Saccapakiººakavaººan±

Cat³su pana saccesu b±dhanalakkhaºa½ dukkhasacca½, pabhavalakkhaºa½ samudayasacca½, santilakkhaºa½ nirodhasacca½, niyy±nalakkhaºa½ maggasacca½, apica pavattipavattakanivattinivattakalakkhaº±ni paµip±µiy±. Tath± saªkhatataºh±-asaªkhatadassanalakkhaº±ni ca.
Kasm± pana catt±reva ariyasacc±ni vutt±ni an³n±ni anadhik±n²ti ce? Aññassa asambhavato aññatarassa ca anapaneyyabh±vato. Na hi etehi añña½ adhika½ v±, etesa½ v± ekampi apanetabba½ sambhoti. Yath±ha–
“Idha, bhikkhave, ±gaccheyya samaºo v± br±hmaºo v± ‘neta½ dukkha½ ariyasacca½, añña½ dukkha½ ariyasacca½. Ya½ samaºena gotamena desita½, ahameta½ dukkha½ ariyasacca½ µhapetv± añña½ dukkha½ ariyasacca½ paññapess±m²’ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²”ti-±di.

Yath± c±ha–

“Yo hi koci, bhikkhave, samaºo v± br±hmaºo v± eva½ vadeyya ‘neta½ dukkha½ paµhama½ ariyasacca½, ya½ samaºena gotamena desita½, ahameta½ dukkha½ paµhama½ ariyasacca½ paccakkh±ya añña½ dukkha½ paµhama½ ariyasacca½ paññapess±m²’ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 5.1086).
Apica pavattim±cikkhanto bhagav± sahetuka½ ±cikkhi, nivattiñca sa-up±ya½. Iti pavattinivattitadubhayahet³na½ etapparamato catt±reva vutt±ni. Tath± pariññeyyapah±tabbasacchik±tabbabh±vetabb±na½, taºh±vatthutaºh±taºh±nirodhataºh±nirodh³p±y±na½, ±laya-±layar±mat±-±layasamuggh±ta-±layasamuggh±t³p±y±nañca vasen±pi catt±reva vutt±n²ti.
Ettha ca o¼±rikatt± sabbasattas±dh±raºatt± ca suviññeyyanti dukkhasacca½ paµhama½ vutta½. Tasseva hetudassanattha½ tadanantara½ samudayasacca½, hetunirodh± phalanirodhoti ñ±panattha½ tato nirodhasacca½, tadadhigam³p±yadassanattha½ ante maggasacca½. Bhavasukhass±dagadhit±na½ v± satt±na½ sa½vegajananattha½ paµhama½ dukkham±ha. Ta½ neva akata½ ±gacchati, na issaranimm±n±dito hoti, ito pana hot²ti ñ±panattha½ tadanantara½ samudaya½. Tato sahetukena dukkhena abhibh³tatt± sa½viggam±nas±na½ dukkhanissaraºagaves²na½ nissaraºadassanena ass±sajananattha½ nirodha½. Tato nirodh±dhigamanattha½ nirodhasamp±paka½ magganti ayametesa½ kamo.
Etesu pana bh±ro viya dukkhasacca½ daµµhabba½, bh±r±d±namiva samudayasacca½, bh±ranikkhepanamiva nirodhasacca½, bh±ranikkhepan³p±yo viya maggasacca½. Rogo viya v± dukkhasacca½, roganid±namiva samudayasacca½, rogav³pasamo viya nirodhasacca½, bhesajjamiva maggasacca½. Dubbhikkhamiva v± dukkhasacca½, dubbuµµhi viya samudayasacca½, subhikkhamiva nirodhasacca½, suvuµµhi viya maggasacca½. Apica ver²veram³laverasamuggh±taverasamuggh±t³p±yehi, visarukkharukkham³lam³l³pacchedatadupacched³p±yehi, bhayabhayam³lanibbhayatadadhigam³p±yehi, orimat²ramahoghap±rimat²rata½samp±pakav±y±mehi ca yojetv±pet±ni upam±to veditabb±n²ti.
Sabb±neva panet±ni sacc±ni paramatthena vedakak±rakanibbutagamak±bh±vato suññ±n²ti veditabb±ni. Teneta½ vuccati–
“Dukkhameva hi na koci dukkhito, k±rako na kiriy±va vijjati;
atthi nibbuti na nibbuto pum±, maggamatthi gamako na vijjat²”ti.
Atha v±–
Dhuvasubhasukhattasuñña½, purimadvayamattasuññamamatapada½;
dhuvasukha-attavirahito, maggo iti suññat± tesu.
Nirodhasuññ±ni v± t²ºi, nirodho ca sesattayasuñño. Phalasuñño v± ettha hetu samudaye dukkhassa abh±vato, magge ca nirodhassa, na phalena sagabbho pakativ±d²na½ pakati viya. Hetusuññañca phala½ dukkhasamuday±na½ nirodhamagg±nañca asamav±y±, na hetusamaveta½ hetuphala½ samav±yav±d²na½ dvi-aºuk±di viya. Teneta½ vuccati–
“Tayamidha nirodhasuñña½, tayena ten±pi nibbut² suññ±;
suñño phalena hetu, phalampi ta½hetun± suññan”ti.
Sabb±neva sacc±ni aññamaññasabh±g±ni avitathato attasuññato dukkarapaµivedhato ca. Yath±ha–
