6. Udayabbayañ±ºaniddesavaººan±

49. Id±ni anantara½ vuttassa sammasanañ±ºassa n±n±nayehi bh±van±thirakaraºena p±ra½ gantv± µhitena anicc±dito diµµhe saªkh±re udayabbayena paricchinditv± anicc±dito vipassanattha½ vuttassa udayabbay±nupassan±ñ±ºassa niddese j±ta½ r³panti-±d²su santativasena yath±saka½ paccayehi nibbatta½ r³pa½. Tassa j±tassa r³passa nibbattilakkhaºa½ j±ti½ upp±da½ abhinav±k±ra½ udayoti, vipariº±malakkhaºa½ khaya½ bhaªga½ vayoti, anupassan± punappuna½ nis±man±, udayabbaya anupassan±ñ±ºanti attho. Vedan±d²supi eseva nayo. J±tijar±maraºavant±na½yeva udayabbayassa pariggahetabbatt± j±tijar±maraº±na½ udayabbay±bh±vato j±tijar±maraºa½ an±masitv± j±ta½ cakkhu…pe… j±to bhavoti peyy±la½ kata½. So eva½ pañcanna½ khandh±na½ udayabbaya½ passanto eva½ j±n±ti “imesa½ khandh±na½ uppattito pubbe anuppann±na½ r±si v± nicayo v± natthi, uppajjam±n±nampi r±sito v± nicayato v± ±gamana½ n±ma natthi, nirujjham±n±nampi dis±vidis±gamana½ n±ma natthi, niruddh±nampi ekasmi½ µh±ne r±sito nicayato nidh±nato avaµµh±na½ n±ma natthi. Yath± pana v²º±ya v±diyam±n±ya uppannassa saddassa neva uppattito pubbe sannicayo atthi, na uppajjam±no sannicayato ±gato, na nirujjham±nassa dis±vidis±gamana½ atthi, na niruddho katthaci sannicito tiµµhati, atha kho v²ºañca upav²ºañca purisassa ca tajja½ v±y±ma½ paµicca ahutv± sambhoti, hutv± paµiveti, eva½ sabbepi r³p±r³pino dhamm± ahutv± sambhonti, hutv± paµivent²”ti.
50. Eva½ saªkhepato udayabbayadassana½ dassetv± id±ni vitth±rato dassetu½ pañcanna½ khandh±na½ udaya½ passanto kati lakkhaº±ni passat²ti-±d²hi r±sito gaºana½ pucchitv±, pañcanna½ khandh±na½ udaya½ passanto pañcav²sati lakkhaº±ni passat²ti-±d²hi r±sitova gaºana½ vissajjetv±, puna r³pakkhandhassa udaya½ passanto kati lakkhaº±ni passat²ti-±d²hi vibh±gato gaºana½ pucchitv± r³pakkhandhassa udaya½ passanto pañca lakkhaº±ni passat²ti-±d²hi vibh±gato gaºana½ vissajjetv±, puna r³pakkhandhassa udaya½ passanto katam±ni pañca lakkhaº±ni passat²ti-±d²hi lakkhaºavibh±ga½ pucchitv± vissajjana½ kata½.
Tattha avijj±samuday± r³pasamudayoti “purimakammabhavasmi½ moho avijj±”ti vutt±ya avijj±ya sati imasmi½ bhave r³passa upp±do hot²ti attho. Paccayasamudayaµµhen±ti paccayassa uppannabh±ven±ti attho. Avijj±taºh±kamm±ni cettha idha paµisandhihetubh³t± at²tapaccay± Imesu ca t²su gahitesu saªkh±rup±d±n±ni gahit±neva honti. ¾h±rasamuday±ti pavattipaccayesu kaba¼²k±r±h±rassa balavatt± soyeva gahito. Tasmi½ pana gahite pavattihetubh³t±ni utucitt±nipi gahit±neva honti. Nibbattilakkhaºanti addh±santatikhaºavasena r³passa upp±da½, upp±doyeva saªkhatalakkhaºatt± lakkhaºanti ca vutto. Pañca lakkhaº±n²ti avijj± taºh± kamm±h±r± nibbatti c±ti im±ni pañca lakkhaº±ni. Avijj±dayopi hi r³passa udayo lakkh²yati eteh²ti lakkhaº±ni. Nibbatti pana saªkhatalakkhaºameva, tampi saªkhatanti lakkh²yati eten±ti lakkhaºa½.
