Vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam±ti ettha vitakkassa ca vic±rassa c±ti imesa½ dvinna½ v³pasam± samatikkam±, dutiyajjh±nakkhaºe ap±tubh±v±ti vutta½ hoti. Tattha kiñc±pi dutiyajjh±ne sabbepi paµhamajjh±nadhamm± na santi, aññeyeva hi paµhamajjh±ne phass±dayo, aññe idh±ti. O¼±rikassa pana o¼±rikassa aªgassa samatikkam± paµhamajjh±nato paresa½ dutiyajjh±n±d²na½ adhigamo hot²ti dassanattha½ “vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam±”ti eva½ vuttanti veditabba½ Ajjhattanti idha niyakajjhatta½ adhippeta½, tasm± attani j±ta½, attasant±ne nibbattanti attho.
Sampas±dananti sampas±dana½ vuccati saddh±. Sampas±danayogato jh±nampi sampas±dana½ n²lavaººayogato n²lavattha½ viya. Yasm± v± ta½ jh±na½ sampas±danasamann±gatatt± vitakkavic±rakkhobhav³pasamanena ca ceto sampas±dayati, tasm±pi sampas±dananti vutta½. Imasmiñca atthavikappe sampas±dana½ cetasoti eva½ padasambandho veditabbo, purimasmi½ pana atthavikappe cetasoti eta½ ekodibh±vena saddhi½ yojetabba½.
Tatr±ya½ atthayojan±– eko udet²ti ekodi, vitakkavic±rehi anajjh±r³¼hatt± aggo seµµho hutv± udet²ti attho. Seµµhopi hi loke ekoti vuccati. Vitakkavic±ravirahito v± eko asah±yo hutv± itipi vattu½ vaµµati. Atha v± sampayuttadhamme ud±yat²ti udi, uµµhapet²ti attho. Seµµhaµµhena eko ca so udi c±ti ekodi. Sam±dhisseta½ adhivacana½. Iti ima½ ekodi½ bh±veti va¹¹het²ti ida½ dutiya½ jh±na½ ekodibh±va½. So pan±ya½ ekodi yasm± cetaso, na sattassa na j²vassa. Tasm± eta½ “cetaso ekodibh±van”ti vutta½.
Nanu c±ya½ saddh± paµhamajjh±nepi atthi, ayañca ekodin±mako sam±dhi. Atha kasm± idameva “sampas±dana½ cetaso ekodibh±van”ti ca vuttanti? Vuccate– aduñhi paµhamajjh±na½ vitakkavic±rakkhobhena v²citaraªgasam±kulamiva jala½ na suppasanna½ hoti, tasm± satiy±pi saddh±ya “sampas±danan”ti na vutta½. Na suppasannatt±yeva cettha sam±dhipi na suµµhu p±kaµo. Tasm± “ekodibh±van”tipi na vutta½. Imasmi½ pana jh±ne vitakkavic±rapalibodh±bh±vena laddhok±s± balavat² saddh±, balavasaddh±sah±yapaµil±bheneva ca sam±dhipi p±kaµo, tasm± idameva eva½ vuttanti veditabba½.
Avitakka½ avic±ranti bh±van±ya pah²natt± etasmi½, etassa v± vitakko natth²ti avitakka½. Imin±va nayena avic±ra½. Etth±ha– “nanu ca ‘vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam±’ti imin±pi ayamattho siddho. Atha kasm± puna vutta½ ‘avitakka½ avic±ran’ti”? Vuccate– evameta½, siddhov±yamattho, na paneta½ tadatthad²paka½, nanu avocumha “o¼±rikassa pana o¼±rikassa aªgassa samatikkam± paµhamajjh±nato paresa½ dutiyajjh±n±d²na½ samadhigamo hot²ti dassanattha½ vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam±ti eva½ vuttan”ti.
