7. Dhammacakkakath±

1. Saccav±ravaººan±

39. Puna dhammacakkappavattanasuttantameva pubbaªgama½ katv± kathit±ya dhammacakkakath±ya apubbatth±nuvaººan±. Tattha dukkhavatthuk±ti ek±bhisamayavasena dukkha½ vatthu etesanti dukkhavatthuk±. Tadeva dukkha½ visesetv± saccavatthuk±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sacca½ ±rammaºa½ upatthambho etesanti sacc±rammaº±. Sacca½ gocaro visayo etesanti saccagocar±. Saccasaªgahit±ti maggasaccena saªgahit±. Saccapariy±pann±ti maggasacc±yatt±. Sacce samud±gat±ti dukkhaparij±nanena dukkhasacce samuppann±. Tath± tattheva µhit± patiµµhit± ca.
40. Id±ni “pavattite ca bhagavat± dhammacakke”ti vutta½ dhammacakka½ niddisituk±mo dhammacakkanti-±dim±ha. Tattha duvidha½ dhammacakka½ paµivedhadhammacakka½ desan±dhammacakkañca. Paµivedhadhammacakka½ bodhipallaªke, desan±dhammacakka½ isipatane. Dhammañca pavatteti cakkañc±ti paµivedhadhammacakka½ vutta½, cakkañca pavatteti dhammañc±ti desan±dhammacakka½. Katha½? Bhagav± hi bodhipallaªke nisinno maggakkhaºe indriyabalabojjhaªgamaggaªg±dibheda½ dhammañca pavatteti, soyeva ca dhammo kilesasattugh±t±ya pavattanato paharaºacakka½ viy±ti cakkañca. Dhamma½ pavattentoyeva bhagav± ta½ cakka½ pavatteti n±ma. Etena dhammoyeva cakkanti kammadh±rayasam±sat± vutt± hoti. Isipatane nisinno bhagav± dhammadesanakkhaºe veneyyasant±ne kilesasattugh±t±ya pavattanato paharaºacakkasadisa½ desan±cakkañca pavatteti, veneyyasant±ne indriyabalabojjhaªgamaggaªg±dibheda½ dhammacakkañca pavatteti. Etena dhammo ca cakkañca dhammacakkanti dvandasam±sat± vutt± hoti. Yasm± pana pavattake sati pavattan± n±ma hoti, tasm± sabbatth±pi “pavattet²”ti vutta½, pavattanaµµhena pana “cakkan”ti vutta½ hot²ti veditabba½. Dhammena pavattet²ti dhammacakkanti-±d²ni desan±dhammacakkameva sandh±ya vutt±n²ti veditabb±ni.
Tattha dhammena pavattet²ti yath±sabh±vatt± dhammena pavatta½ cakkanti dhammacakkanti vutta½ hoti. Dhammacariy±ya pavattet²ti veneyyasant±ne dhammatth±ya pavatta½ cakkanti dhammacakkanti vutta½ hoti. Dhamme µhitoti-±d²hi bhagavato dhammabh³tat± dhammass±mit± ca vutt± hoti. Yath±ha– “so h±vuso, bhagav± j±na½ j±n±ti passa½ passati cakkhubh³to ñ±ºabh³to dhammabh³to brahmabh³to vatt± pavatt± atthassa ninnet± amatassa d±t± dhammass±m² tath±gato”ti (ma. ni. 1.203). Tasm± tehi dhammassa cakkanti dhammacakkanti vutta½ hoti. Ýhitoti visay²bh±vena µhito. Patiµµhitoti acalabh±vena patiµµhito. Vasippattoti issarabh±va½ patto. P±ramippattoti koµippatto. Ves±rajjappattoti vis±radabh±va½ patto. Dhamme patiµµh±pentoti-±d²hi veneyyasant±namapekkhitv± vuttehi pana vacanehi dhammass±mit±ya ca dhammatth±ya cakkanti vutta½ hoti. Dhamma½ sakkarontotiha-±d²hi dhammatth±ya cakkanti vutta½ hoti. Yo hi dhamma½ sakk±r±divasena pavatteti, so dhammattha½ pavatteti. Dhamma½ sakkarontoti yath± kato so dhammo sukato hoti, evameva na½ karonto. Dhamma½ garu½ karontoti tasmi½ g±ravuppattiy± ta½ garu½ karonto. Dhamma½ m±nentoti dhamma½ piyañca bh±van²yañca katv± viharanto. Dhamma½ p³jentoti ta½ apadisitv± desan±paµipattip³j±ya p³ja½ karonto. Dhamma½ apac±yam±noti tasseva dhammassa sakk±ragaruk±rehi n²cavuttita½ karonto. Dhammaddhajo dhammaket³ti ta½ dhamma½ dhajamiva purakkhatv± ketumiva ca ukkhipitv± pavattiy± dhammaddhajo dhammaketu ca hutv±ti attho. Dhamm±dhipateyyoti dhamm±dhipatito ±gato bh±van±dhammavaseneva ca sabbakiriy±na½ karaºena dhamm±dhipateyyo hutv±. Ta½ kho pana dhammacakka½ appaµivattiyanti kenaci nivattetu½ asakkuºeyyat±ya appaµihatapavattit± vutt±. Tasm± so dhammo pavattanaµµhena cakkanti vutta½ hoti.
Saddhindriya½ dhammo, ta½ dhamma½ pavattet²ti veneyyasant±ne maggasampayuttasaddhindriyupp±danena ta½ saddhindriya½ dhamma½ pavattet²ti attho. Eseva nayo sesesupi. Sacc±ti saccañ±º±ni. Vipassan± ca vijj± ca maggañ±ºameva. Anupp±de ñ±ºanti arahattaphale ñ±ºa½. Tampi veneyyasant±ne pavattetiyeva, nibb±nañca paµivedha½ karonto pavattetiyeva n±ma.
Samudayav±r±d²su samudayavatthuk± nirodhavatthuk± maggavatthuk±ti visesapada½ dassetv± saªkhitt±. Etth±pi vuttasadisa½ paµhama½ vuttanayeneva veditabba½.