6. Paµisambhid±kath±

1. Dhammacakkapavattanav±ravaººan±

30. Id±ni vir±gasaªkh±tamaggavasena siddha½ paµisambhid±pabheda½ dassentena kathit±ya dhammacakkappavattanasuttantapubbaªgam±ya paµisambhid±kath±ya apubbatth±nuvaººan±. Suttante t±va b±r±ºasiyanti b±r±ºas± n±ma nad², b±r±ºas±ya avid³re bhav± nagar² b±r±ºas². Tassa½ b±r±ºasiya½. Isipatane migad±yeti is²na½ patanuppatanavasena eva½laddhan±me mig±na½ abhayad±nadinnaµµh±natt± migad±yasaªkh±te ±r±me. Tattha hi uppannuppann± sabbaññu-isayo patanti, dhammacakkappavattanattha½ nis²dant²ti attho. Nandam³lakapabbh±rato satt±haccayena nirodhasam±pattito vuµµhit± anotattadahe katamukhadhovanakicc± ±k±sena ±gantv± paccekabuddha-isayopettha samosaraºavasena patanti uposathatthañca anuposathatthañca sannipatanti, gandham±dana½ paµigacchant± ca tato ca uppatant²tipi imin± is²na½ patanuppatanavasena ta½ “isipatanan”ti vuccati. “Isipadanan”tipi p±µho. Pañcavaggiyeti–
“Koº¹añño bhaddiyo vappo, mah±n±mo ca assaji;
ete pañca mah±ther±, pañcavagg±ti vuccare”ti.–

Eva½ vutt±na½ pañcanna½ bhikkh³na½ vaggo pañcavaggo. Tasmi½ pañcavagge bhav± ta½pariy±pannatt±ti pañcavaggiy±, te pañcavaggiye. Bhikkh³ ±mantes²ti d²paªkaradasabalassa p±dam³le kat±bhin²h±rato paµµh±ya p±ramiyo p³rento anupubbena pacchimabhava½ patv± pacchimabhave ca kat±bhinikkhamano anupubbena bodhimaº¹a½ patv± tattha apar±jitapallaªke nisinno m±rabala½ bhinditv± paµhamay±me pubbeniv±sa½ anussaritv± majjhimay±me dibbacakkhu½ visodhetv± pacchimay±m±vas±ne dasasahassilokadh±tu½ unn±dento sampakampento sabbaññuta½ patv± satta satt±h±ni bodhimaº¹e v²tin±metv± mah±brahmun± ±y±citadhammadesan± buddhacakkhun± loka½ voloketv± lok±nuggahena b±r±ºasi½ gantv± pañcavaggiye bhikkh³ saññ±petv± dhammacakka½ pavattetuk±mo ±mantesi.

Dveme, bhikkhave, ant±ti dveme, bhikkhave, koµµh±s±. Imassa pana vacanassa samud±h±rena samud±h±ranigghoso heµµh± av²ci½ upari bhavagga½ patv± dasasahassi½ lokadh±tu½ pattharitv± aµµh±si, tasmi½yeva samaye aµµh±rasakoµisaªkh± brahm±no sam±gacchi½su. Pacchimadis±ya s³riyo atthaªgameti, puratthim±ya dis±ya uttar±s±¼hanakkhattena yutto puººacando uggacchati. Tasmi½ samaye bhagav± dhammacakkappavattanasuttanta½ ±rabhanto “dveme, bhikkhave, ant±”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha pabbajiten±ti gihisa½yojana½ vatthuk±ma½ chetv± pabbajitena. Na sevitabb±ti na valañjetabb±. Pabbajit±na½yeva visesato paµipattiy± bh±janabh³tatt± “pabbajitena na sevitabb±”ti vutta½. Yo c±ya½ k±mesu k±masukhallik±nuyogoti yo ca aya½ vatthuk±mesu kilesak±masukhassa, kilesak±masukhanissayassa v± anuyogo. H²noti l±mako. Gammoti