Maggasaccaniddesavaººan±

36. Maggasaccaniddese ayamev±ti aññamaggapaµikkhepanattha½ niyamana½ (vibha. aµµha. 205). Ariyoti ta½ta½maggavajjhakilesehi ±rakatt±, ariyabh±vakaratt±, ariyaphalapaµil±bhakaratt± ca ariyo. Aµµha aªg±ni ass±ti aµµhaªgiko. Sv±ya½ caturaªgik± viya sen±, pañcaªgika½ viya t³riya½ aªgamattameva hoti, aªgavinimutto natthi.
Id±ni aªgamattameva maggo aªgavinimutto natth²ti dassento samm±diµµhi…pe… samm±sam±dh²ti-±dim±ha. Tattha samm± dassanalakkhaº± samm±diµµhi. Samm± abhiniropanalakkhaºo samm±saªkappo. Samm± pariggahalakkhaº± samm±v±c±. Samm± samuµµh±panalakkhaºo samm±kammanto. Samm± vod±panalakkhaºo samm±-±j²vo. Samm± paggahalakkhaºo samm±v±y±mo. Samm± upaµµh±nalakkhaº± samm±sati. Samm± sam±dh±nalakkhaºo samm±sam±dhi. Tesu ekekassa t²ºi t²ºi kicc±ni honti. Seyyathida½– samm±diµµhi t±va aññehipi attano paccan²kakilesehi saddhi½ micch±diµµhi½ pajahati, nirodhañca ±rammaºa½ karoti, sampayuttadhamme ca passati tappaµicch±dakamohavidhamanavasena asammohato. Samm±saªkapp±dayopi tatheva micch±saªkapp±d²ni ca pajahanti, nibb±nañca ±rammaºa½ karonti. Visesato panettha samm±saªkappo sahaj±tadhamme samm± abhiniropeti, samm±v±c± samm± pariggaºh±ti, samm±kammanto samm± samuµµh±peti, samm±-±j²vo samm± vod±peti, samm±v±y±mo samm± paggaºh±ti, samm±sati samm± upaµµh±peti, samm±sam±dhi samm± sam±dahati.
Apices± samm±diµµhi n±ma pubbabh±ge n±n±kkhaº± n±n±rammaº± hoti, maggak±le ekakkhaº± ek±rammaº±. Kiccato pana “dukkhe ñ±ºan”ti-±d²ni catt±ri n±m±ni labhati Samm±saªkapp±dayopi pubbabh±ge n±n±kkhaº± n±n±rammaº± honti, maggak±le ekakkhaº± ek±rammaº±. Tesu samm±saªkappo kiccato nekkhammasaªkappoti-±d²ni t²ºi n±m±ni labhati. Samm±v±c±dayo tayo pubbabh±ge viratiyopi honti cetan±yopi, maggakkhaºe pana viratiyoyeva. Samm±v±y±mo samm±sat²ti idampi dvaya½ kiccato sammappadh±nasatipaµµh±navasena catt±ri n±m±ni labhati. Samm±sam±dhi pana pubbabh±gepi maggakkhaºepi samm±sam±dhiyeva.
Iti imesu aµµhasu dhammesu bhagavat± nibb±n±dhigam±ya paµipannassa yogino bah³pak±ratt± paµhama½ samm±diµµhi desit±. Ayañhi “paññ±pajjoto paññ±satthan”ti (dha. sa. 16, 20, 29) ca vutt±. Tasm± et±ya pubbabh±ge vipassan±ñ±ºasaªkh±t±ya samm±diµµhiy± avijjandhak±ra½ vidhamitv± kilesacore gh±tento khemena yog±vacaro nibb±na½ p±puº±ti. Tasm± paµhama½ samm±diµµhi desit±.
