2. S²lamayań±ŗaniddesavaŗŗan±

37. S²lamayań±ŗaniddese pańc±ti gaŗanaparicchedo. S²l±n²ti paricchinnadhammanidassana½. Pariyantap±risuddhis²lanti-±di pańcanna½ sar³pato dassana½. Pariyantap±risuddh²ti-±d²su yath± n²lavaŗŗayogato vatthampi n²lamassa atth²ti n²lanti vuccati, eva½ gaŗanavasena pariyanto paricchedo ass± atth²ti pariyant±, upasampannas²le patto anupasampannas²lassa avas±nasabbh±vato v± pariyanto avas±na½ ass± atth²ti pariyant±. Sapariyant±ti v± vattabbe sak±ralopo katoti veditabbo “daka½ dak±say± pavisant²”ti (sa½. ni. 3.78; a. ni. 4.33) ettha uk±ralopo viya. Parisuddhabh±vo p±risuddhi, pariyant± ca s± p±risuddhi c±ti pariyantap±risuddhi, pariyantap±risuddhisaŖkh±ta½ s²la½ pariyantap±risuddhis²la½. Vuttapaµipakkhena na pariyant±ti apariyant±, natthi etiss± pariyantotipi apariyant±, vuddho etiss± pariyantotipi apariyant±. Sam±d±nato pabhuti akhaŗ¹itatt± khaŗ¹it±pi katapaµikammatt± cittupp±damattaken±pi malena virahitatt± ca parisuddhaj±timaŗi viya sudhantasuparikammakatasuvaŗŗa½ viya ca parisuddhatt± ariyamaggassa padaµµh±nabh³t± an³naµµhena parip³ŗŗ±. Diµµhiy± pah²natt± diµµhipar±m±sena aggahitatt± apar±maµµh±.Aya½ te s²le dosoti kenaci codakena par±masitu½ asakkuŗeyyatt± v± apar±maµµh±. Arahattaphalakkhaŗe sabbadarathapaµippassaddhiy± paµippassaddhi. Anupasampann±nanti anavasesasam±d±navasena s²lasampad±ya bhusa½ sampann±ti upasampann±, na upasampann± anupasampann±. Tesa½ anupasampann±na½.
Pariyantasikkh±pad±nanti ettha sikkhitabbaµµhena sikkh±, koµµh±saµµhena pad±ni, sikkhitabbakoµµh±s±n²ti attho. Apica s²le patiµµhitena uparipattabbatt± sabbe kusal± dhamm± sikkh±, s²l±ni t±sa½ sikkh±na½ patiµµhaµµhena pad±n²ti sikkh±na½ padatt± sikkh±pad±ni pariyant±ni sikkh±pad±ni etesanti pariyantasikkh±pad±. Tesa½ pariyantasikkh±pad±na½. Ettha ca dve pariyant± sikkh±padapariyanto ca k±lapariyanto ca. Katamo sikkh±padapariyanto? Up±sakop±sik±na½ yath±sam±d±navasena eka½ v± dve v± t²ŗi v± catt±ri v± pańca v± aµµha v± dasa v± sikkh±pad±ni honti, sikkham±nas±maŗeras±maŗer²na½ dasa sikkh±pad±ni. Aya½ sikkh±padapariyanto. Katamo k±lapariyanto? Up±sakop±sik± d±na½ dadam±n± parivesanapariyanta½ s²la½ sam±diyanti, vih±ragat± vih±rapariyanta½ s²la½ sam±diyanti, eka½ v± dve v± tayo v± bhiyyo v± rattindiv±ni pariccheda½ katv± s²la½ sam±diyanti. Aya½ k±lapariyanto. Imesu dv²su pariyantesu sikkh±pada½ pariyanta½ katv± sam±dinna½ s²la½ v²tikkamanena v± maraŗena v± paµippassambhati, k±la½ pariyanta½ katv± sam±dinna½ ta½ta½k±l±tikkamena paµippassambhati.
Apariyantasikkh±pad±nanti–
“Nava koµisahass±ni, as²ti satakoµiyo;
pańń±sa satasahass±ni, chatti½sa ca pun±pare.
“Ete sa½varavinay±, sambuddhena pak±sit±;
peyy±lamukhena niddiµµh±, sikkh± vinayasa½vare”ti.–

Eva½ gaŗanavasena pariyant±nampi sikkh±pad±na½ anavasesasam±d±nabh±vavasena l±bhayasań±ti-aŖgaj²vitahetu adiµµhapariyantabh±vavasena upari rakkhitabbas²laparicched±bh±vavasena ca natthi etesa½ pariyantoti apariyant±ni. Apariyant±ni sikkh±pad±ni etesanti apariyantasikkh±pad±. Tesa½ apariyantasikkh±pad±na½, vuddhapariyantasikkh±pad±nanti v± attho.