g±mav±s²na½ santako. Pothujjanikoti puthujjanena andhab±lajanena ±ciººo. Anariyoti na ariyo. Atha v± na visuddh±na½ uttam±na½ ariy±na½ santako. Anatthasa½hitoti na atthasa½hito, sukh±vahak±raºa½ anissitoti attho. Attakilamath±nuyogoti attano kilamathassa anuyogo attano dukkhakaraºanti attho. Dukkhoti kaºµak±passayaseyy±d²hi attam±raºehi dukkh±vaho. Tapass²hi “uttama½ tapo”ti gahitatt± tesa½ citt±nurakkhanattha½ idha “h²no”ti na vutta½, pabbajit±na½ dhammatt± “gammo”ti ca, gih²hi as±dh±raºatt± “pothujjaniko”ti ca na vutta½. Tattha pana kehici pabbajitapaµiññehi diµµhadhammanibb±nav±dehi “yato kho, bho aya½ att± pañcahi k±maguºehi samappito samaªgibh³to paric±reti, ett±vat± kho, bho, aya½ att± diµµhadhammanibb±nappatto hot²”ti (d². ni. 1.94) gahitatt± tesa½ citt±nurakkhanatthañca paccuppanne sukhatt± ca tassa dhammasam±d±nassa “dukkho”ti na vutta½. K±masukhallik±nuyogo paccuppanne taºh±diµµhisa½kiliµµhasukhatt± ±yatiñca dukkhavip±katt± tadanuyutt±na½ taºh±diµµhibandhanabaddhatt± ca na sevitabbo, attakilamath±nuyogo paccuppanne diµµhisa½kiliµµhadukkhatt± ±yatiñca dukkhavip±katt± tadanuyutt±na½ diµµhibandhanabaddhatt± ca na sevitabbo, ete khoti te ete. Anupagamm±ti na upagantv±. Majjhim±ti sa½kiliµµhasukhadukkh±na½ abh±v± majjhe bhav±ti majjhim±. S± eva nibb±na½ paµipajjanti et±y±ti paµipad±. Abhisambuddh±ti paµividdh±. Cakkhukaraº²ti-±d²su paññ±cakkhu½ karot²ti cakkhukaraº². ѱºakaraº²ti tasseva vevacana½. Upasam±y±ti kiles³pasam±ya. Abhiññ±y±ti catunna½ sacc±na½ abhij±nanatth±ya. Sambodh±y±ti tesa½yeva sambujjhanatth±ya. Nibb±n±y±ti nibb±nasacchikiriyatth±ya. Atha v± dassanamaggañ±ºa½ karot²ti cakkhukaraº². Bh±van±maggañ±ºa½ karot²ti ñ±ºakaraº². Sabbakiles±na½ upasam±ya. Sabbadhamm±na½ abhiññ±ya. Arahattaphalasambodh±ya. Kiles±nañca khandh±nañca nibb±n±ya. Saccakath± abhiññeyyaniddese vutt±.
Eva½ bhagav± sacc±ni pak±setv± attani katabahum±n±na½ tesa½ attano paµivedhakkama½ sutv± paµipattiy± bahum±n±ropanena paµipattiya½ µhatv± saccappaµivedha½ passanto ida½ dukkha½ ariyasaccanti me, bhikkhaveti-±din± attano paµivedhakkama½ dassesi. Tattha ananussutes³ti na anussutesu, para½ anugantv± assutes³ti attho. Cakkh³ti-±d²na½ attho parato ±vi bhavissati. Ida½ dukkha½ ariyasacca½, ida½ dukkhasamudaya½, ida½ dukkhanirodha½, ida½ dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad± ariyasaccanti catunna½ sacc±na½ dassanapaµivedho sekhabh³miya½. Pariññeyya½ pah±tabba½ sacchik±tabba½ bh±vetabbanti catunna½ sacc±na½ bh±van±paµivedho sekhabh³miya½yeva. Pariññ±ta½ pah²na½ sacchikata½ bh±vitanti catunna½ sacc±na½ paccavekkhaº± asekhabh³miya½.