Samm±saªkappo pana tass± bah³pak±ro. Tasm± tadanantara½ vutto. Yath± hi heraññiko hatthena parivattetv± parivattetv± cakkhun± kah±paºa½ olokento “aya½ k³µo aya½ cheko”ti j±n±ti, eva½ yog±vacaropi pubbabh±ge vitakkena vitakketv± vitakketv± vipassan±paññ±ya olokayam±no “ime dhamm± k±m±vacar±, ime r³p±vacar±dayo”ti j±n±ti. Yath± v± pana purisena koµiya½ gahetv± parivattetv± parivattetv± dinna½ mah±rukkha½ tacchako v±siy± tacchetv± kamme upaneti, eva½ vitakkena vitakketv± vitakketv± dinnadhamme yog±vacaro paññ±ya “ime dhamm± k±m±vacar±, ime r³p±vacar±”ti-±din± nayena paricchinditv± kamme upaneti. Tasm± samm±saªkappo samm±diµµh±nantara½ vutto.
Sv±ya½ yath± samm±diµµhiy±, eva½ samm±v±c±yapi upak±rako. Yath±ha– “pubbe kho, gahapati, vitakketv± vic±retv± pacch± v±ca½ bhindat²”ti (ma. ni. 1.463). Tasm± tadanantara½ samm±v±c± vutt±.
Yasm± pana “idañcidañca kariss±m±”ti paµhama½ v±c±ya sa½vidahitv± loke kammante payojenti, tasm± v±c± k±yakammassa upak±rik±ti samm±v±c±ya anantara½ samm±kammanto vutto.
Catubbidha½ pana vac²duccarita½, tividha½ k±yaduccarita½ pah±ya ubhaya½ sucarita½ p³rentasseva yasm± ±j²vaµµhamakas²la½ p³rati, na itarassa tasm± tadubhay±nantara½ samm±-±j²vo vutto.
Eva½ visuddh±j²vena pana “parisuddho me ±j²vo”ti ett±vat± paritosa½ katv± suttappamattena viharitu½ na yutta½, atha kho sabba-iriy±pathesu ida½ v²riyam±rabhitabbanti dassetu½ tadanantara½ samm±v±y±mo vutto.
Tato ±raddhav²riyen±pi k±y±d²su cat³su vatth³su sati s³paµµhit± k±tabb±ti dassetu½ tadanantara½ samm±sati vutt±.
Yasm± pana eva½ s³paµµhit±ya satiy± sam±dhissa upak±r±nupak±r±na½ dhamm±na½ gatiyo samanvesitv± pahoti ekatt±rammaºe citta½ sam±dh±tu½, tasm± samm±sati-anantara½ samm±sam±dhi vuttoti veditabboti.
Samm±diµµhiniddese “dukkhe ñ±ºan”ti-±din± catusaccakammaµµh±na½ dassita½. Tattha purim±ni dve sacc±ni vaµµa½, pacchim±ni dve vivaµµa½. Tesu bhikkhuno vaµµe kammaµµh±n±bhiniveso hoti, vivaµµe natthi abhiniveso. Purim±ni hi dve sacc±ni “pañcakkhandh± dukkha½, taºh± samudayo”ti eva½ saªkhepena ca, “katame pañcakkhandh±? R³pakkhandho”ti-±din± nayena vitth±rena ca ±cariyasantike uggaºhitv± v±c±ya punappuna½ parivattento yog±vacaro kamma½ karoti. Itaresu pana dv²su saccesu “nirodhasacca½ iµµha½ kanta½ man±pa½, maggasacca½ iµµha½ kanta½ man±pan”ti eva½ savaneneva kamma½ karoti. So eva½ kamma½ karonto catt±ri sacc±ni ekapaµivedhena paµivijjhati, ek±bhisamayena abhisameti. Dukkha½ pariññ±paµivedhena paµivijjhati, samudaya½ pah±napaµivedhena paµivijjhati. Nirodha½ sacchikiriy±paµivedhena paµivijjhati, magga½ bh±van±paµivedhena paµivijjhati. Dukkha½ pariññ±bhisamayena…pe… magga½ bh±van±bhisamayena abhisameti.
