2. Dhammuddhaccav±raniddesavaººan±

6. Dhammuddhaccav±re aniccato manasikaroto obh±so uppajjat²ti udayabbay±nupassan±ya µhitassa t²hi anupassan±hi punappuna½ saªkh±re vipassantassa vipassantassa vipassan±ñ±ºesu parip±kagatesu tadaªgavasena kilesappah±nena parisuddhacittassa aniccato v± dukkhato v± anattato v± manasik±rakkhaºe vipassan±ñ±º±nubh±vena pakatiy±va obh±so uppajjat²ti paµhama½ t±va aniccato manasikaroto obh±so kathito. Akusalo vipassako tasmi½ obh±se uppanne “na ca vata me ito pubbe evar³po obh±so uppannapubbo, addh± magga½ pattomhi, phala½ pattomh²”ti amagga½yeva “maggo”ti, aphalameva “phalan”ti gaºh±ti. Tassa amagga½ “maggo”ti, aphala½ “phalan”ti gaºhato vipassan±v²thi ukkant± hoti. So attano vipassan±v²thi½ vissajjetv± vikkhepam±panno v± obh±sameva taºh±diµµhimaññan±hi maññam±no v± nis²dati. So kho pan±ya½ obh±so kassaci bhikkhuno pallaªkaµµh±namattameva obh±sento uppajjati, kassaci antogabbha½, kassaci bahigabbhampi, kassaci sakalavih±ra½, g±vuta½ a¹¹hayojana½ yojana½ dviyojana½…pe… kassaci pathavitalato y±va akaniµµhabrahmalok± ek±loka½ kurum±no. Bhagavato pana dasasahassilokadh±tu½ obh±sento udap±di. Ayañhi obh±so caturaªgasamann±gatepi andhak±re ta½ ta½ µh±na½ obh±sento uppajjati.
Obh±so dhammoti obh±sa½ ±vajjat²ti aya½ obh±so maggadhammo phaladhammoti v± ta½ ta½ obh±sa½ manasi karoti. Tato vikkhepo uddhaccanti tato obh±sato dhammoti ±vajjanakaraºato v± yo uppajjati vikkhepo, so uddhacca½ n±m±ti attho. Tena uddhaccena viggahitam±nasoti tena eva½ uppajjam±nena uddhaccena virodhitacitto, tena v± uddhaccena k±raºabh³tena tamm³lakakilesuppattiy± virodhitacitto vipassako vipassan±v²thi½ okkamitv± vikkhepa½ v± tamm³lakakilesesu v± µhitatt± aniccato dukkhato anattato upaµµh±n±ni yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±ti. “Tena vuccati dhammuddhaccaviggahitam±naso”ti eva½ iti-saddo yojetabbo. Hoti so samayoti eva½ ass±davasena upakkiliµµhacittass±pi yogino sace upaparikkh± uppajjati, so eva½ paj±n±ti– “vipassan± n±ma saªkh±r±rammaº±, maggaphal±ni nibb±n±rammaº±ni, im±ni ca citt±ni saªkh±r±rammaº±ni, tasm± n±yamobh±so maggo, udayabbay±nupassan±yeva nibb±nassa lokiko maggo”ti magg±magga½ vavatthapetv± ta½ vikkhepa½ parivajjayitv± udayabbay±nupassan±ya µhatv± s±dhuka½ saªkh±re aniccato dukkhato anattato vipassati. Eva½ upaparikkhantassa so samayo hoti. Eva½ apassanto pana “maggaphalappattomh²”ti adhim±niko hoti.
Ya½ ta½ cittanti ya½ ta½ vipassan±citta½. Ajjhattamev±ti anicc±nupassan±ya ±rammaºe gocarajjhatteyeva. ѱºa½ uppajjat²ti tasseva yog±vacarassa r³p±r³padhamme tulayantassa t²rayantassa vissaµµha-indavajiramiva avihatavega½ tikhiºa½ s³ramativisada½ vipassan±ñ±ºa½ uppajjati. P²ti uppajjat²ti tasseva tasmi½ samaye khuddik± p²ti, khaºik± p²ti, okkantik± p²ti, ubbeg± p²ti, pharaº± p²t²ti aya½ pañcavidh± vipassan±sampayutt± p²ti sakalasar²ra½ p³rayam±n± uppajjati. Passaddhi uppajjat²ti tasseva tasmi½ samaye k±yacitt±na½ neva daratho, na g±ravat±, na kakkha¼at± na akammaññat±, na gelaññat±, na vaªkat± hoti. Atha kho panassa k±yacitt±ni passaddh±ni lah³ni mud³ni kammaññ±ni paguº±ni suvisad±ni ujuk±niyeva honti. So imehi passaddh±d²hi anuggahitak±yacitto tasmi½ samaye am±nusi½ n±ma rati½ anubhavati. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½–
“Suññ±g±ra½ paviµµhassa, santacittassa bhikkhuno;
am±nus² rat² hoti, samm± dhamma½ vipassato.
