara½ sandh±ya vutta½ bhagavat±–
“Yath± pubbu¼aka½ passe, yath± passe mar²cika½;
eva½ loka½ avekkhanta½, maccur±j± na passat²”ti. (Dha. pa. 170).
Tasseva½ “sabbe saªkh±r± bhijjanti bhijjant²”ti abhiºha½ passato aµµh±nisa½sapariv±ra½ bhaªg±nupassan±ñ±ºa½ balappatta½ hoti. Tatrime aµµh±nisa½s±– bhavadiµµhippah±na½, j²vitanikantiparicc±go, sad±yuttapayuttat±, visuddh±j²vit±, ussukkappah±na½, vigatabhayat±, khantisoraccapaµil±bho, aratiratisahanat±ti. Ten±hu por±º±–
“Im±ni aµµhagguºamuttam±ni, disv± tahi½ sammasat² punappuna½;
±dittacelassiras³pamo muni, bhaªg±nupass² amatassa pattiy±”ti.

Bhaªg±nupassan±ñ±ºaniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.