Nava anupubbavih±r±ti pubba½ pubba½ anu anupubba½, anupubba½ viharitabbato sam±pajjitabbato vih±r± anupubbavih±r±, anupaµip±µiy± sam±pajjitabbavih±r±ti attho.
“Katame nava? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakka½ savic±ra½ vivekaja½ p²tisukha½ paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam± ajjhatta½ sampas±dana½ cetaso ekodibh±va½ avitakka½ avic±ra½ sam±dhija½ p²tisukha½ dutiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. P²tiy± ca vir±g± upekkhako ca viharati sato sampaj±no, sukhañca k±yena paµisa½vedeti, ya½ ta½ ariy± ±cikkhanti ‘upekkhako satim± sukhavih±r²’ti, tatiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Sukhassa ca pah±n± dukkhassa ca pah±n± pubbeva somanassadomanass±na½ atthaªgam± adukkhamasukha½ upekkh±satip±risuddhi½ catuttha½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Sabbaso r³pasaññ±na½ samatikkam± paµighasaññ±na½ atthaªgam± n±nattasaññ±na½ amanasik±r± ‘ananto ±k±so’ti ±k±s±nañc±yatana½ upasampajja viharati. Sabbaso ±k±s±nañc±yatana½ samatikkamma ‘ananta½ viññ±ºan’ti viññ±ºañc±yatana½ upasampajja viharati. Sabbaso viññ±ºañc±yatana½ samatikkamma ‘natthi kiñc²’ti ±kiñcaññ±yatana½ upasampajja viharati. Sabbaso ±kiñcaññ±yatana½ samatikkamma nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ upasampajja viharati. Sabbaso nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ samatikkamma saññ±vedayitanirodha½ upasampajja viharat²”ti (a. ni. 9.33; d². ni. 3.343, 359) vutt± nava anupubbavih±r±va.
Dasa nijjaravatth³n²ti micch±diµµh±d²ni nijjarayanti n±sayant²ti nijjar±ni. Vatth³n²ti k±raº±ni. Nijjar±ni ca t±ni vatth³ni c±ti nijjaravatth³ni. Samm±diµµh±d²na½ eta½ adhivacana½.
“Katam±ni (a. ni. 10.106; d². ni. 3.360) dasa? Samm±diµµhikassa, bhikkhave, micch±diµµhi nijjiºº± hoti. Ye ca micch±diµµhipaccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti, te cassa nijjiºº± honti, samm±diµµhipaccay± ca aneke kusal± dhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti.
“Samm±saªkappassa, bhikkhave, micch±saªkappo nijjiººo hoti. Ye ca micch±saªkappapaccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti te cassa nijjiºº± honti, samm±saªkappapaccay± ca aneke kusal± dhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti.
“Samm±v±cassa, bhikkhave, micch±v±c± nijjiºº± hoti. Ye ca micch±v±c±paccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti, te cassa nijjiºº± honti, samm±v±c±paccay± ca aneke kusal± dhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti.
“Samm±kammantassa, bhikkhave, micch±kammanto nijjiººo hoti. Ye ca micch±kammantapaccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti, te cassa nijjiºº± honti, samm±kammantapaccay± ca aneke kusal± dhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti.
“Samm±-±j²vassa, bhikkhave, micch±-±j²vo nijjiººo hoti. Ye ca micch±-±j²vapaccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti, te cassa nijjiºº± honti, samm±-±j²vapaccay± ca aneke kusal± dhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti.
“Samm±v±y±massa, bhikkhave, micch±v±y±mo nijjiººo hoti. Ye ca micch±v±y±mapaccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti, te cassa nijjiºº± honti, samm±v±y±mapaccay± ca aneke kusal± dhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti.
“Samm±satissa, bhikkhave, micch±sati nijjiºº± hoti. Ye ca micch±satipaccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti, te cassa nijjiºº± honti, samm±satipaccay± ca aneke kusal± dhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti.
“Samm±sam±dhissa, bhikkhave, micch±sam±dhi nijjiººo hoti. Ye ca micch±sam±dhipaccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti, te cassa nijjiºº± honti, samm±sam±dhipaccay± ca aneke kusal± dhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti.
“Samm±ñ±ºissa, bhikkhave, micch±ñ±ºa½ nijjiººa½ hoti. Ye ca micch±ñ±ºapaccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti, te cassa nijjiºº± honti, samm±ñ±ºapaccay± ca aneke kusal± dhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti.
“Samm±vimuttissa bhikkhave, micch±vimutti nijjiºº± hoti. Ye ca micch±vimuttipaccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti, te cassa nijjiºº± honti, samm±vimuttipaccay± ca aneke kusal± dhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchant²”ti (a. ni. 10.106; d². ni. 3.360) vutt±ni dasa nijjaravatth³ni.