Tiparivaµµanti saccañ±ºakiccañ±ºakatañ±ºasaªkh±t±na½ tiººa½ parivaµµ±na½ vasena tayo parivaµµ± ass±ti tiparivaµµa½. Ettha hi “ida½ dukkha½, ida½ dukkhasamudaya½ ida½ dukkhanirodha½, ida½ dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad± ariyasaccan”ti eva½ cat³su saccesu yath±bh³tañ±ºa½ saccañ±ºa½ n±ma. Tesuyeva “pariññeyya½ pah±tabba½ sacchik±tabba½ bh±vetabban”ti eva½ kattabbakiccaj±nanañ±ºa½ kiccañ±ºa½ n±ma. “Pariññ±ta½ pah²na½ sacchikata½ bh±vitan”ti eva½ tassa kiccassa katabh±vaj±nanañ±ºa½ katañ±ºa½ n±ma. Dv±das±k±ranti tesa½yeva ekekasmi½ sacce tiººa½ tiººa½ ±k±r±na½ vasena dv±dasa ±k±r± ass±ti dv±das±k±ra½. ѱºadassananti etesa½ tiparivaµµ±na½ dv±dasanna½ ±k±r±na½ vasena uppanna½ ñ±ºasaªkh±ta½ dassana½. Attaman±ti sakaman±. Satt±nañhi sukhak±matt± dukkhapaµik³latt± p²tisomanassayuttamano sakamano n±ma, p²tisomanassehi attaman± gahitaman± by±pitaman±ti v± attho. Abhinandunti abhimukh± hutv± nandi½su. Veyy±karaºeti suttante. Nigg±thako hi suttanto kevala½ atthassa by±karaºato veyy±karaºa½ n±ma. Bhaññam±neti kathiyam±ne. Vattam±nasam²pe vattam±navacana½ kata½, bhaºiteti attho. Virajanti vigatar±g±diraja½. V²tamalanti vigatar±g±dimala½. R±g±dayo hi ajjhottharaºaµµhena rajo n±ma, d³sanaµµhena mala½ n±ma. Dhammacakkhunti katthaci paµhamamaggañ±ºa½, katthaci ±d²ni t²ºi maggañ±º±ni, katthaci catutthamaggañ±ºampi Idha pana paµhamamaggañ±ºameva. Ya½ kiñci samudayadhamma½, sabba½ ta½ nirodhadhammanti vipassan±vasena eva½ pavattassa dhammacakkhu½ udap±d²ti attho.
Dhammacakketi paµivedhañ±ºe ca desan±ñ±ºe ca. Bodhipallaªke nisinnassa hi bhagavato cat³su saccesu dv±das±k±ra½ paµivedhañ±ºampi isipatane nisinnassa dv±das±k±rameva saccadesan±ya pavattakadesan±ñ±ºampi dhammacakka½ n±ma. Ubhayampi heta½ dasabalassa pavattañ±ºameva. Ta½ im±ya desan±ya pak±sentena bhagavat± dhammacakka½ pavattita½ n±ma. Ta½ paneta½ dhammacakka½ y±va aññ±takoº¹aññatthero aµµh±rasahi brahmakoµ²hi saddhi½ sot±pattiphale na patiµµh±ti, t±va bhagav± pavatteti n±ma, patiµµhite pana pavattita½ n±ma. Ta½ sandh±ya “pavattite ca bhagavat± dhammacakke”ti vutta½.
Bhumm± dev±ti bh³maµµhak± dev±. Saddamanuss±vesunti ekappah±reneva s±dhuk±ra½ datv± eta½ bhagavat±ti-±d²ni vadant± sadda½ anuss±vayi½su. Appaµivattiyanti “nayida½ tath±”ti paµiloma½ vattetu½ asakkuºeyya½. Sannipatit± cettha devabrahm±no desan±pariyos±ne ekappah±reneva s±dhuk±ra½ ada½su, sannip±ta½ an±gat± pana bhummadev±dayo tesa½ tesa½ sadda½ sutv± s±dhuk±ramada½s³ti veditabba½. Tesu pana pabbatarukkh±d²su nibbatt± bhummadev±. Te c±tumah±r±jikapariy±pann± hont±pi idha visu½ katv± vutt±. C±tumah±r±jik±ti ca dhataraµµhavir³¼hakavir³pakkhakuverasaªkh±t± catumah±r±j± devat± etesanti c±tumah±r±jik±. Te sineruvemajjhe honti. Tesu pabbataµµhak±pi atthi ±k±saµµhak±pi. Tesa½ parampar± cakkav±¼apabbata½ patt±. Khi¹¹±padosik± manopadosik± s²taval±hak± uºhaval±hak± candim± devaputto s³riyo devaputtoti ete sabbepi c±tumah±r±jikadevalokaµµh± eva. Tetti½sa jan± tattha uppann±ti t±vati½s±. Apica “t±vati½s±”ti tesa½ dev±na½ n±mamev±tipi vutta½. Tepi atthi pabbataµµhak± atthi ±k±saµµhak±. Tesa½ parampar± cakkav±¼apabbata½ patt±, tath± y±m±d²na½. Ekadevalokepi hi dev±na½ parampar± cakkav±¼apabbata½ appatt± n±ma natthi. Dibba½ sukha½ y±t± pay±t± sampatt±ti y±m±. Tuµµh± pahaµµh±ti tusit±. Pakatipaµiyatt±rammaºato atirekena ramituk±mak±le yath±rucite bhoge nimminitv± nimminitv± ramant²ti nimm±narat². Citt±c±ra½ ñatv± paranimmitesu bhogesu vasa½ vattent²ti paranimmitavasavatt². Brahmak±ye brahmaghaµ±ya niyutt±ti brahmak±yik±. Sabbepi pañcavok±rabrahm±no gahit±.