“Yato yato sammasati, khandh±na½ udayabbaya½;
labhat² p²tip±mojja½, amata½ ta½ vij±natan”ti. (Dha. pa. 373-4)–

Evamassa ima½ am±nusi½ rati½ s±dhayam±n± lahut±d²hi sahit± vipassan±sampayutt± k±yacittapassaddhi uppajjati. Sukha½ uppajjat²ti tasseva tasmi½ samaye sakalasar²ra½ abhisandayam±na½ vipassan±sampayutta½ sukha½ uppajjati. Adhimokkho uppajjat²ti tasseva tasmi½ samaye cittacetasik±na½ atisayapas±dabh³t± vipassan±sampayutt± saddh± uppajjati. Paggaho uppajjat²ti tasseva tasmi½ samaye asithilamanacc±raddha½ supaggahita½ vipassan±sampayutta½ v²riya½ uppajjati. Upaµµh±na½ uppajjat²ti tasseva tasmi½ samaye s³paµµhit± suppatiµµhit± nikh±t± acal± pabbatar±jasadis± vipassan±sampayutt± sati uppajjati. So ya½ ya½ µh±na½ ±vajjati samann±harati manasi karoti paccavekkhati, ta½ ta½ µh±namassa okkantitv± pakkhanditv± dibbacakkhuno paraloko viya satiy± upaµµh±ti (visuddhi. 2.734).

Upekkh±ti vipassanupekkh± ceva ±vajjanupekkh± ca. Tasmiñhi samaye sabbasaªkh±resu majjhattabh³t± vipassanupekkh±pi balavat² uppajjati, manodv±re ±vajjanupekkh±pi. S± hissa ta½ ta½ µh±na½ ±vajjantassa vissaµµha-indavajiramiva pattapuµe pakkhandatattan±r±co viya ca s³r± tikhiº± hutv± vahati Evañhi visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 2.734) vutta½. Vipassanupekkh±ti cettha “vipassan±sampayutt± tatramajjhattupekkh±”ti ±cariy± vadanti. Vipassan±ñ±ºe hi gayham±ne “ñ±ºa½ uppajjat²”ti vipassan±ñ±ºassa ±gatatt± punaruttidoso hoti. Tatiyajjh±navaººan±yañca “saªkh±rupekkh±vipassanupekkh±nampi atthato ek²bh±vo. Paññ± eva hi s±, kiccavasena dvidh± bhinn±”ti vutta½. Tasm± vipassan±sampayutt±ya tatramajjhattupekkh±ya vuccam±n±ya punaruttidoso ca na hoti, tatiyajjh±navaººan±ya ca sameti. Yasm± ca pañcasu indriyesu “ñ±ºa½ adhimokkho paggaho upaµµh±nan”ti paññindriyasaddhindriyav²riyindriyasatindriy±ni niddiµµh±ni, sam±dhindriya½ pana aniddiµµha½ hoti, yuganaddhavasen±pi ca sam±dhindriya½ niddisitabbameva hoti, tasm± samappavatto sam±dhi puna sam±dh±ne by±p±rappah±nakaraºena “upekkh±”ti vuttoti veditabba½.