3. Sabba½, bhikkhave, abhiññeyyanti-±di bhagavat± vutta½ idha ±haritv± dassitanti veditabba½. Kiñca-iti ca-k±ro padap³raºamatte nip±to. Cakkh±d²ni ti½sa vissajjan±ni chasu dv±resu ekekasmi½ pañca pañca katv± dv±r±rammaºapavattikkamena niddiµµh±ni. Tattha duvidha½ cakkhu– ma½sacakkhu paññ±cakkhu ca. Tesu buddhacakkhu samantacakkhu ñ±ºacakkhu dibbacakkhu dhammacakkh³ti pañcavidha½ paññ±cakkhu. “Addasa½ kho aha½, bhikkhave, buddhacakkhun± loka½ volokento”ti (ma. ni. 1.283; 2.339; mah±va. 9) ida½ buddhacakkhu n±ma. “Samantacakkhu vuccati sabbaññutaññ±ºan”ti (c³¼ani. dhotakam±ºavapucch±niddesa 32; moghar±jam±ºavapucch±niddesa 85) ida½ samantacakkhu n±ma. “Cakkhu½ udap±di ñ±ºa½ udap±d²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.1081; mah±va. 15) ida½ ñ±ºacakkhu n±ma. “Addasa½ kho aha½, bhikkhave, dibbena cakkhun± visuddhen±”ti (ma. ni. 1.285) ida½ dibbacakkhu n±ma. “Viraja½ v²tamala½ dhammacakkhu½ udap±d²”ti (ma. ni. 2.395) ida½ heµµhimamaggattayasaªkh±ta½ ñ±ºa½ dhammacakkhu n±ma.
Ma½sacakkhupi sasambh±racakkhu pas±dacakkh³ti duvidha½ hoti. Yv±ya½ akkhik³pake patiµµhito heµµh± akkhik³pakaµµhikena upari bhamukaµµhikena ubhato akkhik³µehi bahiddh± akkhipakhumehi paricchinno akkhik³pakamajjh± nikkhantena nh±rusuttakena matthaluªge ±baddho setakaºh±tikaºhamaº¹alavicitto ma½sapiº¹o, ida½ sasambh±racakkhu n±ma. Yo pana ettha sito ettha paµibaddho catunna½ mah±bh³t±na½ up±d±ya pas±do, ida½ pas±dacakkhu n±ma. Idamidh±dhippeta½. Tadeta½ tassa sasambh±racakkhuno setamaº¹alaparikkhittassa kaºhamaº¹alassa majjhe abhimukhe µhit±na½ sar²rasaºµh±nuppattidese diµµhimaº¹ale sattasu picupaµalesu ±sittatela½ picupaµal±ni viya satta akkhipaµal±ni by±petv± pam±ºato muggavidalamatta½ cakkhuviññ±º±d²na½ yath±raha½ vatthudv±rabh±va½ s±dhayam±na½ tiµµhati. Ta½ cakkhat²ti cakkhu, r³pa½ ass±deti vibh±veti c±ti attho. R³payant²ti r³p±, vaººavik±ra½ ±pajjam±n± hadayaªgatabh±va½ pak±sent²ti attho. Cakkhuto pavatta½ viññ±ºa½, cakkhussa v± viññ±ºa½ cakkhuviññ±ºa½. Phusat²ti phasso. Upasaggena pada½ maº¹etv± samphassoti vutta½. Cakkhuto pavatto samphasso cakkhusamphasso. Cakkhusamphassapaccay±ti cakkhuviññ±ºasampayuttaphassapaccay±. Vedayitanti vindana½, vedan±ti attho. Tadeva sukhayat²ti sukha½, yassuppajjati, ta½ sukhita½ karot²ti attho. Suµµhu v± kh±dati, khanati ca k±yacitt±b±dhanti sukha½. Dukkhayat²ti dukkha½, yassuppajjati, ta½ dukkhita½ karot²ti attho. Na dukkha½ na sukhanti adukkhamasukha½. Ma-k±ro padasandhivasena vutto. So pana cakkhusamphasso attan± sampayutt±ya vedan±ya sahaj±ta aññamaññanissaya vip±ka-±h±rasampayutta-atthi-avigatavasena aµµhadh± paccayo hoti, sampaµicchanasampayutt±ya anantarasamanantara-anantar³panissayanatthivigatavasenapañcadh±, sant²raº±disampayutt±na½ upanissayavaseneva paccayo hoti.
