Eva½ tath± gatoti tath±gato.

Atha v± yath± purimak± bhagavanto, ayampi bhagav± tatheva nekkhammena k±macchanda½…pe… paµhamajjh±nena n²varaºe…pe… anicc±nupassan±ya niccasañña½…pe… arahattamaggena sabbakilese pah±ya gato. Evampi tath± gatoti tath±gato.
Katha½ tathalakkhaºa½ ±gatoti tath±gato? Pathav²dh±tuy± kakkha¼attalakkhaºa½ tatha½ avitatha½, ±podh±tuy± paggharaºalakkhaºa½, tejodh±tuy± uºhattalakkhaºa½, v±yodh±tuy± vitthambhanalakkhaºa½, ±k±sadh±tuy± asamphuµµhalakkhaºa½, viññ±ºadh±tuy± vij±nanalakkhaºa½.
R³passa ruppanalakkhaºa½, vedan±ya vedayitalakkhaºa½, saññ±ya sañj±nanalakkhaºa½, saªkh±r±na½ abhisaªkharaºalakkhaºa½, viññ±ºassa vij±nanalakkhaºa½.
Vitakkassa abhiniropanalakkhaºa½, vic±rassa anumajjanalakkhaºa½, p²tiy± pharaºalakkhaºa½, sukhassa s±talakkhaºa½, cittekaggat±ya avikkhepalakkhaºa½, phassassa phusanalakkhaºa½.
Saddhindriyassa adhimokkhalakkhaºa½, v²riyindriyassa paggahalakkhaºa½, satindriyassa upaµµh±nalakkhaºa½, sam±dhindriyassa avikkhepalakkhaºa½, paññindriyassa paj±nanalakkhaºa½.
Saddh±balassa assaddhiye akampiyalakkhaºa½, v²riyabalassa kosajje, satibalassa muµµhassacce, sam±dhibalassa uddhacce, paññ±balassa avijj±ya akampiyalakkhaºa½.
Satisambojjhaªgassa upaµµh±nalakkhaºa½, dhammavicayasambojjhaªgassa pavicayalakkhaºa½, v²riyasambojjhaªgassa paggahalakkhaºa½, p²tisambojjhaªgassa pharaºalakkhaºa½, passaddhisambojjhaªgassa upasamalakkhaºa½, sam±dhisambojjhaªgassa avikkhepalakkhaºa½, upekkh±sambojjhaªgassa paµisaªkh±nalakkhaºa½.
Samm±diµµhiy± dassanalakkhaºa½, samm±saªkappassa abhiniropanalakkhaºa½, samm±v±c±ya pariggahalakkhaºa½, samm±kammantassa samuµµh±nalakkhaºa½, samm±-±j²vassa vod±nalakkhaºa½, samm±v±y±massa paggahalakkhaºa½, samm±satiy± upaµµh±nalakkhaºa½, samm±sam±dhissa avikkhepalakkhaºa½.
Avijj±ya aññ±ºalakkhaºa½, saªkh±r±na½ cetan±lakkhaºa½, viññ±ºassa vij±nanalakkhaºa½, n±massa namanalakkhaºa½, r³passa ruppanalakkhaºa½, sa¼±yatanassa ±yatanalakkhaºa½, phassassa phusanalakkhaºa½, vedan±ya vedayitalakkhaºa½, taºh±ya hetulakkhaºa½, up±d±nassa gahaºalakkhaºa½, bhavassa ±y³hanalakkhaºa½, j±tiy± nibbattilakkhaºa½, jar±ya j²raºalakkhaºa½, maraºassa cutilakkhaºa½.
Dh±t³na½ suññat±lakkhaºa½, ±yatan±na½ ±yatanalakkhaºa½, satipaµµh±n±na½ upaµµh±nalakkhaºa½, sammappadh±n±na½ padahanalakkhaºa½, iddhip±d±na½ ijjhanalakkhaºa½, indriy±na½ adhipatilakkhaºa½, bal±na½ akampiyalakkhaºa½, bojjhaªg±na½ niyy±nalakkhaºa½, maggassa hetulakkhaºa½.
