5. Sammasanań±ŗaniddesavaŗŗan±

48. Sammasanań±ŗaniddese ya½ kińc²ti anavasesapariy±d±na½. R³panti atippasaŖganiyamana½. Eva½ padadvayen±pi r³passa asesapariggaho kato hoti. Athassa at²t±din± vibh±ga½ ±rabhati. Tańhi kińci at²ta½ kińci an±gat±dibhedanti. Esa nayo vedan±d²supi. Tattha r³pa½ t±va addh±santatisamayakhaŗavasena catudh± at²ta½ n±ma hoti, tath± an±gatapaccuppanna½. Tattha addh±vasena t±va ekassa ekasmi½ bhave paµisandhito pubbe at²ta½, cutito uddha½ an±gata½, ubhinnamantare paccuppanna½. Santativasena sabh±ga-eka-utusamuµµh±na½ ek±h±rasamuµµh±nańca pubb±pariyabh±vena vattam±nampi paccuppanna½, tato pubbe visabh±ga-utu-±h±rasamuµµh±na½ at²ta½, pacch± an±gata½. Cittaja½ ekav²thi-ekajavana-ekasam±pattisamuµµh±na½ paccuppanna½, tato pubbe at²ta½, pacch± an±gata½, kammasamuµµh±nassa p±µiyekka½ santativasena at²t±dibhedo natthi, tesańńeva pana utu-±h±racittasamuµµh±n±na½ upatthambhanavasena tassa at²t±dibh±vo veditabbo. Samayavasena ekamuhuttapubbaŗhas±yanharattindiv±d²su samayesu sant±navasena pavattam±na½ ta½ ta½ samaya½ paccuppanna½ n±ma, tato pubbe at²ta½, pacch± an±gata½. Khaŗavasena upp±d±dikhaŗattayapariy±panna½ paccuppanna½, tato pubbe an±gata½, pacch± at²ta½. Apica atikkantahetupaccayakicca½ at²ta½, niµµhitahetukiccamaniµµhitapaccayakicca½ paccuppanna½, ubhayakiccamasampatta½ an±gata½. Sakiccakkhaŗe v± paccuppanna½, tato pubbe an±gata½, pacch± at²ta½. Ettha ca khaŗ±dikath±va nippariy±y± ses± sapariy±y±.
Ajjhattanti pańcasupi khandhesu idha niyakajjhatta½ adhippeta½, tasm± attano sant±ne pavatta½ p±µipuggalika½ r³pa½ ajjhattanti veditabba½. Tato bahibh³ta½ pana indriyabaddha½ v± anindriyabaddha½ v± r³pa½ bahiddh± n±ma. O¼±rikanti cakkhusotagh±najivh±k±yar³pasaddagandharasaphoµµhabbasaŖkh±t± pathav²tejov±yo c±ti dv±dasavidha½ r³pa½ ghaµµanavasena gahetabbato o¼±rika½. Sesa½ pana ±podh±tu itthindriya½ purisindriya½ j²vitindriya½ hadayavatthu oj± ±k±sadh±tu k±yavińńatti vac²vińńatti r³passa lahut± mudut± kammańńat± upacayo santati jarat± aniccat±ti so¼asavidha½ r³pa½ ghaµµanavasena agahetabbato sukhuma½. H²na½ v± paŗ²ta½ v±ti ettha h²napaŗ²tabh±vo pariy±yato nippariy±yato ca. Tattha akaniµµh±na½ r³pato sudass²na½ r³pa½ h²na½, tadeva sudass±na½ r³pato paŗ²ta½. Eva½ y±va narakasatt±na½ r³pa½, t±va pariy±yato h²napaŗ²tat± veditabb±. Nippariy±yato pana yattha akusalavip±ka½ uppajjati, ta½ h²na½. Yattha kusalavip±ka½, ta½ paŗ²ta½. Ya½ d³re santike v±ti ettha ya½ sukhuma½, tadeva duppaµivijjhasabh±vatt± d³re. Ya½ o¼±rika½, tadeva suppaµivijjhasabh±vatt± santike.
