Id±ni “j±na½ j±n±t²”ti-±d²hi vutta½ guºa½ sabbaññut±ya visesetv± dassetuk±mo sabbaññuta½ s±dhento natth²ti-±dim±ha. Eva½bh³tassa hi tassa bhagavato p±ramit±puññabalappabh±vanipphannena arahattamaggañ±ºena sabbadhammesu sav±sanassa sammohassa vihatatt± asacchikata½ n±ma natthi. Asammohato sabbadhamm±na½ ñ±tatt± aññ±ta½ n±ma natthi. Tatheva ca sabbadhamm±na½ cakkhun± viya ñ±ºacakkhun± diµµhatt± adiµµha½ n±ma natthi. ѱºena pana pattatt± avidita½ n±ma natthi. Asammohasacchikiriy±ya sacchikatatt± asacchikata½ n±ma natthi. Asammohapaññ±ya phuµµhatt± paññ±ya aphassita½ n±ma natthi. Paccuppannanti paccuppanna½ k±la½ v± dhamma½ v±. Up±d±y±ti ±d±ya, antokatv±ti attho. “Up±d±y±”ti vacaneneva k±lavinimutta½ nibb±nampi gahitameva hoti. “At²t±”divacan±ni ca “natth²”ti-±divacaneneva ghaµ²yanti, “sabbe”ti-±divacanena v±. Sabbe dhamm±ti sabbasaªkhat±saªkhatadhammapariy±d±na½. Sabb±k±ren±ti sabbadhammesu ekekasseva dhammassa anicc±k±r±disabb±k±rapariy±d±na½ ѱºamukheti ñ±º±bhimukhe. ¾p±tha½ ±gacchant²ti osaraºa½ upenti. “J±nitabban”tipada½ “neyyan”tipadassa atthavivaraºattha½ vutta½.
Attattho v±ti-±d²su v±-saddo samuccayattho. Attatthoti attano attho. Paratthoti paresa½ tiººa½ lok±na½ attho. Ubhayatthoti attano ca paresañc±ti saki½yeva ubhinna½ attho. Diµµhadhammikoti diµµhadhamme niyutto, diµµhadhammappayojano v± attho. Sampar±ye niyutto, sampar±yappayojano v± sampar±yiko. Utt±noti-±d²su voh±ravasena vattabbo sukhapatiµµhatt± utt±no. Voh±ra½ atikkamitv± vattabbo suññat±paµisa½yutto dukkhapatiµµhatt± gambh²ro. Lokuttaro accantatirokkhatt± g³¼ho. Aniccat±diko ghan±d²hi paµicchannatt± paµicchanno. Appacuravoh±rena vattabbo yath±ruta½ aggahetv± adhipp±yassa netabbatt± neyyo. Pacuravoh±rena vattabbo vacanamattena adhipp±yassa n²tatt± n²to. Suparisuddhas²lasam±dhivipassanattho tadaªgavikkhambhanavasena vajjavirahitatt± anavajjo. Kilesasamucchedanato ariyamaggattho nikkileso. Kilesapaµippassaddhatt± ariyaphalattho vod±no. Saªkhat±saªkhatesu aggadhammatt± nibb±na½ paramattho. Parivattat²ti buddhañ±ºassa visayabh±vato abahibh³tatt± antobuddhañ±ºe by±pitv± v± samant± v± ±liªgitv± v± visesena v± vattati.
Sabba½ k±yakammanti-±d²hi bhagavato ñ±ºamayata½ dasseti. ѱº±nuparivattat²ti ñ±ºa½ anuparivattati, ñ±ºavirahita½ na hot²ti attho. Appaµihatanti nir±varaºata½ dasseti. Puna sabbaññuta½ upam±ya s±dhetuk±mo y±vatakanti-±dim±ha. Tattha j±nitabbanti neyya½, neyyapariyanto neyy±vas±namassa atth²ti neyyapariyantika½. Asabbaññ³na½ pana neyy±vas±nameva natthi. ѱºapariyantikepi eseva nayo. Purimayamake vuttatthameva imin± yamakena visesetv± dasseti, tatiyayamakena paµisedhavasena niyamitv± dasseti Ettha ca neyya½ ñ±ºassa pathatt± neyyapatho. Aññamaññapariyantaµµh±yinoti neyyañca ñ±ºañca khepetv± µh±nato aññamaññassa pariyante µh±nas²l±. ¾vajjanappaµibaddh±ti manodv±r±vajjan±yatt±, ±vajjit±nantarameva j±n±t²ti attho. ¾kaªkhappaµibaddh±ti ruci-±yatt±, ±vajjan±nantara½ javanañ±ºena j±n±t²ti attho. Itar±ni dve pad±ni imesa½ dvinna½ pad±na½ yath±kkamena atthappak±sanattha½ vutt±ni. Buddho ±saya½ j±n±t²ti-±d²ni ñ±ºakath±ya½ vaººit±ni. Mah±niddese pana “bhagav± ±saya½ j±n±t²”ti (mah±ni. 69) ±gata½. Tattha “buddhassa bhagavato”ti (mah±ni. 69) ±gataµµh±ne ca idha katthaci “buddhass±”ti ±gata½.
