4. Mett±kath±

Mett±kath±vaººan±

22. Id±ni bojjhaªgakath±nantara½ kathit±ya bojjhaªgakath±gatiy± suttantapubbaªgam±ya mett±kath±ya apubbatth±nuvaººan±. Tattha suttante t±va ±sevit±y±ti ±darena sevit±ya. Bh±vit±y±ti va¹¹hit±ya. Bahul²kat±y±ti punappuna½ kat±ya. Y±n²kat±y±ti yuttay±nasadis±ya kat±ya. Vatthukat±y±ti patiµµh±naµµhena vatthu viya kat±ya. Anuµµhit±y±ti paccupaµµhit±ya. Paricit±y±ti samantato cit±ya upacit±ya. Susam±raddh±y±ti suµµhu sam±raddh±ya sukat±ya ¾nisa½s±ti guº±. P±µikaªkh±ti paµikaªkhitabb± icchitabb±. Sukha½ supat²ti yath± sesajan± samparivattam±n± k±kaccham±n± dukkha½ supanti, eva½ asupitv± sukha½ supati. Nidda½ okkantopi sam±patti½ sam±panno viya hoti. Sukha½ paµibujjhat²ti yath± aññe nitthunant± vijambhant± samparivattant± dukkha½ paµibujjhanti, eva½ apaµibujjhitv± vikasam±namiva paduma½ sukha½ nibbik±ra½ paµibujjhati. Na p±paka½ supina½ passat²ti supina½ passantopi bhaddakameva supina½ passati. Cetiya½ vandanto viya p³ja½ karonto viya dhamma½ suºanto viya ca hoti. Yath± panaññe att±na½ corehi pariv±rita½ viya v±¼ehi upadduta½ viya pap±te patanta½ viya ca passanti, na eva½ p±paka½ supina½ passati. Manuss±na½ piyo hot²ti ure ±muttamutt±h±ro viya s²se pi¼andham±l± viya ca manuss±na½ piyo hoti man±po. Amanuss±na½ piyo hot²ti yatheva ca manuss±na½, eva½ amanuss±nampi piyo hoti. Devat± rakkhant²ti puttamiva m±t±pitaro devat± rakkhanti. N±ssa aggi v± visa½ v± sattha½ v± kamat²ti mett±vih±rissa k±ye aggi v± visa½ v± sattha½ v± na kamati na pavisati, n±ssa k±ya½ vikopet²ti vutta½ hoti. Tuvaµa½ citta½ sam±dhiyat²ti mett±vih±rino khippameva citta½ sam±dhiyati, natthi tassa dandh±yitatta½. Mukhavaººo vippas²dat²ti bandhan± pamuttat±lapakka½ viya cassa vippasannavaººa½ mukha½ hoti. Asamm³¼ho k±la½ karot²ti mett±vih±rino sammohamaraºa½ n±ma natthi, asamm³¼ho nidda½ okkamanto viya k±la½ karoti. Uttari appaµivijjhantoti mett±sam±pattito uttari½ arahatta½ adhigantu½ asakkonto ito cavitv± suttappabuddho viya brahmalok³pago hot²ti brahmaloka½ upapajjat²ti attho.
Mett±niddese anodhiso pharaº±ti odhi mariy±d±, na odhi anodhi. Tato anodhiso, anodhitoti attho, nippadesato phusan±ti vutta½ hoti. Odhisoti padesavasena. Dis±pharaº±ti dis±su pharaº±. Sabbeti anavasesapariy±d±na½. Satt±tipadassa attho ñ±ºakath±m±tik±vaººan±ya½ vutto, ru¼h²saddena pana v²tar±gesupi aya½ voh±ro vattati vil²vamayepi b²janivisese t±lavaºµavoh±ro viya. Aver±ti verarahit±. Aby±pajj±ti by±p±darahit±. An²gh±ti niddukkh±. Aniggh±tipi p±µho. Sukh² att±na½ pariharant³ti sukhit± hutv± attabh±va½ vattayantu. “Aver±”ti ca sakasant±ne ca pare paµicca, parasant±ne ca itare paµicca ver±bh±vo dassito, “aby±pajj±”ti-±d²su ver±bh±v± tamm³lakaby±p±d±bh±vo, “an²gh±”ti by±p±d±bh±v± tamm³lakadukkh±bh±vo, “sukh² att±na½ pariharant³”ti dukkh±bh±v±sukhena attabh±vapariharaºa½ dassitanti evamettha vacanasambandho veditabboti. Imesu ca “aver± hont³”ti-±d²su cat³supi vacanesu ya½ ya½ p±kaµa½ hoti, tassa tassa vasena mett±ya pharati.