Apica vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam± ida½ sampas±dana½, na kilesak±lussiyassa. Vitakkavic±r±nañca v³pasam± ekodibh±va½, na upac±rajjh±namiva n²varaºappah±n±, na paµhamajjh±namiva ca aªgap±tubh±v±ti eva½ sampas±dana-ekodibh±v±na½ hetuparid²pakamida½ vacana½. Tath± vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam± ida½ avitakka-avic±ra½, na tatiyacatutthajjh±n±ni viya cakkhuviññ±º±d²ni viya ca abh±v±ti eva½ avitakka-avic±rabh±vassa hetuparid²pakañca. Na vitakkavic±r±bh±vamattaparid²paka½, vitakkavic±r±bh±vamattaparid²pakameva pana “avitakka½ avic±ran”ti ida½ vacana½. Tasm± purima½ vatv±pi puna vattabbamev±ti.
Sam±dhijanti paµhamajjh±nasam±dhito, sampayuttasam±dhito v± j±tanti attho. Tattha kiñc±pi paµhamajjh±nampi sampayuttasam±dhito j±ta½, atha kho ayameva sam±dhi “sam±dh²”ti vattabbata½ arahati vitakkavic±rakkhobhavirahena ativiya acalatt± suppasannatt± ca. Tasm± imassa vaººabhaºanattha½ idameva “sam±dhijan”ti vutta½. P²tisukhanti ida½ vuttanayameva. Dutiyanti gaºan±nupubbat± dutiya½, ida½ dutiya½ uppannantipi dutiya½.
P²tiy± ca vir±g±ti vir±go n±ma vuttappak±r±ya p²tiy± jigucchana½ v± samatikkamo v±, ubhinna½ pana antar± casaddo sampiº¹anattho, so v³pasama½ v± sampiº¹eti vitakkavic±rav³pasama½ v±. Tattha yad± v³pasamameva sampiº¹eti, tad± p²tiy± vir±g± ca, kiñca bhiyyo v³pasam± c±ti eva½ yojan± veditabb±. Imiss± ca yojan±ya vir±go jigucchanattho hoti, tasm± p²tiy± jigucchan± ca samatikkam± c±ti ayamattho daµµhabbo. Yad± pana vitakkavic±rav³pasama½ sampiº¹eti, tad± p²tiy± ca vir±g±, kiñca bhiyyo vitakkavic±r±nañca v³pasam±ti eva½ yojan± veditabb±. Imiss± ca yojan±ya vir±go samatikkamanattho hoti, tasm± p²tiy± ca samatikkam±, vitakkavic±r±nañca v³pasam±ti ayamattho daµµhabbo.
K±mañcete vitakkavic±r± dutiyajjh±neyeva v³pasant±, imassa pana jh±nassa maggaparid²panattha½ vaººabhaºanatthañceta½ vutta½. Vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam±ti hi vutte ida½ paññ±yati “n³na vitakkavic±rav³pasamo maggo imassa jh±nass±”ti. Yath± ca tatiye ariyamagge appah²n±nampi sakk±yadiµµh±d²na½ “pañcanna½ orambh±giy±na½ sa½yojan±na½ pah±n±”ti (d². ni. 1.373; ma. ni. 2.133; sa½. ni. 5.184; a. ni. 3.88) eva½ pah±na½ vuccam±na½ vaººabhaºana½ hoti, tadadhigam±ya ussukk±na½ uss±hajanaka½, evameva idha av³pasant±nampi vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasamo vuccam±no vaººabhaºana½ hoti. Ten±yamattho vutto “p²tiy± ca samatikkam± vitakkavic±r±nañca v³pasam±”ti.
Upekkhako ca viharat²ti ettha upapattito ikkhat²ti upekkh± sama½ passati apakkhapatit± hutv± passat²ti attho. T±ya visad±ya vipul±ya th±magat±ya samann±gatatt± tatiyajjh±nasamaªg² “upekkhako”ti vuccati.