Antamasoti uparimantena. Timitimiªgalanti ettha timi n±ma ek± macchaj±ti, timi½ gilitu½ samatth± tato mahantasar²r± timiªgal± n±ma ek± macchaj±ti, timiªgalampi gilitu½ samatth± pañcayojanasatikasar²r± timitimiªgal± n±ma ek± macchaj±ti. Idha j±tiggahaºena ekavacana½ katanti veditabba½. Garu¼a½ venateyyanti ettha garu¼oti j±tivasena n±ma½, venateyyoti gottavasena. Padeseti ekadese. S±riputtasam±ti sabbabuddh±na½ dhammasen±patitthere gahetv± vuttanti veditabba½. Sesas±vak± hi paññ±ya dhammasen±patittherena sam± n±ma natthi. Yath±ha– “etadagga½, bhikkhave, mama s±vak±na½ bhikkh³na½ mah±paññ±na½ yadida½ s±riputto”ti (a. ni. 1.188-189). Aµµhakath±yañca vutta½–
“Lokan±tha½ µhapetv±na, ye caññe santi p±ºino;
paññ±ya s±riputtassa, kala½ n±gghanti so¼asin”ti. (Visuddhi. 1.171).
Pharitv±ti buddhañ±ºa½ sabbadevamanuss±nampi pañña½ p±puºitv± µh±nato tesa½ pañña½ pharitv± by±pitv± tiµµhati. Atigha½sitv±ti buddhañ±ºa½ sabbadevamanuss±nampi pañña½ atikkamitv± tesa½ avisayabh³tampi sabba½ neyya½ gha½sitv± bhañjitv± tiµµhati. Mah±niddese pana (mah±ni. 69) “abhibhavitv±”ti p±µho, madditv±tipi attho. Yepi teti-±d²hi eva½ pharitv± atigha½sitv± µh±nassa paccakkhak±raºa½ dasseti. Tattha paº¹it±ti paº¹iccena samann±gat±. Nipuº±ti saºhasukhumabuddhino sukhume atthantare paµivijjhanasamatth±. Kataparappav±d±ti ñ±taparappav±d± ceva parehi saddhi½ katav±daparicay± ca. V±lavedhir³p±ti v±lavedhidhanuggahasadis±. Vobhindant± maññe caranti paññ±gatena diµµhigat±n²ti v±lavedh² viya v±la½ sukhum±nipi paresa½ diµµhigaman±ni attano paññ±gamanena bhindant± viya carant²ti attho. Atha v± “g³thagata½ muttagatan”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 9.11) viya paññ± eva paññ±gat±ni, diµµhiyo eva diµµhigat±ni.
Pañha½ abhisaªkharitv±ti dvipadampi tipadampi catuppadampi puccha½ racayitv±. Tesa½ pañh±na½ atibahukatt± sabbasaªgahattha½ dvikkhattu½ vutta½. G³¼h±ni ca paµicchann±ni atthaj±t±n²ti p±µhaseso. Tesa½ tath± vinaya½ disv± “attan± abhisaªkhatapañha½ pucchat³”ti eva½ bhagavat± adhippetatt± pañha½ pucchanti. Aññesa½ pana pucch±ya ok±sameva adatv± bhagav± upasaªkamant±na½ dhamma½ deseti. Yath±ha–
“Te pañha½ abhisaªkharonti ‘ima½ maya½ pañha½ samaºa½ gotama½ upasaªkamitv± pucchiss±ma, sace no samaºo gotamo eva½ puµµho eva½ by±karissati, evamassa maya½ v±da½ ±ropess±ma. Eva½ cepi no puµµho eva½ by±karissati, eva½pissa maya½ v±da½ ±ropess±m±’ti. Te yena samaºo gotamo, tenupasaªkamanti, te samaºo gotamo dhammiy± kath±ya sandasseti sam±dapeti samuttejeti sampaha½seti. Te samaºena gotamena dhammiy± kath±ya sandassit± sam±dapit± samuttejit± sampaha½sit± na ceva samaºa½ gotama½ pañha½ pucchanti, kutossa v±da½ ±ropessanti? Aññadatthu samaºasseva gotamassa s±vak± sampajjant²”ti (ma. ni. 1.289).