Sacc±na½ tathalakkhaºa½, samathassa avikkhepalakkhaºa½, vipassan±ya anupassan±lakkhaºa½, samathavipassan±na½ ekarasalakkhaºa½, yuganaddh±na½ anativattanalakkhaºa½.
S²lavisuddhiy± sa½varalakkhaºa½, cittavisuddhiy± avikkhepalakkhaºa½, diµµhivisuddhiy± dassanalakkhaºa½.
Khaye ñ±ºassa samucchedalakkhaºa½, anupp±de ñ±ºassa passaddhilakkhaºa½.
Chandassa m³lalakkhaºa½, manasik±rassa samuµµh±nalakkhaºa½, phassassa samodh±nalakkhaºa½, vedan±ya samosaraºalakkhaºa½, sam±dhissa pamukhalakkhaºa½, satiy± ±dhipateyyalakkhaºa½, paññ±ya tatuttarilakkhaºa½, vimuttiy± s±ralakkhaºa½, amatogadhassa nibb±nassa pariyos±nalakkhaºa½ tatha½ avitatha½. Eta½ tathalakkhaºa½ ñ±ºagatiy± ±gato avirajjhitv± patto anuppattoti tath±gato. Eva½ tathalakkhaºa½ ±gatoti tath±gato.
Katha½ tathadhamme y±th±vato abhisambuddhoti tath±gato? Tathadhamm± n±ma catt±ri ariyasacc±ni. Yath±ha– “catt±rim±ni, bhikkhave, tath±ni avitath±ni anaññath±ni. Katam±ni catt±ri? ‘Ida½ dukkhan’ti, bhikkhave, tathameta½ avitathameta½ anaññathametan”ti (sa½. ni. 5.1090) vitth±ro. T±ni ca bhagav± abhisambuddhoti tath±na½ abhisambuddhatt± tath±gatoti vuccati. Abhisambodhattho hi ettha gatasaddo.
Apica jar±maraºassa j±tipaccayasambh³tasamud±gataµµho tatho avitatho anaññatho…pe… saªkh±r±na½ avijj±paccayasambh³tasamud±gataµµho tatho avitatho anaññatho. Tath± avijj±ya saªkh±r±na½ paccayaµµho tatho avitatho anaññatho…pe… j±tiy± jar±maraºassa paccayaµµho tatho avitatho anaññatho. Ta½ sabba½ bhagav± abhisambuddho. Tasm±pi tath±na½ abhisambuddhatt± tath±gato. Eva½ tathadhamme y±th±vato abhisambuddhoti tath±gato.
Katha½ tathadassit±ya tath±gato? Bhagav± ya½ sadevake loke…pe… sadevamanuss±ya aparim±º±su lokadh±t³su aparim±º±na½ satt±na½ cakkhudv±re ±p±tha½ ±gacchanta½ r³p±rammaºa½ n±ma atthi, ta½ sabb±k±rena j±n±ti passati. Eva½ j±nat± passat± ca tena ta½ iµµh±niµµh±divasena v± diµµhasutamutaviññ±tesu labbham±nakapadavasena v± “katama½ ta½ r³pa½ r³p±yatana½? Ya½ r³pa½ catunna½ mah±bh³t±na½ up±d±ya vaººanibh± sanidassana½ sappaµigha½ n²la½ p²takan”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 616) nayena anekehi n±mehi terasahi v±rehi dvipaññ±s±ya nayehi vibhajjam±na½ tathameva hoti, vitatha½ natthi Esa nayo sotadv±r±d²supi ±p±tham±gacchantesu sadd±d²su. Vuttampi ceta½ bhagavat± “ya½, bhikkhave, sadevakassa lokassa…pe… sadevamanuss±ya diµµha½ suta½ muta½ viññ±ta½ patta½ pariyesita½ anuvicarita½ manas±, tamaha½ j±n±mi, tamaha½ abbhaññ±si½, ta½ tath±gatassa vidita½, ta½ tath±gato na upaµµh±s²”ti (a. ni. 4.24). Eva½ tathadassit±ya tath±gato. Tattha tathadass²-atthe tath±gatoti padasambhavo veditabbo.
