8. Satipaµµh±nakath±

Satipaµµh±nakath±vaŗŗan±

34. Id±ni samas²sakath±nantara½ attan± vuttassa iddhip±µih±riyassa s±dhake satta anupassan±visese dassentena kathit±ya suttantapubbaŖgam±ya satipaµµh±nakath±ya apubbatth±nuvaŗŗan±. Tattha suttante t±va catt±roti gaŗanaparicchedo, tena na tato heµµh±, na uddhanti satipaµµh±napariccheda½ d²peti. Imeti niddisitabbanidassana½. Bhikkhaveti dhammapaµigg±hakapuggal±lapana½. Satipaµµh±n±ti tayo satipaµµh±n± satigocaropi, tidh± paµipannesu s±vakesu satthuno paµigh±nunayav²tivattat±pi, satipi. “Catunna½, bhikkhave, satipaµµh±n±na½ samudayańca atthaŖgamańca desess±m²”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 5.408) hi satigocaro “satipaµµh±nan”ti vutto. Tassattho– patiµµh±ti tasminti paµµh±na½. K± patiµµh±ti? Sati. Satiy± paµµh±na½ satipaµµh±nanti.
“Tayo satipaµµh±n± yadariyo sevati, yadariyo sevam±no satth± gaŗamanus±situmarahat²”ti (ma. ni. 3.304, 311) ettha tidh± paµipannesu s±vakesu satthuno paµigh±nunayav²tivattat± “satipaµµh±nan”ti vutt±. Tassattho– paµµhapetabbato paµµh±na½, pavattayitabbatoti attho. Kena paµµhapetabbatoti? Satiy±. Satiy± paµµh±na½ satipaµµh±nanti. “Catt±ro satipaµµh±n± bh±vit± bahul²kat± satta bojjhaŖge parip³rent²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 3.147) pana satiyeva “satipaµµh±nan”ti vutt±. Tassattho– patiµµh±t²ti paµµh±na½, upaµµh±ti okkanditv± pakkhanditv± vattat²ti attho. Satiyeva paµµh±na½ satipaµµh±na½. Atha v± saraŗaµµhena sati, upaµµh±naµµhena upaµµh±na½. Iti sati ca s± upaµµh±nańc±tipi satipaµµh±na½. Idamidha adhippeta½. Yadi eva½ kasm± satipaµµh±n±ti bahuvacana½ katanti? Satibahutt±. ¾rammaŗabhedena hi bahuk± t± satiyoti.
Katame catt±roti kathetukamyat±pucch±. Idh±ti imasmi½ s±sane. Bhikkh³ti sa½s±re bhaya½ ikkhat²ti bhikkhu. Sesapad±na½ atthavaŗŗan± panettha sutamayań±ŗakath±ya maggasaccaniddesavaŗŗan±ya½ vutt±yev±ti.
Kasm± pana bhagavat± catt±rova satipaµµh±n± vutt± an³n± anadhik±ti? Veneyyahitatt±. Taŗh±caritadiµµhicaritasamathay±nikavipassan±y±nikesu hi mandatikkhavasena dvedh± dvedh± pavattesu mandassa taŗh±caritassa o¼±rika½ k±y±nupassan±satipaµµh±na½ visuddhimaggo, tikkhassa sukhuma½ vedan±nupassan±satipaµµh±na½. Diµµhicaritass±pi mandassa n±tippabhedagata½ citt±nupassan±satipaµµh±na½ visuddhimaggo, tikkhassa atippabhedagata½ dhamm±nupassan±satipaµµh±na½. Samathay±nikassa ca mandassa akicchena adhigantabbanimitta½ paµhama½ satipaµµh±na½ visuddhimaggo, tikkhassa o¼±rik±rammaŗe asaŗµhahanato dutiya½. Vipassan±y±nikassapi mandassa n±tippabhedagat±rammaŗa½ tatiya½, tikkhassa atippabhedagat±rammaŗa½ catuttha½. Iti catt±rova vutt± an³n± anadhik±ti.
Subhasukhanicca-attavipall±sappah±nattha½ v±. K±yo hi asubho, tattha ca subhavipall±savipallatth± satt±. Tesa½ tattha asubhabh±vadassanena tassa vipall±sassa pah±nattha½ paµhama½ satipaµµh±na½ vutta½. Sukha½ nicca½ att±ti gahitesupi ca vedan±d²su vedan± dukkh±, citta½ anicca½, dhamm± anatt±, tesu ca sukhanicca-attavipall±savipallatth± satt±. Tesa½ tattha dukkh±dibh±vadassanena tesa½ vipall±s±na½ pah±nattha½ ses±ni t²ŗi vutt±n²ti eva½ subhasukhanicca-attavipall±sappah±nattha½ v± catt±rova vutt±. Na kevalańca vipall±sappah±natthameva, caturoghayog±savagantha-up±d±na-agatippah±natthampi catubbidh±h±raparińńatthampi catt±rova vutt±ti veditabba½.
35. (Ka) suttantaniddese pathav²k±yanti imasmi½ r³pak±ye pathav²dh±tu. Sakalasar²re pana pathav²dh±t³na½ bahukatt± sabbapathav²dh±tusaŖgahattha½ sam³hatthena k±yaggahaŗa½ kata½. ¾pok±y±d²supi eseva nayo. Kesak±y±d²nampi bahukatt± kesak±y±digahaŗa½ kata½. Vakk±d²ni pana paricchinnatt± k±yaggahaŗa½ n±rahant²ti tesa½ gahaŗa½ na katanti veditabba½.
(Kha) sukha½ vedananti-±d²su sukha½ vedananti k±yika½ v± cetasika½ v± sukha½ vedana½. Tath± dukkha½ vedana½. Adukkhamasukha½ vedananti pana cetasikameva upekkh±vedana½. S±misa½ sukha½ vedananti cha gehasitasomanassavedan±. Nir±misa½ sukha½ vedananti cha nekkhammasitasomanassavedan± S±misa½ dukkha½ vedananti cha gehasitadomanassavedan±. Nir±misa½ dukkha½ vedananti cha nekkhammasitadomanassavedan±. S±misa½ adukkhamasukha½ vedananti cha gehasita-upekkh±vedan±. Nir±misa½ adukkhamasukha½ vedananti cha nekkhammasita-upekkh±vedan±.
(Ga) sar±ga½ cittanti-±d²ni ń±ŗakath±ya½ vuttatth±ni.
(Gha) tadavasese dhammeti tehi k±yavedan±cittehi avasese tebh³makadhamme. Sabbattha tena ń±ŗen±ti tena sattavidhena anupassan±ń±ŗena. Y±ni panettha antarantar± avuttatth±ni, t±ni heµµh± tattha tattha vuttatth±nev±ti.

Satipaµµh±nakath±vaŗŗan± niµµhit±.