Parińńeyyaniddesavaŗŗan±

21. Parińńeyyaniddese kińc±pi parińń±saddena ń±taparińń±, t²raŗaparińń±, pah±naparińń±ti tisso parińń± saŖgahit±. Heµµh± “abhińńeyy±”ti ń±taparińń±ya vuttatt± upari “pah±tabb±”ti pah±naparińń±ya vuttatt± t²raŗaparińń±va idha adhippet±. Phasso s±savo up±d±niyoti ±sav±nańceva up±d±n±nańca paccayabh³to tebh³makaphasso. Sopi hi att±na½ ±rammaŗa½ katv± pavattam±nehi saha ±saveh²ti s±savo, ±rammaŗabh±va½ upagantv± up±d±nasambandhanena up±d±n±na½ hitoti up±d±niyo. Yasm± phasse t²raŗaparińń±ya parińń±te phassamukhena ses±pi ar³padhamm± tadanus±rena ca r³padhamm± parińń±yanti, tasm± ekova phasso vutto. Eva½ sesesupi yath±yoga½ yojetabba½.
N±manti catt±ro khandh± ar³pino nibb±nańca. R³panti catt±ri ca mah±bh³t±ni catunnańca mah±bh³t±na½ up±d±yar³p±ni catuv²sati. Catt±ro khandh± namanaµµhena n±ma½. Te hi ±rammaŗ±bhimukh± namanti. Sabbampi n±manaµµhena n±ma½. Catt±ro hi khandh± ±rammaŗe ańńamańńa½ n±menti, nibb±na½ ±rammaŗ±dhipatipaccayat±ya attani anavajjadhamme n±meti. Santativasena s²t±d²hi ruppanaµµhena r³pa½. Ruppanaµµhen±ti kuppanaµµhena. Santativipariŗ±mavasena hi s²t±d²hi ghaµµan²ya½ dhammaj±ta½ r³panti vuccati. Idha pana n±manti lokikameva adhippeta½, r³pa½ pana ekantena lokikameva.
Tisso vedan±ti sukh± vedan±, dukkh± vedan±, adukkhamasukh± vedan±. T± lokik± eva. ¾h±r±ti paccay±. Paccay± hi attano phala½ ±harant²ti ±h±r±. Kaba¼²k±ro ±h±ro phass±h±ro manosańcetan±h±ro vińń±ŗ±h±roti catt±ro. Vatthuvasena kaba¼²k±tabbatt± kaba¼²k±ro ajjhoharitabbatt± ±h±ro. Odanakumm±s±divatthuk±ya oj±yeta½ n±ma½. S± hi ojaµµhamakar³p±ni ±harat²ti ±h±ro. Cakkhusamphass±diko chabbidho phasso tisso vedan± ±harat²ti ±h±ro. Manaso sańcetan±, na sattass±ti manosańcetan± yath± cittekaggat±. Manas± v± sampayutt± sańcetan± manosańcetan± yath± ±jańńaratho. Tebh³makakusal±kusalacetan±. S± hi tayo bhave ±harat²ti ±h±ro. Vińń±ŗanti ek³nav²satibheda½ paµisandhivińń±ŗa½. Tańhi paµisandhin±mar³pa½ ±harat²ti ±h±ro. Up±d±nakkhandh±ti up±d±nagocar± khandh±, majjhapadalopo daµµhabbo. Up±d±nasambh³t± v± khandh± up±d±nakkhandh± yath± tiŗaggi thusaggi. Up±d±navidheyy± v± khandh± up±d±nakkhandh± yath± r±japuriso. Up±d±nappabhav± v± khandh± up±d±nakkhandh± yath± puppharukkho phalarukkho. Up±d±n±ni pana k±mup±d±na½ diµµhup±d±na½ s²labbatup±d±na½ attav±dup±d±nanti catt±ri. Atthato pana bhusa½ ±d±nanti up±d±na½. R³pup±d±nakkhandho, vedanup±d±nakkhandho, sańńup±d±nakkhandho, saŖkh±rup±d±nakkhandho, vińń±ŗup±d±nakkhandhoti pańca.
Cha ajjhattik±ni ±yatan±n²ti cakkh±yatana½, sot±yatana½, gh±n±yatana½, jivh±yatana½, k±y±yatana½, man±yatana½.
Satta vińń±ŗaµµhitiyoti katam± satta? Vuttańheta½ bhagavat±–
“Santi, bhikkhave (a. ni. 7.44; d². ni. 3.332), satt± n±nattak±y± n±nattasańńino. Seyyath±pi manuss± ekacce ca dev± ekacce ca vinip±tik±. Aya½ paµham± vińń±ŗaµµhiti.
“Santi, bhikkhave, satt± n±nattak±y± ekattasańńino. Seyyath±pi dev± brahmak±yik± paµham±bhinibbatt±. Aya½ dutiy± vińń±ŗaµµhiti.