Katha½ tathav±dit±ya tath±gato? Ya½ ratti½ bhagav± bodhimaº¹e apar±jitapallaªke nisinno catunna½ m±r±na½ matthaka½ madditv± anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambuddho, yañca ratti½ yamakas±l±namantare anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yi, etthantare pañcacatt±l²savassaparim±ºe k±le paµhamabodhiy±pi majjhimabodhiy±pi pacchimabodhiy±pi ya½ bhagavat± bh±sita½ sutta½ geyya½…pe… vedalla½, ta½ sabba½ atthato ca byañjanato ca anavajja½ anupavajja½ an³namanadhika½ sabb±k±raparipuººa½ r±gamadanimmadana½ dosamohamadanimmadana½, natthi tattha v±laggamattampi pakkhalita½, sabba½ ta½ ekamuddik±ya lañchita½ viya, ekan±¼ik±ya mita½ viya, ekatul±ya tulita½ viya, ca tathameva hoti. Yath±ha “yañca, cunda, ratti½ tath±gato anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambujjhati, yañca ratti½ anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yati, ya½ etasmi½ antare bh±sati lapati niddisati, sabba½ ta½ tathameva hoti, no aññath±. Tasm± ‘tath±gato’ti vuccat²”ti (d². ni. 3.188). Gada-attho hi ettha gatasaddo. Eva½ tathav±dit±ya tath±gato.
Apica ±gadana½ ±gado, vacananti attho. Tatho avipar²to ±gado ass±ti dak±rassa tak±ra½ katv± tath±gatoti evametasmi½ atthe padasiddhi veditabb±.
Katha½ tath±k±rit±ya tath±gato? Bhagavato hi v±c±ya k±yo anulometi, k±yass±pi v±c±, tasm± yath±v±d² tath±k±r² yath±k±r² tath±v±d² ca hoti. Eva½bh³tassa cassa yath± v±c±, k±yopi tath± gato pavattoti attho. Yath± ca k±yo, v±c±pi tath± gat± pavatt±ti tath±gato. Tenev±ha– “yath±v±d², bhikkhave, tath±gato tath±k±r², yath±k±r² tath±v±d². Iti yath±v±d² tath±k±r², yath±k±r² tath±v±d². Tasm± ‘tath±gato’ti vuccat²”ti. Eva½ tath±k±rit±ya tath±gato.
Katha½ abhibhavanaµµhena tath±gato? Upari bhavagga½ heµµh± av²ci½ pariyanta½ katv± tiriya½ aparim±º±su lokadh±t³su sabbasatte abhibhavati s²lena sam±dhin± paññ±ya vimuttiy± vimuttiñ±ºadassanena, na tassa tul± v± pam±ºa½ v± atthi, atulo appameyyo anuttaro r±j±dhir±j± dev±na½ atidevo sakk±na½ atisakko brahm±na½ atibrahm±. Ten±ha– “sadevake, bhikkhave, loke…pe… sadevamanuss±ya tath±gato abhibh³ anabhibh³to aññadatthu daso vasavatt². Tasm± ‘tath±gato’ti vuccat²”ti (a. ni. 4.23).
Tattheva½ padasiddhi veditabb±– agado viya agado. Ko panesa? Desan±vil±so ceva puññussayo ca. Tena hesa mah±nubh±vo bhisakko dibb±gadena sappe viya sabbaparappav±dino sadevakañca loka½ abhibhavati. Iti sabbalok±bhibhavane tatho avipar²to desan±vil±samayo ceva puññamayo ca agado ass±ti dak±rassa tak±ra½ katv± tath±gatoti veditabbo. Eva½ abhibhavanaµµhena tath±gato.