Upekkh± pana dasavidh± hoti cha¼aªgupekkh± brahmavih±rupekkh± bojjhaªgupekkh± v²riyupekkh± saªkh±rupekkh± vedanupekkh± vipassanupekkh± tatramajjhattupekkh± jh±nupekkh± p±risuddhupekkh±ti.
Tattha y± “idha, bhikkhave, kh²º±savo bhikkhu cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± neva sumano hoti na dummano, upekkhako ca viharati sato sampaj±no”ti (a. ni. 6.1) evam±gat± kh²º±savassa chasu dv±resu iµµh±niµµhacha¼±rammaº±p±the parisuddhapakatibh±v±vijahan±k±rabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ cha¼aªgupekkh± n±ma.
Y± pana “upekkh±sahagatena cetas± eka½ disa½ pharitv± viharat²”ti (d². ni. 1.556; ma. ni. 1.77) evam±gat± sattesu majjhatt±k±rabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ brahmavih±rupekkh± n±ma.
Y± pana “upekkh±sambojjhaªga½ bh±veti vivekanissitan”ti (ma. ni. 2.247) evam±gat± sahaj±tadhamm±na½ majjhatt±k±rabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ bojjhaªgupekkh± n±ma.
Y± pana “k±lena k±la½ upekkh±nimitta½ manasikarot²”ti (a. ni. 3.103) evam±gat± anacc±raddhan±tisithilav²riyasaªkh±t± upekkh±, aya½ v²riyupekkh± n±ma.
Y± pana “kati saªkh±rupekkh± samathavasena uppajjanti, kati saªkh±rupekkh± vipassan±vasena uppajjanti? Aµµha saªkh±rupekkh± samathavasena uppajjanti, dasa saªkh±rupekkh± vipassan±vasena uppajjant²”ti (paµi. ma. 1.57) evam±gat± n²varaº±dipaµisaªkh±santiµµhan±gahaºe majjhattabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ saªkh±rupekkh± n±ma.
Y± pana “yasmi½ samaye k±m±vacara½ kusala½ citta½ uppanna½ hoti upekkh±sahagatan”ti (dha. sa. 150) evam±gat± adukkhamasukhasaññit± upekkh±, aya½ vedanupekkh± n±ma.
Y± “yadatthi ya½ bh³ta½, ta½ pajahati, upekkha½ paµilabhat²”ti (ma. ni. 3.71; a. ni. 7.55) evam±gat± vicinane majjhattabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ vipassanupekkh± n±ma.
Y± pana chand±d²su yev±panakesu ±gat± sahaj±t±na½ samav±hitabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ tatramajjhattupekkh± n±ma.
Y± pana “upekkhako ca viharat²”ti (dha. sa. 163; d². ni. 1.230) evam±gat± aggasukhepi tasmi½ apakkhap±tajanan² upekkh±, aya½ jh±nupekkh± n±ma.
Y± pana “upekkh±satip±risuddhi½ catuttha½ jh±nan”ti (dha. sa. 165; d². ni. 1.232) evam±gat± sabbapaccan²kaparisuddh± paccan²kav³pasamanepi aby±p±rabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ p±risuddhupekkh± n±ma.
Tattha cha¼aªgupekkh± ca brahmavih±rupekkh± ca bojjhaªgupekkh± ca tatramajjhattupekkh± ca jh±nupekkh± ca p±risuddhupekkh± ca atthato ek±, tatramajjhattupekkh±va hoti. Tena tena avatth±bhedena panass±ya½ bhedo. Ekass±pi sato sattassa kum±rayuvattherasen±patir±j±divasena bhedo viya, tasm± t±su yattha cha¼aªgupekkh±, na tattha bojjhaªgupekkh±dayo. Yattha v± pana bojjhaªgupekkh±, na tattha cha¼aªgupekkh±dayo hont²ti veditabb±.