Avijj±nirodh± r³panirodhoti an±gatabhavassa paccayabh³t±ya imasmi½ bhave avijj±ya arahattamaggañ±ºena nirodhe kate paccay±bh±v± an±gatassa r³passa anupp±do nirodho hot²ti attho. Paccayanirodhaµµhen±ti paccayassa niruddhabh±ven±ti attho. Nirodho cettha an±gatapaµisandhipaccay±na½ idha avijj±taºh±kamm±na½yeva nirodho. ¾h±ranirodh± r³panirodhoti pavattipaccayassa kaba¼²k±r±h±rassa abh±ve ta½samuµµh±nar³p±bh±vo hoti. Vipariº±malakkhaºanti addh±santatikhaºavasena r³passa bhaªga½, bhaªgoyeva saªkhatalakkhaºatt± lakkhaºanti vutto. Idha pañca lakkhaº±n²ti avijj±taºh±kamm±h±r±na½ abh±vanirodh± catt±ri, vipariº±mo ekanti pañca. Esa nayo vedan±kkhanth±d²su. Aya½ pana viseso– ar³pakkhandh±na½ udayabbayadassana½ addh±santativasena, na khaºavasena. Phasso vedan±saññ±saªkh±rakkhandh±na½ pavattipaccayo, ta½nirodh± ca tesa½ nirodho. N±mar³pa½ viññ±ºakkhandhassa pavattipaccayo, ta½nirodh± ca tassa nirodhoti.
Keci pan±hu– “catudh± paccayato udayabbayadassane at²t±divibh±ga½ an±masitv±va sabbas±maññavasena avijj±d²hi udet²ti uppajjam±nabh±vamatta½ gaºh±ti, na upp±da½. Avijj±dinirodh± nirujjat²ti anuppajjam±nabh±vamatta½ gaºh±ti, na bhaªga½. Khaºato udayabbayadassane paccuppann±na½ upp±da½ bhaªga½ gaºh±t²”ti.
Vipassam±no pana vipassako paµhama½ paccayato udayabbaya½ manasikaritv± vipassan±k±le avijj±dike caturo dhamme vissajjetv± udayabbayavanteyeva khandhe gahetv± tesa½ udayabbaya½ passati, evañca tassa vipassakassa “eva½ r³p±d²na½ udayo, eva½ vayo, eva½ r³p±dayo udenti, eva½ vent²”ti paccayato ca khaºato ca vitth±rena udayabbaya½ passato “iti kira ime dhamm± ahutv± sambhonti, hutv± paµivent²”ti ñ±ºa½ visadatara½ hoti, saccapaµiccasamupp±danayalakkhaºabhed± p±kaµ± honti Yañhi so avijj±disamuday± khandh±na½ samudaya½ avijj±dinirodh± ca khandh±na½ nirodha½ passati, idamassa paccayato udayabbayadassana½. Ya½ pana nibbattilakkhaºavipariº±malakkhaº±ni passanto khandh±na½ udayabbaya½ passati, idamassa khaºato udayabbayadassana½. Uppattikkhaºeyeva hi nibbattilakkhaºa½, bhaªgakkhaºe ca vipariº±malakkhaºa½.
Iccasseva½ paccayato ceva khaºato ca dvedh± udayabbaya½ passato paccayato udayadassanena samudayasacca½ p±kaµa½ hoti janak±vabodhato. Khaºato udayadassanena dukkhasacca½ p±kaµa½ hoti j±tidukkh±vabodhato. Paccayato vayadassanena nirodhasacca½ p±kaµa½ hoti paccay±nupp±dena paccayavata½ anupp±d±vabodhato. Khaºato vayadassanena dukkhasaccameva p±kaµa½ hoti maraºadukkh±vabodhato. Yañcassa udayabbayadassana½, maggov±ya½ lokikoti maggasacca½ p±kaµa½ hoti tatra sammohavigh±tato.
Paccayato cassa udayadassanena anulomo paµiccasamupp±do p±kaµo hoti “imasmi½ sati ida½ hot²”ti (ma. ni. 1.404; sa½. ni. 2.21; ud±. 1) avabodhato. Paccayato vayadassanena paµilomo paµiccasamupp±do p±kaµo hoti “imassa nirodh± ida½ nirujjhat²”ti (ma. ni. 1.406; sa½. ni. 2.21; ud±. 2) avabodhato. Khaºato pana udayabbayadassanena paµiccasamuppann± dhamm± p±kaµ± honti saªkhatalakkhaº±vabodhato. Udayabbayavanto hi saªkhat±, te ca paµiccasamuppann±ti.