Kasm± pañha½ na pucchant²ti ce? Bhagav± kira parisamajjhe dhamma½ desento paris±ya ajjh±saya½ oloketi. Tato passati “ime paº¹it± g³¼ha½ rahassa½ pañha½ ovaµµikas±ra½ katv± ±gat±”ti. So tehi apuµµhoyeva “pañhapucch±ya ettak± dos±, vissajjane ettak±, atthe pade akkhare ettak±ti ime pañhe pucchanto eva½ puccheyya, vissajjento eva½ vissajjeyy±”ti iti ovaµµikas±ra½ katv± ±n²te pañhe dhammakath±ya antare pakkhipitv± vida½seti. Te paº¹it± “seyy± vata no, ye maya½ ime pañhe na pucchimha. Sacepi maya½ puccheyy±ma, appatiµµhite no katv± samaºo gotamo khipeyy±”ti attaman± bhavanti. Apica buddh± n±ma dhamma½ desent± parisa½ mett±ya pharanti. Mett±ya ca pharaºena dasabalesu mah±janassa citta½ pas²dati. Buddh± n±ma r³paggappatt± honti dassanasampann± madhurassar± mudujivh± suphusitadant±varaº± amatena hadaya½ siñcant± viya dhamma½ kathenti. Tatra nesa½ mett±pharaºena pasannacitt±na½ eva½ hoti– evar³pa½ advejjhakatha½ amoghakatha½ niyy±nikakatha½ kathentena bhagavat± saddhi½ na sakkhiss±ma paccan²kagg±ha½ gaºhitunti attano pasannabh±veneva pañha½ na pucchant²ti.
Kathit± visajjit± c±ti eva½ tumhe pucchath±ti pucchitapañh±na½ ucc±raºena te pañh± bhagavat± kathit± eva honti. Yath± ca te visajjetabb±, tath± visajjit± eva honti. Niddiµµhak±raº±ti imin± k±raºena imin± hetun± eva½ hot²ti eva½ sahetuka½ katv± visajjanena bhagavat± niddiµµhak±raº± eva honti te pañh±. Upakkhittak± ca te bhagavato sampajjant²ti te khattiyapaº¹it±dayo bhagavato pañhavisajjaneneva bhagavato sam²pe khittak± p±dakhittak± sampajjanti, s±vak± v± sampajjanti up±sak± v±ti attho, s±vakasampatti½ v± p±puºanti up±sakasampatti½ v±ti vutta½ hoti. Ath±ti anantaratthe, tesa½ upakkhittakasampattisamanantaramev±ti attho Tatth±ti tasmi½ µh±ne, tasmi½ adhik±re v±. Atirocat²ti ativiya joteti pak±sati. Yadida½ paññ±y±ti y±ya½ bhagavato paññ±, t±ya paññ±ya bhagav±va atirocat²ti attho. Itisaddo k±raºatthe, imin± k±raºena aggo as±mantapaññoti attho.
6. R±ga½ abhibhuyyat²ti bh³ripaññ±ti s± s± maggapaññ± attan± vajjha½ r±ga½ abhibhuyyati abhibhavati maddat²ti bh³ripaññ±. Bh³r²ti hi phuµaµµho visadattho Y± ca phuµ±, s± paµipakkha½ abhibhavati na aphuµ±, tasm± bh³ripaññ±ya abhibhavanattho vutto. Abhibhavit±ti s± s± phalapaññ± ta½ ta½ r±ga½ abhibhavitavat² madditavat²ti bh³ripaññ±. Abhibhavat±ti v± p±µho. Sesesupi eseva nayo. R±g±d²su pana rajjanalakkhaºo r±go. Dussanalakkhaºo doso. Muyhanalakkhaºo moho. Kujjhanalakkhaºo kodho. Upanandhanalakkhaºo upan±ho. Pubbak±la½ kodho, aparak±la½ upan±ho. Paraguºamakkhanalakkhaºo makkho. Yugagg±halakkhaºo pa¼±so. Parasampattikh²yanalakkhaº± iss±. Attano sampattinig³haºalakkhaºa½ macchariya½. Attan± katap±papaµicch±danalakkhaº± m±y±. Attano avijjam±naguºappak±sanalakkhaºa½ s±µheyya½. Cittassa uddhum±tabh±valakkhaºo thambho. Karaºuttariyalakkhaºo s±rambho. Unnatilakkhaºo m±no. Abbhunnatilakkhaºo atim±no. Mattabh±valakkhaºo mado. Pañcasu k±maguºesu cittavosaggalakkhaºo pam±do.
