6. Gatikath±

Gatikath±vaººan±

231. Id±ni tass± vimokkhuppattiy± hetubh³ta½ hetusampatti½ dassentena kathit±ya gatikath±ya apubbatth±nuvaººan±. Duhetukapaµisandhikass±pi hi “natthi jh±na½ apaññass±”ti (dha. pa. 372) vacanato jh±nampi na uppajjati, ki½ pana vimokkho. Tattha gatisampattiy±ti nirayatiracch±nayonipettivisayamanussadevasaªkh±t±su pañcasu gat²su manussadevasaªkh±t±ya gatisampattiy±. Etena purim± tisso gativipattiyo paµikkhipati. Gatiy± sampatti gatisampatti, sugat²ti vutta½ hoti. Gat²ti ca sahok±s± khandh±. Pañcasu ca gat²su pettivisayaggahaºeneva asurak±yopi gahito. Dev±ti cha k±m±vacaradev± brahm±no ca. Devaggahaºena asur±pi saªgahit±. ѱºasampayutteti ñ±ºasampayuttapaµisandhikkhaºe. Khaºopi hi ñ±ºasampayuttayogena teneva voh±rena vuttoti veditabbo. Katina½ het³nanti alobh±dos±mohahet³su katina½ het³na½. Upapatt²ti upapajjana½, nibbatt²ti attho.
Yasm± pana suddakulaj±t±pi tihetuk± honti, tasm± te sandh±ya paµhamapucch±. Yasm± ca yebhuyyena mah±puññ± t²su mah±s±lakulesu j±yanti, tasm± tesa½ tiººa½ kul±na½ vasena tisso pucch±. P±µho pana saªkhitto. Mahat² s±l± etesanti mah±s±l±, mah±ghar± mah±vibhav±ti attho. Atha v± mah± s±ro etesanti mah±s±r±ti vattabbe ra-k±rassa la-k±ra½ katv± “mah±s±l±”ti vutta½. Khattiy± mah±s±l±, khattiyesu v± mah±s±l±ti khattiyamah±s±l±. Sesesupi eseva nayo. Tattha yassa khattiyassa gehe pacchimantena koµisata½ dhana½ nidh±nagata½ hoti, kah±paº±nañca v²sati ambaº±ni divasa½ valañje nikkhamanti, aya½ khattiyamah±s±lo n±ma. Yassa br±hmaºassa gehe pacchimantena as²tikoµidhana½ nidh±nagata½ hoti, kah±paº±nañca dasa ambaº±ni divasa½ valañje nikkhamanti, aya½ br±hmaºamah±s±lo n±ma. Yassa gahapatissa gehe pacchimantena catt±l²sakoµidhana½ nidh±nagata½ hoti, kah±paº±nañca pañca ambaº±ni divasa½ valañje nikkhamanti, aya½ gahapatimah±s±lo n±ma.
R³p±vacar±na½ ar³p±vacar±nañca ekantatihetukatt± “ñ±ºasampayutte”ti na vutta½, manussesu pana duhetuk±hetuk±nañca sabbh±vato, k±m±vacaresu devesu duhetuk±nañca sabbh±vato sesesu “ñ±ºasampayutte”ti vutta½. Ettha ca k±m±vacaradev± pañcak±maguºaratiy± k²¼anti, sar²rajutiy± ca jotant²ti dev±, r³p±vacarabrahm±no jh±naratiy± k²¼anti sar²rajutiy± ca jotant²ti dev±, ar³p±vacarabrahm±no jh±naratiy± k²¼anti, ñ±ºajutiy± ca jotant²ti dev±.
232. Kusalakammassa javanakkhaºeti at²taj±tiy± idha tihetukapaµisandhijanakassa tihetukak±m±vacarakusalakammassa ca javanav²thiya½ punappuna½ uppattivasena sattav±ra½ javanakkhaºe, pavattanak±leti attho. Tayo het³ kusal±ti alobho kusalahetu adoso kusalahetu amoho kusalahetu. Tasmi½ khaºe j±tacetan±y±ti tasmi½ vuttakkhaºeyeva j±t±ya kusalacetan±ya. Sahaj±tapaccay± hont²ti uppajjam±n± ca saha-upp±danabh±vena upak±rak± honti. Tena vuccat²ti tena sahaj±tapaccayabh±veneva vuccati. Kusalam³lapaccay±pi saªkh±r±ti ekacittakkhaºikapaccay±k±ranayena vutta½. “Saªkh±r±”ti ca bahuvacanena tattha saªkh±rakkhandhasaªgahit± sabbe cetasik± gahit±ti veditabba½. Apisaddena saªkh±rapaccay±pi kusalam³l±n²tipi vutta½ hoti.