Paccayato cassa udayadassanena ekattanayo p±kaµo hoti hetuphalasambandhena sant±nassa anupacched±vabodhato. Atha suµµhutara½ ucchedadiµµhi½ pajahati. Khaºato udayadassanena n±nattanayo p±kaµo hoti navanav±na½ upp±d±vabodhato. Atha suµµhutara½ sassatadiµµhi½ pajahati. Paccayato cassa udayabbayadassanena aby±p±ranayo p±kaµo hoti dhamm±na½ avasavattibh±v±vabodhato. Atha suµµhutara½ attadiµµhi½ pajahati. Paccayato pana udayadassanena eva½dhammat±nayo p±kaµo hoti paccay±nur³pena phalassupp±d±vabodhato. Atha suµµhutara½ akiriyadiµµhi½ pajahati.
Paccayato cassa udayadassanena anattalakkhaºa½ p±kaµa½ hoti dhamm±na½ nir²hakattapaccayapaµibaddhavuttit±vabodhato. Khaºato udayabbayadassanena aniccalakkhaºa½ p±kaµa½ hoti hutv± abh±v±vabodhato, pubbant±parantavivek±vabodhato ca. Dukkhalakkhaºampi p±kaµa½ hoti udayabbayehi paµip²¼an±vabodhato. Sabh±valakkhaºampi p±kaµa½ hoti udayabbayaparicchinn±vabodhato Sabh±valakkhaºe saªkhatalakkhaºassa t±vak±likattampi p±kaµa½ hoti, udayakkhaºe vayassa, vayakkhaºe ca udayassa abh±v±vabodhatoti.
Tasseva½ p±kaµ²bh³tasaccapaµiccasamupp±danayalakkhaºabhedassa “eva½ kira n±mime dhamm± anuppannapubb± uppajjanti, uppann± nirujjhant²”ti niccanav±va hutv± saªkh±r± upaµµhahanti. Na kevalañca niccanav±va, s³riyuggamane uss±vabindu viya udakapubbu¼o viya udake daº¹ar±ji viya ±ragge s±sapo viya vijjupp±do viya ca parittaµµh±yino m±y±mar²cisupinanta-al±tacakkagandhabbanagarapheºakadali-±dayo viya as±r± niss±r±ti c±pi upaµµhahanti. Ett±vat± tena “vayadhammameva uppajjati, uppannañca vaya½ upet²”ti imin± ±k±rena samapaññ±sa lakkhaº±ni paµivijjhitv± µhita½ udayabbay±nupassan± n±ma paµhama½ taruºavipassan±ñ±ºa½ adhigata½ hoti, yass±dhigam± “±raddhavipassako”ti saªkha½ gacchati. Imasmi½ ñ±ºe µhitassa obh±s±dayo dasa vipassan³pakkiles± uppajjanti, yesa½ uppattiy± akusalo yog±vacaro tesu maggañ±ºasaññ² hutv± amaggameva “maggo”ti gaºh±ti, upakkilesajaµ±jaµito ca hoti. Kusalo pana yog±vacaro tesu vipassana½ ±ropento upakkilesajaµa½ vijaµetv± “ete dhamm± na maggo, upakkilesavimutta½ pana v²thipaµipanna½ vipassan±ñ±ºa½ maggo”ti maggañca amaggañca vavatthapeti. Tasseva½ maggañca amaggañca ñatv± µhita½ ñ±ºa½ magg±maggañ±ºadassanavisuddhi n±ma.
Ett±vat± ca pana tena catunna½ sacc±na½ vavatth±na½ kata½ hoti. Katha½? N±mar³papariggahe sati paccayapariggahasambhavato dhammaµµhitiñ±ºavacaneneva vuttena diµµhivisuddhisaªkh±tena n±mar³pavavatth±panena dukkhasaccassa vavatth±na½ kata½ hoti, kaªkh±vitaraºavisuddhisaªkh±tena paccayapariggahaºena samudayasaccassa vavatth±na½, udayabbay±nupassanena ca khaºato udayabbayadassanena dukkhasaccassa vavatth±na½ kata½, paccayato udayadassanena samudayasaccassa vavatth±na½, paccayato vayadassanena nirodhasaccassa vavatth±na½, yañcassa udayabbayadassana½, maggov±ya½ lokikoti tatra sammohavigh±tato imissañca magg±maggañ±ºadassanavisuddhiya½ vipassato samm± maggassa avadh±raºena maggasaccassa vavatth±na½ kata½. Eva½ lokiyena t±va ñ±ºena catunna½ sacc±na½ vavatth±na½ kata½ hot²ti.

Udayabbayañ±ºaniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.