Id±ni sukhañca k±yena paµisa½vedet²ti ettha kiñc±pi tatiyajjh±nasamaªgino sukhapaµisa½vedan±bhogo natthi, eva½ santepi yasm± tassa n±mak±yena sampayutta½ sukha½, ya½ v± ta½ n±mak±yasampayutta½ sukha½, ta½samuµµh±nenassa yasm± atipaº²tena r³pena r³pak±yo phuµµho, yassa phuµµhatt± jh±n± vuµµhitopi sukha½ paµisa½vedeyya, tasm± etamattha½ dassento “sukhañca k±yena paµisa½vedeh²”ti ±ha.
Id±ni ya½ ta½ ariy± ±cikkhanti upekkhako satim± sukhavih±r²ti ettha ya½jh±nahetu ya½jh±nak±raº± ta½ tatiyajjh±nasamaªgipuggala½ buddh±dayo ariy± ±cikkhanti desenti paññapenti paµµhapenti vivaranti vibhajanti utt±n²karonti pak±senti, pasa½sant²ti adhipp±yo. Kinti? Upekkhako satim± sukhavih±r²ti. Ta½ tatiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharat²ti evamettha yojan± veditabb±.
Kasm± pana ta½ te eva½ pasa½sant²ti? Pasa½s±rahato. Ayañhi yasm± atimadhurasukhe sukhap±ramippattepi tatiyajjh±ne upekkhako, na tattha sukh±bhisaªgena ±ka¹¹h²yati. Yath± ca p²ti na uppajjati, eva½ upaµµhitassatit±ya satim±. Yasm± ca ariyakanta½ ariyajanasevitameva ca asa½kiliµµha½ sukha½ n±mak±yena paµisa½vedeti, tasm± pasa½s±raho hoti. Iti pasa½s±rahato na½ ariy± te eva½ pasa½s±rahahetubh³te guºe pak±sent± “upekkhako satim± sukhavih±r²”ti eva½ pasa½sant²ti veditabba½. Tatiyanti gaºan±nupubbat± tatiya½, tatiya½ uppannantipi tatiya½.
Sukhassa ca pah±n± dukkhassa ca pah±n±ti k±yikasukhassa ca k±yikadukkhassa ca pah±n±. Pubbev±ti tañca kho pubbeva, na catutthajjh±nakkhaºe. Somanassadomanass±na½ atthaªgam±ti cetasikasukhassa cetasikadukkhassa c±ti imesampi dvinna½ pubbeva atthaªgam±, pah±n± icceva vutta½ hoti. Kad± pana nesa½ pah±na½ hoti? Catunna½ jh±n±na½ upac±rakkhaºe. Somanassañhi catutthassa jh±nassa upac±rakkhaºeyeva pah²yati, dukkhadomanassasukh±ni paµhamadutiyatatiy±na½ upac±rakkhaºesu. Evametesa½ pah±nakkamena avutt±na½ indriyavibhaªge (vibha. 219 ±dayo) pana indriy±na½ uddesakkameneva idh±pi vutt±na½ sukhadukkhasomanassadomanass±na½ pah±na½ veditabba½.