Sabba½ r³pa½ aniccato vavattheti eka½ sammasana½, dukkhato vavattheti eka½ sammasana½, anattato vavattheti eka½ sammasananti ettha aya½ bhikkhu “ya½ kińci r³pan”ti eva½ aniyamaniddiµµha½ sabbampi r³pa½ at²tattikena ceva cat³hi ajjhatt±didukehi c±ti ek±dasahi ok±sehi paricchinditv± sabba½ r³pa½ aniccato vavattheti aniccanti sammasati. Katha½? Parato vuttanayena. Vuttańheta½– “r³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ anicca½ khayaµµhen±”ti (paµi. ma. 1.48). Tasm± esa ya½ at²ta½ r³pa½, ta½ yasm± at²teyeva kh²ŗa½, nayima½ bhava½ sampattanti anicca½ khayaµµhena, ya½ an±gata½ r³pa½ anantarabhave nibbattissati, tampi tattheva kh²yissati, na tato para½ bhava½ gamissat²ti anicca½ khayaµµhena, ya½ paccuppanna½ r³pa½, ta½ idheva kh²yati, na ito gacchat²ti anicca½ khayaµµhena, ya½ ajjhatta½ r³pa½, tampi ajjhattameva kh²yati, na bahiddh±bh±va½ gacchat²ti anicca½ khayaµµhena, ya½ bahiddh± o¼±rika½ sukhuma½ h²na½ paŗ²ta½ d³re santike, tampi ettheva kh²yati, na d³rabh±va½ gacchat²ti anicca½ khayaµµhen±ti sammasati. Ida½ sabbampi “anicca½ khayaµµhen±”ti etassa vasena eka½ sammasana½, pabhedato pana ek±dasavidha½ hoti.
Sabbameva ceta½ dukkha½ bhayaµµhen±ti sammasati. Bhayaµµhen±ti sappaµibhayat±ya. Yańhi anicca½, ta½ bhay±vaha½ hoti s²hopamasutte (a. ni. 4.33; sa½. ni. 3.78) dev±na½ viya. Iti idampi “dukkha½ bhayaµµhen±”ti etassa vasena eka½ sammasana½, pabhedato pana ek±dasavidha½ hoti.
Yath± ca dukkha½, eva½ sabbampi ta½ anatt± as±rakaµµhen±ti sammasati. As±rakaµµhen±ti “att± niv±s² k±rako vedako saya½vas²”ti eva½ parikappitassa attas±rassa abh±vena. Yańhi anicca½ dukkha½, attanopi aniccata½ v± udayabbayap²¼ana½ v± v±retu½ na sakkoti, kuto tassa k±rak±dibh±vo. Ten±ha– “r³pańca hida½, bhikkhave, att± abhavissa, nayida½ r³pa½ ±b±dh±ya sa½vatteyy±”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 3.59). Iti ida½ “anatt± as±rakaµµhen±”ti etassa vasena eka½ sammasana½, pabhedato pana ek±dasavidha½ hoti. Eseva nayo vedan±d²su. Iti ekekasmi½ khandhe ek±dasa ek±dasa katv± pańcasu khandhesu pańcapańń±sa sammasan±ni honti, aniccato pańcapańń±sa dukkhato pańcapańń±sa, anattato pańcapańń±s±ti tividh±nupassan±vasena sabb±ni pańcasaµµhisatasammasan±ni honti.
Keci pana “sabba½ r³pa½, sabba½ vedana½, sabba½ sańńa½, sabbe saŖkh±re, sabba½ vińń±ŗanti padampi pakkhipitv± ekekasmi½ khandhe dv±dasa dv±dasa katv± pańcasu saµµhi, anupassan±to as²tisatasammasan±n²”ti vadanti.
