1. Mah±paññ±kath±

Mah±paññ±kath±vaººan±

1. Id±ni visesato paññ±padaµµh±nabh³t±ya suññakath±ya anantara½ kathit±ya paññ±kath±ya apubbatth±nuvaººan±. Tattha ±dito t±va sattasu anupassan±su ekekam³lak± satta paññ± pucch±pubbaªgama½ katv± niddiµµh±, puna satt±nupassan±m³lak± ekekuttaram³lak± ca tisso paññ± puccha½ akatv±va niddiµµh±, evam±dito dasapaññ±p±rip³r² niddiµµh±. Tattha anicc±nupassan± t±va yasm± aniccato diµµhesu saªkh±resu “yadanicca½, ta½ dukkhan”ti dukkhato ca “ya½ dukkha½, tadanatt±”ti anattato ca javati, tasm± s± bh±vit± bahul²kat± javanapañña½ parip³reti. S± hi sakavisayesu javat²ti javan±, javan± ca s± paññ± c±ti javanapaññ±. Dukkh±nupassan± sam±dhindriyanissitatt± balavat² hutv± paºidhi½ nibbijjhati pad±leti, tasm± nibbedhikapañña½ parip³reti. S± hi nibbijjhat²ti nibbedhik±, nibbedhik± ca s± paññ± c±ti nibbedhikapaññ±. Anatt±nupassan± suññat±dassanena vuddhippattiy± mahattappattatt± mah±pañña½ parip³reti. S± hi vuddhippattatt± mahat² ca s± paññ± c±ti mah±paññ±. Nibbid±nupassan± yasm± tissanna½yeva anupassan±na½ purimatopi ±sevan±ya balappatt±vatthatt± sabbasaªkh±resu nibbindanasamatth± hutv± tikkh± hoti, tasm± tikkhapañña½ parip³reti. Vir±g±nupassan±pi yasm± tissanna½yeva anupassan±na½ purimatopi ±sevan±balappatt±na½ vuddhatar±vatthatt± sabbasaªkh±rehi virajjanasamatth± hutv± vipul± hoti, tasm± vipulapañña½ parip³reti.
Nirodh±nupassan±pi yasm± tissanna½yeva anupassan±na½ purimatopi ±sevan±balappatt±na½ vuddhatar±vatthatt± vayalakkhaºavasena sabbasaªkh±r±na½ nirodhadassanasamatth± hutv± gambh²r± hoti, tasm± gambh²rapañña½ parip³reti. Nirodho hi utt±napaññehi alabbhaneyyapatiµµhatt± gambh²ro, tasmi½ gambh²re g±dhappatt± paññ±pi gambh²r±. Paµinissagg±nupassan±pi yasm± tissanna½yeva anupassan±na½ purimatopi ±sevan±balappatt±na½ vuddhatar±vatthatt± vayalakkhaºavasena sabbasaªkh±rapaµinissajjanasamatth± hutv± as±mant± hoti, vuddhipariyantappattatt± chahi paññ±hi d³re hot²ti attho. Tasm± saya½ as±mantatt± as±mantapañña½ parip³reti. S± hi heµµhimapaññ±hi d³ratt± as±mant±, asam²p± v± paññ±ti as±mantapaññ±. Paº¹icca½ parip³rent²ti paº¹itabh±va½ parip³renti. Yasm± yath±vutt± satta paññ± paripuºº± bh±vetv± paº¹italakkhaºappatto sikhappattavuµµh±nag±minivipassan±saªkh±tehi saªkh±rupekkh±nulomagotrabhuñ±ºehi paº¹ito hutv± paº¹iccena samann±gato hoti, tasm± “paº¹icca½ parip³rent²”ti vutta½.
Aµµha paññ±ti paº¹iccasaªkh±t±ya paññ±ya saha sabb± aµµha paññ±. Puthupañña½ parip³rent²ti yasm± tena paº¹iccena samann±gato hutv± so paº¹ito gotrabhuñ±º±nantara½ nibb±na½ ±rammaºa½ katv± lokuttarabh±vappattiy± lokiyato puthubh³tatt± visu½bh³tatt± puthupaññ±tisaªkh±ta½ maggaphalapañña½ p±puº±ti, tasm± “aµµha paññ± puthupañña½ parip³rent²”ti vutta½.