Yadi panet±ni tassa tassa jh±nassa upac±rakkhaºeyeva pah²yanti atha kasm± “kattha cuppanna½ dukkhindriya½ aparisesa½ nirujjhati? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu vivicceva k±mehi…pe… paµhamajjh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Ettha cuppanna½ dukkhindriya½ aparisesa½ nirujjhati. Kattha cuppanna½ domanassindriya½, sukhindriya½, somanassindriya½ aparisesa½ nirujjhati? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu sukhassa ca pah±n±…pe… catuttha½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Ettha cuppanna½ somanassindriya½ aparisesa½ nirujjhat²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.510) eva½ jh±nesveva nirodho vuttoti? Atisayanirodhatt±. Atisayanirodho hi tesa½ paµhamajjh±n±d²su, na nirodhoyeva. Nirodhoyeva pana upac±rakkhaºe, n±tisayanirodho. Tath± hi n±n±vajjane paµhamajjh±n³pac±re niruddhass±pi dukkhindriyassa ¹a½samakas±disamphassena v± visam±san³pat±pena v± siy± uppatti, na tveva anto-appan±ya½. Upac±re v± niruddhampeta½ na suµµhu niruddha½ hoti paµipakkhena avihatatt±. Anto-appan±ya½ pana p²tipharaºena sabbo k±yo sukhokkanto hoti, sukhokkantak±yassa ca suµµhu niruddha½ hoti dukkhindriya½ paµipakkhena vihatatt±. N±n±vajjaneyeva ca dutiyajjh±n³pac±re pah²nass±pi domanassindriyassa, yasm± eta½ vitakkavic±rapaccayepi k±yakilamathe citt³pagh±te ca sati uppajjati, vitakkavic±r±bh±ve neva uppajjati. Yattha pana uppajjati, tattha vitakkavic±rabh±ve. Appah²n±yeva ca dutiyajjh±n³pac±re vitakkavic±r±ti tatthassa siy± uppatti, natveva dutiyajjh±ne pah²napaccayatt±. Tath± tatiyajjh±n³pac±re pah²nass±pi sukhindriyassa p²tisamuµµh±napaº²tar³paphuµµhak±yassa siy± uppatti, natveva tatiyajjh±ne. Tatiyajjh±ne hi sukhassa paccayabh³t± p²ti sabbaso niruddh± hoti. Tath± catutthajjh±n³pac±re pah²nass±pi somanassindriyassa ±sannatt±, appan±ppatt±ya upekkh±ya abh±vena samm± anatikkantatt± ca siy± uppatti, natveva catutthajjh±ne. Tasm± eva ca “etthuppanna½ dukkhindriya½ aparisesa½ nirujjhat²”ti tattha tattha aparisesaggahaºa½ katanti.
Etth±ha– “atheva½ tassa tassa jh±nass³pac±re pah²n±pi et± vedan± idha kasm± sam±har²”ti Sukhaggahaºattha½ Y± hi aya½ “adukkhamasukhan”ti ettha adukkhamasukh± vedan± vutt±, s± sukhum± dubbiññeyy± na sakk± sukhena gahetu½, tasm± yath± n±ma duµµhassa yath± tath± v± upasaªkamitv± gahetu½ asakkuºeyyassa goºassa gahaºattha½ gopo ekasmi½ vaje sabb± g±vo sam±harati, athekeka½ n²haranto paµip±µiy± ±gata½ “aya½ so gaºhatha nan”ti tampi g±h±peti, evameva½ sukhaggahaºattha½ sabb±pi et± sam±hari. Evañhi sam±haµ± et± dassetv± “ya½ neva sukha½, na dukkha½, na somanassa½, na domanassa½, aya½ adukkhamasukh±vedan±”ti sakk± hoti es± g±hayitu½.
Apica adukkhamasukh±ya cetovimuttiy± paccayadassanatthañc±pi et± vutt±ti veditabb±. Sukhadukkhappah±n±dayo hi tass± paccay±. Yath±ha– “catt±ro kho, ±vuso, paccay± adukkhamasukh±ya cetovimuttiy± sam±pattiy±. Idh±vuso, bhikkhu sukhassa ca pah±n±…pe… catuttha½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Ime kho ±vuso, catt±ro paccay± adukkhamasukh±ya cetovimuttiy± sam±pattiy±”ti (ma. ni. 1.458). Yath± v± aññattha pah²n±pi sakk±yadiµµhi-±dayo tatiyamaggassa vaººabhaºanattha½ tattha pah²n±ti vutt± eva½ vaººabhaºanatthampetassa jh±nasset± idha vutt±tipi veditabb±. Paccayagh±tena v± ettha r±gados±na½ atid³rabh±va½ dassetumpet± vutt±ti veditabb±. Et±su hi sukha½ somanassassa paccayo, somanassa½ r±gassa, dukkha½ domanassassa, domanassa½ dosassa. Sukh±digh±tena ca sappaccay± r±gados± hat±ti atid³re hont²ti.