“Santi, bhikkhave, satt± ekattak±y± n±nattasańńino. Seyyath±pi dev± ±bhassar±. Aya½ tatiy± vińń±ŗaµµhiti.
“Santi, bhikkhave, satt± ekattak±y± ekattasańńino. Seyyath±pi dev± subhakiŗh±. Aya½ catutth± vińń±ŗaµµhiti.
“Santi, bhikkhave, satt± sabbaso r³pasańń±na½ samatikkam± paµighasańń±na½ atthaŖgam± n±nattasańń±na½ amanasik±r± ‘ananto ±k±so’ti ±k±s±nańc±yatan³pag±. Aya½ pańcam² vińń±ŗaµµhiti.
“Santi, bhikkhave, satt± sabbaso ±k±s±nańc±yatana½ samatikkamma ‘ananta½ vińń±ŗan’ti vińń±ŗańc±yatan³pag±. Aya½ chaµµh± vińń±ŗaµµhiti.
“Santi bhikkhave, satt± sabbaso vińń±ŗańc±yatana½ samatikkamma ‘natthi kińc²’ti ±kińcańń±yatan³pag±. Aya½ sattam² vińń±ŗaµµhiti. Im± kho, bhikkhave, satta vińń±ŗaµµhitiyo”ti (a. ni. 7.44; d². ni. 3.332).
Vińń±ŗaµµhitiyoti paµisandhivińń±ŗassa µh±n±ni savińń±ŗak± khandh± eva. Tattha seyyath±p²ti nidassanatthe nip±to. Manuss±ti aparim±ŗesupi cakkav±¼esu aparim±ŗ±na½ manuss±na½ vaŗŗasaŗµh±n±divasena dvepi ekasadis± natthi. Yepi vaŗŗena v± saŗµh±nena v± sadis± honti, tepi ±lokitavilokit±d²hi visadis±va honti, tasm± n±nattak±y±ti vutt±. Paµisandhisańń± pana nesa½ tihetuk±pi duhetuk±pi ahetuk±pi hoti, tasm± n±nattasańńinoti vutt±. Ekacce ca dev±ti cha k±m±vacaradev±. Tesu hi kesańci k±yo n²lo hoti, kesańci p²tak±divaŗŗo, sańń± pana nesa½ tihetuk±pi duhetuk±pi hoti, ahetuk± na hoti. Ekacce ca vinip±tik±ti catu-ap±yavinimutt± punabbasum±t± yakkhin², piyaŖkaram±t±, phussamitt±, dhammagutt±ti evam±dayo ańńe ca vem±nik± pet±. Etesańhi od±tak±¼amaŖguracchavis±mavaŗŗ±divasena ceva kisath³larassad²ghavasena ca k±yo n±n± hoti, manuss±na½ viya tihetukadvihetuk±hetukavasena sańń±pi. Te pana dev± viya na mahesakkh±, kapaŗamanuss± viya appesakkh± dullabhagh±sacch±dan± dukkhap²¼it± viharanti. Ekacce k±¼apakkhe dukkhit± juŗhapakkhe sukhit± honti, tasm± sukhasamussayato vinipatitatt± vinip±tik±ti vutt±. Ye panettha tihetuk±, tesa½ dhamm±bhisamayopi hoti piyaŖkaram±t±d²na½ viya.
Brahmak±yik±ti brahmap±risajjabrahmapurohitamah±brahm±no. Paµham±bhinibbatt±ti te sabbepi paµhamajjh±nena nibbatt±. Brahmap±risajj± pana parittena, brahmapurohit± majjhimena, k±yo ca tesa½ vipph±rikataro hoti. Mah±brahm±no paŗ²tena, k±yo pana nesa½ ativipph±rikataro hoti. Iti te k±yassa n±natt±, paµhamajjh±navasena sańń±ya ekatt± n±nattak±y± ekattasańńinoti vutt±. Yath± ca te, eva½ cat³su ap±yesu satt±. Nirayesu hi kesańci g±vuta½, kesańci a¹¹hayojana½ kesańci tig±vuta½ attabh±vo hoti, devadattassa pana yojanasatiko j±to. Tiracch±nesupi keci khuddak± honti, keci mahant±. Pettivisayesupi keci saµµhihatth± keci as²tihatth± honti keci suvaŗŗ± keci dubbaŗŗ±. Tath± k±lakańcik± asur±. Apicettha d²ghapiµµhik± pet± n±ma saµµhiyojanik±pi honti, sańń± pana sabbesampi akusalavip±k±hetuk±va hoti. Iti ap±yik±pi “n±nattak±y± ekattasańńino”ti saŖkha½ gacchanti.