At²t±divibh±ge panettha santativasena khaŗ±divasena ca vedan±ya at²t±n±gatapaccuppannabh±vo veditabbo. Tattha santativasena ekav²thi-ekajavana-ekasam±pattipariy±pann± ekavidhavisayasam±yogappavatt± ca paccuppann±, tato pubbe at²t±, pacch± an±gat±. Khaŗ±divasena khaŗattayapariy±pann± pubbant±parantamajjhagat± sakiccańca kurum±n± vedan± paccuppann±, tato pubbe at²t±, pacch± an±gat±. Ajjhattabahiddh±bhedo niyakajjhattavaseneva veditabbo.
O¼±rikasukhumabh±vo “akusal± vedan± o¼±rik±, kusal±by±kat± vedan± sukhum±”ti-±din± (vibha. 4) nayena vibhaŖge vuttena j±tisabh±vapuggalalokiyalokuttaravasena veditabbo. J±tivasena t±va akusal± vedan± s±vajjakiriyahetuto, kilesasant±pabh±vato ca av³pasantavutt²ti kusalavedan±ya o¼±rik±, saby±p±rato sa-uss±hato savip±kato kilesasant±pabh±vato s±vajjato ca vip±k±by±kat±ya o¼±rik±, savip±kato kilesasant±pabh±vato saby±bajjhato s±vajjato ca kiriy±by±kat±ya o¼±rik±. Kusal±by±kat± pana vuttavipariy±yato akusal±ya vedan±ya sukhum±. Dvepi kusal±kusal± vedan± saby±p±rato sa-uss±hato savip±kato ca yath±yoga½ duvidh±yapi aby±kat±ya o¼±rik±, vuttavipariy±yena duvidh±pi aby±kat± t±hi sukhum±. Eva½ t±va j±tivasena o¼±rikasukhumat± veditabb±.
Sabh±vavasena pana dukkh± vedan± nirass±dato savipph±rato khobhakaraŗato ubbejan²yato abhibhavanato ca itar±hi dv²hi o¼±rik±, itar± pana dve s±tato santato paŗ²tato man±pato majjhattato ca yath±yoga½ dukkh±ya sukhum±. Ubho pana sukhadukkh± savipph±rato ubbejan²yato khobhakaraŗato p±kaµato ca adukkhamasukh±ya o¼±rik±, s± vuttavipariy±yena tadubhayato sukhum±. Eva½ sabh±vavasena o¼±rikasukhumat± veditabb±.
Puggalavasena pana asam±pannassa vedan± n±n±rammaŗe vikkhittabh±vato sam±pannassa vedan±ya o¼±rik±, vipariy±yena itar± sukhum±. Eva½ puggalavasena o¼±rikasukhumat± veditabb±.
Lokiyalokuttaravasena pana s±sav± vedan± lokiy±, s± ±savuppattihetuto oghaniyato yoganiyato ganthaniyato n²varaŗiyato up±d±niyato sa½kilesikato puthujjanas±dh±raŗato ca an±sav±ya o¼±rik±, an±sav± ca vipariy±yena s±sav±ya sukhum±. Eva½ lokiyalokuttaravasena o¼±rikasukhumat± veditabb±.
Tattha j±ti-±divasena sambhedo pariharitabbo. Akusalavip±kak±yavińń±ŗasampayutt± hi vedan± j±tivasena aby±katatt± sukhum±pi sam±n± sabh±v±divasena o¼±rik± hoti. Vuttańheta½–
“Aby±kat± vedan± sukhum±, dukkh± vedan± o¼±rik±. Sam±pannassa vedan± sukhum±, asam±pannassa vedan± o¼±rik±. An±sav± vedan± sukhum±, s±sav± vedan± o¼±rik±”ti (vibha. 11).