Suº±t²ti sota½. Ta½ sasambh±rasotabilassa anto tanutambalom±cite aªgulivedhakasaºµh±ne padese sotaviññ±º±d²na½ yath±raha½ vatthudv±rabh±va½ s±dhayam±na½ tiµµhati. Sappant²ti sadd±, ud±har²yant²ti attho. Gh±yat²ti gh±na½. Ta½ sasambh±ragh±nabilassa anto ajapadasaºµh±ne padese gh±naviññ±º±d²na½ yath±raha½ vatthudv±rabh±va½ s±dhayam±na½ tiµµhati. Gandhayant²ti gandh±, attano vatthu½ s³cent²ti attho. J²vitamavh±yat²ti jivh±, s±yanaµµhena v± jivh±. S± sasambh±rajivh±ya ati-aggam³lapass±ni vajjetv± uparimatalamajjhe bhinna-uppaladalaggasaºµh±ne padese jivh±viññ±º±d²na½ yath±raha½ vatthudv±rabh±va½ s±dhayam±n± tiµµhati. Rasanti te satt±ti ras±, ass±dent²ti attho. Kucchit±na½ s±savadhamm±na½ ±yoti k±yo. ¾yoti uppattideso. So y±vat± imasmi½ k±ye up±diººappavatti n±ma atthi, tattha yebhuyyena k±yapas±do k±yaviññ±º±d²na½ yath±raha½ vatthudv±rabh±va½ s±dhayam±no tiµµhati. Phus²yant²ti phoµµhabb±. Mun±t²ti mano, vij±n±t²ti attho. Attano lakkhaºa½ dh±rent²ti dhamm± Manoti sah±vajjana½ bhavaªga½. Dhamm±ti dv±dasapabhed± dhamm±rammaº± dhamm±. Manoviññ±ºanti javanamanoviññ±ºa½. Manosamphassoti ta½sampayutto phasso. So sampayutt±ya vedan±ya vip±kapaccayavajjehi sesehi sattahi paccayo hoti, anantar±ya teheva, ses±na½ upanissayavaseneva paccayo hoti.
R³p±d²ni pañca vissajjan±ni khandhavasena niddiµµh±ni. S²t±d²hi ruppati p²¼²yat²ti r³pa½. Vedayat²ti vedan±. Sañj±n±t²ti saññ±. Saªkharont²ti saªkh±r±. Vij±n±t²ti viññ±ºa½. Cakkh±d²ni dhammavic±rapariyant±ni dasa chakkavasena, saµµhi vissajjan±ni piyar³pas±tar³pavasena niddiµµh±ni. Cakkhusamphassaj±dik± vedan± ta½ta½sampayutt±va. R³pesu saññ± r³pasaññ±. Sañcetayat²ti sañcetan±, abhisandahat²ti attho. Tasat²ti taºh±, pip±sat²ti attho. Vitakket²ti vitakko, vitakkana½ v± vitakko, ³hananti vutta½ hoti. ¾rammaºe tena citta½ vicarat²ti vic±ro, vicaraºa½ v± vic±ro, anusañcaraºanti vutta½ hoti.
4. Pathav²dh±t±d²ni cha vissajjan±ni sa½khittena n±mar³pavavatth±navasena niddiµµh±ni. Patthaµatt± pathav². Appeti, ±p²yati, app±yat²ti v± ±po. Tejayat²ti tejo. V±yat²ti v±yo. Na kassati na nikassati, kasitu½ chinditu½ bhinditu½ v± na sakk±ti ±k±so. Nissattaµµhena dh±tu.
Pathav²kasiº±d²ni dasa vissajjan±ni kasiºabh±van±vasena niddiµµh±ni. Kasiºanti sakalapharaºavasena kasiºamaº¹alampi tasmi½ upaµµhitanimittampi tad±rammaºa½ jh±nampi vuccati. Idha pana jh±na½ adhippeta½. ¾dimhi catt±ri mah±bh³takasiº±rammaº±ni jh±n±ni, tato par±ni catt±ri vaººakasiº±rammaº±ni. ¾k±sakasiºanti paricched±k±so, tad±rammaºañca jh±na½, kasiºuggh±µim±k±so, tad±rammaºañca ±k±s±nañc±yatana½. Viññ±ºakasiºanti ±k±s±nañc±yatanaviññ±ºa½, tad±rammaºañca viññ±ºañc±yatana½.
Kes±d²ni dvatti½sa vissajjan±ni dvatti½s±k±rakammaµµh±navasena niddiµµh±ni. Tesu pana kes±d²su paµik³lato upaµµhitesu k±yagat±sativasena asubhakammaµµh±na½ hoti, vaººato upaµµhitesu kasiºakammaµµh±na½ hoti, dh±tuto upaµµhitesu catudh±tuvavatth±nakammaµµh±na½ hoti, kes±ti-±d²ni ca paµik³lato vaººato v± upaµµhit±na½ tad±rammaº±ni jh±n±ni, dh±tuto upaµµhitassa te ca koµµh±s± tad±rammaº± ca dh±tubh±van± veditabb±.