R±go ari, ta½ ari½ maddanipaññ±ti-±d²hi ki½ vutta½ hoti? R±g±diko kileso cittasant±ne bh³to ar²ti bh³-ari, padasandhivasena a-k±ra lopa½ katv± bh³r²ti vutto. Tassa bh³rissa maddan² paññ± bh³rimaddanipaññ±ti vattabbe maddani sadda lopa½ katv± “bh³ripaññ±”ti vuttanti veditabba½. Ta½ ari½ maddan²ti ca tesa½ ar²na½ maddan²ti padacchedo k±tabbo. Pathav²sam±y±ti vitthatavipulaµµheneva pathav²sam±ya. Vitthat±y±ti paj±nitabbe visaye patthaµ±ya, na ekadese vattam±n±ya. Vipul±y±ti o¼±rikabh³t±ya. Mah±niddese pana “vipul±ya vitthat±y±”ti (mah±ni. 27) ±gata½. Samann±gatoti puggalo. Itisaddo k±raºatthe, imin± k±raºena puggalassa bh³ripaññ±ya samann±gatatt± tassa paññ± bh³ripaññ± n±m±ti bh³te atthe ramat²ti attho. Bh³ripaññassa paññ± bh³ripaññapaññ±ti vattabbe ekassa paññ±saddassa lopa½ katv± “bh³ripaññ±”ti vutta½. Bh³risam± paññ±ti v± bh³ripaññ±. Apic±ti aññapariy±yadassanattha½ vutta½. Paññ±yametanti paññ±ya eta½. Adhivacananti adhikavacana½. Bh³r²ti bh³te atthe ramat²ti bh³ri. Medh±ti asani viya siluccaye kilese medhati hi½sat²ti medh±, khippa½ gahaºadh±raºaµµhena v± medh±. Pariº±yik±ti yassuppajjati, ta½ satta½ hitapaµipattiya½ sampayuttadhamme ca y±th±valakkhaºapaµivedhe ca parinet²ti pariº±yik±. Imeheva aññ±nipi paññ±pariy±yavacan±ni vutt±ni honti.
Paññ±b±hullanti paññ± bahul± ass±ti paññ±bahulo, tassa bh±vo paññ±b±hulla½. Tañca bahula½ pavattam±n± paññ± eva. Idhekaccoti-±d²su puthujjanakaly±ºako v± ariyo v±. Paññ± garuk± ass±ti paññ±garuko. Paññ± carita½ pavatta½ ass±ti paññ±carito. Paññ± ±sayo ass±ti paññ±sayo. Paññ±ya adhimuttoti paññ±dhimutto. Paññ± eva dhajabh³t± ass±ti paññ±dhajo. Paññ± eva ketubh³t± ass±ti paññ±ketu. Paññ± eva adhipati paññ±dhipati, paññ±dhipatito ±gatatt± paññ±dhipateyyo. Dhammasabh±vavicinana½ bahulamass±ti vicayabahulo. N±nappak±rena dhammasabh±vavicinana½ bahulamass±ti pavicayabahulo. Paññ±ya og±hetv± tassa tassa dhammassa kh±yana½ p±kaµakaraºa½ okkh±yana½, okkh±yana½ bahulamass±ti okkh±yanabahulo. Paññ±ya tassa tassa dhammassa samm± pekkhaº± sampekkh±, sampekkh±ya ayana½ pavattana½ sampekkh±yana½, sampekkh±yana½ dhammo pakati ass±ti sampekkh±yanadhammo. Ta½ ta½ dhamma½ vibh³ta½ p±kaµa½ katv± viharat²ti vibh³tavih±r², vibh³to vih±ro v± assa atth²ti vibh³tavih±r². S± paññ± carita½, garuk±, bahul± ass±ti taccarito taggaruko tabbahulo. Tassa½ paññ±ya½ ninno, poºo, pabbh±ro, adhimuttoti tanninno tappoºo tappabbh±ro tadadhimutto. S± paññ± adhipati tadadhipati, tato ±gato tadadhipateyyo. “Paññ±garuko”ti-±d²ni “k±ma½ sevanta½yeva j±n±ti aya½ puggalo k±magaruko”ti-±d²su (paµi. ma. 1.113) viya purimaj±tito pabhuti vutt±ni. “Taccarito”ti-±d²ni imiss± j±tiy± vutt±ni.