Nikantikkhaºeti attano vip±ka½ d±tu½ paccupaµµhitakamme v± tath± paccupaµµhitakammena upaµµh±pite kammanimitte v± gatinimitte v± uppajjam±n±na½ nikantikkhaºe. Nikant²ti nik±man± patthan±. ¾sannamaraºassa hi mohena ±kulacittatt± av²cij±l±yapi nikanti uppajjati, ki½ pana sesesu nimittesu. Dve het³ti lobho akusalahetu moho akusalahetu. Bhavanikanti pana paµisandhi-anantara½ pavattabhavaªgav²thito vuµµhitamattasseva attano khandhasant±na½ ±rabbha sabbesampi uppajjati. “Yassa v± pana yattha akusal± dhamm± na uppajjittha, tassa tattha kusal± dhamm± na uppajjitth±ti ±mant±”ti evam±di idameva sandh±ya vutta½. Tasmi½ khaºe j±tacetan±y±ti akusalacetan±ya.
Paµisandhikkhaºeti tena kammena gahitapaµisandhikkhaºe. Tayo het³ti alobho aby±katahetu adoso aby±katahetu amoho aby±katahetu. Tasmi½ khaºe j±tacetan±y±ti vip±k±by±katacetan±ya. N±mar³papaccay±pi viññ±ºanti ettha tasmi½ paµisandhikkhaºe tayo vip±kahet³ sesacetasik± ca n±ma½, hadayavatthu r³pa½. Tato n±mar³papaccayatopi paµisandhiviññ±ºa½ pavattati. Viññ±ºapaccay±pi n±mar³panti etth±pi n±ma½ vuttappak±rameva, r³pa½ pana idha sahetukamanussapaµisandhiy± adhippetatt± gabbhaseyyak±na½ vatthudasaka½ k±yadasaka½ bh±vadasakanti samati½sa r³p±ni, sa½sedaj±na½ opap±tik±nañca paripuºº±yatan±na½ cakkhudasaka½ sotadasaka½ gh±nadasaka½ jivh±dasakañc±ti samasattati r³p±ni. Ta½ vuttappak±ra½ n±mar³pa½ paµisandhikkhaºe paµisandhiviññ±ºapaccay± pavattati.
Pañcakkhandh±ti ettha paµisandhicittena paµisandhikkhaºe labbham±n±ni r³p±ni r³pakkhandho, sahaj±t± vedan± vedan±kkhandho, saññ± saññ±kkhandho, sesacetasik± saªkh±rakkhandho, paµisandhicitta½ viññ±ºakkhandho. Sahaj±tapaccay± hont²ti catt±ro ar³pino khandh± aññamañña½ sahaj±tapaccay± honti, r³pakkhandhe catt±ro mah±bh³t± aññamañña½ sahaj±tapaccay± honti, ar³pino khandh± ca hadayar³pañca aññamañña½ sahaj±tapaccay± honti, mah±bh³t±pi up±d±r³p±na½ sahaj±tapaccay± honti. Aññamaññapaccay± hont²ti aññamañña½ upp±danupatthambhanabh±vena upak±rak± honti, catt±ro ar³pino khandh± ca aññamaññapaccay± honti, catt±ro mah±bh³t± aññamaññapaccay± honti. Nissayapaccay± hont²ti adhiµµh±n±k±rena nissay±k±rena ca upak±rak± honti, catt±ro ar³pino khandh± ca aññamañña½ nissayapaccay± hont²ti sahaj±t± viya vitth±retabb±. Vippayuttapaccay± hont²ti ekavatthuk±dibh±v±nupagamanena vippayuttabh±vena upak±rak± honti, ar³pino khandh± paµisandhir³p±na½ vippayuttapaccay± honti, hadayar³pa½ ar³p²na½ khandh±na½ vippayuttapaccayo hoti. “Pañcakkhandh±”ti hettha eva½ yath±l±bhavasena vutta½.
Catt±ro mah±bh³t±ti ettha tayo paccay± paµhama½ vutt±yeva. Tayo j²vitasaªkh±r±ti ±yu ca usm± ca viññ±ºañca. ¾y³ti r³paj²vitindriya½ ar³paj²vitindriyañca. Usm±ti tejodh±tu. Viññ±ºanti paµisandhiviññ±ºa½. Et±ni hi upar³pari j²vitasaªkh±ra½ saªkharonti pavattent²ti j²vitasaªkh±r±. Sahaj±tapaccay± hont²ti ar³paj²vitindriya½ paµisandhiviññ±ºañca sampayuttak±na½ khandh±nañca hadayar³passa ca aññamaññasahaj±tapaccay± honti, tejodh±tu tiººa½ mah±bh³t±na½ aññamaññasahaj±tapaccayo hoti, up±d±r³p±na½ sahaj±tapaccayova, r³paj²vitindriya½ sahaj±tar³p±na½ pariy±yena sahaj±tapaccayo hot²ti veditabba½. Aññamaññapaccay± honti, nissayapaccay± hont²ti dvaya½ ar³paj²vitindriya½ paµisandhiviññ±ºañca sampayuttakhandh±na½ aññamaññapaccay± honti. Aññamaññanissayapaccay± hont²ti vuttanayeneva yojetv± veditabba½. Vippayuttapaccay± hont²ti ar³paj²vitindriya½ paµisandhiviññ±ºañca paµisandhir³p±na½ vippayuttapaccay± honti. R³paj²vitindriya½ pana aññamaññanissayavippayuttapaccayatte na yujjati. Tasm± “tayo j²vitasaªkh±r±”ti yath±l±bhavasena vutta½. N±mañca r³pañca vuttanayeneva catupaccayatte yojetabba½. Cuddasa dhamm±ti pañcakkhandh±, catt±ro mah±bh³t±, tayo j²vitasaªkh±r±, n±mañca r³pañc±ti eva½ gaºan±vasena cuddasa dhamm±. Tesañca upari aññesañca sahaj±t±dipaccayabh±vo vuttanayo eva. Sampayuttapaccay± hont²ti puna ekavatthuka-ek±rammaºa-ekupp±da-ekanirodhasaªkh±tena sampayuttabh±vena upak±rak± honti.