¾bhassar±ti daŗ¹a-ukk±ya acci viya etesa½ sar²rato ±bh± chijjitv± chijjitv± patant² viya sarati visarat²ti ±bhassar±. Tesu pańcakanaye dutiyatatiyajjh±nadvaya½ paritta½ bh±vetv± uppann± paritt±bh± n±ma honti, majjhima½ bh±vetv± uppann± appam±ŗ±bh± n±ma honti, paŗ²ta½ bh±vetv± uppann± ±bhassar± n±ma honti. Idha pana ukkaµµhaparicchedavasena sabbeva te gahit±. Sabbesańhi tesa½ k±yo ekavipph±rova hoti, sańń± pana avitakkavic±ramatt± ca avitakka-avic±r± c±ti n±n±.
Subhakiŗh±ti subhena vokiŗŗ± vikiŗŗ±, subhena sar²rappabh±vaŗŗena ekagghan±ti attho. Etesańhi na ±bhassar±na½ viya chijjitv± chijjitv± pabh± gacchat²ti. Catukkanaye tatiyassa, pańcakanaye catutthassa parittamajjhimapaŗ²tassa jh±nassavasena parittasubha-appam±ŗasubhasubhakiŗh± n±ma hutv± nibbattanti. Iti sabbepi te ekattak±y± ceva catutthajjh±nasańń±ya ekattasańńino c±ti veditabb±. Vehapphal±pi catutthavińń±ŗaµµhitimeva bhajanti. Asańńasatt± vińń±ŗ±bh±v± ettha saŖgaha½ na gacchanti, satt±v±sesu gacchanti.
Suddh±v±s± vivaµµapakkhe µhit± na sabbak±lik±, kappasatasahassampi asaŖkhyeyampi buddhasuńńe loke na uppajjanti, so¼asakappasahassabbhantare buddhesu uppannesuyeva uppajjanti, dhammacakkappavattassa bhagavato khandh±v±rasadis± honti, tasm± neva vińń±ŗaµµhiti½, na ca satt±v±sa½ bhajanti. Mah±s²vatthero pana– “na kho pana so, s±riputta, satt±v±so sulabhar³po, yo may± an±vutthapubbo imin± d²ghena addhun± ańńatra suddh±v±sehi deveh²”ti (ma. ni. 1.160) imin± suttena suddh±v±s±pi catuttha½ vińń±ŗaµµhiti½ catuttha½ satt±v±sańca bhajant²ti vadati, ta½ appaµib±hitatt± suttassa anuńń±ta½.
Nevasańń±n±sańń±yatana½ yatheva sańń±ya, eva½ vińń±ŗass±pi sukhumatt± nevavińń±ŗa½ n±vińń±ŗa½, tasm± vińń±ŗaµµhit²su na vutta½.
Aµµha lokadhamm±ti l±bho, al±bho, yaso, ayaso, nind±, pasa½s±, sukha½, dukkhanti ime aµµha lokappavattiy± sati anuparamadhammakatt± lokassa dhamm±ti lokadhamm±. Etehi mutto satto n±ma natthi, buddh±nampi hontiyeva. Yath±ha–
“Aµµhime, bhikkhave, lokadhamm± loka½ anuparivattanti, loko ca aµµha lokadhamme anuparivattati. Katame aµµha? L±bho ca al±bho ca yaso ca ayaso ca nind± ca pasa½s± ca sukhańca dukkhańca. Ime kho, bhikkhave, aµµha lokadhamm± loka½ anuparivattanti, loko ca ime aµµha lokadhamme anuparivattat²”ti (a. ni. 8.6).

Tattha anuparivattant²ti anubandhanti nappajahanti, lokato na nivattant²ti attho. L±bhoti pabbajitassa c²var±di, gahaµµhassa dhanadhańń±di l±bho. Soyeva alabbham±no l±bho al±bho. Na l±bho al±bhoti vuccam±ne atth±bh±v±pattito parińńeyyo na siy±. Yasoti pariv±ro. Soyeva alabbham±n± yaso ayaso. Nind±ti avaŗŗabhaŗana½. Pasa½s±ti vaŗŗabhaŗana½. Sukhanti k±m±vacar±na½ k±yikacetasika½. Dukkhanti puthujjanasot±pannasakad±g±m²na½ k±yikacetasika½, an±g±mi-arahant±na½ k±yikameva.

Nava satt±v±s±ti satt±na½ ±v±s±, vasanaµµh±n±n²ti attho. T±ni pana tath±pak±sit± khandh± eva. Katame nava? Vuttańheta½ bhagavat±–
“Navayime, bhikkhave (a. ni. 9.24; d². ni. 3.341), satt±v±s±. Katame nava? Santi, bhikkhave, satt± n±nattak±y± n±nattasańńino, seyyath±pi manuss± ekacce ca dev± ekacce ca vinip±tik±. Aya½ paµhamo satt±v±so.