Evamassa pubbabh±ge dv²su saccesu uggahaparipucch±savanadh±raºasammasanapaµivedho hoti, dv²su savanapaµivedhoyeva. Aparabh±ge t²su kiccato paµivedho hoti nirodhe ±rammaºapaµivedho. Tattha sabbampi paµivedhañ±ºa½ lokuttara½, savanadh±raºasammasanañ±ºa½ lokiya½ k±m±vacara½. Paccavekkhaº± pana pattasaccassa hoti, ayañca ±dikammiko. Tasm± s± idha na vutt±. Imassa ca bhikkhuno pubbe pariggahato “dukkha½ parij±n±mi, samudaya½ pajah±mi, nirodha½ sacchikaromi, magga½ bh±vem²”ti ±bhogasamann±h±ramanasik±rapaccavekkhaº± natthi, pariggahato paµµh±ya hoti. Aparabh±ge pana dukkha½ pariññ±tameva hoti…pe… maggo bh±vitova hoti.
Tattha dve sacc±ni duddasatt± gambh²r±ni, dve gambh²ratt± duddas±ni. Dukkhasaccañhi uppattito p±kaµa½, kh±ºukaºµakappah±r±d²su “aho dukkhan”ti vattabbatampi ±pajjati. Samudayasacca½ kh±dituk±mat±bhuñjituk±mat±divasena uppattito p±kaµa½. Lakkhaºapaµivedhato pana ubhayampi gambh²ra½. Iti t±ni duddasatt± gambh²r±ni. Itaresa½ pana dvinna½ dassanatth±ya payogo bhavaggaggahaºattha½ hatthapas±raºa½ viya, av²ciphusanattha½ p±dapas±raºa½ viya, satadh± bhinnassa v±lassa koµiy± koµipaµip±dana½ viya ca hoti. Iti t±ni gambh²ratt± duddas±ni. Eva½ duddasatt± gambh²resu gambh²ratt± ca duddasesu cat³su saccesu uggah±divasena pubbabh±gañ±ºuppatti½ sandh±ya ida½ “dukkhe ñ±ºan”ti-±di vutta½. Paµivedhakkhaºe pana ekameva ta½ ñ±ºa½ hoti.
Apare pan±hu– catubbidha½ saccesu ñ±ºa½ sutamayañ±ºa½ vavatth±nañ±ºa½ sammasanañ±ºa½ abhisamayañ±ºanti. Tattha katama½ sutamayañ±ºa½? Sa½khittena v± vitth±rena v± catt±ri sacc±ni sutv± j±n±ti “ida½ dukkha½, aya½ samudayo, aya½ nirodho, aya½ maggo”ti. Ida½ sutamayañ±ºa½. Katama½ vavatth±nañ±ºa½? So sut±na½ attha½ upaparikkhati dhammato ca lakkhaºato ca, “ime dhamm± imasmi½ sacce pariy±pann±, imassa saccassa ida½ lakkhaºan”ti sanniµµh±na½ karoti. Ida½ vavatth±nañ±ºa½. Katama½ sammasanañ±ºa½? So eva½ yath±nupubba½ catt±ri sacc±ni vavatthapetv± atha dukkhameva gahetv± y±va gotrabhuñ±ºa½ aniccato dukkhato anattato sammasati. Ida½ sammasanañ±ºa½. Katama½ abhisamayañ±ºa½? Lokuttaramaggakkhaºe ekena ñ±ºena catt±ri sacc±ni apubba½ acarima½ abhisameti “dukkha½ pariññ±bhisamayena, samudaya½ pah±n±bhisamayena, nirodha½ sacchikiriy±bhisamayena magga½ bh±van±bhisamayena abhisamet²”ti. Ida½ abhisamayañ±ºanti.