Nikanti uppajjat²ti eva½ obh±s±dipaµimaº¹it±ya vipassan±ya ±laya½ kurum±n± sukhum± sant±k±r± nikanti uppajjati, y± kilesoti pariggahetumpi na sakk± hoti. Yath± ca obh±se, eva½ etesupi aññatarasmi½ uppanne yog±vacaro “na ca vata me ito pubbe evar³pa½ ñ±ºa½ uppannapubba½, evar³p± p²ti passaddhi sukha½ adhimokkho paggaho upaµµh±na½ upekkh± nikanti uppannapubb±, addh± magga½ pattomhi, phala½ pattomh²”ti amaggameva “maggo”ti, aphalameva “phalan”ti gaºh±ti. Tassa amagga½ “maggo”ti, aphalañca “phalan”ti gaºhato vipassan±v²thi ukkant± hoti. So attano m³lakammaµµh±na½ vissajjetv± nikantimeva ass±dento nis²dati. Ettha ca obh±s±dayo upakkilesavatthut±ya upakkiles±ti vutt±, na akusalatt±. Nikanti pana upakkileso ceva upakkilesavatthu ca. Vatthuvaseneva cete dasa, g±havasena pana samati½sa honti. Katha½? “Mama obh±so uppanno”ti gaºhato hi diµµhigg±ho hoti, “man±po vata obh±so uppanno”ti gaºhato m±nagg±ho, obh±sa½ ass±dayato taºh±gg±ho. Iti obh±se diµµhim±nataºh±vasena tayo g±h±. Tath± sesesup²ti eva½ g±havasena samati½sa upakkiles± honti. Dukkhato manasikaroto, anattato manasikarototi v±resupi imin±va nayena attho veditabbo. Ekeka-anupassan±vasena hettha ekekassa vipassanupakkilesuppatti veditabb±, na ekasseva.
T²su anupassan±su. Eva½ abhedato vipassan±vasena upakkilese dassetv± puna bhedavasena dassento r³pa½ aniccato manasikarototi-±dim±ha. Tattha jar±maraºa½ aniccato upaµµh±nanti jar±maraºassa aniccato upaµµh±na½.
7. Yasm± pubbe vutt±na½ samati½s±ya upakkiles±na½ vasena akusalo abyatto yog±vacaro obh±s±d²su vikampati, obh±s±d²su ekeka½ “eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±”ti samanupassati, tasm± tamattha½ dassento obh±se ceva ñ±ºe c±ti-±dig±th±dvayam±ha. Tattha vikampat²ti obh±s±dike ±rammaºe n±n±kilesavasena vividh± kampati vedhati. Yehi citta½ pavedhat²ti yehi passaddhisukhehi citta½ n±n±kilesavasena n±nappak±rena vedhati kampati. Tasm± passaddhiy± sukhe ceva yog±vacaro vikampat²ti sambandho veditabbo. Upekkh±vajjan±ya cev±ti upekkh±saªkh±t±ya ±vajjan±ya ceva vikampati, ±vajjanupekkh±ya ceva vikampat²ti attho. Visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 2.736) pana “upekkh±vajjan±yañc±”ti vutta½. Upekkh±ya c±ti heµµh± vuttappak±r±ya upekkh±ya ca vikampati, nikantiy± ca vikampat²ti attho. Ettha ca dvinna½ upekkh±na½ niddiµµhatt± heµµh± “upekkh± uppajjat²”ti vuttaµµh±ne ca ubhayath± attho vutto. Anicc±nupassan±d²su ca ekekiss±yeva ±vajjanupekkh±ya sabbh±vato ekek±yeva anupassan± anicca½ anicca½, dukkha½ dukkha½, anatt± anatt±ti punappuna½ bh±v²yat²ti vutta½ hoti. Yasm± pana kusalo paº¹ito byatto buddhisampanno yog±vacaro obh±s±d²su uppannesu “aya½ kho me obh±so uppanno, so kho pan±ya½ anicco saªkhato paµiccasamuppanno khayadhammo vayadhammo vir±gadhammo nirodhadhammo”ti iti v± na½ paññ±ya paricchindati upaparikkhati. Atha v± panassa eva½ hoti– sace obh±so att± bhaveyya, “att±”ti gahetu½ vaµµeyya. Anatt±va pan±ya½ “att±”ti gahito. Tasm±ya½ avasavattanaµµhena anatt±ti passanto diµµhi½ uggh±µeti. Sace obh±so nicco bhaveyya, “nicco”ti gahetu½ vaµµeyya. Aniccova pan±ya½ “nicco”ti gahito. Tasm±ya½ hutv± abh±vaµµhena aniccoti passanto m±na½ samuggh±µeti. Sace obh±so sukho bhaveyya, “sukho”ti gahetu½ vaµµeyya. Dukkhova pan±ya½ “sukho”ti gahito. Tasm±ya½ upp±davayapaµip²¼anaµµhena dukkhoti passanto nikanti½ pariy±diyati. Yath± ca obh±se, eva½ sesesupi.