Adukkhamasukhanti dukkh±bh±vena adukkha½. Sukh±bh±vena asukha½. Etenettha dukkhasukhapaµipakkhabh³ta½ tatiyavedana½ d²peti, na dukkhasukh±bh±vamatta½. Tatiyavedan± n±ma adukkhamasukh±, upekkh±tipi vuccati. S± iµµh±niµµhavipar²t±nubhavanalakkhaº±. Upekkh±satip±risuddhinti upekkh±ya janitasatip±risuddhi½. Imasmiñhi jh±ne suparisuddh± sati, y± ca tass± satiy± p±risuddhi, s± upekkh±ya kat±, na aññena. Tasm± eta½ “upekkh±satip±risuddhin”ti vuccati. Y±ya ca upekkh±ya ettha satiy± p±risuddhi hoti, s± atthato tatramajjhattat±ti veditabb±. Na kevalañcettha t±ya satiyeva parisuddh±, apica kho sabbepi sampayuttadhamm±, satis²sena pana desan± vutt±.
Tattha kiñc±pi aya½ upekkh± heµµh±pi t²su jh±nesu vijjati, yath± pana div± s³riyappabh±bhibhav± sommabh±vena ca attano upak±rakattena v± sabh±g±ya rattiy± al±bh± div± vijjam±n±pi candalekh± aparisuddh± hoti apariyod±t±, evamayampi tatramajjhattupekkh±candalekh± vitakk±dipaccan²kadhammatej±bhibhav± sabh±g±ya ca upekkh±vedan±rattiy± al±bh± vijjam±n±pi paµhamajjh±n±dibhede aparisuddh± hoti. Tass± ca aparisuddh±ya div± aparisuddhacandalekh±ya pabh± viya sahaj±t±pi sati-±dayo aparisuddh±va honti. Tasm± tesu ekampi “upekkh±satip±risuddhin”ti na vutta½. Idha pana vitakk±dipaccan²katej±bhibhav±bh±v± sabh±g±ya ca upekkh±vedan±rattiy± paµil±bh± aya½ tatramajjhattupekkh±candalekh± ativiya parisuddh±. Tass± parisuddhatt± parisuddhacandalekh±ya pabh± viya sahaj±t±pi sati-±dayo parisuddh± honti pariyod±t±. Tasm± idameva “upekkh±satip±risuddhin”ti vuttanti veditabba½. Catutthanti gaºan±nupubbat± catuttha½, catuttha½ uppannantipi catuttha½.
Im±ni catt±ri jh±n±ni pubbabh±gepi n±n±, maggakkhaºepi. Pubbabh±ge sam±pattivasena n±n±, maggakkhaºe n±n±maggavasena. Ekassa hi paµhamamaggo paµhamajjh±niko hoti, dutiyamagg±dayopi paµhamajjh±nik± v± dutiy±d²su aññatarajjh±nik± v±. Ekassa paµhamamaggo dutiy±d²na½ aññatarajjh±niko hoti, dutiy±dayopi dutiy±d²na½ aññatarajjh±nik± v± paµhamajjh±nik± v±. Eva½ catt±ropi magg± jh±navasena sadis± v± asadis± v± ekaccasadis± v± honti. Aya½ panassa viseso p±dakajjh±naniyamena hoti. Paµhamajjh±nal±bhino hi paµhamajjh±n± vuµµh±ya vipassantassa uppannamaggo paµhamajjh±niko hoti, maggaªgabojjhaªg±ni panettha paripuºº±neva honti. Dutiyajjh±nato vuµµh±ya vipassantassa uppanno dutiyajjh±niko hoti, maggaªg±ni panettha satta honti. Tatiyajjh±nato vuµµh±ya vipassantassa uppanno tatiyajjh±niko, maggaªg±ni panettha satta, bojjhaªg±ni cha honti. Esa nayo catutthajjh±nato paµµh±ya y±va nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatan±. ¾ruppe catukkapañcakajjh±na½ uppajjati, tañca kho lokuttara½, na lokiyanti vutta½. Ettha kathanti? Etthapi paµhamajjh±n±d²su yato vuµµh±ya sot±pattimagga½ paµilabhitv± ar³pasam±patti½ bh±vetv± yo ±ruppe uppanno, ta½jh±nik±va tassa tattha tayo magg± uppajjanti. Eva½ p±dakajjh±nameva niyameti. Keci pana ther± “vipassan±ya ±rammaºabh³t± khandh± niyament²”ti vadanti. Keci “puggalajjh±sayo niyamet²”ti vadanti. Keci “vuµµh±nag±min² vipassan± niyamet²”ti vadanti.
