10. Maº¹apeyyakath±

Maº¹apeyyakath±vaººan±

238. Id±ni tassa maggassa maº¹apeyyatta½ dassentena kathit±ya bhagavato vacanekadesapubbaªgam±ya maº¹apeyyakath±ya apubbatth±nuvaººan±. Tattha maº¹apeyyanti yath± sampanna½ nimmala½ vippasanna½ sappi sappimaº¹oti vuccati, eva½ vippasannaµµhena maº¹o, p±tabbaµµhena peyya½. Yañhi pivitv± antarav²thiya½ patit± visaññino attano s±µak±d²nampi ass±mik± honti, ta½ pasannampi na p±tabba½. Mayha½ pana ida½ sikkhattayasaªgahita½ s±sanabrahmacariya½ sampannatt± nimmalatt± vippasannatt± maº¹añca hitasukh±vahatt± peyyañc±ti maº¹apeyyanti d²peti. Maº¹o peyyo etth±ti maº¹apeyya½. Ki½ ta½? S±sanabrahmacariya½. Kasm± sikkhattaya½ brahmacariya½ n±ma? Uttamaµµhena nibb±na½ brahma½ n±ma, sikkhattaya½ nibb±natth±ya pavattanato brahmatth±ya cariy±ti brahmacariyanti vuccati. S±sanabrahmacariyanti ta½yeva. Satth± sammukh²bh³toti idamettha k±raºavacana½. Yasm± pana satth± sammukh²bh³to, tasm± v²riyapayoga½ katv± pivatheta½ maº¹a½. B±hirakañhi bhesajjamaº¹a½ vejjassa asammukh± pivant±na½ pam±ºa½ v± uggamananiggamana½ v± na j±n±m±ti ±saªk± hoti. Vejjassa sammukh± pana vejjo j±nissat²ti nir±saªk± pivanti. Evameva½ amh±kañca dhammass±m² satth± sammukh²bh³toti v²riya½ katv± pivath±ti maº¹ap±ne sanniyojeti. Diµµhadhammikasampar±yikaparamatthehi yath±raha½ anus±sat²ti satth±. Apica “satth± bhagav± satthav±ho”ti-±din± (mah±ni. 190) niddesanayenapettha attho veditabbo. Sandissam±no mukho bh³toti sammukh²bh³to.
Maº¹apeyyaniddese tidhattamaº¹oti tidh±bh±vo tidhatta½. Tidhattena maº¹o tidhattamaº¹o, tividhena maº¹oti attho. Satthari sammukh²bh³teti ida½ sabb±k±raparipuººamaº¹attayadassanattha½ vutta½. Parinibbutepi pana satthari ekadesena maº¹attaya½ pavattatiyeva. Teneva cassa niddese “satthari sammukh²bh³te”ti avatv± katamo desan±maº¹oti-±di vuttanti veditabba½.
Desan±maº¹oti dhammadesan± eva maº¹o. Paµiggahamaº¹oti desan±paµigg±hako eva maº¹o. Brahmacariyamaº¹oti maggabrahmacariyameva maº¹o.
¾cikkhan±ti desetabb±na½ sacc±d²na½ im±ni n±m±n²ti n±mavasena kathan±. Desan±ti dassan±. Paññ±pan±ti j±n±pan±, ñ±ºamukhe µhapan± v±. ¾sana½ µhapento hi “±sana½ paññ±pet²”ti vuccati. Paµµhapan±ti paññ±pan±, pavattan±ti attho, ñ±ºamukhe µhapan± v±. Vivaraº±ti vivaµakaraºa½, vivaritv± dassan±ti attho. Vibhajan±ti vibh±gakiriy±, vibh±gato dassan±ti attho. Utt±n²kammanti p±kaµabh±vakaraºa½. Atha v± ±cikkhan±ti desan±d²na½ channa½ pad±na½ m³lapada½. Desan±d²ni cha pad±ni tassa atthavivaraºattha½ vutt±ni. Tattha desan±ti ugghaµitaññ³na½ vasena saªkhepato paµhama½ uddesavasena desan±. Ugghaµitaññ³ hi saªkhepena vutta½ paµhama½ vuttañca paµivijjhanti. Paññ±pan±ti vipañcitaññ³na½ vasena tesa½ cittatosanena buddhinis±nena ca paµhama½ saªkhittassa vitth±rato niddesavasena paññ±pan±. Paµµhapan±ti tesa½yeva niddiµµhassa niddesassa paµiniddesavasena vitth±rataravacanena paññ±pan±. Vivaraº±ti niddiµµhass±pi punappuna½ vacanena vivaraº±. Vibhajan±ti punappuna½ vuttass±pi vibh±gakaraºena vibhajan±. Utt±n²kammanti vivaµassa vitth±rataravacanena, vibhattassa ca nidassanavacanena utt±n²karaºa½. Aya½ desan± neyy±nampi paµivedh±ya hoti. Yev±panaññepi kec²ti piyaªkaram±t±dik± vinip±tik± gahit±. Viññ±t±roti paµivedhavasena lokuttaradhamma½ viññ±t±ro. Ete hi bhikkhu-±dayo paµivedhavasena dhammadesana½ paµiggaºhant²ti paµiggah±. Ayamev±ti-±d²ni paµhamañ±ºaniddese vuttatth±ni. Ariyamaggo nibb±nena sa½sandanato brahmatth±ya cariy±ti brahmacariyanti vuccati.