Yath± ca dukkh± vedan±, eva½ sukh±dayopi. T±pi hi j±tivasena o¼±rik±, sabh±v±divasena sukhum± honti. Tasm± yath± j±ti-±divasena sambhedo na hoti, tath± vedan±na½ o¼±rikasukhumat± veditabb±. Seyyathida½, aby±kat± j±tivasena kusal±kusal±hi sukhum±. Tattha katam± aby±kat±? Ki½ dukkh±? Ki½ sukh±? Ki½ sam±pannassa? Ki½ asam±pannassa? Ki½ s±sav±? Ki½ an±sav±ti? Eva½ sabh±v±dibhedo na par±masitabbo. Esa nayo sabbattha.

Apica “ta½ ta½ v± pana vedana½ up±d±yup±d±ya vedan± o¼±rik± sukhum± daµµhabb±”ti vacanato akusal±d²supi lobhasahagat±ya dosasahagat± vedan± aggi viya nissayadahanato o¼±rik±, lobhasahagat± sukhum±. Dosasahagat±pi niyat± o¼±rik±, aniyat± sukhum±. Niyat±pi kappaµµhitik± o¼±rik±, itar± sukhum±. Kappaµµhitik±supi asaŖkh±rik± o¼±rik±, itar± sukhum±. Lobhasahagat± pana diµµhisampayutt± o¼±rik±, itar± sukhum±. S±pi niyat± kappaµµhitik± asaŖkh±rik± o¼±rik±, itar± sukhum±. Avisesena ca akusal± bahuvip±k± o¼±rik±, appavip±k± sukhum±. Kusal± pana appavip±k± o¼±rik±, bahuvip±k± sukhum±.
Apica k±m±vacarakusal± o¼±rik±, r³p±vacar± sukhum±, tato ar³p±vacar±, tato lokuttar±. K±m±vacar± ca d±namay± o¼±rik±, s²lamay± sukhum±. S²lamay±pi o¼±rik±, tato bh±van±may± sukhum±. Bh±van±may±pi duhetuk± o¼±rik±, tihetuk± sukhum±. Tihetuk±pi sasaŖkh±rik± o¼±rik±, asaŖkh±rik± sukhum± R³p±vacar± ca paµhamajjh±nik± o¼±rik±…pe… pańcamajjh±nik± sukhum±va. Ar³p±vacar± ca ±k±s±nańc±yatanasampayutt± o¼±rik±…pe… nevasańń±n±sańń±yatanasampayutt± sukhum±va. Lokuttar± ca sot±pattimaggasampayutt± o¼±rik±…pe… arahattamaggasampayutt± sukhum±va. Esa nayo ta½ta½bh³mivip±kakiriy±vedan±su dukkh±di-asam±pann±dis±sav±divasena vuttavedan±su ca. Ok±savasena v±pi niraye dukkh± o¼±rik±, tiracch±nayoniya½ sukhum±…pe… paranimmitavasavatt²su sukhum±va. Yath± ca dukkh±, eva½ sukh±pi sabbattha yath±nur³pa½ yojetabb±. Vatthuvasena c±pi h²navatthuk± y± k±ci vedan± o¼±rik±, paŗ²tavatthuk± sukhum±. H²napaŗ²tabhede y± o¼±rik±, s± h²n±. Y± ca sukhum±, s± paŗ²t±ti daµµhabb±.
D³rasantikapade pana “akusal± vedan± kusal±by±kat±hi vedan±hi d³re, akusal± vedan± akusal±ya vedan±ya santike”ti-±din± (vibha. 13) nayena vibhaŖge vibhatt±. Tasm± akusal± vedan± visabh±gato asa½saµµhato asarikkhato ca kusal±by±kat±hi d³re, tath± kusal±by±kat± akusal±ya. Esa nayo sabbav±resu. Akusal± pana vedan± sabh±gato sa½saµµhato sarikkhato ca akusal±ya santiketi ida½ vedan±ya at²t±divibh±ge vitth±rakath±mukha½. Ta½ta½vedan±sampayutt±na½ pana sańń±d²nampi eta½ evameva veditabba½.
