(2) Yuganaddhavaggo

1. Yuganaddhakath±

Yuganaddhakath±vaŗŗan±

1. Id±ni maŗ¹apeyyaguŗassa ariyamaggassa yuganaddhaguŗa½ dassentena kathit±ya suttantapubbaŖgam±ya yuganaddhakath±ya apubbatth±nuvaŗŗan±. Yasm± pana dhammasen±pati dhammar±je dharam±neyeva dhammar±jassa parinibb±nasa½vacchare parinibbuto, tasm± dhammar±je dharam±neyeva dhammabhaŗ¹±g±rikena desita½ ida½ suttanta½ tasseva sammukh± sutv± eva½ me sutanti-±dim±h±ti veditabba½. Tattha ±yasm±ti piyavacana½ garuvacana½ sag±ravasappatissavacana½, ±yum±ti attho. ¾nandoti tassa therassa n±ma½. So hi j±yam±noyeva kule ±nanda½ bhusa½ tuµµhi½ ak±si. Tasm±ssa “±nando”ti n±ma½ katanti veditabba½. Kosambiyanti eva½n±make nagare. Tassa hi nagarassa ±r±mapokkharaŗ²-±d²su tesu tesu µh±nesu kosambarukkh± ussann± ahesu½, tasm± ta½ kosamb²ti saŖkha½ agam±si. “Kusambassa isino assamato avid³re m±pitatt±”ti eke.
Ghosit±r±meti ghositaseµµhin± k±rite ±r±me. Kosambiyańhi tayo seµµhino ahesu½ ghositaseµµhi kukkuµaseµµhi p±v±rikaseµµh²ti. Te tayopi “loke buddho uppanno”ti sutv± pańcahi pańcahi sakaµasatehi d±n³pakaraŗ±ni g±h±petv± s±vatthi½ gantv± jetavanasam²pe khandh±v±ra½ bandhitv± satthu santika½ gantv± vanditv± paµisanth±ra½ katv± nisinn± satthu dhammadesana½ sutv± sot±pattiphale patiµµhahitv± satth±ra½ nimantetv± buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaŖghassa a¹¹ham±samatta½ mah±d±na½ datv± bhagavato p±dam³le nipajjitv± sakajanapadagamanattha½ bhagavanta½ y±citv± “suńń±g±re kho gahapatayo tath±gat± abhiramant²”ti bhagavat± vutte “dinn± no bhagavat± paµińń±”ti ńatv± ativiya tuµµh± dasabala½ vanditv± nikkhant± antar±magge yojane yojane bhagavato niv±sattha½ vih±ra½ k±rent± anupubbena kosambi½ patv± attano attano ±r±me mahanta½ dhanaparicc±ga½ katv± bhagavato vih±re k±r±payi½su. Tattha ghositaseµµhin± k±rito ghosit±r±mo n±ma ahosi, kukkuµaseµµhin± k±rito kukkuµ±r±mo n±ma, p±v±rikaseµµhin± ambavane k±rito p±v±rikambavana½ n±ma. Ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “ghositaseµµhin± k±rite ±r±me”ti.
¾vuso bhikkhavoti ettha buddh± bhagavanto s±vake ±lapant± “bhikkhavo”ti ±lapanti. S±vak± pana “buddhehi sadis± m± hom±”ti “±vuso”ti paµhama½ vatv± pacch± “bhikkhavo”ti vadanti. Buddhehi ca ±lapite bhikkhusaŖgho “bhadante”ti paµivacana½ deti, s±vakehi ±lapite “±vuso”ti.
Yo hi koc²ti aniyamavacana½. Etena t±dis±na½ sabbabhikkh³na½ pariy±d±na½. Mama santiketi mama sam²pe. Arahattappattanti attan± arahattassa patta½. Napu½sake bh±ve siddhavacana½. Arahatta½ pattanti v± padacchedo, attan± patta½ arahattanti attho. Arahattappatta½ att±nanti v± p±µhaseso. Cat³hi maggeh²ti upari vuccam±nehi cat³hi paµipad±maggehi, na ariyamaggehi. “Cat³hi maggeh²”ti visuńca vuttatt± kassaci arahato paµhamassa ariyamaggassa dhammuddhaccapubbaŖgamo maggo, ekassa ariyamaggassa samathapubbaŖgamo, ekassa vipassan±pubbaŖgamo, ekassa yuganaddhapubbaŖgamoti eva½ catt±ropi