Apica tath±ya gatotipi tath±gato, tatha½ gatotipi tath±gatoti. Gatoti avagato at²to patto paµipannoti attho Tattha sakala½ loka½ t²raºapariññ±ya tath±ya gato avagatoti tath±gato, lokasamudaya½ pah±napariññ±ya tath±ya gato at²toti tath±gato, lokanirodha½ sacchikiriy±ya tath±ya gato pattoti tath±gato, lokanirodhag±minipaµipada½ tatha½ gato paµipannoti tath±gato. Tena ya½ vutta½ bhagavat±– “loko, bhikkhave, tath±gatena abhisambuddho, lokasm± tath±gato visa½yutto. Lokasamudayo, bhikkhave, tath±gatena abhisambuddho, lokasamudayo tath±gatassa pah²no. Lokanirodho, bhikkhave tath±gatena abhisambuddho lokanirodho tath±gatassa sacchikato. Lokanirodhag±min² paµipad±, bhikkhave, tath±gatena abhisambuddh±, lokanirodhag±min²paµipad± tath±gatassa bh±vit±. Ya½, bhikkhave, sadevakassa lokassa…pe… anuvicarita½ manas±, sabba½ ta½ tath±gatena abhisambuddha½. Tasm± ‘tath±gato’ti vuccat²”ti (a. ni. 4.23). Tassa evampi attho veditabbo. Idampi ca tath±gatassa tath±gatabh±vad²pane mukhamattameva. Sabb±k±rena pana tath±gatova tath±gatassa tath±gatabh±va½ vaººeyya. Yasm± pana sabbabuddh± tath±gataguºen±pi samasam±, tasm± sabbesa½ vasena tath±gat±nanti ±ha.
Arahant±nanti kilesehi ±rakatt±, ar²na½ ar±nañca hatatt±, paccay±d²na½ arahatt±, p±pakaraºe rah±bh±v± tath±gato araha½. ¾rak± hi so sabbakilesehi suvid³ravid³re µhito maggena sav±san±na½ kiles±na½ pah²natt±ti araha½.
So tato ±rak± n±ma, yassa yen±samaªgit±;
asamaªg² ca dosehi, n±tho ten±raha½ mato.
Te c±nena kiles±rayo maggena hat±ti ar²na½ hatatt±pi araha½.
Yasm± r±g±disaªkh±t±, sabbepi arayo hat±;
paññ±satthena n±thena, tasm±pi araha½ mato.
Yañceta½ avijj±bhavataºh±mayan±bhipuññ±di-abhisaªkh±r±na½ jar±maraºanemi ±savasamudayamayena akkhena vijjhitv± tibhavarathe sam±yojita½ an±dik±lappavatta½ sa½s±racakka½, tass±nena bodhimaº¹e v²riyap±dehi s²lapathaviya½ patiµµh±ya saddh±hatthena kammakkhayakara½ ñ±ºapharasu½ gahetv± sabbe ar± hat±ti ar±na½ hatatt±pi araha½.
Ar± sa½s±racakkassa, hat± ñ±º±sin± yato;
lokan±thena tenesa, arahanti pavuccati.
Aggadakkhiºeyyatt± ca c²var±dipaccaye arahati p³j±visesañca. Teneva ca uppanne tath±gate ye keci mahesakkh± devamanuss±, na te aññattha p³ja½ karonti. Tath± hi brahm± sahampati sinerumattena ratanad±mena tath±gata½ p³jesi, yath±balañca aññe dev± manuss± ca bimbis±rakosalar±j±dayo. Parinibbutampi ca bhagavanta½ uddissa channavutikoµidhana½ vissajjetv± asokamah±r±j± sakalajambud²pe catur±s²ti vih±rasahass±ni patiµµh±pesi, ko pana v±do aññesa½ p³j±vises±nanti paccay±d²na½ arahatt±pi araha½.