“Santi, bhikkhave, satt± n±nattak±y± ekattasańńino, seyyath±pi dev± brahmak±yik± paµham±bhinibbatt±. Aya½ dutiyo satt±v±so.
“Santi, bhikkhave, satt± ekattak±y± n±nattasańńino, seyyath±pi dev± ±bhassar±. Aya½ tatiyo satt±v±so.
“Santi, bhikkhave, satt± ekattak±y± ekattasańńino, seyyath±pi dev± subhakiŗh±. Aya½ catuttho satt±v±so.
“Santi, bhikkhave, satt± asańńino appaµisa½vedino, seyyath±pi dev± asańńasatt±. Aya½ pańcamo satt±v±so.
“Santi, bhikkhave, satt± sabbaso r³pasańń±na½ samatikkam± paµighasańń±na½ atthaŖgam± n±nattasańń±na½ amanasik±r± ‘ananto ±k±so’ti ±k±s±nańc±yatan³pag±. Aya½ chaµµho satt±v±so.
“Santi, bhikkhave, satt± sabbaso ±k±s±nańc±yatana½ samatikkamma ‘ananta½ vińń±ŗan’ti vińń±ŗańc±yatan³pag±. Aya½ sattamo satt±v±so.
“Santi, bhikkhave, satt± sabbaso vińń±ŗańc±yatana½ samatikkamma ‘natthi kińc²’ti ±kińcańń±yatan³pag±. Aya½ aµµhamo satt±v±so.
“Santi, bhikkhave, satt± sabbaso ±kińcańń±yatana½ samatikkamma nevasańń±n±sańń±yatan³pag± Aya½ navamo satt±v±so. Ime kho, bhikkhave, nava satt±v±s±”ti (a. ni. 9.24; d². ni. 3.341).
Das±yatan±n²ti cakkh±yatana½ r³p±yatana½ sot±yatana½ sadd±yatana½ gh±n±yatana½ gandh±yatana½ jivh±yatana½ ras±yatana½ k±y±yatana½ phoµµhabb±yatananti eva½ dasa. Man±yatanadhamm±yatan±ni pana lokuttaramissakatt± na gahit±ni. Imesu dasasu vissajjanesu vipassan±vasena t²raŗaparińń± vutt±, “sabba½, bhikkhave, parińńeyyan”ti-±d²su pana anańń±tańńass±m²tindriy±d²na½ tiŗŗa½, nirodhapaµipad±na½ sacchikiriy±bh±vanaµµh±na½ tesa½yeva paµivedhaµµh±na½ dukkh±d²na½ nissaraŗassa anupp±d±d²na½ pańcadasanna½, pariggahaµµh±d²na½ ekati½s±ya, uttaripaµivedhaµµh±d²na½ tiŗŗa½, maggaŖg±na½ aµµhanna½, “payog±na½ paµippassaddhaµµho”ti-±d²na½ dvinna½, asaŖkhataµµhassa vuµµh±naµµh±d²na½ dvinna½, niyy±naµµhassa anubujjhanaµµh±d²na½ tiŗŗa½, anubodhanaµµh±d²na½ tiŗŗa½, anubodhapakkhiy±d²na½ tiŗŗa½, ujjotanaµµh±d²na½ catunna½, pat±panaµµh±d²na½ aµµh±rasanna½, vivaµµan±nupassan±d²na½ navanna½, khayeń±ŗa-anupp±deń±ŗ±na½ pańń±vimuttinibb±n±nanti imesa½ dhamm±na½ paµil±bhavasena t²raŗaparińń± vutt±, ses±na½ yath±yoga½ vipassan±vasena ca paµil±bhavasena ca t²raŗaparińń± vutt±ti veditabb±.
Yesa½ yesa½ dhamm±na½ paµil±bhatth±ya v±yamantassa, te te dhamm± paµiladdh± honti. Eva½ te dhamm± parińń±t± ceva honti t²rit± c±ti hi kiccasam±panaµµhena t²raŗaparińń± vutt±. Kicce hi sam±pite te dhamm± paµiladdh± hont²ti. Keci pana “avipassan³pag±na½ ń±taparińń±”ti vadanti. Abhińńeyyena ń±taparińń±ya vuttatt± ta½ na sundara½. Parińń±t± ceva honti t²rit± c±ti te paµiladdh± eva dhamm± parińń±t± ca n±ma honti, t²rit± ca n±m±ti attho. Eva½ kiccasam±panatthavasena parińń±tattho vutto hoti.
22. Id±ni tamevattha½ ekekadhamme paµil±bhavasena yojetv± ante ca nigametv± dassetu½ nekkhammanti-±dim±ha. Ta½ sabba½ pubbe vutt±nus±reneva veditabbanti.

Parińńeyyaniddesavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.