S²ghapaññ± ca lahupaññ± ca h±sapaññ± ca javanapaññ± ca lokiyalokuttaramissak±. Khippaµµhena s²ghapaññ±. Lahukaµµhena lahupaññ±. H±sabahulaµµhena h±sapaññ±. Vipassan³pagasaªkh±resu ca visaªkh±re ca javanaµµhena javanapaññ±. S²gha½ s²ghanti bahunna½ s²l±d²na½ saªgahattha½ dvikkhattu½ vutta½. S²l±n²ti c±rittav±rittavasena paññatt±ni p±timokkhasa½varas²l±ni. Indriyasa½varanti cakkh±d²na½ channa½ indriy±na½ r±gapaµighappavesa½ akatv± satikav±µena v±raºa½ thakana½. Bhojane mattaññutanti paccavekkhitaparibhogavasena bhojane pam±ºaññubh±va½. J±gariy±nuyoganti divasassa t²su koµµh±sesu, rattiy± paµhamapacchimakoµµh±sesu ca j±garati na nidd±yati, samaºadhammameva ca karot²ti j±garo, j±garassa bh±vo, kamma½ v± j±gariya½, j±gariyassa anuyogo j±gariy±nuyogo. Ta½ j±gariy±nuyoga½. S²lakkhandhanti sekkha½ asekkha½ v± s²lakkhandha½. Evamitarepi khandh± veditabb±. Paññ±kkhandhanti maggapaññañca sekkh±sekkh±na½ lokiyapaññañca. Vimuttikkhandhanti phalavimutti½. Vimuttiñ±ºadassanakkhandhanti paccavekkhaºañ±ºa½.
H±sabahuloti m³lapada½. Vedabahuloti tass± eva p²tiy± sampayuttasomanassavedan±vasena niddesapada½. Tuµµhibahuloti n±tibalavap²tiy± tuµµh±k±ravasena. P±mojjabahuloti balavap²tiy± pamuditabh±vavasena.
7. Ya½ kiñci r³panti-±di sammasanañ±ºaniddese vuttattha½. Tulayitv±ti kal±pasammasanavasena tuletv±. T²rayitv±ti udayabbay±nupassan±vasena t²rayitv±. Vibh±vayitv±ti bhaªg±nupassan±divasena p±kaµa½ katv±. Vibh³ta½ katv±ti saªkh±rupekkh±nulomavasena phuµa½ katv±. Tikkhapaññ± lokuttar± eva. Uppannanti samathavipassan±vasena vikkhambhanatadaªgavasena pah²nampi ariyamaggena asam³hatatt± uppattidhammata½ anat²tat±ya asam³hatuppannanti vuccati, ta½ idha adhippeta½. N±dhiv±set²ti sant±na½ ±ropetv± na v±seti. Pajahat²ti samucchedavasena pajahati. Vinodet²ti khipati. Byant²karot²ti vigatanta½ karoti. Anabh±va½ gamet²ti anu abh±va½ gameti, vipassan±nukkamena ariyamagga½ patv± samucchedavaseneva abh±va½ gamayat²ti attho. Ettha ca k±mapaµisa½yutto vitakko k±mavitakko. “Ime satt± marant³”ti paresa½ maraºapaµisa½yutto vitakko by±p±davitakko. “Ime satt± vihi½s²yant³”ti paresa½ vihi½s±paµisa½yutto vitakko vihi½s±vitakko. P±paketi l±make. Akusale dhammeti akosallasambh³te dhamme.
Nibbedhikapaññ±ti nibbid±bahulassa puggalassa uppannamaggapaññ± eva. Ubbegabahuloti ñ±ºabhayavasena bhayabahulo. Utt±sabahuloti balavabhayabahulo Ida½ purimasseva atthavivaraºa½. Ukkaºµhanabahuloti saªkh±rato uddha½ visaªkh±r±bhimukhat±ya ukkaºµhanabahulo. Anabhiratibahuloti ukkaºµhanavaseneva abhirati-abh±va½ d²peti. Id±nipi tamattha½ dv²hi vacanehi vivarati. Tattha bahimukhoti saªkh±rato bahibh³tanibb±n±bhimukho. Na ramat²ti n±bhiramati. Anibbiddhapubbanti anamatagge sa½s±re anta½ p±petv± anibbiddhapubba½. Appad±litapubbanti tasseva atthavacana½, antakaraºeneva apad±litapubbanti attho. Lobhakkhandhanti lobhar±si½, lobhakoµµh±sa½ v±. Im±hi so¼asahi paññ±hi samann±gatoti ukkaµµhaparicchedena arah±yeva vutto. Upari “eko sekkhapaµisambhidappatto”ti (paµi. ma. 3.8) vuttatt± sot±pannasakad±g±mi-an±g±minopi labbhantiyeva.