Tatr±ya½ anupubbikath±– vipassan±niyamena hi sukkhavipassakassa uppannamaggopi, sam±pattil±bhino jh±na½ p±daka½ akatv± uppannamaggopi, paµhamajjh±na½ p±daka½ katv± pakiººakasaªkh±re sammasitv± upp±ditamaggopi paµhamajjh±nikova hoti, sabbesu satta bojjhaªg±ni aµµha maggaªg±ni pañca jh±naªg±ni honti. Tesañhi pubbabh±gavipassan± somanassasahagat±pi upekkh±sahagat±pi hutv± vuµµh±nak±le saªkh±rupekkh±bh±va½ patt± somanassasahagat±va hoti.
Pañcakanaye dutiyatatiyacatutthajjh±n±ni p±dak±ni katv± upp±ditamaggesu yath±kkameneva jh±na½ caturaªgika½ tivaªgika½ duvaªgikañca hoti, sabbesu pana satta maggaªg±ni honti, catutthe cha bojjhaªg±ni. Aya½ viseso p±dakajjh±naniyamena ceva vipassan±niyamena ca hoti. Tesampi hi pubbabh±gavipassan± somanassasahagat±pi upekkh±sahagat±pi hoti, vuµµh±nag±min² somanassasahagat±va.
Pañcamajjh±na½ p±daka½ katv± nibbattitamagge pana upekkh±cittekaggat±vasena dve jh±naªg±ni, bojjhaªgamaggaªg±ni cha satta ceva. Ayampi viseso ubhayaniyamavasena hoti. Imasmiñhi naye pubbabh±gavipassan± somanassasahagat± v± upekkh±sahagat± v± hoti, vuµµh±nag±min² upekkh±sahagat±va hoti. Ar³pajjh±n±ni p±dak±ni katv± upp±ditamaggepi eseva nayo. Idha pana catukkanaye avitakkavic±ramattassa dutiyajjh±nassa abh±v± ta½ apanetv± ses±na½ vasena yojetabba½. Eva½ p±dakajjh±nato vuµµh±ya ye keci saªkh±re sammasitv± nibbattitamaggassa ±sannapadese vuµµhitasam±patti attan± sadisabh±va½ karoti bh³mivaººo viya godh±vaººassa.
Dutiyattherav±de pana yato yato sam±pattito vuµµh±ya ye ye sam±pattidhamme sammasitv± maggo nibbattito hoti, ta½ta½sam±pattisadisova hoti. Tatr±pi ca vipassan±niyamo vuttanayeneva veditabbo.
Tatiyattherav±de attano ajjh±say±nur³pena ya½ ya½ jh±na½ p±daka½ katv± ye ye jh±nadhamme sammasitv± maggo nibbattito, ta½ta½jh±nasadisova hoti. P±dakajjh±na½ pana sammasitajjh±na½ v± vin± ajjh±sayamatteneva ta½ na ijjhati. Etth±pi ca vipassan±niyamo vuttanayeneva veditabbo.