Im± nava paññ±ti-±d²su tasseva kamena adhigatamaggaphalassa ariyapuggalassa paº²talokuttaradhammopayogena paº²tacittasant±natt± pahaµµh±k±reneva ca pavattam±nacittasant±nassa phal±nantara½ otiººabhavaªgato vuµµhitassa maggapaccavekkhaº±, tato ca bhavaªga½ otaritv± vuµµhitassa phalapaccavekkhaº±, imin±va nayena pah²nakilesapaccavekkhaº±, avasiµµhakilesapaccavekkhaº±, nibb±napaccavekkhaº±ti pañca paccavekkhaº± pavattanti. T±su paccavekkhaº±su maggapaccavekkhaº± phalapaccavekkhaº± ca paµibh±napaµisambhid± hoti. Katha½? “Ya½kiñci paccayasambh³ta½ nibb±na½ bh±sitattho vip±ko kiriy±ti ime pañca dhamm± attho”ti abhidhamme p±¼i½ anugantv± tadaµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. Nibb±nassa ca atthatt± tad±rammaºa½ maggaphalañ±ºa½ “atthesu ñ±ºa½ atthapaµisambhid±”ti (vibha. 718; paµi. ma. 1.110) vacanato atthapaµisambhid± hoti. Tassa atthapaµisambhid±bh³tassa maggaphalañ±ºassa paccavekkhaºañ±ºa½ “ñ±ºesu ñ±ºa½ paµibh±napaµisambhid±”ti vacanato paµibh±napaµisambhid± hoti. S± ca paccavekkhaºapaññ± h±s±k±rena pavattam±nacittasant±nassa h±sapaññ± n±ma hoti. Tasm± nava paññ± h±sapañña½ parip³rent²ti ca h±sapaññ± paµibh±napaµisambhid±ti ca vutta½. Sabbappak±r±pi paññ± tassa tassa atthassa p±kaµakaraºasaªkh±tena paññ±panaµµhena paññ±, tena tena v± pak±rena dhamme j±n±t²ti paññ±.
Tass±ti tassa vuttappak±rassa ariyapuggalassa. Karaºatthe s±mivacana½. Atthavavatth±natoti yath±vuttassa pañcavidhassa atthassa vavatth±panavasena. Vuttampi ceta½ samaºakaraº²yakath±ya½ “hetuphala½ nibb±na½ vacanattho atha vip±ka½ kiriy±ti atthe pañca pabhede paµhamantapabhedagata½ ñ±ºan”ti. Adhigat± hot²ti paµiladdh± hoti. S±yeva paµil±bhasacchikiriy±ya sacchikat±. Paµil±bhaphasseneva phassit± paññ±ya. Dhammavavatth±natoti “yo koci phalanibbattako hetu ariyamaggo bh±sita½ kusala½ akusalanti ime pañca dhamm± dhammo”ti abhidhamme p±¼iy±nus±rena vutt±na½ pañcanna½ dhamm±na½ vavatth±panavasena. Vuttampi ceta½ samaºakaraº²yakath±ya½ “hetu ariyamaggo vacana½ kusalañca akusalañc±ti dhamme pañca pabhede dutiyantapabhedagata½ ñ±ºan”ti. Niruttivavatth±natoti tesa½ tesa½ atthadhamm±na½ anur³panirutt²na½ vavatth±panavasena. Paµibh±navavatth±natoti paµibh±nasaªkh±t±na½ tiººa½ paµisambhid±ñ±º±na½ vavatth±panavasena. Tassim±ti nigamanavacanameta½.
2. Eva½ sabbasaªg±hakavasena anupassan±na½ visesa½ dassetv± id±ni vatthubhedavasena dassento r³pe anicc±nupassan±ti-±dim±ha. Ta½ heµµh± vuttatthameva. Puna r³p±d²suyeva at²t±n±gatapaccuppannavasena javanapañña½ dassetuk±mo kevala½ r³p±divasena ca at²t±n±gatapaccuppannar³p±divasena ca puccha½ katv± pucch±kameneva vissajjana½ ak±si. Tattha suddhar³p±divissajjanesu paµhama½ niddiµµh± eva paññ± at²t±n±gatapaccuppannam³lakesu sabbavissajjanesu tesu at²t±d²su javanavasena javanapaññ±ti niddiµµh±.
3. Puna anekasuttantapubbaªgama½ paññ±pabheda½ dassetuk±mo paµhama½ t±va suttante uddisi. Tattha sappurisasa½sevoti heµµh± vuttappak±r±na½ sappuris±na½ bhajana½. Saddhammassavananti tesa½ sappuris±na½ santike s²l±dipaµipattid²pakassa saddhammavacanassa savana½. Yonisomanasik±roti sut±na½ dhamm±na½ atth³paparikkhaºavasena up±yena manasik±ro. Dhamm±nudhammapaµipatt²ti lokuttaradhamme anugatassa s²l±dipaµipad±dhammassa paµipajjana½. Paññ±paµil±bh±ya paññ±vuddhiy± paññ±vepull±ya paññ±b±hull±y±ti im±ni catt±ri paññ±vasena bh±vavacan±ni. Ses±ni dv±dasa puggalavasena bh±vavacan±ni.