Puthujjanakaly±ŗak±nanti-±d²su
“Puth³na½ janan±d²hi, k±raŗehi puthujjano;
puthujjanantogadhatt±, puthuv±ya½ jano iti”.–

Vuttaputhujjanalakkhaŗ±natikkamepi–

“Duve puthujjan± vutt±, buddhen±diccabandhun±;
andho puthujjano eko, kaly±ŗeko puthujjano”ti.–

Vuttaputhujjanadvaye kaly±ŗadhammasam±gamena andhaputhujjanabh±va½ atikkamma kaly±ŗaputhujjanabh±ve µhit±na½ puthujjanakaly±ŗak±na½ kaly±ŗaputhujjan±nanti vutta½ hoti. Puthujjanesu v± kaly±ŗak±na½ puthujjanakaly±ŗak±na½.

Kusaladhamme yutt±nanti ettha kusalasaddo t±va ±rogy±navajjachekasukhavip±kesu dissati. Ayańhi “kacci nu bhoto kusala½, kacci bhoto an±mayan”ti-±d²su (j±. 1.15.146; 2.20.129) ±rogye dissati. “Katamo pana, bhante, k±yasam±c±ro kusalo? Yo kho, mah±r±ja, k±yasam±c±ro anavajjo”ti (ma. ni. 2.361) ca “puna capara½, bhante, etad±nuttariya½ yath± bhagav± dhamma½ deseti kusalesu dhammes³”ti ca (d². ni. 3.145) evam±d²su anavajje. “Kusalo tva½ rathassa aŖgapaccaŖg±na½ (ma. ni. 2.87), kusal± naccag²tassa sikkhit± c±turitthiyo”ti-±d²su (j±. 2.22.94) cheke. “Kusal±na½, bhikkhave, dhamm±na½ sam±d±nahetu (d². ni. 3.80). Kusalassa kammassa katatt± upacitatt±”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 431) sukhavip±ke. Sv±yamidha ±rogyepi anavajjepi sukhavip±kepi vaµµati.
Vacanattho panettha kucchite p±pake dhamme salayanti calayanti kampenti viddha½sent²ti kusal±. Kucchitena v± ±k±rena sayanti pavattant²ti kus±, te kuse lunanti chindant²ti kusal±. Kucchit±na½ v± s±nato tanukaraŗato kusa½ ń±ŗa½. Tena kusena l±tabb± gahetabb± pavattetabb±ti kusal±, yath± v± kus± ubhayabh±gagata½ hatthappadesa½ lunanti, evamimepi uppann±nuppannabh±vena ubhayabh±gagata½ sa½kilesapakkha½ lunanti, tasm± kus± viya lunant²ti kusal±. Apica ±rogyaµµhena anavajjaµµhena kosallasambh³taµµhena v± kusal±. Idha pana yasm± vipassan±kusalameva adhippeta½, tasm± sese vih±ya tasseva dassanattha½ “kusaladhamme”ti ekavacana½ katanti veditabba½. Vipassan±kusaladhamme s±taccakiriyat±ya sakkaccak±rit±ya ca yutt±nanti attho.
Sekkhapariyante parip³rak±r²nanti ettha t²su sikkh±su j±t±tipi sekkh±, sattanna½ sekkh±na½ etetipi sekkh±, sayameva sikkhant²tipi sekkh± Sot±pattimaggaphalasakad±g±mimaggaphala-an±g±mimaggaphala-arahattamaggadhamm± Te sekkh± dhamm± pariyante avas±ne etassa, te v± sekkh± dhamm± pariyanto paricchedo etass±ti sekkhapariyanto. Tasmi½ sekkhapariyante dhammeti sambandho. Parip³ra½ paripuŗŗata½ karont²ti parip³rak±rino, parip³rak±ro parip³rakiriy± etesa½ atth²ti v± parip³rak±rino. Tesa½ sot±pattimaggassa pubbabh±gabh³te sekkhapariyante paµipad±dhamme vipassan±p±rip³riy± parip³rak±r²na½. K±ye ca j²vite ca anapekkh±nanti ettha k±yeti sar²re. Sar²rańhi asucisańcayato kucchit±nańca kes±d²na½ cakkhurog±d²nańca rogasat±na½ ±yabh³tatt± k±yoti vuccati. J²viteti j²vitindriye. Tańhi j²vanti ten±ti j²vitanti vuccati. Natthi etesa½ apekkh±ti anapekkh±, nissineh±ti attho. Tesa½ tasmi½ k±ye ca j²vite ca anapekkh±na½.
Id±ni tesa½ tesu anapekkhattassa k±raŗa½ dassento pariccattaj²vit±nanti ±ha. Bhagavato ±cariyassa v± sakaj²vitaparicc±geneva hi te kilamam±nepi k±ye vinassam±nepi j²vite anapekkh± hont²ti. Sattanna½ sekkh±nanti sikkhant²ti sekkh±ti laddhan±m±na½ sot±pattimaggaµµh±d²na½ sattanna½ ariyapuggal±na½. Tath±gatas±vak±nanti tath±gatassa s±vak±na½. Aµµhapi hi ariyapuggal± savanante ariy±ya j±tiy± j±tatt± bhagavato desana½ anusiµµhi½ aveccappas±dayogena sakkacca½ suŗant²ti s±vak±. Tesupi arahattaphalaµµheyeva visesetv± dassento kh²ŗ±sav±nanti ±ha, arahattamaggań±ŗena parikkh²ŗasabb±sav±nanti attho. Paccekabuddh±nanti ta½ ta½ k±raŗa½ paµicca ekova an±cariyako catusacca½ bujjhitav±ti paccekabuddho. T±dis±na½ paccekabuddh±na½.