Ye panettha vedan±d²su cakkhu…pe… jar±maraŗanti peyy±lena sa½khittesu ca dhammesu lokuttaradhamm± ±gat±, te asammasan³pagatt± imasmi½ adhik±re na gahetabb±. Te pana kevala½ tena tena padena saŖgahitadhammadassanavasena ca abhińńeyyaniddese ±gatanayena ca vutt±. Yepi ca sammasan³pag±, tesu ye yassa p±kaµ± honti, sukhena pariggaha½ gacchanti, tesu tena sammasana½ ±rabhitabba½. J±tijar±maraŗavasena visu½ sammasan±bh±vepi j±tijar±maraŗavantesuyeva pana sammasitesu t±nipi sammasit±ni hont²ti pariy±yena tesampi vasena sammasana½ vuttanti veditabba½. At²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ aniccato vavatthet²ti-±din± nayena at²tattikasseva ca vasena sammasanassa vuttatt± ajjhatt±dibheda½ an±masitv±pi at²tattikasseva vasena paricchinditv±pi anicc±dito sammasana½ k±tabbameva.
Ya½ pana anicca½, ta½ yasm± niyamato saŖkhat±dibheda½ hoti, tenassa pariy±yadassanattha½, n±n±k±rehi v± manasik±rappavattidassanattha½ r³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ anicca½ saŖkhatanti-±dim±ha Tańhi hutv± abh±vaµµhena anicca½, aniccantikat±ya ±di-antavantat±ya v± anicca½. Paccayehi sam±gantv± katatt± saŖkhata½. Paccaye paµicca niss±ya sama½, saha v± uppannatt± paµiccasamuppanna½. Etena paccayehi katepi paccay±na½ aby±p±rata½ dasseti. Khayadhammanti kh²yanadhamma½ kh²yanapakatika½. Vayadhammanti nassanadhamma½. Nayida½ mand²bh±vakkhayavasena khayadhamma½, kevala½ vigamanapakatika½. Pah³tassa mand²bh±vopi hi loke khayoti vuccati. Vir±gadhammanti nayida½ kuhińci gamanavasena vayadhamma½, kevala½ sabh±v±tikkamanapakatika½. “Vir±go n±ma jigucchana½ v± samatikkamo v±”ti hi vutta½. Nirodhadhammanti nayida½ sabh±v±tikkamena punar±vattidhamma½, kevala½ apunar±vattinirodhena nirujjhanapakatikanti purimapurimapadassa atthavivaraŗavasena pacchimapacchimapada½ vuttanti veditabba½.
Atha v± ekabhavapariy±pannar³pabhaŖgavasena khayadhamma½, ekasantatipariy±pannar³pakkhayavasena vayadhamma½, r³passa khaŗabhaŖgavasena vir±gadhamma½, tiŗŗampi apunappavattivasena nirodhadhammantipi yojetabba½.
Jar±maraŗa½ aniccanti-±d²su jar±maraŗa½ na anicca½, aniccasabh±v±na½ pana khandh±na½ jar±maraŗatt± anicca½ n±ma j±ta½. SaŖkhat±d²supi eseva nayo. Antarapeyy±le j±tiy±pi anicc±dit±ya eseva nayo.
J±tipaccay± jar±maraŗanti-±di na vipassan±vasena vutta½, kevala½ paµiccasamupp±dassa ekeka-aŖgavasena saŖkhipitv± vavatth±nato sammasanań±ŗa½ n±ma hot²ti pariy±yena vutta½. Na paneta½ kal±pasammasanań±ŗa½ dhammaµµhitiń±ŗameva ta½ hot²ti. Asati j±tiy±ti liŖgavipall±so kato, asatiy± j±tiy±ti vutta½ hoti. Asati saŖkh±res³ti vacanavipall±so kato, asantesu saŖkh±res³ti vutta½ hoti. Bhavapaccay± j±ti, asat²ti-±di “bhavapaccay± j±ti, asati bhave natthi j±t²”ti-±din± nayena yojetabba½.

Sammasanań±ŗaniddesavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.