paµipad± magg± hont²ti veditabba½. Etesa½ v± ańńataren±ti etesa½ catunna½ paµipad±na½ magg±na½ ekena v±, paµipad±maggena arahattappatta½ by±karot²ti attho. Sukkhavipassakassa hi arahato dhammuddhaccapubbaŖgama½ sot±pattimagga½ patv± sesamaggattayampi suddhavipassan±hiyeva pattassa arahattappatti dhammuddhaccapubbaŖgamamagg± hoti. Dhammuddhaccaviggaha½ patv± v± appatv± v± samathapubbaŖgam±d²na½ tiŗŗa½ paµipad±na½ magg±na½ ekekassa vasena pattacatumaggassa arahato arahattappatti itara-ekekamaggapubbaŖgam± hoti. Tasm± ±ha– “etesa½ v± ańńataren±”ti.
SamathapubbaŖgama½ vipassana½ bh±vet²ti samatha½ pubbaŖgama½ purec±rika½ katv± vipassana½ bh±veti, paµhama½ sam±dhi½ upp±detv± pacch± vipassana½ bh±vet²ti attho. Maggo sańj±yat²ti paµhamo lokuttaramaggo nibbattati. So ta½ magganti-±d²su ekacittakkhaŗikassa maggassa ±sevan±d²ni n±ma natthi, dutiyamagg±dayo pana upp±dento tameva magga½ “±sevati bh±veti bahul²karot²”ti vuccati. Sańńojan±ni pah²yanti, anusay± byant²hont²ti y±va arahattamagg± kamena sabbe sańńojan± pah²yanti, anusay± byant²honti. Anusay± byant²hont²ti ca puna anuppattiy± vigatant± hont²ti attho.
Puna caparanti puna ca apara½ k±raŗa½. Vipassan±pubbaŖgama½ samatha½ bh±vet²ti vipassana½ pubbaŖgama½ purec±rika½ katv± samatha½ bh±veti, paµhama½ vipassana½ upp±detv± pacch± sam±dhi½ bh±vet²ti attho. Yuganaddha½ bh±vet²ti yuganaddha½ katv± bh±veti. Ettha teneva cittena sam±patti½ sam±pajjitv± teneva saŖkh±re sammasitu½ na sakk±. Aya½ pana y±vat± sam±pattiyo sam±pajjati, t±vat± saŖkh±re sammasati. Y±vat± saŖkh±re sammasati, t±vat± sam±pattiyo sam±pajjati. Katha½? Paµhamajjh±na½ sam±pajjati, tato vuµµh±ya saŖkh±re sammasati. SaŖkh±re sammasitv± dutiyajjh±na½ sam±pajjati, tato vuµµh±ya saŖkh±re sammasati. SaŖkh±re sammasitv± tatiyajjh±na½…pe… nevasańń±n±sańń±yatanasam±patti½ sam±pajjati, tato vuµµh±ya saŖkh±re sammasati. Eva½ samathavipassana½ yuganaddha½ bh±veti n±ma.
Dhammuddhaccaviggahita½ m±nasa½ hot²ti ettha mandapańń±na½ vipassak±na½ upakkilesavatthutt± vipassanupakkilesasańńitesu obh±s±d²su dasasu dhammesu bhantat±vasena uddhaccasahagatacittuppattiy± vikkhepasaŖkh±ta½ uddhacca½ dhammuddhacca½, tena dhammuddhaccena viggahita½ vir³paggahita½ virodham±p±dita½ m±nasa½ citta½ dhammuddhaccaviggahita½ m±nasa½ hoti, tena v± dhammuddhaccena k±raŗabh³tena tamm³lakataŗh±m±nadiµµhuppattiy± viggahita½ m±nasa½ hoti. Dhammuddhaccaviggahitam±nasanti v± p±µho. Hoti so ±vuso samayoti imin± magg±maggavavatth±nena ta½ dhammuddhacca½ paµib±hitv± puna vipassan±v²thi½ paµipannak±la½ dasseti. Ya½ ta½ cittanti yasmi½ samaye ta½ vipassan±v²thi½ okkamitv± pavatta½ citta½. Ajjhattameva santiµµhat²ti vipassan±v²thi½ paccotaritv± tasmi½ samaye gocarajjhattasaŖkh±te ±rammaŗe santiµµhati patiµµh±ti. Sannis²dat²ti tattheva pavattivasena samm± nis²dati. Ekodi hot²ti ekagga½ hoti. Sam±dhiyat²ti samm± ±dhiyati suµµhu µhita½ hot²ti.

Aya½ suttantavaŗŗan±.