Tath±gat±nanti ettha aµµhahi k±raŗehi bhagav± tath±gato– tath± ±gatoti tath±gato, tath± gatoti tath±gato, tathalakkhaŗa½ ±gatoti tath±gato, tathadhamme y±th±vato abhisambuddhoti tath±gato, tathadassit±ya tath±gato, tathav±dit±ya tath±gato, tath± k±rit±ya tath±gato, abhibhavanaµµhena tath±gato.
Katha½ bhagav± tath± ±gatoti tath±gato? Yath± sabbalokahit±ya ussukkam±pann± purimak± samm±sambuddh± ±gat±. Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Yen±bhin²h±rena purimak± bhagavanto ±gat±, teneva amh±kampi bhagav± ±gato. Atha v± yath± purimak± bhagavanto d±nas²lanekkhammapańń±v²riyakhantisacc±dhiµµh±namettupekkh±saŖkh±t± dasa p±ramiyo, dasa upap±ramiyo, dasa paramatthap±ramiyoti samati½sa p±ramiyo p³retv± aŖgaparicc±ga½ nayanadhanarajjaputtad±raparicc±ganti ime pańca mah±paricc±ge pariccajitv±, pubbayogapubbacariyadhammakkh±nań±tatthacariy±dayo p³retv± buddhicariy±ya koµi½ patv± ±gat±, tath± amh±kampi bhagav± ±gato. Yath± ca purimak± bhagavanto catt±ro satipaµµh±ne catt±ro sammappadh±ne catt±ro iddhip±de pańcindriy±ni pańca bal±ni satta bojjhaŖge ariya½ aµµhaŖgika½ magga½ bh±vetv± br³hetv± ±gat±, tath± amh±kampi bhagav± ±gatoti tath±gato.
“Yatheva d²paŖkarabuddha-±dayo, sabbańńubh±va½ munayo idh±gat±;
tath± aya½ sakyamun²pi ±gato, tath±gato vuccati tena cakkhum±”ti.
Katha½ tath± gatoti tath±gato? Yath± sampatij±t± purimak± bhagavanto gat±. Kathańca te gat±? Te hi sampatij±t± samehi p±dehi pathaviya½ patiµµh±ya uttarenamukh± sattapadav²tih±rena gat±. Yath±ha “sampatij±to, ±nanda, bodhisatto samehi p±dehi pathaviya½ patiµµhahitv± uttar±bhimukho sattapadav²tih±rena gacchati setamhi chatte anudh±rayam±ne, sabb± ca dis± anuviloketi, ±sabhińca v±ca½ bh±sati ‘aggohamasmi lokassa, jeµµhohamasmi lokassa, seµµhohamasmi lokassa, ayamantim± j±ti, natthi d±ni punabbhavo”’ti (ma. ni. 3.207; d². ni. 2.31). Tańcassa gamana½ tatha½ ahosi avitatha½ anekesa½ vises±dhigam±na½ pubbanimittabh±vena. Yańhi so sampatij±to samehi p±dehi patiµµhahi, idamassa caturiddhip±dapaµil±bhassa pubbanimitta½, uttaramukhabh±vo panassa sabbalokuttarabh±vassa pubbanimitta½, sattapadav²tih±ro sattabojjhaŖgaratanapaµil±bhassa pubbanimitta½, “suvaŗŗadaŗ¹± v²tipatanti c±mar±”ti (su. ni. 693) ettha vuttac±marukkhepo pana sabbatitthiyanimmathanassa pubbanimitta½, setacchattadh±raŗa½ arahattaphalavimuttivaravimalasetacchattapaµil±bhassa pubbanimitta½, sabb±dis±nuvilokana½ sabbańńut±n±varaŗań±ŗapaµil±bhassa pubbanimitta½, ±sabhiv±c±bh±sana½ pana appaµivattiyavaradhammacakkappavattanassa pubbanimitta½. Tath±ya½ bhagav±pi gato. Tańcassa gamana½ tatha½ ahosi avitatha½ tesa½yeva vises±dhigam±na½ pubbanimittabh±vena. Ten±hu por±ŗ±–
“Muhuttaj±tova gava½pat² yath±, samehi p±dehi phus² vasundhara½;
so vikkam² satta pad±ni gotamo, setańca chatta½ anudh±rayu½ mar³.
“Gantv±na so satta pad±ni gotamo, dis± vilokesi sam± samantato;
aµµhaŖgupeta½ giramabbhud²rayi, s²ho yath± pabbatamuddhaniµµhito”ti.