P±º±ti-±d²su p±ºanat±ya p±º±, ass±sapass±s±yattavuttit±y±ti attho. Bh³tatt± bh³t±, abhinibbatt±ti attho. Pu½ vuccati nirayo, ta½ pu½ galanti gacchant²ti puggal±. Attabh±vo vuccati sar²ra½, khandhapañcakameva v±, ta½ up±d±ya paññattimattasabbh±vato, tasmi½ attabh±ve pariy±pann± paricchinn± antogadh±ti attabh±vapariy±pann±. Yath± ca satt±ti vacana½, eva½ ses±nipi ru¼h²vasena ±ropetv± sabb±net±ni sabbasattavevacan±n²ti veditabb±ni. K±mañca aññ±nipi “sabbe jant³ sabbe j²v±”ti-±d²ni sabbasattavevacan±ni atthi, p±kaµavasena pana im±neva pañca gahetv± “pañcah±k±rehi anodhiso pharaº± mett±cetovimutt²”ti vuccati. Ye pana “satt± p±º±”ti-±d²na½ na kevala½ vacanamattatova, atha kho atthatopi n±nattameva iccheyyu½, tesa½ anodhiso pharaº± virujjhati. Tasm± tath± attha½ aggahetv± imesu pañcasu ±k±resu aññataravasena anodhiso mett±ya pharati.
Odhiso pharaºe pana itthiyo puris±ti liªgavasena vutta½, ariy± anariy±ti ariyaputhujjanavasena, dev±manuss± vinip±tik±ti upapattivasena. Dis±pharaºepi dis±vibh±ga½ akatv± sabbadis±su “sabbe satt±”ti-±din± nayena pharaºato anodhiso pharaº± hoti, sabbadis±su “sabb± itthiyo”ti-±din± nayena pharaºato odhiso pharaº±.
Yasm± pana aya½ tividh±pi mett±pharaº± appan±pattacittassa vasena vutt±, tasm± t²su v±resu appan± gahetabb±. Anodhiso pharaºe t±va “sabbe satt± aver± hont³”ti ek±, “aby±pajj± hont³”ti ek± “an²gh± hont³”ti ek±, “sukh² att±na½ pariharant³”ti ek±. T±nipi hi catt±ri hitopasa½h±ravaseneva vutt±ni. Hitopasa½h±ralakkhaº± hi mett±. Iti “satt±”ti-±d²su pañcasu ±k±resu catassanna½ catassanna½ appan±na½ vasena v²sati appan± honti, odhiso pharaºe “sabb± itthiyo”ti-±d²su sattasu ±k±resu catassanna½ catassanna½ vasena aµµhav²sati appan±. Dis±pharaºe pana “sabbe puratthim±ya dis±ya satt±”ti-±din± nayena ekamekiss± dis±ya v²sati v²sati katv± dve sat±ni, “sabb± puratthim±ya dis±ya itthiyo”ti-±din± nayena ekamekiss± dis±ya aµµhav²sati aµµhav²sati katv± as²ti dve sat±n²ti catt±ri sat±ni as²ti ca appan±. Iti sabb±nipi idha vutt±ni aµµhav²s±dhik±ni pañca appan±sat±ni honti. Yath± ca mett±ya tividhena pharaº± vutt±, tath± karuº±mudit±-upekkh±nampi vutt±va hot²ti veditabba½.