“Ta½ ki½ maññasi, ±nanda, katama½ nu kho dukkaratara½ v± durabhisambhavatara½ v±, yo d³ratova sukhumena t±¼acchigga¼ena asana½ atip±teyya poªkh±nupoªkha½ avir±dhita½, yo v± sattadh± bhinnassa v±lassa koµiy± koµi½ paµivijjheyy±ti? Etadeva, bhante, dukkaratarañceva durabhisambhavatarañca; yo v± sattadh± bhinnassa v±lassa koµiy± koµi½ paµivijjheyy±ti; atha kho te, ±nanda, duppaµivijjhatara½ paµivijjhanti, ye ‘ida½ dukkhan’ti yath±bh³ta½ paµivijjhanti…pe… ‘aya½ dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad±’ti yath±bh³ta½ paµivijjhant²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.1115);
visabh±g±ni salakkhaºavavatth±nato; purim±ni ca dve sabh±g±ni duravag±hatthena gambh²ratt± lokiyatt± s±savatt± ca, visabh±g±ni phalahetubhedato pariññeyyapah±tabbato ca; pacchim±nipi dve sabh±g±ni gambh²rattena duravag±hatt± lokuttaratt± an±savatt± ca, visabh±g±ni visayavisay²bhedato sacchik±tabbabh±vetabbato ca; paµhamatatiy±ni c±pi sabh±g±ni phal±padesato, visabh±g±ni saªkhat±saªkhatato dutiyacatutth±ni c±pi sabh±g±ni hetu-apadesato, visabh±g±ni ekantakusal±kusalato; paµhamacatutth±ni c±pi sabh±g±ni saªkhatato, visabh±g±ni lokiyalokuttarato; dutiyatatiy±ni c±pi sabh±g±ni nevasekkhan±sekkhabh±vato, visabh±g±ni s±rammaº±n±rammaºato;
“iti eva½ pak±rehi, nayehi ca vicakkhaºo;
vijaññ± ariyasacc±na½, sabh±gavisabh±gatan”ti.
Sabbameva cettha dukkha½ ekavidha½ pavattibh±vato, duvidha½ n±mar³pato, tividha½ k±mar³p±r³p³papattibhavabhedato, catubbidha½ catu-±h±rabhedato, pañcavidha½ pañcup±d±nakkhandhabhedato. Samudayopi ekavidho pavattakabh±vato, duvidho diµµhisampayutt±sampayuttato, tividho k±mabhavavibhavataºh±bhedato, catubbidho catumaggappaheyyato, pañcavidho r³p±bhinandan±dibhedato, chabbidho chataºh±k±yabhedato. Nirodhopi ekavidho asaªkhatadh±tubh±vato, pariy±yato pana duvidho sa-up±disesa-anup±disesato, tividho bhavattayav³pasamato, catubbidho catumagg±dhigaman²yato, pañcavidho pañc±bhinandanav³pasamato, chabbidho chataºh±k±yakkhayabhedato. Maggopi ekavidho bh±vetabbato, duvidho samathavipassan±bhedato, dassanabh±van±bhedato v±, tividho khandhattayabhedato. Ayañhi sappadesatt± nagara½ viya rajjena nippadesehi t²hi khandhehi saªgahito. Yath±ha–
“Na kho, ±vuso vis±kha, ariyena aµµhaªgikena maggena tayo khandh± saªgahit±, t²hi ca kho, ±vuso vis±kha, khandhehi ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo saªgahito. Y±, c±vuso vis±kha, samm±v±c± yo ca samm±kammanto yo ca samm±-±j²vo, ime dhamm± s²lakkhandhe saªgahit±. Yo ca samm±v±y±mo y± ca samm±sati yo ca samm±sam±dhi, ime dhamm± sam±dhikkhandhe saªgahit±. Y± ca samm±diµµhi yo ca samm±saªkappo, ime dhamm± paññ±kkhandhe saªgahit±”ti (ma. ni. 1.462).

Catubbidho sot±pattimagg±divasena.

Apica sabb±neva sacc±ni ekavidh±ni avitathatt±, abhiññeyyatt± v±. Duvidh±ni lokiyalokuttarato, saªkhat±saªkhatato v±. Tividh±ni dassanabh±van±hi pah±tabbato appah±tabbato nevapah±tabban±pah±tabbato ca. Catubbidh±ni pariññeyyapah±tabbasacchik±tabbabh±vetabbatoti.
“Eva½ ariyasacc±na½, dubbodh±na½ budho vidhi½;
anekabhedato jaññ±, hit±ya ca sukh±ya c±”ti.

Saccapakiººakavaººan± niµµhit±.

Id±ni dhammasen±pati bhagavat± desitakkameneva ante saccacatukka½ niddisitv± “ta½ ñ±taµµhena ñ±ºan”ti-±din± saccacatukkavasena sutamaye ñ±ºa½ nigametv± dasseti. Eva½ “sot±vadh±ne paññ± sutamaye ñ±ºan”ti pubbe vutta½ sabba½ nigametv± dasset²ti.

Saddhammappak±siniy± paµisambhid±maggaµµhakath±ya

Sutamayañ±ºaniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.