Eva½ upaparikkhitv± obh±sa½ “neta½ mama, nesohamasmi, na meso att±”ti samanupassati. ѱºa½…pe… nikanti½ “neta½ mama, nesohamasmi, na meso att±”ti samanupassati. Eva½ samanupassanto obh±s±d²su na kampati na vedhati. Tasm± tamattha½ dassento im±ni dasa µh±n±n²ti g±tham±ha. Tattha dasa µh±n±n²ti obh±s±d²ni. Paññ± yassa pariccit±ti yassa upakkilesavimutt±ya paññ±ya paricit±ni punappuna½ phuµµh±ni paribh±vit±ni. Dhammuddhaccakusalo hot²ti so paññ±ya paricitadasaµµh±no yog±vacaro pubbe vuttappak±rassa dhammuddhaccassa yath±sabh±vapaµivedhena cheko hoti. Na ca sammoha gacchat²ti dhammuddhaccakusalatt±yeva taºh±m±nadiµµhuggh±µavasena sammohañca na gacchati.
Id±ni pubbe vuttameva vidhi½ aparena pariy±yena vibh±vetv± dassento vikkhipati ceva kilissati c±ti-±dig±tham±ha. Tattha mandapañño yog±vacaro obh±s±d²su vikkhepañca avasesakilesuppattiñca p±puº±ti. Majjhimapañño vikkhepameva p±puº±ti, n±vasesakilesuppatti½, so adhim±niko hoti. Tikkhapañño vikkhepa½ p±puºitv±pi ta½ adhim±na½ pah±ya vipassana½ ±rabhati. Atitikkhapañño na vikkhepa½ p±puº±ti, na c±vasesakilesuppatti½. Vikkhippati cev±ti tesu mandapañño dhammuddhaccasaªkh±ta½ vikkhepañceva p±puº²yati. Kilissati c±ti taºh±m±nadiµµhikilesehi kiles²yati ca, upat±p²yati vib±dh²yat²ti attho. Cavati cittabh±van±ti tassa mandapaññassa vipassan±cittabh±van± kilesesuyeva µh±nato paµipakkh±vihatatt± cavati, paripatat²ti attho. Vikkhipati na kilissat²ti majjhimapañño vikkhepena vikkhipati, kilesehi na kilissati. Bh±van± parih±yat²ti tassa majjhimapaññassa adhim±nikatt± vipassan±rambh±bh±vena vipassan± parih±yati, nappavattat²ti attho. Vikkhipati na kilissat²ti tikkhapaññopi vikkhepena vikkhipati, kilesehi na kilissati. Bh±van± na parih±yat²ti tassa tikkhapaññassa santepi vikkhepe ta½ adhim±navikkhepa½ pah±ya vipassan±rambhasabbh±vena vipassan±bh±van± na parih±yati, pavattat²ti attho. Na ca vikkhipate citta½ na kilissat²ti atitikkhapaññassa citta½ na vikkhepena vikkhipati, na ca kilesehi kilissati. Na cavati cittabh±van±ti tassa vipassan±cittabh±van± na cavati, vikkhepakiles±bh±vena yath±µh±ne tiµµhat²ti attho.
Imehi cat³hi µh±neh²ti-±d²su id±ni vuttehi imehi cat³hi µh±nehi hetubh³tehi, karaºabh³tehi v± obh±s±dike dasa µh±ne cittassa saªkhepena ca vikkhepena ca viggahita½ m±nasa½ vikkhepakilesuppattivirahito catuttho kusalo mah±pañño yog±vacaro mandapaññ±d²na½ tiººa½ yog±vacar±na½ m±nasa½ evañca evañca hot²ti n±nappak±rato j±n±t²ti sambandhato atthavaººan± veditabb±. Saªkhepoti cettha vikkhepassa ceva kiles±nañca uppattivasena cittassa l²nabh±vo veditabbo. Vikkhepoti “vikkhipati na kilissat²”ti dv²su µh±nesu vuttavikkhepavasena cittassa uddhatabh±vo veditabboti.

Yuganaddhakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.