Tena khaºen±ti vacana½ visesetv± tena muhutten±ti vutta½. Muhuttasaªkh±tena khaºena, na paramatthakhaºen±ti vutta½ hoti. Y±va brahmalok±ti brahmaloka½ antokatv±. Saddoti s±dhuk±rasaddo. Dasasahass²ti dasasahassacakkav±¼avat². Saªkamp²ti uddha½ uggacchant² suµµhu kampi. Sampakamp²ti uddha½ uggacchant² adho okkamant² suµµhu pakampi. Sampavedh²ti catudis± gacchant² suµµhu pavedhi. Sambuddhabh±v±ya m±tukucchi½ okkamante ca bodhisatte tato nikkhamante ca mah±pathav² puññatejena akampittha, abhisambodhiya½ paµivedhañ±ºatejena. Dhammacakkappavattane desan±ñ±ºatejena s±dhuk±ra½ d±tuk±m± viya pathav² devat±nubh±vena akampittha, ±yusaªkh±rossajjane mah±parinibb±ne ca k±ruññena cittasaªkhobha½ asaham±n± viya pathav² devat±nubh±vena akampittha. Appam±ºoti vuddhappam±ºo. U¼±roti ettha “u¼±r±ni u¼±r±ni kh±dan²y±ni kh±dant²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.366) madhura½ u¼±ranti vutta½. “U¼±r±ya vatthabhog±ya citta½ na namat²”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 9.20) paº²ta½ u¼±ranti vutta½. “U¼±r±ya khalu bhava½ vacch±yano samaºa½ gotama½ pasa½s±ya pasa½sat²”ti-±d²su seµµha½ u¼±ranti vutta½. Idha pana “vipulo u¼±ro”ti vutto. Obh±soti desan±ñ±º±nubh±vena ca devat±nubh±vena ca j±ta-obh±so. Loketi cakkav±¼assa dasasahassiya½yeva. Atikkammeva dev±na½ dev±nubh±vanti dev±na½ ayam±nubh±vo– nivatthavatthappabh± dv±dasa yojan±ni pharati, tath± sar²rassa alaªk±rassa vim±nassa ca. Ta½ dev±na½ dev±nubh±va½ atikkamitv±yev±ti attho. Ud±nanti somanassañ±ºamayika½ ud±h±ra½. Ud±nes²ti ud±hari. Aññ±si vata, bho koº¹aññoti imassapi ud±nassa ud±haraºaghoso dasasahassilokadh±tu½ pharitv± aµµh±si. Aññ±sikoº¹aññoti bhusa½ ñ±takoº¹aññoti attho.
Cakkhu-±d²na½ niddese dassanaµµhen±ti-±d²su ekameva ñ±ºa½ yath±vuttassa neyyassa cakkhu viya dassanakiccakaraºena cakkhu. ѱºakiccakaraºena ñ±ºa½. N±nappak±rato j±nanakiccakaraºena paññ±. Anavasesapaµivedhakaraºena vijj±. Sabbath± obh±sakiccakaraºena ±loko n±m±ti attho. Cakkhu½ dhammoti-±d²supi eka½yeva ñ±ºa½ kiccan±nattena pañcadh± vaººita½. ¾rammaº±ti upatthambhanaµµhena. Gocar±ti visayaµµhena. Dassanaµµhen±ti-±d²su ñ±ºakicca½ pañcadh± vutta½. Imin± nayena t²su v±resu ekekasmi½ pañca pañca katv± pannarasa dhamm±, pannarasa atth±, dv²su pannarasakesu ti½sa niruttiyo, pannarasasu dhammesu pannarasasu atthesu ti½s±ya nirutt²s³ti saµµhi ñ±º±ni veditabb±ni. Sesa-ariyasaccesupi eseva nayo. Cat³su ariyasaccesu ekekasmi½ ariyasacce pannarasanna½ pannarasanna½ dhamm±na½ atth±nañca vasena saµµhi dhamm±, saµµhi atth±, saµµhiy± dhammesu saµµhiy± atthesu ca v²sasata½ niruttiyo, v²s±dhika½ satanti attho. Saµµhiy± dhammesu saµµhiy± atthesu v²suttarasate nirutt²s³ti eva½ catt±r²sañca dve ca ñ±ºasat±ni.