Yath± cet±sa½ atthato ek²bh±vo, eva½ saªkh±rupekkh±vipassanupekkh±nampi. Paññ± eva hi s±, kiccavasena dvidh± bhinn±. Yath± hi purisassa s±ya½ geha½ paviµµha½ sappa½ ajapadadaº¹a½ gahetv± pariyesam±nassa ta½ thusakoµµhake nipanna½ disv± “sappo nu kho, no”ti avalokentassa sovatthikattaya½ disv± nibbematikassa “sappo, na sappo”ti vicinane majjhattat± uppajjati, evameva y± ±raddhavipassakassa vipassan±ñ±ºena lakkhaºattaye diµµhe saªkh±r±na½ aniccabh±v±divicinane majjhattat± uppajjati, aya½ vipassanupekkh±. Yath± pana tassa purisassa ajapadadaº¹ena g±¼ha½ sappa½ gahetv± “kint±ha½ ima½ sappa½ aviheµhento att±nañca imin± a¹a½s±pento muñceyyan”ti muñcan±k±rameva pariyesato gahaºe majjhattat± hoti, evameva y± lakkhaºattayassa diµµhatt± ±ditte viya tayo bhave passato saªkh±ragahaºe majjhattat±, aya½ saªkh±rupekkh±. Iti vipassanupekkh±ya siddh±ya saªkh±rupekkh±pi siddh±va hoti. Imin± panes± vicinanagahaºesu majjhattasaªkh±tena kiccena dvidh± bhinn±ti. V²riyupekkh± pana vedanupekkh± ca aññamaññañca avases±hi ca atthato bhinn± ev±ti. ¾ha cettha–
“Majjhattabrahmabojjhaªgacha¼aªgajh±nasuddhiyo;
vipassan± ca saªkh±ravedan± v²riya½ iti.
Vitth±rato dasopekkh±, cha majjhatt±dito tato;
duve paññ± tato dv²hi, catassova bhavantim±”ti.
Iti im±su upekkh±su jh±nupekkh± idha adhippet±. S± majjhattalakkhaº±. Etth±ha– “nanu c±ya½ atthato tatramajjhattupekkh±va hoti, s± ca paµhamadutiyajjh±nesupi atthi, tasm± tatrapi ‘upekkhako ca viharat²’ti evamaya½ vattabb± siy±, s± kasm± na vutt±”ti? Aparibyattakiccato. Aparibyattañhi tassa tattha kicca½ vitakk±d²hi abhibh³tatt±, idha pan±ya½ vitakkavic±rap²t²hi anabhibh³tatt± ukkhittasir± viya hutv± paribyattakicc± j±t±, tasm± vutt±ti.
Id±ni sato ca sampaj±noti ettha sarat²ti sato. Sampaj±n±t²ti sampaj±no. Iti puggalena sati ca sampajaññañca vutta½. Tattha saraºalakkhaº± sati. Asammohalakkhaºa½ sampajañña½. Tattha kiñc±pi ida½ satisampajañña½ purimajjh±nesupi atthi, muµµhassatissa hi asampaj±nassa upac±ramattampi na sampajjati, pageva appan±. O¼±rikatt± pana tesa½ jh±n±na½ bh³miya½ viya purisassa cittassa gati sukh± hoti, abyatta½ tattha satisampajaññakicca½. O¼±rikaªgappah±nena pana sukhumatt± imassa jh±nassa purisassa khuradh±r±ya½ viya satisampajaññakiccapariggahit± eva cittassa gati icchitabb±ti idheva vutta½. Kiñca bhiyyo– yath± dhenupago vaccho dhenuto apan²to arakkhiyam±no punadeva dhenu½ upagacchati, evamida½ tatiyajjh±nasukha½ p²tito apan²tampi satisampajaññ±rakkhena arakkhiyam±na½ punadeva p²ti½ upagaccheyya, p²tisampayuttameva siy±. Sukhe v±pi satt± s±rajjanti, idañca atimadhura½ sukha½ tato para½ sukh±bh±v±. Satisampajaññ±nubh±vena panettha sukhe as±rajjan± hoti, no aññath±ti imampi atthavisesa½ dassetu½ ida½ idheva vuttanti veditabba½.