Pañcindriy±n²ti saddhindriy±d²ni. N±mañc±ti idha vedan±dayo tayo khandh±. Viññ±ºañc±ti paµisandhiviññ±ºa½. Puna cuddasa dhamm±ti catt±ro khandh±, pañcindriy±ni, tayo het³, n±mañca viññ±ºañc±ti eva½ gaºan±vasena cuddasa dhamm±. Aµµhav²sati dhamm±ti purim± ca cuddasa, ime ca cuddas±ti aµµhav²sati. Idha r³pass±pi paviµµhatt± sampayuttapaccaya½ apanetv± vippayuttapaccayo vutto.
Eva½ paµisandhikkhaºe vijjam±nassa tassa tassa paccayuppannassa dhammassa ta½ ta½ paccayabheda½ dassetv± paµhama½ niddiµµhe het³ nigametv± dassento imesa½ aµµhanna½ het³na½ paccay± upapatti hot²ti ±ha. Kamm±y³hanakkhaºe tayo kusalahet³, nikantikkhaºe dve akusalahet³, paµisandhikkhaºe tayo aby±katahet³ti eva½ aµµha het³. Tattha tayo kusalahet³, dve akusalahet³ ca idha paµisandhikkhaºe pavattiy± upanissayapaccay± honti. Tayo aby±katahet³ yath±yoga½ hetupaccayasahaj±tapaccayavasena paccay± honti. Sesav±resupi eseva nayo.
Ar³p±vacar±na½ pana r³p±bh±v± n±mapaccay±pi viññ±ºa½, viññ±ºapaccay±pi n±manti vutta½. R³pamissakacuddasakopi ca parih²no. Tassa parih²natt± “aµµhav²sati dhamm±”ti v±ro ca na labbhati.
233. Id±ni vimokkhassa paccayabh³ta½ tihetukapaµisandhi½ dassetv± teneva sambandhena duhetukapaµisandhivisesañca dassetuk±mo gatisampattiy± ñ±ºavippayutteti-±dim±ha. Kusalakammassa javanakkhaºeti at²taj±tiy± idha paµisandhijanakassa duhetukakusalakammassa vuttanayeneva javanakkhaºe. Dve het³ti ñ±ºavippayuttatt± alobho kusalahetu adoso kusalahetu. Dve aby±katahet³pi alobh±dos±yeva.
Catt±ri indriy±n²ti paññindriyavajj±ni saddhindriy±d²ni catt±ri. Dv±dasa dhamm±ti paññindriyassa amohahetussa ca parih²natt± dv±dasa. Tesa½ dvinna½yeva parih²natt± chabb²sati. Channa½ het³nanti dvinna½ kusalahet³na½, dvinna½ akusalahet³na½, dvinna½ vip±kahet³nanti eva½ channa½ het³na½. R³p±r³p±vacar± panettha ekantatihetukatt± na gahit±. Sesa½ paµhamav±re vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Imasmi½ v±re duhetukapaµisandhiy± duhetukakammasseva vuttatt± tihetukakammena duhetukapaµisandhi na hot²ti vutta½ hoti. Tasm± ya½ dhammasaªgahaµµhakath±ya½ (dha. sa. aµµha. 498) tipiµakamah±dhammarakkhitattherav±de “tihetukakammena paµisandhi tihetuk±va hoti, duhetuk±hetuk± na hoti. Duhetukakammena duhetuk±hetuk± hoti, tihetuk± na hot²”ti vutta½, ta½ im±ya p±¼iy± sameti. Ya½ pana tipiµakac³¼an±gattherassa ca morav±piv±simah±dattattherassa ca v±desu “tihetukakammena paµisandhi tihetuk±pi hoti duhetuk±pi, ahetuk± na hoti. Duhetukakammena duhetuk±pi hoti ahetuk±pi, tihetuk± na hot²”ti vutta½, ta½ im±ya p±¼iy± viruddha½ viya dissati. Imiss± kath±ya hetu-adhik±ratt± ahetukapaµisandhi na vutt±ti.

Gatikath±vaººan± niµµhit±.