Aya½ vuccati samm±sam±dh²ti y± imesu cat³su jh±nesu ekaggat±, aya½ pubbabh±ge lokiyo, aparabh±ge lokuttaro samm±sam±dhi n±ma vuccati. Eva½ lokiyalokuttaravasena dhammasen±pati maggasacca½ deseti. Tattha lokiyamagge sabb±neva maggaªg±ni yath±nur³pa½ chasu ±rammaºesu aññatar±rammaº±ni honti. Lokuttaramagge pana catusaccappaµivedh±ya pavattassa ariyas±vakassa nibb±n±rammaºa½ avijj±nusayasamuggh±taka½ paññ±cakkhu samm±diµµhi, tath± sampannadiµµhissa ta½sampayutto tividhamicch±saªkappasamuggh±tako cetaso nibb±napad±bhiniropano samm±saªkappo, tath± passantassa vitakkentassa ca ta½sampayutt±va catubbidhavac²duccaritasamuggh±tik± micch±v±c±ya virati samm±v±c±, tath± viramantassa ta½sampayutt±va tividhamicch±kammantasamucchedik± micch±kammant± virati samm±kammanto, tesa½yeva cassa v±c±kammant±na½ vod±nabh³t± ta½sampayutt±va kuhan±disamucchedik± micch±-±j²v± virati samm±-±j²vo, tass±yevassa samm±v±c±kammant±j²vasaªkh±t±ya s²labh³miya½ patiµµham±nassa tadanur³po ta½sampayuttova kosajjasamucchedako, anuppannuppann±na½ akusalakusal±na½ anupp±dappah±nupp±daµµhitis±dhako ca v²riy±rambho samm±v±y±mo, eva½ v±yamantassa ta½sampayuttova micch±sativiniddhunako, k±y±d²su k±y±nupassan±dis±dhako ca cetaso asammoso samm±sati. Eva½ anuttar±ya satiy± suvihitacitt±rakkhassa ta½sampayutt±va micch±sam±dhividdha½sik± cittekaggat± samm±sam±dhi. Esa lokuttaro ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo.
Yo saha lokiyena maggena dukkhanirodhag±minipaµipad±ti saªkhya½ gato, so kho panesa maggo samm±diµµhisaªkapp±na½ vijj±ya sesadhamm±na½ caraºena saªgahitatt± vijj± ceva caraºañca. Tath± tesa½ dvinna½ vipassan±y±nena itaresa½ samathay±nena saªgahitatt± samatho ceva vipassan± ca. Tesa½ dvinna½ paññ±kkhandhena tadanantar±na½ tiººa½ s²lakkhandhena avases±na½ tiººa½ sam±dhikkhandhena adhipaññ±-adhis²la-adhicittasikkh±hi ca saªgahitatt± khandhattayañceva sikkhattayañca hoti. Yena samann±gato ariyas±vako dassanasamatthehi cakkh³hi gamanasamatthehi ca p±dehi samann±gato addhiko viya vijj±caraºasampanno hutv± vipassan±y±nena k±masukhallik±nuyoga½ samathay±nena attakilamath±nuyoganti antadvaya½ parivajjetv± majjhimapaµipada½ paµipanno paññ±kkhandhena mohakkhandha½, s²lakkhandhena dosakkhandha½, sam±dhikkhandhena ca lobhakkhandha½ pad±lento adhipaññ±sikkh±ya paññ±sampada½, adhis²lasikkh±ya s²lasampada½, adhicittasikkh±ya sam±dhisampadanti tisso sampattiyo patv± amata½ nibb±na½ sacchikaroti. ¾dimajjhapariyos±nakaly±ºa½ sattati½sabodhipakkhiyadhammaratanavicitta½ sammattaniy±masaªkh±ta½ ariyabh³mi½ okkanto hot²ti.

Maggasaccaniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.