Samm±saªkappaniddese k±mato nissaµoti nekkhammasaªkappo. By±p±dato nissaµoti aby±p±dasaªkappo. Vihi½s±ya nissaµoti avihi½s±saªkappo. Tattha nekkhammavitakko k±mavitakkassa padagh±ta½ padaccheda½ karonto uppajjati, aby±p±davitakko by±p±davitakkassa, avihi½s±vitakko vihi½s±vitakkassa. Tath± nekkhamma-aby±p±da-avihi½s±vitakk± k±maby±p±davihi½s±vitakk±na½ paccan²k± hutv± uppajjanti.
Tattha yog±vacaro k±mavitakkassa padagh±tanattha½ k±mavitakka½ v± sammasati añña½ v± pana kiñci saªkh±ra½. Athassa vipassan±kkhaºe vipassan±sampayutto saªkappo tadaªgavasena k±mavitakkassa padagh±ta½ padaccheda½ karonto uppajjati, vipassana½ ussukk±petv± magga½ p±peti. Athassa maggakkhaºe maggasampayutto saªkappo samucchedavasena k±mavitakkassa padagh±ta½ padaccheda½ karonto uppajjati. By±p±davitakkassapi padagh±tanattha½ by±p±davitakka½ v± añña½ v± saªkh±ra½, vihi½s±vitakkassa padagh±tanattha½ vihi½s±vitakka½ v± añña½ v± saªkh±ra½ sammasati. Athassa vipassan±kkhaºeti sabba½ purimanayeneva yojetabba½.
K±mavitakk±d²na½ pana tiººampi p±¼iya½ vibhattesu aµµhati½s±rammaºesu ekakammaµµh±nampi apaccan²ka½ n±ma natthi. Ekantato pana k±mavitakkassa t±va asubhesu paµhamajjh±nameva paccan²ka½, by±p±davitakkassa mett±ya tikacatukkajjh±n±ni, vihi½sa-±vitakkassa karuº±ya tikacatukkajjh±n±ni. Tasm± asubhaparikamma½ katv± jh±na½ sam±pannassa sam±pattikkhaºe jh±nasampayutto vitakko vikkhambhanavasena k±mavitakkassa paccan²ko hutv± uppajjati, jh±na½ p±daka½ katv± vipassana½ paµµhapentassa vipassan±kkhaºe vipassan±sampayutto saªkappo tadaªgavasena k±mavitakkassa paccan²ko hutv± uppajjati, vipassana½ ussukk±petv± magga½ p±pentassa maggakkhaºe maggasampayutto saªkappo samucchedavasena k±mavitakkassa paccan²ko hutv± uppajjati. Eva½ uppanno nekkhammasaªkappoti vuccat²ti veditabbo.
Mett±ya pana parikamma½ katv±, karuº±ya parikamma½ katv± jh±na½ sam±pannass±ti sabba½ purimanayeneva yojetabba½. Eva½ uppanno aby±p±dasaªkappoti vuccati, avihi½s±saªkappoti vuccat²ti veditabbo. Evamete nekkhammasaªkapp±dayo vipassan±jh±navasena uppatt²na½ n±natt± pubbabh±ge n±n±, maggakkhaºe pana imesu t²su µh±nesu uppannassa akusalasaªkappassa padacchedato anuppattis±dhanavasena maggaªga½ p³rayam±no ekova kusalasaªkappo uppajjati. Aya½ samm±saªkappo n±ma.
Samm±v±c±niddesepi yasm± aññeneva cittena mus±v±d± viramati, aññena aññena pisuº±v±c±d²hi, tasm± catassopet± veramaºiyo pubbabh±ge n±n±, maggakkhaºe pana micch±v±c±saªkh±t±ya catubbidh±ya akusaladuss²lyacetan±ya padacchedato anuppattis±dhanavasena maggaªga½ p³rayam±n± ek±va samm±v±c±saªkh±t± kusalaveramaºi uppajjati. Aya½ samm±v±c± n±ma.