239. Id±ni adhimokkhamaº¹oti-±d²hi tasmi½ maggakkhaºe vijjam±n±ni indriyabalabojjhaªgamaggaªg±ni maº¹apeyyavidh±ne yojetv± dasseti. Tattha adhimokkhamaº¹oti adhimokkhasaªkh±to maº¹o. Kasaµoti pas±davirahito ±vilo. Cha¹¹etv±ti samucchedavasena pah±ya. Saddhindriyassa adhimokkhamaº¹a½ pivat²ti maº¹apeyyanti saddhindriyato adhimokkhamaº¹assa anaññattepi sati añña½ viya katv± voh±ravasena vuccati, yath± loke nisadapotako nisadapotasar²rassa anaññattepi sati nisadapotassa sar²ranti vuccati, yath± ca p±¼iya½ “phusitattan”ti-±d²su dhammato anaññopi bh±vo añño viya vutto, yath± ca aµµhakath±ya½ “phusanalakkhaºo phasso”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. aµµha. 1 dhammuddesav±ra phassapañcamakar±sivaººan±) dhammato anaññampi lakkhaºa½ añña½ viya vutta½, evamidanti veditabba½ Pivat²ti cettha ta½samaªgipuggaloti vutta½ hoti. Ta½samaªgipuggalo ta½ maº¹a½ pivat²ti katv± tena puggalena so maº¹o p±tabbato maº¹apeyya½ n±ma hot²ti vutta½ hoti. “Maº¹apeyyo”ti ca vattabbe “maº¹apeyyan”ti liªgavipall±so kato. Ses±nampi imin± nayena attho veditabbo. Apubbesu pana pari¼±hoti p²ºanalakkhaº±ya p²tiy± paµipakkho kilesasant±po. Duµµhullanti upasamapaµipakkho kilesavasena o¼±rikabh±vo asantabh±vo. Appaµisaªkh±ti paµisaªkh±napaµipakkho kilesavasena asamav±hitabh±vo.
240. Puna aññena pariy±yena maº¹apeyyavidhi½ niddisituk±mo atthi maº¹oti-±dim±ha. Tattha tatth±ti tasmi½ saddhindriye. Attharasoti-±d²su saddhindriyassa adhimuccana½ attho, saddhindriya½ dhammo, tadeva n±n±kilesehi vimuttatt± vimutti, tassa atthassa sampatti attharaso. Tassa dhammassa sampatti dhammaraso. Tass± vimuttiy± sampatti vimuttiraso. Atha v± atthapaµil±bharati attharaso, dhammapaµil±bharati dhammaraso, vimuttipaµil±bharati vimuttiraso. Rat²ti ca ta½sampayutt±, tad±rammaº± v± p²ti. Imin± nayena sesapadesupi attho veditabbo. Imasmi½ pariy±ye maº¹assa peyya½ maº¹apeyyanti attho vutto hoti.
Eva½ indriy±dibodhipakkhiyadhammapaµip±µiy± indriyabalabojjhaªgamaggaªg±na½ vasena maº¹apeyya½ dassetv± puna ante µhita½ brahmacariyamaº¹a½ dassento maggassa padh±natt± magga½ pubbaªgama½ katv± uppaµip±µivasena maggaªgabojjhaªgabala-indriy±ni dassesi ¾dhipateyyaµµhena indriy± maº¹oti-±dayo yath±yoga½ lokiyalokuttar± maº¹±. Ta½ heµµh± vuttanayena veditabba½. Tathaµµhena sacc± maº¹oti ettha pana dukkhasamuday±na½ maº¹att±bh±v± mah±hatthipadasutte (ma. ni. 1.300) viya saccañ±º±ni sacc±ti vuttanti veditabba½.

Saddhammappak±siniy± paµisambhid±magga-aµµhakath±ya

Maº¹apeyyakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.

Niµµhit± ca mah±vaggavaººan±.